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(A,nr,- 0-Ot}lCS. ('^iihe, .'^<(\u;]ui.\f:/^ Fat-^e -■' OrnhVuii/f-'- r'Qit^r^ 



OF 1719 


Edited, with an Introduction, Notes and an Appendix 

of Original Documents, by 




Printed at the University Press by T. and A. Constable 
for the Scottish History Society 





The Letter Book of the second Duke of Ormonde, now edited 
for the Scottish History Society, was acquired by the British 
Museum in November 1890, and is catalogued as No. 33,950 
of the Additional Manuscripts. It is a thin vellum-covered 
volume, consisting of ninety folios, and containing copies, kept 
in the handwriting of two secretaries, of letters written by 
the Duke between November 4th, 1718, and September 27th, 
1719. Twenty-three of the letters are addressed to Prince 
James Francis Edward Stuart, and fifty-seven to Cardinal 
Alberoni. They relate almost entirely to the Cardinal's pro- 
jected invasion of this country in 1719 on behalf of the 
exiled Stuarts, which ended in the Earl MarischaFs landing 
in the West Highlands and the Battle of Glenshiel. They 
are an important addition to our somewhat scanty sources 
of information regarding this enterprise. 

In the Introduction I have tried to tell the story anew from 
contemporary authorities. A number of original documents 
relating to the undertaking are collected in the Appendix. 

I have to record my humble gratitude to Her Majesty the 
Queen for the permission graciously accorded to me to make 
use of a portion of the Stuart Papers in the Library at 

My thanks are also due to the Earl of Kintore, for per- 
mission to reproduce the portraits of the tenth Earl Marischal 
and of Field-Marshal James Keith, in his possession at Keith 



Hall ; to the Council of the Society of Antiquaries of Scot- 
land, for permission to reproduce Bastide's plan of the Battle 
of Glenshiel from the Proceedings of the Society ; to Viscount 
Dillon, for access to General Arthur Dillon's papers at Ditchley ; 
to the Bishop of Edinburgh, for the letter of Bishop Gadderar, 
printed in Appendix, p. 296 ; to the Rev. Roderick Morison, 
minister of Kintail, for information as to the traditions and 
place-names of Seaforth's country ; and to Mr. Richard R. 
Holmes, Her Majesty "'s Librarian at Windsor, for his courteous 
assistance in the examination of the Stuart Papers. I am 
specially indebted to Mr. T. G. Law, Secretary of our 
Society, for much valuable advice and help. The Index is the 
work of Mr. Alex. Mill, of the Signet Library. 

W. K. D. 

Edinburgh, October 15, 1895. 




I. To the King (James Stuart), Paris, Nov. 4, 1718, 
II. To the Earl of Mar, Paris, Nov. 4, 

III. To Cardinal Alberoni, Alcala, Dec. 1. 

IV. To the same, Madrid, Dec. 4, 
V. To the King, Madrid, Dec. 5, 

VI. To General Arthur Dillon, Madrid, Dec 
VII. To the Earl Marischal, Madrid, Dec. 8, 
VIII. To Cardinal Alberoni, Guada Lama, Dec 

IX. To General Arthur Dillon, Guada Lama, Dec. 9 
X. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Dec. 17, 

XI. To General Arthur Dillon, Valladolid, Dec. 17, 
XII. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Dec. 17, 

XIII. To the King, Valladolid, Dec. 17, 

XIV. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Dec. 22, 
XV. To the King, Valladolid, Dec. 22, 

XVI. To the Earl of Mar, Valladolid, Dec. 23, 
XVII. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Dec. 24, 










^ In the Table of Contents the Letters are referred to by the real names of the 
persons to whom they are addressed. In the Manuscript they are often headed 
by fictitious or cipher names. These are in all cases explained by headnotes. 
A key to the cipher names used in the Letters is appended to the Manuscript. 
It is printed at page 189. It is not quite complete. The missing names have, 
so far as possible, been supplied from the Stuart Papers. Throughout the letters 
the expression * the King ' refers to James Francis Edward Stuart, called the 
* Chevalier de St. George,' and the 'Old Pretender.' The same usage is for 
convenience generally followed in the Contents and the headnotes. Through- 
out the volume dates which refer to events happening or letters dated on the 
Continent are New Style ; those referring to events in Great Britain are Old { 
Style, nominally eleven days earlier. 




The Duke 
























OF Ormonde's Letters — continued 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Dec. 25, 1718 

To the SamCj Valladolid^ Dec. 31, 

To the Same, Valladolid, Jan. 4, 1719^ . 

To Baron de Walef, Valladolid, Jan. 4, . 

To Sir Peter Redmond, Valladolid, Jan. 7, 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Jan. 7, 

To the Same, Valladolid, Jan. 11, 

To the Prince of Campo Florido, Valladolid 

tjan. Id, .... 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Jan. 17, 
To the Prince of Campo Florido, Valladolid 

Jan. 17 {Memorandum), . 

To the Prince of Campo Florido, Valladolid 

Jan. 20, .... 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Jan. 21, 
To the Same, Valladolid, Jan. 21, 
To the Prince of Campo Florido, Valladolid 

Jan. 24, .... 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Jan. 25, 
To the Same, Valladolid, Jan. 26 {Not sent), 
To the Prince of Campo Florido, Valladolid 

Jan. 26, .... 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Jan. 26, 
To the Same, Valladolid, Jan. 27, 
To the Prince of Campo Florido, Valladolid 

Jan. 27, .... 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Jan. 30, 
To the Prince of Campo Florido, Valladolid 

ij an. oL, . • . . 

To the Rev. Ezekiel Hamilton, Valladolid, Jan. 3 ; 
To Toby Mathews, Valladolid, Jan. 31, 
To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Feb. 1, 
To the Duke of Liria, Valladolid, Jan. 25, 
To the Prince of Campo Florido, Valladolid 

Feb. 7 (Not sent), 
To the Rev. Ezekiel Hamilton, Valladolid, Feb. 7 
















The Duke 


































OF Ormonde's Letters — continued 

To Toby Mathews, Valladolid, Feb. 7, 1719 

To the Prince of Campo Florido, Valladolid, 

Feb. 7, . . . . 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Feb. 8, 
To the same, Valladolid, Feb. 10, 
To the same, Astorga, Feb. 13, . 
To General Crafton, Astorga, Feb. 13, . 
To the Duke of Gordon, Astorga, Feb. 13, 
To the Marquis de Risbourg, Foufrien, Feb. 17, 
To the Same, Betanzos, Feb. 23, 
To the Same, Sada, Feb. 24, 
To the Same, Sada, Feb. 24, 
To Baron de Walef, Sada, Feb. 24, 
To Sir Timon Connock, Sada, Feb. 24, . 
To Cardinal Alberoni, Sada, Feb. 26, 
To the Earl Marischal, Sada, Feb. 26, 
To Glengarry, Sada, Feb. 26, 
To MacLean of Brolas, Sada, Feb. 26, 
To ' Clanronald's cousin ' (Donald MacDonald of 

Benbecula), Sada, Feb. 26, 
To the Marquis de Risbourg, Sada, Feb. 27, 
To the Same, Sada, March 1, . 
To the Same, Sada, March 2, 
To the Same, Sada, March 2, 
To Don Balthasar de Guevarra, Sada, March 3, 
To Baron de Walef, Sada, March 3, 
To the Same, Sada, March 6, 
To the Marquis de Risbourg, Sada, March 6, 
To Baron de Walef, Sada, March 9, 
To the Marquis de Risbourg, Sada, March 12, 
To Cardinal Alberoni, Sada, March 1 2, . 
To Baron de Walef, Sada, March 12, 
To the Marquis de Risbourg, Sada, March 15, 
To Baron de Walef, Sada, March 15, 
To Sir Timon Connock, Sada, March l6. 
To the Marquis de Risbourg, Sada, March l6, 


























The Duke 


































OF Ormonde's Letters — continued p^Qg 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Corunna, March 17, 1719, 84 
To the King, Corunna, March 17, . .86 

To the Earl of Mar, Corunna, March 17, . 87 

To the Marquis de Risbourg, Corunna, March 19, 88 

To the Same, Corunna, March 20, . . 88 

To Don Balthasar de Guevarra, Corunna, March 20, 89 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Corunna, March 22, . 90 

To the King, Corunna, March 22, . . 93 
To the Same, Corunna, March 27, . .95 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Corunna, March 27, . 96 
To Messrs. Crean & Company, Bankers, Madrid, 

Corunna, March 27, . . . . 98 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Corunna, March 31, . 99 

To the King, Corunna, March 31, . . 101 

To the Same, Corunna, April 4, . . . 101 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Corunna, April 5, . 102 

To the King, Corunna, April 5, . . . 104 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Corunna, April 9, • 104 

To the King, Corunna, April 11, . . 108 

To the Same, Corunna, April 12 (Not sent\ . 109 

To the Same, Corunna, April 13, . . 110 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Corunna, April 13, . Ill 

To the King, Corunna, April 14, . . 112 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Corunna, April 17, . 112 

To the Same, Corunna, April 21, . . 113 

To the Same, Corunna, April 28, . . 115 

To the Prince of Campo Florido, Corunna, April 28, 115 

To Sir Timon Connock, Corunna, April 29, 

To Cardinal Alberoni, Corunna, April 30, 

To the Marquis de Risbourg, Sobrado, May 6, 

To Sir John Healy, Sobrado, May 6, 

To the Earl Marischal, Lugo, May 9, 

To the Marquis de Risbourg, Lugo, May Q, 

To Sir John Healy, Lugo, May 12, 

To Admiral Cammock, Lugo, May 15, . 

To Sir Peter Redmond,* Lugo, May 15, . 





The Duke of Ormonde's Letters — continued 

cxv. To Sir Redmond Everard, Lugo, May 15, 1719:, 
cxvi. To the Marquis de Risbourg, Lugo, May 18, 
cxvii. To Sir John Healy, Lugo, May 18, 
cxviii. To Colonel Owen, Lugo, May 18, 
cxix. To Sir John Healy, Lugo, May 20, 
cxx. To Cardinal Alberoni, Lugo, May 23, 
cxxi. To Sir Timon Connock, Lugo, May 23, 
cxxn. To the Marquis de Risbourg, Lugo, May 26*, 
cxxiii. To Sir John Healy, Lugo, May 26, 
cxxiv. To Cardinal Alberoni, Lugo, June 12, 
cxxv. To Sir Timon Connock, Lugo, June 12, 
cxxvr. To the Duke of Liria, Lugo, June 12, 
cxxvii. To the Prince of Campo Florido, Lugo, June 12. 
cxxviii. To the Marquis de Risbourg, Lugo, June 14, 
cxxix. To Sir John Healy, Lugo, June 14, 
cxxx. To Cardinal Alberoni, Lugo, June l6, 
cxxxi. To the Marquis de Risbourg, Lugo, June l6, 
cxxxii. To Sir Timon Connock, Santiago, June 26, 
cxxxiii. To M. Seminati, Santiago, June 26, 
cxxxiv. To the Marquis de Risbourg, Santiago, June 26, 
cxxxv. To Mr. Joyes, Santiago, July 2, . 
cxxxvi. To Sir Peter Redmond, Santiago, July 3, 
cxxxvii. To Cardinal Alberoni, Santiago, July 4, . 
cxxxviii. To the Queen (Maria Clementina), Santiago 
July 4, . ... 

cxxxix. To Sir Timon Connock, Santiago, July 4, 

cxL. To the Marquis de Risbourg, Santiago, July 4, 
cxLi. To the Same, Lugo, July 8, 
cxLii. To Sir Timon Connock, Lugo, July 8, 
cxLiii. To Cardinal Alberoni, Lugo, July 9, 
cxLiv. To Mr. Joyes, Lugo, July 9, 
cxLV. To Sir Timon Connock, Lugo, July 9? 
cxLvi. To Cardinal Alberoni, Lugo, July 15, 
cxLvii. To the Marquis de Franclieu, Lugo, July 15, 
cxLviii. To Lady Arthur, Lugo, July 1 5, . 
cxLix. To Sir Timon Connock, Lugo, July 1 2, 






The Duke of 

CL. To 

CLI. To 




CLV. To 





CLX. To 
























Ormonde's Letters — continued 
the Count of Castelblanco, Lugo, July 21, 1719 
Sir Timon Connock, Lugo, July 23, . 
the Same, Lugo, July 24, 
the Marquis de Risbourg, Lugo, July 24, 
Cardinal Alberoni, Lugo, July 26, 
Sir Timon Connock, Lugo, July 26, . 
the Earl of Mar, Lugo, July 26, 
the Hon. James Murray, Lugo, July 26, 
the King, Lugo, July 29, 
the Queen (Princess Maria Clementina) 
Lugo, July 29, . . 

the Hon. John Hay, Lugo, July 29, . 
the King, Lugo, July 30, 
the Same, Lugo, July 31, 
Sir Timon Connock, Lugo, July 31, . 
M. de Clancostrum, Lugo, Aug. 4, 
Mr. Morgan, Lugo, Aug. 4, . 
General Echlin, Lugo, Aug. 4, 
the Marquis de Risbourg, Lugo, Aug. 6, 
Cardinal Alberoni, Lugo, Aug. 7, 
Admiral Cammock, Valladolid, Aug. 18, 
Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Aug. 19, 
the King, Valladolid, Aug. 19, 
Sir Timon Connock, Valladolid, Aug. 19, 
the Hon. John Hay, Valladolid, Aug. 19, 
Baron Walef, Valladolid, Aug. 19, 
Sir Timon Connock, Valladolid, Aug. 23, 
Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Aug. 23, 
Lady Arthur, Valladolid, Aug. 23, , 
the King, Valladohd, Aug. 23, 
the Prince of Campo Florido, Lugo, Aug. 5, 
(Sent from Valladolid, Aug. 26, Memorandum), 
Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Aug. 30, 
the King, Valladolid, Aug. 30, 
Admiral Cammock, Valladolid, Sept. 1, 
Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Sept. 2, 








The Duke of Ormonde's Letters — continued 
CLXxxiv. To Lady Arthur, Valladolid, Sept. 2 {Memorandum), 

1719, ..... 

cLxxxv. To the Duke of Perth, ValladoHd, Sept. 2 

(Memorandum), . . . 

cLXxxvi. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Sept. 5, 

cLXXXvii. To the King, Valladolid, Sept. 6, 

CLxxxviii. To Bishop Atterbury, Valladolid, Sept. 8, 

cLxxxix. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Sept. 9 (^ot 

sent), ..... 

cxc. To Baron Walef, Valladolid, Sept. 9, 

cxci. To the Duke of Perth, Valladolid, Sept. 9 

cxcii. To Captain Esmonde, Valladolid, Sept. 9 (Memo- 

randtim), .... 

cxciii. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Sept. 9, 
cxciv. To Sir Timon Connock, Valladolid, Sept. Q, 
cxcv. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Sept. 13, 
cxcvi. To the King, Valladolid, Sept. 13, 
cxcvii. To Sir John Healy, Valladolid, Sept. 13, 
cxcviii. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Sept. I6, 
cxcix. To the King, Valladolid, Sept. 20, 

cc. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Sept. 20, 
cci. To the Same, Valladolid, Sept. 22. 
ecu. To the Same, Valladolid, Sept. 23, 
ccni. To Don Bias de Loya, Valladolid, Sept. 26, 
cciv. To the King, Valladolid, Sept. 26, 
ccv. To the Queen, Valladolid, Sept. 26, 
ccvi. To the Hon. John Hay, Valladolid, Sept. 26, 
ccvii. To Sir Timon Connock, Valladolid, Sept. 26, 
ccviii. To Cardinal Alberoni, Valladolid, Sept. 27, 













1. The Duke of Ormonde to James Stuart, Oct 3, 1718, 193 

2. Ormonde to the Earl of Mar, Oct. 3, . . . 194 

3. Ormonde to Mar, Oct. 17, . . . • 195 

4. Ormonde to James, Oct. 17, . • . . 196 

5. Ormonde to James, Oct. 21, . . . .197 

6. James to William Dicconson, Nov. 2, . . . 198 

7. James to Ormonde, Nov. 2, . . . .199 

8. James to Ormonde, Nov. 27, . . . . 200 

9. Mar to Ormonde, Dec. 2, . . . . 202 

10. Mar to the Earl Marischal, Dec. 6, . . . 204 

11. Mar to Lord Panmure, March 21, 1719- • . 206 

12. James to Pope Clement xi., Feb. 7, . . .216 

13. James to Dicconson, March 11, . . . 217 

14. James to Dicconson, March 22, . . .217 

15. The King of Spain (Philip v.) to James, March l6, . 218 

16. The Queen of Spain (Elizabeth Farnese) to James, 

March l6, . . . . . .218 

17. Cardinal Alberoni to Ormonde, March 18, . . 219 

18. James to Dicconson, March 31, . . .221 

19. Alberoni to Ormonde, April 4> ... 222 

20. The Abbe Dubois to Secretary Craggs, Jan. I6, . 223 

21. Dubois to Craggs, March 8, .... 224 

22. Dubois to Craggs, March 11, .... 227 

23. Report from St. Malo to the Conseil de Marine, 

March 3, ..... . 228 

24. Report from Marseilles to the Conseil de Marine, 

Feb. 26, . . . . . .228 

25. The Earl of Stair, British Ambassador in Paris, to 

Craggs, March 11, 12, . . . .229 

26. Stair to Craggs, March 15, . . . . 232 

27. Stair to Craggs, March 18, .... 232 

28. Craggs to Stair, March 9/20, . . . . 234 



Papers relating to events abroad — continued 

29. Report from British Envoy at Lisbon, March 7, 1719 

30. Stair to Craggs, March 22, 

31. Craggs to Stair, March 16/27, 

32. Stair to Craggs, April 2, 

33. Alberoni to James, April 4, 

34. The King of Spain to James, April 9, 

35. The Queen of Spain to James, April 9, 

36. Report as to the Dispersion of the Spanish Fleet 

April 9, • • • • • 

37. Report as to the Dispersion of the Spanish Fleet 

April 10, . 

38. Report as to the Dispersion of the Spanish Fleet 

April 13, ..... 

39. Alberoni to James, April Id, . 

40. The King of Spain to James, April 25, . 

41. The Queen of Spain to James, April 25, 

42. Alberoni to James, April 26, 

43. Sir Timon Connock to James, April 28, 

44. Alberoni to James, June 7, . 

45. The King of Spain to James, June 8, . 

46. The Queen of Spain to James, June 8, . 

47. Alberoni to James, June 28, . 

48. Alberoni to James, Aug. 12, . 

49. The King of Spain to James, Aug. 15,. 

50. The Queen of Spain to James, Aug. 16, . 

51. Alberoni to James, Aug. 20, 

52. James to the King of Spain, Sept. 5, 

53. James to Ormonde, Sept, 5, . 

54. Princess Clementina to Ormonde, Sept. 11, 

55. James to Alberoni, Sept. 14, . 

56. James to the King of Spain, Sept. 14, . 

57. Princess Clementina to the Queen of Spain, Sept. 14, 

58. James to Ormonde, Sept. 14, . 

59. James to Ormonde, Oct. 3, . 

60. James to Ormonde, Oct, 14, . 































61. The Marquis of Tullibardine to Mar, April 29, 1719, . 269 

62. Tullibardine to Mar, June I6 (Account of the Battle of 

Glenshiel), ...... 269 

63. The Earl of Seaforth to James, Aug. 10, . . 273 

64. General Lord Carpenter to Charles Delafaye, Secretary 

to the Lords Justices, June 27, . . .274 

65. Lord Justice-Clerk Cockburn to Delafaye, June 27, . 275 

66. Major-General Wightman to Delafaye, June 30, . 276 

67. Carpenter to Delafaye, July 4, . . . . 277 

68. Carpenter to Delafaye, July 7, . . . . 278 

69. Carpenter to Delafaye, July 21, . . . 279 

70. Carpenter to Delafaye, July 28, . . . 280 

71. Wightman to Delafaye, Aug. 4, . . . 280 

72. Carpenter to Delafaye, Aug. 18, . . .281 

73. Carpenter to Glengarry, July 29, . . . 282 

74. Wightman to Delafaye, Sept. 1, . . .282 

75. Return of the Troops in Scotland for July 1719, . 284 

76. Wightman to Delafaye, Sept. 17, . . . 285 

77. Carpenter to Delafaye, Sept. 12, . . . 286 

78. Glengarry to Carpenter, Aug. 24, . . . 287 

79. Enclosure from the Earl of Findlater to Carpenter, 

Aug. 24, ..... . 288 

80. Gordon of Glenbucket to Carpenter, Aug, 29, . . 288 

81. Carpenter to Delafaye, Sept. I9, . . . 290 

82. Wightman to Delafaye, Sept. 29, . . . 290 

83. Account of Expenditure on the Spanish Prisoners, . 292 

84. Return of the Troops in Scotland for September 1719, 294 

85. Brigadier Preston to Delafaye, Oct. 22, . . 295 

86. Bishop Gadderar to Bishop Campbell, Nov. 7, . . 296 

INDEX, 299 



I. Portrait of the second Duke of Ormonde, from a 

mezzotint after Kneller, by J. Smith, . Frontispiece 

II. Map illustrating the landing of the Expedition and 

the Battle of Glenshiel, . . . . a^ p. xliv 

III. Plan of the Battle of Glenshiel, by Lieut. John 

Henry Bastide, . . . • • a^ p. Hi 

IV. Portrait of George Keith, tenth Earl Marischal, 

from the original by Pierre Parrocel, in the 
possession of the Earl of Kintore at Keith Hall, at p. 1 

V. Portrait of Field Marshal James Keith, from the 

original by Francesco Trevisani, at Keith Hall, at p. 193 





James Butler, second Duke of Ormonde, is one of the most 
notable figures in the history of the reigns of William iii. and 
of Queen Anne. Born in Dublin Castle in 1665, he succeeded 
his grandfather, the famous first Duke, in 1688. At the Revolu- 
tion he attached himself to the cause of the Prince of Orange, 
acted as High Constable at the coronation of William and 
Mary, and was rewarded for his services with the Garter, and a 
colonelcy in the Life Guards. He was present at the Boyne, 
took an active part in the Irish campaign of 1690, and served 
at Steinkirk and at Landen. Under Queen Anne he com- 
manded the troops in the Vigo expedition of 1702, was twice 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and in 1712 succeeded Marl- 
borough in the post of Captain General of the army, and in 
the conduct of the campaign in Flanders, which ended so 
ignominiously, thanks to Bolingbroke''s double-dealing. 

The close of Anne''s reign found Ormonde one of the leaders 
of the Tory party, many of whose members were then casting 
their eyes towards the king over the water. Ormonde was 
deeply implicated in the plots which were formed for bringing 
over James Stuart on his sister'*s death. With his great 
name and immense personal popularity, Ormonde might have 
played the part of Monk, and been the leader of a counter- 
revolution. But the opportunity was too great for him. 
* Pour executer un pareil projet, il falloit un autre genie : ' 
writes the Duke of Berwick, ' de si grands desseins ont besoin 
d''un Heros, et c'est ce que le Due d'Ormond n'etoit pas."** 

^ Mimoires du Marechal de Berwick (ed. 1778), vol. ii. p. 144. Berwick 
gives a most interesting account of the Jacobite plots at the time of Anne's 


On the 21st of June 1715, Secretary Stanhope moved his 
impeachment. It seemed at first that he meant to stay and 
weather the storm, but on the 8th of August he followed the 
example which had been set by Bolingbroke and fled to France, 
where he openly entered James's service. On August 20th he 
was attainted, his estates declared forfeited, and his honours 

At the time of the rising of 1715 Ormonde endeavoured to 
land with a small force on the coast of Devonshire, to raise the 
Jacobites of the West of England, but finding that his con- 
fidential agent. Colonel Maclaine, had betrayed his plans to 
the Government, he returned to France without having dis- 

James returned from his ill-fated expedition to Scotland in 
February 1716. Immediately afterwards his insane quarrel 
with Bolingbroke deprived him of the only minister he ever 
had who could be called a great statesman.^ Ormonde and 
Mar now remained his chief advisers, the latter, notwithstand- 
ing his disastrous mismanagement in Scotland, retaining the 
greater share of the Prince''s confidence. 

death, of which he was himself the mainspring. Ibid. pp. 126 et seq. See p. 3, 
note I. 

Field- Marshal Keith gives the following pithy sketch of Ormonde's character : 
* He was a man of a very easy temper, and of an ordinary understanding, so 
diffident of himself that he often followed the advice of those who had a smaller 
share of sense than himself; he was as irresolute and timorous in affairs as he 
was brave in his person, and was apt to lose good opportunities by waiting to 
remove difficulties which naturally attend great designs, and of which a part 
must always be left to fortune in the execution ; he was a man of entire honour, 
a good friend, and a strict observer of his word.' — Memoir^ Spalding Club, 
1843, P- 3" There is an excellent sketch of his life by Professor A. W. Ward 
in the Dictionary of National Biography. 

^ Berwick, vol. ii. p. 165. 

' * May my arm rot off if I ever use my sword or my pen in their service 
again!' said Bolingbroke. — Macknight's Life of Bolingbroke (London, 1863), 
p. 494. * I believe,' wrote Lord Stair to Horace Walpole, * all poor Harry's 
fault was that he could not play his part with a grave enough face ; he could not 
help laughing now and then at such kings and queens.' — Ibid. p. 488. For an 
account of his dismissal see his Letter to Sir William Windham, Works (ed. 1754), 
vol. i. p. 74, and Berwick, vol. ii. p. 174. Berwick speaks very strongly of 
James's folly in quarrelling with his most valuable servant. 


The death of Louis xiv., which took place on September 1st, 
1715, was a serious misfortune to the Jacobites. After the 
suppression of the rising of 1715, the Regent Orleans showed 
a desire to form friendly relations with the British Govern- 
ment. He was actuated not only by motives of public policy, 
but by a regard to his personal interests. In the event of the 
death of the young king he was the next heir to the throne, 
the claim of Philip v. of Spain to the Crown of France having 
been formally renounced. It was well understood, however, 
that Philip would not hold himself bound by this renunciation, 
and Orleans saw how strong an ally Britain would be in the 
event of a disputed succession. Friendship with King George^s 
government meant, of course, the discontinuance of all coun- 
tenance to the Stuart cause. James was compelled to leave 
Bar-le-Duc in Lorraine, where he had resided since the Peace 
of Utrecht.^ He went first to Avignon, then he crossed the 
Alps, and settled down in the Papal dominions, where he spent 
the rest of his life, first at Urbino and afterwards at Rome. 
When he went to Italy his pension of 50,000 crowns was 
stopped by the Regent. 

France could no longer be looked to either as a base of opera- 
tions or as a source of supply. 

It was to Sweden that the Jacobites next turned for support. 
Charles xii. hated King George, and had a very tangible griev- 
ance against him. At the Peace of Westphalia the Bishoprics 
of Bremen and Verden had been secularised and ceded to 
Sweden. In 1712 they were, along with Sleswick and Holstein, 
wrested from Sweden by Frederick iv. of Denmark. They had 
long been coveted by the Electors of Hanover, and in July 
1715 Frederick ceded them to George, the price paid being 
d^'l 50,000 and the support of a British fleet against Sweden. ' 
After this Charles was naturally very willing to push the 

* An interesting article on James's residence at Bar-le-Duc, by Mr. H. W. 
Wolff, appeared in Blackwood's Magazine for August 1894. 


Elector from his British throne, and lent a ready ear to the 
proposals of the Jacobites. At the time of the rebellion of 
1715 it had been proposed that a Swedish force should be 
landed in Scotland, and Berwick had been in communication 
with Baron Spaar, the Swedish Minister at Paris, on the 
subject.^ Charles was then closely besieged in Stralsund, and had 
something else to think about. An invasion of Great Britain 
in the Stuart interest remained, however, a fixed object with 
him, and had the support of his chief Minister, Baron Gortz. 

In the winter of 1716-17 Gortz was at the Hague as Swedish 
Envoy. From Holland he corresponded with Count Gyllen- 
borg, the Swedish Minister in London, with Spaar at Paris, 
with James, and with Ormonde. His schemes included a 
general Jacobite rising in England, and the invasion of Scot- 
land by 12,000 Swedish troops, headed by Charles in person. 
The enterprise had the support of Spain ; Cardinal Alberoni 
sent a subsidy of 1,000,000 French livres. Had it been 
carried out the House of Hanover would certainly have been 
in far greater danger than it ever was in 1715. 

It came to nothing. Some of Gyllenborg's letters were 
intercepted and deciphered by the British Government, and 
on January 29th, 1717, Stanhope laid the matter before the 
Council, and proposed the extreme measure of seizing the 
person and papers of the Swedish Minister, on the ground 
that he had violated the law of nations by conspiring against 
the Sovereign to whom he was accredited. On the same night 
Gyllenborg''s house was surrounded by a detachment of the 
Guards, and General Wade arrested his person and secured 
his papers. So startling a step required the fullest justifica- 
tion ; it was amply furnished when Gyllenborg's correspondence 
was laid before Parliament. Gortz was at Calais on his way to 
England when he heard of Gyllenborg's arrest ; he at once 
returned to Holland, and a few days afterwards was taken into 

^ Berwick, vol. ii. p. 147. 


custody at Arnheim at the instance of the British Cabinet. 
The King of Sweden neither owned nor disowned the action of 
his Ministers. After some months of negotiation they were 
both released, but all hope of Swedish help to the Jacobites 
was over for the time.^ 

In the autumn of 1 717 Ormonde went on a mission to the 
north, accompanied by Sir Henry Stirling, a nephew of Dr. 
Erskine, the Czar'*s physician, and Messrs. Daniel O'Brien, 
Jerningham, and Wogan. The object of the mission was 
twofold, to arrange a marriage between James and one of the 
daughters or nieces of the Czar Peter, and to endeavour to 
adjust the differences between Peter and Charles xii. with the 
view of obtaining their help against George i. It failed in 
both objects. Ormonde was not received at either the Swedish 
or the Russian Courts. He spent the winter and spring 
months at Mittau in Courland, and returned to Paris in June 
J718, bitterly chagrined at the futile issue of his long and 
toilsome journey.^ Mar wrote to him from Urbino on the 
26th of May announcing that a bride had been found for 
James in the person of Princess Maria Clementina Sobieski, 
third daughter of Prince James Sobieski, and granddaughter 
of John Sobieski, King of Poland.^ 

^ Lord Mahon's History of England from the Peace of Utrecht (ed. 1858), 
vol. i. pp. 256-261 ; Tindal's Continuation of Rapines History (ed. 1763), 
vol. vii. pp. 48-56. Gyllenborg's correspondence was published by authority at 
the time (London, folio, 1717). A selection is printed in the Parliamentary 
History^ vol. vii. pp. 396-421, and in Tindal, vol. vii. pp. 55 et seq.y note. His 
letters to the Swedish Chancery are preserved in the Royal Archives at Stock- 
holm ; they were examined by Mr. W. Bliss in 1882 for the Record Office. See 
his MS. Report to the Master of the Rolls, Record Office, Bliss's Transcripts, 
Stockholm, Portfolio 108. 

2 Mar to Sir Hugh Paterson, Urbino, June 23, 1718. — Intercepted Jacobite 
Correspondence, Hanover Papers, Brit. Mus., Stowe MSS., 232, f. 117. 

3 Ibid. ff. 149-50. Mar describes the Princess as 'Jolie, pas fort grande, 
mais d'une age a croitre encore ; elle a beaucoup d'esprit, de bonne humeur et 
de discretion.' The volume of the Stowe mss. cited contains interesting details 
as to Ormonde's journey. For an account of the numerous attempts to find a 
suitable match for James see the Letters of Bishop Atte^bury^ edited from the 
Stuart Papers by Mr. J. H. Glover (London, 1847), p. 15. 


In the summer of 1718 the affairs of the Jacobites were in a 
bad way. Their exchequer was very low, and one of its main 
sources of supply was cut off by the death, on May 7th, of 
James ii.'s widow, Mary of Modena, whose French pension 
died with her. No foreign power seemed disposed to help 
them. The British Government, which was most capably 
represented at the Paris Embassy by Lord Stair,^ was bringing 
strong pressure to bear on the Regent to drive them out of 
France. Orders were actually issued for their expulsion,^ 
Ormonde himself was threatened with arrest ; ^ according 
to Stair, he had to feign sickness in order to be allowed to 
remain in France.* He seems to have paid a flying visit to 
Italy in the course of the autumn,^ but was back in the 
neighbourhood of Paris before the end of October. Then 
came the offer of help from Spain, which opened a new chapter 
in the Stuart story, and was the beginning of the enterprise 
which is the subject of this volume. 

To understand the motives which led to this offer it is 
necessary to refer to the relations existing between England 
and Spain at the time.^ Cardinal Giulio Alberoni, Philip of 
Anjou''s famous minister, was then at the zenith of his extra- 
ordinary career. From the humblest circumstances — he was 
the son of an Italian gardener, and had begun life as a village 
curate — he had in a few years risen to be a prince of the Church, 
and one of the most powerful ministers in Europe. Since 1715 
he had been absolute master of Spain, and had raised her to 
some semblance of her ancient greatness. At first he was 
disposed to be friendly to England, but the relations of the 

^ John Dalrymple, second Earl of Stair, grandson of Lord President Stair, 
was British Ambassador at Paris from 1715 to 1720. 

2 Stair to Robethon, Private Secretary to George I., May 4 and 31, 17 18. — 
Hanover Papers, Stowe mss., 231, ff. 79, 92. 

3 Stair to Robethon, Aug. 4, 17 18. — Ibid. f. 114. 

* Stair to Robethon, Aug. 22, 1718. — Ibid, I, 126. 
^ Stair to Robethon, Oct. 28, \^\%.~Ibid. f. 196. 

* For a full account of the foreign affairs of the period see Mahon, vol. x.^ passim. 


two countries had become more and more hostile, and in the 
summer of 1718 they had reached a critical condition. In 
1717 war broke out between Spain and the Emperor Charles vi. 
The first scene of operations was Sardinia, which was occupied 
by a Spanish force. Early in 1718 a great armament was fitted 
out at Barcelona. Its obvious destination was either Italy or 
Sicily. England was bound by the Treaty of Utrecht to 
guarantee the neutrality of Italy, and by that of Westminster,i^ 
concluded with the Emperor in May 1716, to maintain the 
integrity of the imperial dominions, of which Naples formed a 
part. Diplomatic remonstrance was fruitless, and things rapidly 
drifted towards hostilities. Before Parliament rose in March, 
the House of Commons, in answer to a royal message, under- 
took to make good any necessary excess of expenditure on the 
sea service for the year. On the 4th of June Sir George 
Byng sailed from Spithead with twenty ships of the line. 

Byng''s orders were precise. On reaching the Mediterranean 
he was to intimate his arrival to the King of Spain, and to 
state that he was instructed to use all means to promote peace. 
If, however, the Spaniards persisted in attacking imperial 
territory in Italy, or occupying Sicily, ' in such case,' the orders 
ran, ' you are, with all your power, to hinder and obstruct the 
same.' ^ 

On the 30th of June, n.s., Byng reached Cape St. Vincent, 
and sent his secretary with a letter to Colonel Stanhope, the 
British envoy at Madrid, detailing his orders. Stanhope 
showed the letter to Alberoni, who, on reading it, absolutely 
refused to recall the Spanish troops, or consent to a cessation 
of arms. Stanhope used his powers of persuasion in vain. 
Alberoni was obdurate ; all he would consent to do was to 
lay Byng's letter before the king. Nine days later he returned 
it with a note appended : ' His Majesty has done me the 
honour to tell me that the Chevalier Byng may execute the 


^ The text of these orders is printed in Tindal, vol. vii, pp. 208-211. 


orders which he has from the king his master. Escurial, 15th 
July 1718; 

Byng proceeded to do so. On the 23d of July he reached 
Port Mahon. On the 1st of August he anchored in the Bay 
of Naples. Here he learned that a Spanish army of 30,000 
men, under the Marquis de Lede, had landed on the 2d of 
July in Sicily, taken Palermo and Messina, and overrun a great 
part of the island. Byng made one more effort to preserve 
peace. He sent Captain Saunders, his senior captain, with a 
letter to the Spanish commander, urging him to consent to a 
cessation of arms for two months, that matters might be 
adjusted, otherwise, he said, ' he should hope to merit his 
Excellency "^s esteem by the execution of the other part of his 
orders.' De Lede answered that he had no powers to treat, 
and could not agree to any armistice. Byng at once put to 
sea. On the 11th of August he engaged the Spanish fleet, 
under Don Antonio de Castaneta, off Cape Passaro, and 
utterly defeated it. Most of the Spanish ships were captured 
or burnt, and the Admiral was made a prisoner.^ 

Alberoni was furious. Monteleone, the Spanish Ambassador 
in London, was at once ordered to present his letters of recall. 
British ships were seized in Spanish ports ; British Consuls were 
ordered to leave Spanish territory ; and it was determined to 
strike the British Government in what was believed to be its 
^ weakest point by an invasion on behalf of the exiled Stuarts.2 

^ It was after this action that Captain Walton, who had been detached in 
pursuit of a number of Spanish ships which had escaped under Rear- Admiral 
Mari, wrote his famous despatch: — 'SiR, — We have taken and destroyed all the 
Spanish ships and vessels which were upon the coast, the number as per margin. 
— I am, etc., G. Walton.' He had taken six ships and burnt six others. 
See the account of the battle in Tindal, vol. vii. pp. 216 et seq. 

2 According to St. Philippe the project was originally suggested by the Pope, 
Clement xi. — Mimoires (French edition, Amsterdam, 1756), vol. iii. p. 354. St. 
Philippe's information about the whole affair is, however, very inaccurate. 

That some such enterprise would be undertaken seems to have been generally 
regarded as likely after the rupture between England and Spain. Ormonde 
certainly anticipated it (Letters to James and to Mar, Oct. 3, 1718), and Cardinal 
Aquaviva, writing to James on October i, suggested that it might be well to send 


For such an enterprise Ormonde, with his military reputa- 
tion and his great personal popularity in England, was the 
obvious leader. He was accordingly invited to Madrid. The 
invitation, which was sent through Cellamare, the Spanish 
Ambassador at Paris, reached him there in the beginning of 

It is at this point that our Letters begin. On November 4, 
1718, Ormonde wrote from Paris to James announcing his im- 
mediate departure for Spain,^ and expressing his indignation 
at the news, which he had just received, that Princess Clemen- 
tina, when passing through the Imperial territories on her way 
to join her betrothed husband, had been arrested at Innspruck ; 
' a favour of the Emperor to the English Government,"' as Lord 
Mahon justly says, 'unworthy of them to solicit and base in 
him to grant.' ^ On the evening of the following day he set 
out for the Spanish frontier.^ He was accompanied by his aide- 
de-camp, George Bagenal, and by General Crafton, an Irish 
officer in the Spanish service, and was followed at a short in- 
terval by Colonel Owen with a number of the servants who 
had been in Ormonde''s employment in Paris.* According to 
Stair, orders for his arrest had been given at Bayonne and at 
Roussillon ; ^ Dubois afterwards wrote to Lord Stanhope that 
he crossed the Pyrenees diguise en valet.^ Alberoni, on the 

a representative to the King of Spain to arrange matters in view of possible 
contingencies. — Stuart Papers. 

Alberoni seems to have greatly overestimated the amount of disaffection, con- 
siderable as it was, which existed in England. 

^ Letter i. 

2 This * hellish contrivance,' as one of Mar's correspondents calls it, excited 
general indignation on the Continent. Even at Vienna people were shocked. 
The Pope remonstrated vigorously with the Emperor — wrote him a ' thundering 
letter,' says Mar. — Mar to Dillon, Dec. 6, 17 18. Stuart Papers. 

2 Dillon to Mar, Nov. 15, 17 18. — Stuart Papers. 

^ Stair to Robethon, Dec. 29, 1718. — Hanover Papers, Stowe mss., 231, 

^ Stair to Robethon, Nov. 9, 17 18. — Ibid. f. 225. 

^ Dubois to Stanhope, March 15, 1719. — Hardwicke Papers, cited by Lord 

Mahon, vol. i. p. 333, note. 


other hand, anxious to sow discord between England and the 
Regent, caused it to be stated that he had left France openly 
with the connivance of the Government.^ The secret of the 
invitation was well kept ; not even Crafton knew it. It was 
given out that Ormonde's object was to seek in Spain the 
asylum denied him in France. Alberoni denied all connection 
with the journey. On December 13th the Marquis de Beretti 
Landi, Spanish Ambassador in Holland, acting on instructions, 
expressly stated to the States-General that the reports of 
Ormonde**s going to the Spanish Court were groundless, and 
that the King of Spain would never concern himself with the 
affairs of the Pretender.^ A statement to the same effect had 
been made personally by Cellamare to Stair.^ 

On the 1st of December Ormonde had arrived at Alcala, 
whence he wrote informing Alberoni of his arrival. Within 
the next two days he reached Madrid, and received a warm 
welcome from the Cardinal. 

The interviews which took place between Ormonde and 
Alberoni at Madrid, and the plans which were then concerted, 
are detailed in a long letter sent to James at Rome on the 
17th of December.* At their first meeting Alberoni stated 
that he had sent Sir Patrick Lawless, an Irish officer in the 
service of Spain, to Sweden to engage Charles xn. to enter 
into an alliance with Spain for the purpose of dethroning 
George i. When they next met the Cardinal asked what 
force Ormonde thought sufficient to attempt a restoration 

^ Stair to Craggs, Jan. 3, 17 19. — State Papers, Foreign, France, 353. 

2 Political StatCy vol. xvi. p. 532. Their High Mightinesses seem to have 
taken the statement for what it was worth, as on the following day we find them 
remitting to their deputies for Foreign Affairs to examine and report as to its 

^ 'J'en ay parle dimanche dernier au Prince de Cellamare a la toilette de 
Madame la Duchesse de Berri, il m'a dit qu'il n'etoit pas vray que la cour avoit 
invito le due d'Ormonde de passer en Espagne, mais qu'on recevroit la comme on 
le pourroit recevoir ailleurs, il me dit qu'il pouvoit me dire cela avec certitude.' 
— Stair to Craggs, Nov. 29, 1 7 18, State Papers, Foreign, France, 352. 
V * Letter xiii. 


of the Stuarts. Ormonde suggested 7000 or 8000 men, 
with 15,000 muskets to arm the English Jacobites, and a 
proportionate supply of ammunition. Alberoni answered that 
in view of the great number of Spanish troops in Sicily, and 
the prospect of a war with France, it was impossible to spare 
a man, but that the arms and ammunition should be forth- 
coming, and that funds should be supplied to Sweden for the 
invasion of Britain. At the same time he produced a memorial 
which had been sent by the King of Sweden, expressing his 
willingness to enter into an alliance with Spain against King 
George. At a third meeting the Cardinal announced that he 
had decided to furnish 5000 men, 4000 foot and 1000 troopers, 
with 300 horses, two months'* pay for the men, ten field guns, 
1000 barrels of powder and 15,000 muskets, together with 
suitable transport. With these Ormonde was to land in the 
west of England, the stronghold of Jacobitism, where it was 
expected that there would be no difficulty in raising a great 
army in support of the Stuart cause, and attempt an attack 
on London.^ 

Ormonde then pointed out the importance of making a 
diversion in Scotland to raise the Highland clans. Alberoni 
asked if he could suggest a suitable leader for such an expedi- 
tion, and he mentioned the name of the young Earl Marischal, 
who had been out in the '15, and was now at Paris. It was 
decided that he should be sent for. 

It was also decided that James should be invited to come to 
Spain, to accompany the expedition if possible, or, at all events, 
to follow it. Alberoni expressed the opinion that in view of 
the number of Imperial troops in Italy, and the animus which 
the Emperor had shown in the arrest of Princess Clementina, 
James''s person was no longer safe in Rome. 

' According to Dubois's information it was expected that 26,000 men could be 
raised. —Dubois to Craggs, March 8, 1719, Stowe MSS., 247, f. 38. Appendix, 
No. 21, p. 225. 


Bagenal was to follow Lawless to Sweden, to represent to 
Charles the importance of invading England before the 

The expedition was to be fitted out at Cadiz, and it was 
arranged that while it was preparing Ormonde should go to 
Valladolid, and remain there as privately as possible. Every 
effort was of course used to keep the destination of the fleet a 
secret. Ormonde remained for nearly two months at Valla- 
dolid, busying himself in sending messages to the adherents of 
the Stuarts in England to warn them of what was afoot. On 
December 22d he wrote again to James, urging him to come to 
Spain with all possible secrecy and despatch. 

In the meantime grave events had been happening in Paris. 
There was in France a strong party, or rather congeries of 
parties, who hated the Regent Orleans and his minister Dubois, 
and who bitterly resented the great changes of policy which had 
followed the death of Louis xiv. The leader of the malcontents 
was nominally the Due du Maine, son of Louis xiv. by Madame 
de Montespan, but really the Duchesse du Maine, the grand- 
daughter of the great Conde. In the winter of 1718 a plot 
was organised to seize the person of the Regent in one of his 
parties of pleasure near Paris. The States-General were to be 
convoked, and the King of Spain as next in blood proclaimed 
the rightful Regent, with the Due du Maine as his deputy. 
The conspiracy was fomented by Alberoni through the ambas- 
sador Cellamare. A hint from London put the Regent on his 
guard. In the beginning of December Cellamare sent an ac- 
count of his proceedings to Alberoni by the hands of a young 
Spanish abbe, Don Vincente Portocarrero. The messenger was 
stopped at Poitiers, and his papers seized and forwarded to 
Dubois, who laid them before the Regent. Cellamare was 
arrested and conducted to the frontier. The Due and Duchesse 
du Maine, Cardinal Polignac, and the other leaders of the con- 
spiracy were exiled or imprisoned. The plot was effectually 
crushed. The Due de St. Aignan, French Ambassador at 


Madrid, only saved himself from Alberoni's clutches by a 
hasty flight.^ 

At a meeting of the Council of Regency on the 3rd of 
January 1719, war with Spain was resolved on,^ and was 
declared on the 9th. England had declared war on the 17th 
of December, o.s. 

On the 25th of January, a piece of very bad news reached 
Ormonde at Valladolid.^ On the 11th of December Charles xii. 
had been shot through the head in the trenches before Fredericks- 
hall in Norway. His death meant an entire change in the 
policy of Sweden. His sister Ulrica was proclaimed his suc- 
cessor ; his ministers were dismissed ; all his projects, including 
that of invading Britain, were abandoned. Gortz, who had 
been the chief instigator of this enterprise, and who was 
cordially hated by the people, was brought to trial before 
a specially constituted court, found guilty of high misde- 
meanours in administration, and beheaded at Stockholm on 
March 3d, 1719.* So again the prospect of help from Sweden 

" Ormonde^s letter to James, of December 17th, reached Rome 
on January 26th. It was the first intimation which the people 
there had received of the project which was afoot. In Ormonde^s 
former letters he had said nothing of Alberoni^s invitation ; 
Mar, writing to General Arthur Dillon^ on December 27, was 
still ignorant whether he had gone to Spain by invitation or 
not. The news was received with joy by the little Stuart 

^ Mahon, vol. i. pp. 320-324. There is a detailed account of the plot in 
the Political State^ vol. xvi. pp. 506-527. St. Simon tells very dramatically 
the story of its discovery. — Memoirs^ St. John's English edition, vol. iii. 
chap. 20. 

2 Stair to Craggs, Jan. 3, 1719. — State Papers, Foreign, France, 353. 

^ Letter xxxii. 

^ It appeared from Gortz's papers that Charles had definitely undertaken to 
Alberoni to invade Great Britain after he had reduced Frederickshall. — Political 
State^ vol. xvii. p. 41. 

'^ As to Dillon, see p. 31, note 3. 


Court,^ and James decided to proceed to Spain at once, all 
the more readily as he had reason to believe that he was no 
longer safe in Italy.^ It was necessary that he should go by 
sea, as a land journey through France was out of the question. 
It was of the utmost importance that Alberoni''s project 
should, if possible, be kept secret to the last moment, and 
Byng was cruising in the Mediterranean. Every precaution 
was accordingly taken to conceal James's departure. It was 

^ Mar's intimation of the news to Dillon is a curious specimen of the mystic 
language with which the Jacobite correspondence of the period abounds : * Now 
for something to divert you. You must know that your old love Phillis had 
one sent to her t'other day from her friend Sara w^ proposalls from her admirer, 
that old doting fellow 3^ for her liveing w* him, and that he is impatient for 
her company. The proposalls he makes her are very advantageous, w^^ are 
needless to repeat, and behold what the charms of an old rich lover are, for she 
has not had vertue enough to resist the temptation, and is actually to set out to 
him in a very few dayes. She takes but a chambermaid and the person who 
brought her the message along w* her, and they go by her Unckle Stanlyes. 
Her two women. Philips and Frank, go by her Cousin Griffin's, who is to help 
them on their way ; and when once she is w^ her lover, she is to give orders to 
the rest of her family as she thinks fittest, and they are to continue at her house 
with her landlord Prichard until she do, not knowing where she is gone, she 
haveing consulted nobody upon it but one or two of us who chanced to be in her 
good graces at this time. Y^ absence may have cured y"^ love, but if it has not, 
let me advise you not to break y^ heart, for the old fellow cannot live long, and 
you may have the richer love of her afterwards. She is in some concern that she 
will not be able to write to her friend David soon, but she will as soon as it is in 
her power. She is now looking for a chair in such a way that it may not alarme 
her admirers, and has the promise of one w<^^ if it hold and the weather be 
favourable she will likely set out this week, but strong as her love is she cannot 
think of traveling in cold. This is not worth y^ answering, tho' I wou'd be glad 
to know the temper you'll be in upon it. 

* I am heartily sory for the sad accident of honest Mother Kemp's breaking up 
house {i.e. the death of the King of Sweden), and it could never have hapned in 
a worse time, for she could have got you something to consol you for loosing y^ 
love, but I hope some of her Nimphs will go on w* her trade in the same way, 
but alace it may take some time e'er that be, and the want will be for the present, 
w<5^ I fear may make that rake Amorslie go to some other house in the mean 
time, and tempt you and others of old Kemps customers to follow his example, 
so that the poor house will never recover its trade again. But enough of this 
stuff.' — Mar to Dillon, Jan. 30, 17 19, Stuart Papers. 

' James had been at Bologna in the beginning of the winter, and had come 
into Rome professedly on account of his health, but really for safety, on account 
of the nearness of large bodies of Imperial troops. — ^James to Ormonde, Nov. 9, 
1 7 18, Stuart Papers. 


skilfully arranged. On the 8th of February James apparently 
set out from Rome to the northward, accompanied by the 
Dukes of Mar ^ and Perth. The wildest rumours were circulated 
in the city as to the object of his journey ; he was gone to be 
mediator in the peace between the Emperor and the King of 
Spain ; he was to be Regent of Sweden ; King George was 
dead, and he had been sent for by the English Ministry.^ 
In reality the person who accompanied Mar and Perth was a 
member of the household named Paterson. The party pursued 
their journey northwards on their way to Genoa. On entering 
Imperial territory, they were arrested at Voghera and conveyed 
to the Castle of Milan. Davenant, the British resident at 
Genoa, wrote to Stair at Paris with the good news that the 
Pretender was taken, which Stair exultingly sent on to London.^ 
The prisoners were civilly treated, and after a short confinement 
were set at liberty and returned to Rome.* 

Early in the morning of the same day on which the party 
left Rome, the real James had quietly set out for Nettuno, a 
little coast village some thirty miles south from Rome. There 
he went on board a small French vessel, carrying Genoese 
colours, which had been provided by Admiral George Cammock, 
an Englishman in the naval service of Spain, who had been 
intrusted by Alberoni with this important service. He got 
safely out to sea. Not even the Pope knew of his destina- 

^ James made Mar a titular Duke in 17 15- 

2 James Murray to Mar, Rome, Feb. 11, 1719. — Stuart Papers. 

^ Stair to Craggs, March 4, 1 7 19. — State Papers, Foreign, France, 353. 

* The journey, arrest, and imprisonment are fully described by Mar in a long 
and interesting letter to Lord Panmure, in the Stuart Papers, printed in Appendix, 
No. II, p. 206. The arrest seems to have caused some consternation among the 
Jacobites, as Mar was known to carry important papers and ciphers. — James 
Murray to Sir Hugh Paterson, March 5, 17 19, Intercepted Jacobite Correspond- 
ence, Hanover Papers, Stowe mss., 232, f. 194. These, however, he managed 
to destroy. Among the intercepted Jacobite letters is one from a certain Cap- 
tain Geddes, a Scots officer in the Imperial Navy, to a friend in London, dated 
Vienna, March 10, 17 19, in which he says that the Emperor entirely repudiated 
the arrest, threw the whole responsibility of it on the local officers, and ordered 
the prisoners to be released at once. He was very angry indeed, says Geddes ; 
'Jamais on ne I'a veu en telle rage.' 



tion, a lack of confidence at which His Holiness seems to have 
been much displeased.^ 

In the meantime the equipment of the fleet was being rapidly 
pushed on at Cadiz, where it was given out that it was intended 
for Sicily. Ormonde was still at Valladolid. His original 
intention was to go to some place in the neighbourhood of 
Cadiz, and wait there till the expedition was ready ; ^ but in 
compliance with Alberoni's wishes, it was arranged that he 
should go to Corunna, and there be picked up by the fleet as it 
passed. The news of the death of the King of Sweden seems to 
have caused Alberoni to hesitate for a day or two as to the 
prudence of going on with the enterprise,^ but the hesitation 
did not last long. On the 4th of February he wrote to 
Ormonde directing him to set out for Corunna. Ormonde 
received the letter on the 7th, and started on the 10th.* 

After Ormonde's meeting with Alberoni at Madrid, he had 
written to the Earl Marischal asking him to come to Spain, but 
saying nothing of the intended enterprise.^ The invitation 
found the Earl in Paris towards the end of December, on the 
point of leaving for Avignon, where he was to have spent the 
winter.^ On December 30th he started for Spain,^ accompanied 
by his younger brother, James Keith, afterwards the famous 
Field Marshal. They travelled to Marseilles, and thence by 
sea to Palamos in Catalonia. Here they told the Commandant 
that they were English officers going to Madrid to seek employ- 
ment in the army. Coming from an enemy's country, and 
giving so lame an account of themselves, they were sent on 
under arrest to Gerona, where they were recognised and vouched 

1 Murray to James, March 6, 17 19. — Stuart Papers. James's farewell letter to 
the Pope is printed in Appendix, No. 12, p. 216. 

2 Letter xxiii. ^ Letters XL, XLi, XLii. ■* Letter XLix. ^ Letter vii, 
^ Mar to the Earl Marischal, Dec. 6, 17 18. — Stuart Papers. Appendix, No. 

10, p. 204. 

^ Letter xxix. The journey is narrated in James Keith's Memoirs, He gives 
an amusing account of the profound respect with which the brothers were received 
by Prince Pio of Savoy at Barcelona, under the impression that one of them must 
be James himself, travelling incognito. 


for by the Duke of Liria, Berwick's son, who was stationed 
there in command of his regiment. 

The Duke knew nothing of the expedition against England, 
and the Keiths concluded that they had been sent for merely 
to enter the King of Spain''s service. They accordingly pro- 
ceeded leisurely towards Madrid, which they reached about a 
fortnight later. On their arrival they reported themselves to 
Alberoni, who explained the nature of the service for which 
they were wanted. The Earl Marischal at once set out for 
Valladolid, to receive Ormonde's instructions. He found that 
Ormonde had left for Corunna, followed him, and on the even- 
ing of the 12th of February overtook him at Astorga.^ On 
the following day he left to return to Madrid, and the Duke 
pursued his journey towards Corunna. Marischal reached 
Madrid after five days' absence, and Alberoni agreed to give 
him two frigates and two thousand muskets, with a supply of 
money and ammunition, also a small body of Spanish regular 
troops to form a nucleus for the army of Highlanders who were 
expected to flock to James's standard. With these the Earl 
sailed for Scotland from Passage, the port of San Sebastian, on 
the 8th ^ of March. He carried with him letters from Ormonde 
to the Duke of Gordon, Glengarry, Maclean of Brolas, and 
Donald Macdonald of Benbecula, Clanranald's cousin.^ We 
shall see later how the expedition fared.* 

Ormonde reached Sada, close to Corunna, on the 24th of 
February, and reported his arrival to the Marquis de Risbourg, 
Viceroy of Galicia. There he waited anxiously for news of the 

^ Letter l. 

2 The evidence as to the date of the Earl Marischal's sailing is contradictory. 
The date in the text is that given to Lord Carpenter by a Spanish lieutenant 
taken prisoner at Eilean Donan. — London Gazette^ June 2, 17 19; Hist. Reg.^ 
vol. iv. p. 281. Apparently, after sailing, the ships had to put into Santander 
on account of the vi^eather. — Letters lxxxviii, lxxxix, xci. 

3 Letters lii, lxi, lxii, lxiii. 

* P. xli et seq. According to Stair, the money for the expedition to Scot- 
land was found by the Count of Castelblanco, Lord Melfort's son-in-law, — Stair to 
Craggs, May 7, 1 7 19, State Papers, Foreign, France, 353. 


Cadiz fleet. After many delays the fleet was at last ready for 
sea. It sailed from Cadiz on the 7th of March, under the 
command of Don Balthasar de Guevarra. ^ 

The force consisted of five ships of war, the Admiral's, carrying 
sixty-four brass guns, two of fifty guns, one of twenty, and a 
smaller vessel, with twenty-two transports, besides two ships 
bound for the West Indies, in all twenty-nine sail.^ There were 
5000 troops on board, with arms for 30,000 more.^ Ormonde, 
who was to come on board at Corunna, was to command the 
troops as Captain- General of the King of Spain. On land- 
ing in England he was to publish a declaration in the 
name of His Catholic Majesty announcing his resolution 
to use all his power for the restoration of James, and 
promising that in the event of ill success all who had 
joined the enterprise should find a secure retreat in his 
dominions, and that all land or sea officers should be 
employed in his service with the same rank which they had 
held in Great Britain.* 

James landed at Rosas in Catalonia on the 9th of March, 

^ Letter LV. 

* An Irish skipper, who reached Cork on March 28th, gives us a vivid glimpse 
of the embarkation. ' The Transports were extreamly crowded,' he says, 
' abundance of men being forced to lie on the Deck ; and the cut straw for the 
Horses being packed up in Bags they were obliged to lash these Bags a long side 
the Ships exposed to the Weather. A great many of the men shipped for 
Soldiers had been pressed in the Streets of Cadiz and immediately hurried on 
board. The Horses were ill stowed, and had been shipped 20 days before they 
left Cadiz ; and no more than 21 Days Provisions were put on board with 
these Forces.' — Political State ^ vol. xvii. p. 399. Captain Cavendish, of H. M.S. 
Dover ^ wrote from Gibraltar that the Spaniards had pressed at least 1500 men to 
complete their regiments, and were in such want of seamen that they pressed all 
the boatmen they could find to man their two largest ships of war. — Ibid. p. 400. 
* Tout le monde est d'accord que leur Infanterie est quelque chose de tres 
pitoyable,' writes Stair to Craggs, March 18, I7I9« — State Papers, Foreign, 
France, 353. Appendix, No. 27, p. 232. 

^ The evidence as to the strength of the expedition is somewhat conflicting. 
The figures in the text are given by Richard Spartman, an English ship's mate, 
who was impressed at Cadiz, and compelled to navigate one of the Spanish 
transports. After the dispersal of the fleet he brought his ship into the Tagus. — 
Political State, vol. xvii. p. 409. 

* Tindal, vol. vii. p. 256. 


after an adventurous and most unpleasant voyage. He had 
been caught in storms and chased by British cruisers. He had 
suffered from sea-sickness and from fever. More than once he 
had been compelled to go ashore and lie in hiding. At the 
lies d'Or, off Hyeres, he had had to share the accommodation 
of a miserable inn with an unsavoury crowd, and, as it was 
carnival time, the unlucky Prince, ' quoique incommode de la 
mevy was obliged to dance with the hostess.^ Now, however, 
his troubles were over for the time. He was delighted with 
his reception in Spain. ' I am very much made of in this 
country,** he writes to Dicconson from Saragossa.^ At Madrid 
he was received with royal honours, lodged in the Palace of 
Buen Retiro, and furnished with an escort of the King of 
Spain's life-guards.^ 

In the meantime Ormonde at Corunna was waiting eagerly 
for tidings of the fleet. He knew that every hour was precious, 
for by this time the secret of the expedition had been dis- 
covered.* The whole chance of success depended on taking the 
British Government by surprise. It was mere madness to talk 
of invading England with 5000 men if the Government had 
time to make their preparations, and to take precautions 
against a rising of the Jacobites at home. Alberoni had given 
Ormonde to understand that the fleet would be ready by the 
10th of February ; ^ as we have seen, it did not leave Cadiz till 
the 7th of March ; it was not till the 16th that the news of its 
departure reached Corunna.^ A small vessel was sent to watch 

^ Alberoni to Ormonde, March i8, 1719. — Stuart Papers. Appendix, No. 17, 
p. 219. 

2 March 22, 1719. — Ibid. Appendix, No. 14, p. 217. 

^ Political Statey vol. xvii. p. 5. On March 20, 1 7 19, Alberoni wrote to 
Count Rocca : — ' II Re Giacomo sbarco a Roses il giorno 9 del corrente, ed 
havra preso ieri il viaggio per questa Corte, ove sark ricevuto da queste Maest^ 
con quelle dimostrazioni adattate all' infelice stato d'un povero Principe abban- 
donato e perseguitato da tutto il mondo. Infine, grazie a Dio, dopo havere 
uscito da mille pericoli, e in salvo ; e certamente quanto li e successo nel viaggio 
fa vedere chee un miracolo se sia giunto in Porto.' — Lettres Intimes de J. M, 
Alberoniy Paris, 1892, p. 627. 

** Letter Lxxii. ^ Letter xlv. * Letter ex. 


for it off Cape Finisterre. The frigate in which Ormonde was 
to sail was ready for sea, and he was ready to go on board. 
As the days of March sHpped past, and there was still no news 
of the fleet, his anxiety grew intense. At last he despaired of 
success. On the 22d of March he wrote to Alberoni, and to 
James, to say that he thought the enterprise, as originally 
planned, was now hopeless, and proposed that the project of 
invading England should be abandoned, and that the expedi- 
tion should endeavour to effect a landing in Scotland, where 
they were sure to find plenty of recruits among the clans, and 
where they might hold out in the Highlands, and trust to the 
chapter of accidents.^ Alberoni seems to have agreed to the 
idea of a change of plan, as a pis aller, but it was given up in 
obedience to James's wishes. ^ 

King^George's Government had ample warning of the danger. 
So early as January 16th Dubois had written to Secretary 
Craggs warning him that Alberoni was meditating some enter- 
prise against Great Britain.^ The French Government had 
abundant information as to events in Spain, all of which was 
communicated to Stair, by whom it was sent on to London. 
At first it was thought that the Cadiz fleet was meant for 
Ireland, but on March 4th Stair wrote informing Craggs of its 
true destination.* On the 8th, and again on the 11th, Dubois 
wrote giving details as to Alberoni's preparations, and offering 
the help of the Regent to the British Government.^ 

^ Letters Lxxxvi, lxxxvii. 

2 Alberoni to Ormonde, April 4, 17 19, Stuart Papers, Appendix, No. 19, 
p. 222 ; Letters xciv, xcv. 

^ Dubois to Craggs, Jan. 16, 1719. — State Papers, Foreign, France, 358, 
Appendix, No. 20, p. 223. 

* Stair to Craggs, March 4, 1719. — State Papers, Foreign, France, 353. In 
a private letter to Craggs on March 12th, Stair expresses the opinion that 
Ormonde's intention probably was to land at Liverpool, seize Chester, march 
down the Severn, and raise the west country. — /did. The State Papers contain 
numerous other letters from Stair, with further information as to the expedition. 

^ Craggs Papers, Stowe mss. 247, ff. 35-40 b, 64-68. Appendix, Nos. 21, 22, 
pp. 224, 227. He wrote to Stanhope on the 15th, cit. suj>ra, p. xxvii, note 6. A 
list of the troops offered by the Regent, amounting to eighteen battalions of infantry 


In England the threatened invasion caused no great alarm, 
but prompt measures were taken to meet it. The Government's 
information was communicated to Parliament by a Royal 
message on March 10th,i and the House of Commons undertook 
to make good whatever expense might be necessary for the 
defence of the country. A proclamation was issued offering a 
reward of £5000 for the capture of Ormonde. A Commissioner 
was sent down into the west country to report as to any move- 
ments among the disaffected gentry there. ^ All diligence was 
used in fitting out and manning the fleet. On the 11th of 
March Sir John Norris sailed from Spithead with seven ships, 
to cruise off the Lizard, on the 12th he was followed by two 
more ships, and on the 24th by Lord Berkeley with seven more. 
Three frigates were sent across the Bay of Biscay to watch for 
the Spanish fleet. The troops in the west of England were 

and ten squadrons of cavalry, is in the State Papers, Foreign, France, 353. At 
the same time the services of 1500 sailors were offered (Craggs to Stair, March 
9th, 1 7 19, zlfzd. 35 la. Appendix, p. 234). The troops were declined with 
thanks, but 600 sailors were actually sent over to Portsmouth (Conseil de Marine 
to Dubois, April 6th, 17 19, z5id. 354 a). However, as Craggs wrote at the time, 
* Our navy pride themselves on doing their own service without any obligation 
to foreign helps,' and the Frenchmen were sent home with a month's pay in 
their pockets. — Craggs to Stair, April 9th, o.s. Idid. 351 a. 

Stair thoroughly distrusted the French. In a private letter to Craggs on 
March 20th, he says : — ' To tell you ye truth I have no manner of taste to be 
assisted by French troops in England, ye byass of all this nation towards ye 
Pretender is inconceivable ; however, ye Regents good disposition, and his 
succours being ready at Havre, Calais and Dunkirk, will have a very good effect, 
and help to keep our Jacobites in awe, who, upon ye whole matter, I believe, 
are much better disposed to drink ye Pretender's health than to fight for him.' 
He writes again on the 26th : — ' If you want to be assisted by France you must 
take care not to need it, for if ever you doe need it, you may be well assured you 
will have no help from thence.' ... * In one word, my dr. Craggs, as long as 
you stand firm upon yr leggs you'll lead France, whenever wee come to be obliged 
to lean upon her for support she'll help to tumble us down.' — Craggs Papers, 
Stowe Mss., 247, ff. 96, 107. 

^ The dates in this paragraph are Old Style. 

2 According to his reports nothing of any importance was being done. — S. 
Buckley to Craggs, Dorchester, March nth and 14th ; Bridgewater, March i8th ; 
Bath, March 21st, April 1st, 1719. — Craggs Papers, Stowe Mss., 247, ff. 98, 102, 
103, 117, 119, 120. 


reinforced by several regiments. Four battalions were brought 
over from Ireland. King George''s foreign allies were desired 
to get in readiness the contingents with which they had under- 
taken to furnish him in case of rebellion or invasion, and about 
the middle of April two Swiss battalions in the service of the 
States- General landed in the Thames, and three Dutch bat- 
talions in the north of England.^ 

As the event happened, these precautions were needless. 
The unfailing ill-luck of the Stuarts had not deserted them. 
Guevarra^s fleet never doubled Cape Finisterre. As at the 
time of the Armada, the winds and waves had fought for Eng- 
land against the Spaniard. 

After leaving Cadiz on the 7th of March, the fleet steered 
west-south-west to the latitude of 34° 50 ', and then changed its 
course to the north-north-east. On the night of the 28th it 
was about fifty leagues west of Cape Finisterre. About one 
in the morning of the 29th it encountered a terrible storm, 
which lasted for forty-eight hours. The fleet was scattered to 
the four winds. Horses, guns, stores, and arms had to be 
thrown overboard. Many men died of hardship and privation. 
The flagship was dismasted and lost most of her guns. All the 
ships were more or less crippled. They made their way to port 
as best they could, some back to Cadiz, some into the Tagus, 
some into the ports of Galicia.^ On the 10th of April five 
ships reached Corunna with the bad news ; five more had 
arrived by the 13th.^ The tidings of disaster met James on 
his way from Madrid. He arrived at Corunna on the 17th * 
to find that the armament which had carried such great 
hopes was utterly ruined. The enterprise had failed. On 
April 24th, Stair wrote from Paris to Craggs, ' I think we 're 

1 Political State, vol. xvii. pp. 336, 337; Hist. Reg.^ vol. iv. pp. 138, 155- 
163 ; Craggs to Stair, March 30, 1719.— State Papers, Foreign, France, 351a. 
These authorities conflict as to some details. 

2 St. Philippe, vol. iii. p. 364 ; Reports from Corunna, Appendix, Nos. 36, 
37> 38, pp. 243 et seq. ; Spartman's narrative, cit. supra^ p. xxxvi, note 3. 

2 Letter xcvi. * Letter cii. 


intirely out of danger from ye Spanish invasion for this 
year.' ^ 

We have now to follow the fortunes of the Earl MarischaPs 
expedition to Scotland.^ As we have seen, he sailed from 
Passage on the 8th of March. The Spanish force which 
accompanied him consisted of a detachment of twelve men 
per company from each of the twenty-four companies of Don 
Pedro de Castro''s regiment of foot, under the command of a 
lieutenant-colonel, with six captains, six lieutenants, and six 
ensigns, three hundred and seven in all, including officers.^ 

^ Private, Craggs Papers, Stowe Mss., 247, f. 148. Lord Berkeley, in a 
private letter to Craggs, dated on board H.M.S. Dorsetshire^ ten leagues from 
the Lizard, April W, 1719, says, * I think the Spaniards have made an end of 
their expedition, for should they have the good luck to get into the Groine, when 
they know the preparations we have made for them, which they must do by this 
time, they'l hardly come out again to trouble us.' — Ibid. f. 144. 

^ The principal authorities for the history of the expedition to Scotland are 
Keith's Memoirs, and the naval and military despatches, which were printed at 
the time in the London Gazette, and are reprinted in the Historical Register^ 
vol. iv. pp. 279-285. St. Philippe gives a detailed but inaccurate account, 
Memoires, vol. iii. p. 360 et seq. A valuable source of information as to the 
battle of Glenshiel is the plan drawn by Lieutenant J. H. Bastide, of which there 
is one copy in possession of the Queen at Windsor, and another in that of the Duke 
of Marlborough at Blenheim. The Blenheim copy was the subject of an interest- 
ing paper read to the Society of x\ntiquaries of Scotland by Mr. A. H. Millar in 
1882 {Proceedings, 1882-83, P- 57)* An anonymous contemporary account of the 
battle, in the possession of Mr. C. S. Home-Drummond- Moray of Abercairney, 
was communicated by Mr. Millar to the Society in 1885 {ibid. 1884-85, p. 64). 
By the courtesy of the Council of the Society I am permitted to reproduce from 
their Proceedings a reduced facsimile of Bastide's plan (at p. Hi). A * Distinct 
Abridgement of some Materiall Poynts relateing to Scotts Affairs,' giving a 
full account of the expedition, was sent by Mar to Lord Nairne in August 
1 7 19, and is printed in the Appendix to Mr. T. L. Kington Oliphant's 
Jacobite Lairds of Gask. Mar's account of the battle is evidently taken from 
Tullibardine's letter to him of June i6th, which is in the Stuart Papers, and is 
now printed for the first time. Appendix, No. 62, p. 269. The Stuart Papers 
also include letters from Glendaruel and Glengarry, but they contain no addi- 
tional information of importance. See also letters printed in Mr. Murray 
Graham's Stair Annals, chap. xv. 

^ Statement by a Spanish lieutenant, taken prisoner at Eilean Donan, to 
Lord Carpenter, cit. supra, p. xxxv, note 2. The uniform of the Spaniards is 
described as 'white lined with yellow.' — Original Weekly /ournal, May 30, 


Young James Keith — he was only twenty- two — was intrusted 
with the perilous duty of warning the Jacobite exiles in France, 
now an enemy ""s country, of the intended expedition. Furnished 
with credentials from Ormonde, and supplied by Alberoni with 
a sum of about 18,000 crowns, he set out from Madrid on the 
19th of February. He went first to San Sebastian, where he 
handed over 12,000 crowns to the Prince of Campo Florido, 
for the equipment of the two frigates destined for Scotland. 
With the remainder he crossed the frontier, and about the end 
of February arrived at Bordeaux. Here he met General 
Gordon, Brigadier Campbell, and some others, to whom he 
delivered his message, and left them some money to hire ships 
to transport themselves to Scotland.^ Brigadier Campbell went 
to Spain to join the Earl Marischal. On the 3rd of March 
Keith arrived at Orleans. There he found the Marquis of 
Tullibardine, by whom he was accompanied to Paris, where he 
arrived next day. 

At Paris there took place a deplorable exhibition of that 
fatal jealousy which was the curse of most Jacobite enterprises, 
and which proved the ruin of this one. Keith may tell the 
story himself : ' Howsoon I got there, I advertised the Marquess 
of Seafort, who immediatly came to the house where I was, and 
brought along with him a brother of Lord Duifus^s, and some 
whille after came in Campbell of Glenderuel. I told them the 
reason of my coming, and showed them the short credentials I 
had brought from the Duke of Ormonde. Glenderuel smiled 
at reading them, and told me that that billet wou^d have been 
of little weight with them, had they not been already adver- 
tised by the Duke of Marr, to obey what orders the Duke 
of Ormonde shou'd send. This plainly let me see that we 
had two factions amongst us, and which proved the occasion 
of our speedy ruin when we landed in Scotland. However, 

^ Clanranald and Lochiel were among those who crossed to Scotland. General 
Gordon was too ill to go. — Distinct Abridgement. Compare, however, Alberoni 's 
letter to James, Appendix, No. 39, p. 246. 


they agreed to obey the orders, and I went away next day to 
Rowen to provide a ship for them, which in ten days I got 
fitted out by the help of a merchant there, and ready to put 
to sea. Howsoon this was done I wrote to them to come down 
with all hast, the ship being already at Havre de Grace. When 
they arrived Glenderuel asked me if I had seen General Dillon 
whille I was at Paris. I told him I had not ; that General 
Dillon being at St. Germains, I durst not venture to go there, 
being too well known not to be discovered ; and that tho"* the 
interest of those there was the same with ours, yet their im- 
prudence was so great that they were not to be trusted with 
a secret which, shouM it take vent, must occasion our being 
stopt at the instance of the Earl of Stair, then Embassador 
from the Court of England ; that besides, having no instruc- 
tions to communicate anything to him, I made no doubt but 
he had been advertised by some other canal. 

' Glenderuel declared he did not think those reasons valid, 
and that Dillon should be advertised of this, and desired to 
let us know if the King (whose affairs he was then intrusted 
with at Paris) had given him no particular instructions on this 
head. This was the pretence ; the true reason was, to get a 
commission which they knew he had in his hands, and was 
designed for the King of Sweden^s expedition in the year 1717, 
by which the King constituted the Marquess of Tullibardine 
Commander in chiefF of his forces in Scotland. This Glenderuel 
thought absolutly necessary for his own private ends, being 
surer to govern [^the easy temper of the Marquess than of 
those who otherwise wou''d naturally have the command of 
the army, and particularly to prevent its falling into the hands 
of General Gordon, with whom he was not in very good 

' The day before we embarked, the express they had sent to 
Paris returned with a pacquet from General Dillon, of which 
they showed a letter full of common place advices relating to 
the conduct we should hold in Scotland, but not a word of the 


commissions, which they keept to be drawn out on proper 
occasions.** ^ 

On the 19th of March the party left Havre in a small ship of 
twenty-five tons,^ and after sailing round the west coast of Ire- 
land, and narrowly escaping capture by the British fleet, reached 
the Isle of Lewis on April 4, n.s., March 24, o.s.^ Here they 
found that the Earl Marischal had arrived, and that his two 
frigates were at anchor in the harbour of Stornoway with the 
men still aboard. Keith went at once to join his brother, 
and warned him of what had happened at Paris, and of the 
difficulties which might arise as to the command. Next day 
Seaforth and Tullibardine came to Stornoway, and in the even- 
ing a council of war was held. Tullibardine said nothing of 
the commission which he had received from Dillon, and the 
command accordingly remained in the Earl Marischal for the 
time, as senior Major-General. It was then discussed whether 
an attempt should be made to land at once on the mainland, 
or whether the expedition should remain in the Lewis till news 
arrived of Ormonde'*s landing in England. Tullibardine and 
Glendaruel advised the latter course, but Marischal determined 
to land as soon as possible in Scotland, and at once make a 
dash for Inverness, the garrison of which was not more than 
three hundred strong. There it would be possible to hold out 
until a sufficient force had been collected to attempt a march 
to the south. It was accordingly decided to sail for the main- 

^ Keith, pp. 42-44. Mar says that Seaforth was at first unwilling to go, and 
that he allowed Tullibardine and Glendaruel to leave Paris without him, and 
only followed them on the advice of a ' person of distinction,' evidently Dillon. — 
Distinct Abridgement. 

2 Mar gives the date as the 20th. Their departure from Paris did not escape 
the vigilance of Stair. On March 15 he writes to Craggs : 'Tous les Ecossois 
qui etaient ici sont partis subitement depuis 4 jours, entre autres Ld. Seaforth, 
Mr. Sutherland frere de Lord Dufifus, Campbell de Kellendarouel et quelques 
autres, on croit qu'ils ont pris le chemin des Pays Bas ; les autres qui etoient en 
Guienne et en Languedoc sont tous eclipsez ; on croit qu'ils passent en droiture 
dans les Isles et dans le Nord d'Ecosse sans passer en Espagne. ' — State Papers, 
Foreign, France, 353. 

* The dates from here to p. liv. are Old Style. 


At p. xliv 


land three days after. In the meantime the Spanish troops 
were landed in order to refresh themselves after their long 

Next morning, however, Tullibardine requested that a council 
of war might once more be assembled, and ' after having,' says 
Keith, 'made a sort of speech which nobody understood but 
himself,' he produced his commission of Lieutenant-General. 
Marischal accordingly resigned the command of the troops, 
reserving that of the ships, which had been expressly com- 
mitted to him by Alberoni. Tullibardine and Glendaruel 
still wished to remain in the Lewis, but the others so strongly 
protested against this course that they acquiesced in the Earl 
Marischal's views. Accordingly the expedition again put to 
sea, on April 4th. Their intention was to land in Kintail, 
which was part of Seaforth's own country, but owing to con- 
trary winds they were only able to reach Gairloch. From 
Gairloch Glendaruel was despatched with letters to a number 
of the Highland chiefs, announcing the arrival of the expedi- 
tion. The ships left Gairloch on the 6th, but a storm which 
rose that night drove them back to the Lewis. It was not till 
the 13th that they effected a landing on the shores of Loch 

Next day Glendaruel returned with news that James's 
adherents were ready to rise as soon as there was any certain 
news of the landing of Ormonde's expedition.^ On the 17th 

^ Intimation of the intended invasion from Spain had been sent to the leaders 
of the Jacobite party in the Lowlands, but they had determined that no move- 
ment should be made until they were sure that Ormonde had landed. On 
hearing of the Earl Marischal's arrival, Lockhart of Carnwath sent him a 
memorial expressing his views as to what ought to be done. The main point 
emphasised in the memorial is the universal hatred with which the Union was 
regarded in Scotland, and the importance of making its repeal a chief article of 
the Jacobite policy. It does not appear that the document ever reached its 
destination. A catastrophe was very nearly caused by an * unknown fellow ' who 
came to Mr. Milnes, tutor to young Macdonell of Glengarry, representing that 
he was a servant of Lochiel's, that Ormonde's fleet had arrived, and that he had 
been sent ashore to warn his master's friends to be ready to take up arms. In 
consequence of this news, which was confirmed by a letter from Lord Stormont, 


an informal council of war was beld. The Earl Marischal 
and Brigadier Campbell proposed marching straight to Inver- 
ness with the Spaniards and 500 men whom Seaforth under- 
took to raise, but Tullibardine and Glendaruel were still in 
favour of a Fabian policy. 'The same demone,' says Keith, 
'who had inspired them with the design of staying in the 
Lewis hindered them from accepting this proposition.' Clan- 
ranald and Lochiel arrived on the 20th. Clanranald also 
counselled delay. Several days passed, and there came on 
news of Ormonde. Tullibardine was with difficulty dissuaded 
from re-embarking and returning to Spain. This made 
Marischal resolve to burn his boats. He determined to send 
the two frigates back to Spain. Tullibardine tried to detain 
them, but they obeyed Marischal's orders and put to sea on 
the 30th, just in time, for within a week after their departure 
there arrived on the coast a British squadron consisting of five 
ships : the Worcester, 50 guns ; Assistance, 50 ; Dartmouth, 50 ; 
Enterprise, 40 ; and Flamhorough, 24, under the command of 
Captain Boyle. The Assistance and the Dartmouth sailed 
round the north of Skye and anchored in Loch Kishorn. 
Boyle with the Worcester, Enterprise, and Flamhorough came 
through Kyle Rhea, and on May 9th anchored at the mouth 
of Loch Alsh. 

The Jacobites had fixed their headquarters at Eilean Donan 
Castle, the ancient stronghold of the Mackenzies. The castle, 
now a picturesque ivy-covered ruin, is situated on a little island 
close to the shore, opposite the village of Dornie, at the point 
where Loch Alsh branches into Loch Duich and Loch Long. 

then at his house in Annandale, to the effect that Ormonde's fleet had been seen 
off the coast, Lords Nairn and Dalhousie prepared to take the field. Lockhart, 
however, was satisfied that the messenger was either a common swindler or a 
Government spy, and succeeded in preventing Nairn and Dalhousie from com- 
mitting themselves. ' As for my Lord Stormont's information,' says he, * I gave 
it the less credit when I perceived his Lordship's letter was dated at one in the 
morning, about which time I knew he was apt to credit any news that pleased 
him,' — Lockhart Papers, vol, ii. pp. I7«23, 


It consists of an ancient and massive keep some fifty feet 
square, surrounded by courtyards and out-buildings. Here 
most of the ammunition and provisions of the expedition 
were stored under the guard of a garrison of forty-five 
Spaniards, the main body of the troops being encamped on 
the mainland close to the shore. 

On the 10th of May Boyle with his three ships came up the 
loch to Eilean Donan, and sent an officer with a flag of truce 
to demand the surrender of the Castle. The boat was fired 
upon and not permitted to land. At eight o'clock in the 
evening the ships opened fire upon the Castle. The old 
stone fortress, impregnable in Highland warfare, could not be 
held under artillery fire, and when a storming party of two 
boats'* crews landed, they met with little resistance. The 
Spanish garrison were taken prisoners, and afterwards sent 
round to Leith in the Flamhorough, and three hundred and 
forty-three barrels of powder and fifty-two barrels of musket 
bullets were captured. The buildings in which the provisions 
had been stored for the use of the Jacobite camp were set 
on fire, and the Castle was blown up.^ The Flamhorough went 
up Loch Duich in search of another magazine which had been 
formed near the head of the loch, under a guard of 30 
Spaniards, who blew it up as she approached. ^ 

The invaders were now in a sorry plight. Their retreat by 
sea was cut off. The coast was vigilantly patrolled by the 
boats of the British squadron. It was impossible even to cross 
to Skye. They had lost nearly the whole of their ammunition 

^ Boyle's despatch, Historical Register^ vol. iv. p. 280. According to Mar's 
account the bombardment began in the morning and lasted all day, and in the 
evening the Spaniards surrendered at discretion, without any resistance, and 
without a man killed or wounded. A considerable number of roundshot have 
from time to time been found in and about the ruins of the Castle. Two of 
these are now in the possession of the Rev. Roderick Morison, minister of Kintail. 

^ According to local tradition, the site of this magazine was beside the small 
fresh-water lake called Loch nan Corr, close to where the Manse of Kintail now 
stands. Musket bullets, some of them fused together as if by an explosion, have 
been found in the manse garden. 


and provisions, and were in one of the wildest and most 
desolate parts of Britain, with no base of operations from 
which it was possible to draw any further supplies. The 
Government troops in Scotland were being rapidly reinforced 
from the south. Tullibardine now determined to do what he 
ought to have done at first, namely to endeavour to raise a 
force from among the clans. By this time the fatal news of 
the dispersion of the Cadiz fleet had reached the Highlands, 
and naturally recruits were not very plentiful. ' Not above a 
thousand men appeared,"* says Keith, ' and even those seemed 
not very fond of the enterprise.' Lord George Murray, Tulli- 
bardine'*s brother, had already arrived with what forces he 
could muster from Perthshire, and those which Rob Roy 
had collected in Stirlingshire and in the north part of Argyll- 
shire. On May 23d they marched to the head of Loch Duich. 
On the 5th of June Lochiel, who had gone home to raise what 
forces he could, came in with 150 men ; on the 7th, Seaforth 
brought in about 500 of his men ; and on the 8th, arrived a 
son of Rob Roy's with some 80 more recruits.^ 

In the meantime the garrison from Inverness had been largely 
reinforced, and on the 5th of June Major-General Wightman, 
who had commanded part of Argyll's troops at Sheriifmuir, 
marched from Inverness with a force of about 850 infantry, 
besides 120 dragoons and some 130 Highlanders, and a battery 
of four Cohorn mortars.^ He marched to the head of Loch 
Ness, where he halted for a day, and thence over by Glen- 
moriston towards Kintail. 

It was decided to await Wightman's attack in Glenshiel, the 

1 Details as to the discussions in which so much time was wasted, and as to 
the comings and goings of the Highland chiefs, will be found in Mar's Distinct 
Abridgement. His narrative does not always agree with Keith's ; the latter is 
probably the more trustworthy, written as it was by an eyewitness, a very com- 
petent observer of military events, who at the time of writing had long ceased to 
have any connection with Scottish affairs. 

2 The light bronze mortar for field use was introduced by Baron van Cohorn, 
the famous Dutch military engineer, at the siege of Grave in 1674. 


grand and desolate glen which runs inland in a south-easterly 
direction from the head of Loch Duich, skirting the vast 
southern slopes of Scour Ouran. The position selected for 
defence was at the place where the present road crosses the 
river Shiel by a stone bridge, some five miles above Invershiel.^ 
Here a shoulder of the mountain juts into the glen on its 
northern side, and the glen contracts into a narrow gorge, down 
which the Shiel, at this point a roaring torrent, runs in a deep 
rocky channel, between steep declivities covered with heather, 
bracken, and scattered birches. Above the pass the glen opens 
out into a little strath. Then, as now, the road ran through 
the strath on the north side of the river and entered the pass 
along a narrow shelf between the river and the hill, from 
which it was entirely commanded. This position was occupied 
by the Jacobite forces on the 9th of June. They were joined 
in the course of the day by another hundred recruits, and next 
day by about a hundred more. 

On the evening of the 9th Lord George Murray, who 
commanded the outposts, reported that the enemy were 
encamped within four or five miles, at the head of Loch 
Clunie.2 Next morning he reported that they had struck 
their camp and were marching over the watershed into 
Glenshiel. As they advanced Murray retired before them, 
keeping at a distance of about half-a-mile. About two in the 
afternoon the armies came in sight of each other, about half- 
a-mile apart. Wightman halted, and deployed his troops 
for the attack. 

The great natural strength of the Jacobites' position had 

1 Wightman, in his despatch of June nth {London Gazette, Special, June 19, 
1719 ; Hist. Reg. vol. iv. p. 283), calls the site of the battle the Pass of Strachell, 
a name which still appears in guide-books, though it is not known in the district. 
Tullibardine calls it Glenshielbeg. The local Gaelic name is Lub-innis-na-seangan, 
• the bend of the river at the island of ants. ' 

2 Wightman gives the name of his camping-ground on the night of the 9th as 
Strachlony, probably Strathloan, about a mile to the west of where Clunie Inn 
now stands. This would agree with the distance given by Murray. 



been increased by hasty fortifications. A barricade had been 
made across the road, and along the face of the hill, on the 
north side of the river, entrenchments had been thrown up. 
Here the main body was posted, consisting of the Spanish 
regiment, which now only paraded some 200 strong,^ under its 
Colonel, Don Nicolas Bolano ; Locheil with about 150 men ; 
about 150 of ' Lidcoafs "* ^ and others ; 20 volunteers, 40 of Hob 
Roy's men, 50 of M'Kinnon's, and 200 of Lord Seaforth's com- 
manded by Sir John Mackenzie of Coul. Seaforth himself was 
on the extreme left, up on the side of Scour Ouran, with 200 
of his best men. The hill on the south bank of the river, the 
right of the position, was occupied by about 150 men under 
Lord George Murray.^ Tullibardine commanded in the centre, 
accompanied by Glendaruel. Brigadier M'Intosh of Borlum 
was with the Spanish Colonel. The Earl Marischal and 
Brigadier Campbell were with Seaforth on the left. 

Wightman''s right wing was composed of 150 grenadiers, 
under Major Milburn ; Montagu's regiment, commanded by 
Lieut. -Colonel Lawrence; a detachment of 50 men under 
Colonel Harrison ; HufFeFs Dutch regiment, and four com- 
panies of Amerongen's. On the flank were 56 of Lord 
Strathnaver's men under Ensign Mackay. The whole wing 
was commanded by Colonel Clayton. The left wing, which 
was deployed on the south side of the river, consisted of 
Clayton's regiment, commanded by Lieut. -Colonel Reading, 
and had on the flank about 80 men of the Munroes, under 

^ Forty-five had been taken prisoners at Eilean Donan, and about fifty, some 
of whom were invalided, had been left in the rear with the baggage. 

2 ' Lidcoat,' the name used in Tullibardine's letter to Mar of June i6th, is 
evidently a pseudonym ; it may mean Glengarry. Mar, in his Distinct 
Abridgement, speaks of these men as * a friend's ' — ' out of the neighbouring 

2 These figures, taken from Tullibardine's letter to Mar, make the total 
Jacobite force about 1120. Wightman gives the figures as * 1640 Highlanders, 
besides 300 Spaniards, and a Corps apart of 500 Highlanders who were posted 
on a Hill in order to make themselves Masters of our Baggage.' His own force 
amounted, as we have seen, to about iioo. 


Mimro of Culcairn.^ The dragoons and the four mortars 
remained on the road.^ 

The engagement began between five and six o'clock, when 
the left wing of the Hanoverians advanced against Lord George 
Murray's position on the south side of the river. The position 
was first shelled by the mortar battery, which, escorted by 
the dragoons, had advanced along the road to within 400 
yards of the Jacobite centre. It was then attacked by 
four platoons of Clayton's with the Munroes. The first 
attack was repulsed, but the attacking party was reinforced, 
and Lord George's men, who were badly supported, were 
driven from their position and retreated beyond the burn, 
which, coming down from Frioch Corrie, descends towards the 
Shiel in rear of the ground which they had occupied. The pre- 
cipitous banks of the burn effectually checked pursuit. After 
the right wing of the Jacobites had been dislodged, Wightman's 
right began to move up the hill to attack their left. The de- 
tachment commanded by Lord Seaforth was strongly posted 
behind a group of rocks on the hillside, and it was against them 
that the attack of Montagu and Harrison's troops was directed. 
Seaforth was reinforced from the centre by the remainder of 
his own men under Sir John Mackenzie. Finding himself hard 
pressed, Seaforth sent down for further support. Another rein- 
forcement under Rob Roy went to his aid, but before it reached 
him the greater part of his men had given way, and he himself 
had been severely wounded. Rob Roy's detachment next gave 
way, and retired towards the mountain. They were followed 
by ' Lidcoat's' men and others. The whole force of Wightman's 

^ Captain George Munro of Culcairn, younger brother of Sir Robert Munro of 
FoVilis, had, in the absence of his elder brother, assembled a number of the clan 
to conduct the regular troops through the mountains to Glenshiel. He was 
severely wounded in the action. See Appendix to Doddridge's Life of Colonel 
Gardiner^ p. 251. 

2 See Plan. Bastide's drawing is rather a reconnaissance sketch than a plan 
properly so called. The scale of feet only applies to the direction from east to 


attack was now directed towards the Jacobite centre, against 
which the fire of the mortar battery had by this time been 
turned. The Spanish regulars stood their ground well, but 
finding that most of their allies had deserted them, they also at 
last began to retire up the hill to the left. The whole of 
Tullibardine'*s little army was now in retreat. The retreat 
soon became a flight. The victorious Hanoverians pursued 
their defeated enemies over the shoulder of Scour Ouran, and 
only halted as darkness fell, when they had nearly reached the 
top of the mountain.^ Far up the hill there is a corrie which 
to this day the shepherds call Bealach-na-Spainnteach, the 
Spaniards' Pass.^ 

The action had lasted some three hours. The loss of the 
English troops amounted to 21 men killed, and 121 wounded, 
officers included. 3 That of the Jacobites is difficult to esti- 

^ Sir Walter Scott, in the Tales of a Grandfather^ says that at Glenshiel the 
Government troops were compelled to retreat, and Dr. Hill Burton speaks of the 
result of the action as doubtful. The accounts given by Keith and Tullibardine 
entirely confirm Wightman's despatches. The Jacobites were routed. It was a 
sorry celebration of James's birthday. 

2 Just above the bridge the Shiel falls into a deep pool, into which it is said 
that many of the Jacobites threw their arms as they retreated. The waterfall is 
known as Eas-nan-arm (the Fall of Arms). Weapons have been found in the 
bed of the stream. Only last year (1894) a bayonet was found imbedded in the 
shingle some distance below the Fall, by a shepherd named Alexander Findlayson. 
It is now in the possession of Mr. Mitchell, Ratagan. 

^ These are the official numbers. London Gazette^ June 20-23, 17 19. An 
officer who was present gives the following list of casualties : ' Mountague's Regi- 
ment, I Capt. , I Lieut. , i Sergeant, 7 Corporals and Cent, kill'd ; 2 Lieut. , 
I Serg., 35 Cent, wounded. Clayton's, 2 Serg., i Corp. kill'd; 2 Captains, i 
Serg., 21 Centinels wounded. Harrison's, 3 Corporals and Centinels kill'd; i 
Capt., I Lieut., i Serg., 14 Centinels wounded. General Huffel's (Dutch), i Lieut., 
3 Corporals and Centinels killed ; i Capt., i Ensign, 2 Serg., 6 Cent, wounded. 
Col. Amerongen's (Dutch), 1 Serg. kill'd; i Lieut., 9 Cent, wounded. Total, 
21 kill'd, 119 wounded, besides Highlanders.' — Weekly Journal, July 4, 1719. 
On the 13th of June, Provost Hossack of Inverness wrote to Duncan Forbes of 
Culloden : ' Colonel Montagu, and some horse having this forenoon come in from 
Killichnimman, brought a great number of Letters from our Army, which goe by 
this Post, and will confirm that the Troops attacked the Rebels in their most 
advantageous post, beat them from it not without loss, and were in pursuite of 
them next day ; the Spaniards having capitulated to surrender on the afternoon 
thereof. Captain Downes and two Lieutenants of Montagu's were killed ; 
Captains Moor and Heighington of Clayton's wounded ; as is CuUairn on the 


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mate ; it could not have been great, as Keith thought at the 
time that not more than a hundred men on both sides had 
been killed or wounded. Besides Seaforth, Lord George 
Murray was wounded. One English officer was killed, Captain 
Downes, of Montagu''s regiment. He was buried on the field 
of battle ; his resting-place is still pointed out, on the south 
side of the river, just above the Pass. Local tradition has 
transformed it into the ' Dutch ColoneFs Grave."* If all tales 
are true, his ghost still walks the glen o"* nights. 

On the night after the battle, the Jacobite chiefs, seeing that 
they had neither provisions nor ammunition, and that their 
few troops had not behaved so as to give much encourage- 
ment to try a further action, resolved that the Spaniards should 
surrender, and that the Highlanders should disperse as best 
they could. Accordingly next morning the Spanish commander 
delivered his sword to General Wightman, and ' everybody else,' 
says Keith, ' took the road he liked best.' 

A week later, Wightman writes to say that he is ' taking a 
tour through all the difficult parts of Seaforth's country to 
terrify the Rebels by burning the houses of the Guilty and pre- 
serving those of the Honest.'^ On June 30th he writes from 
Inverness, ' I have used all possible means to put a Dread upon 
those who have been more immediately concerned in this late 
unnatural Rebellion, and by all just accounts am assured the 
Rebells are totally disperst.'^ 

thigh, and the bone safe. It said Seafort is wounded on the shoulder, and Gordon 
in the Legg. This is what occurs for news now.' — Culloden Papers^ p. 73, 
Captain Downes is the only officer mentioned in Wightman 's despatch of June 1 1 
as having been killed. 

^ London Gazette, June 27-30, 17 19. — The despatch is dated on June 17, 
* from the Camp of Aderhanon.' Aderhanon is rather a puzzle. By the change of 
a letter it becomes a fairly good phonetic rendering of Edracharon, the now obsolete 
name of the place in Strathcarron, where the farm of New Kelso now stands. It 
is in the very middle of Seaforth's country, in a sheltered strath, close to the 
river Carron, and to the road to Inverness — an ideal site for a camp. 

^ Wightman to Charles Delafaye, Secretary to the Lords Justices, June 30, 17 19. 
Home Office Papers, Record Office, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 60. Appendix, 
No. 66., p. 276. 


The rising was over. Its leaders, after lurking for a while, 
with a price on their heads,^ in Knoydart and in Glengarry's 
country, effected their escape to the Continent.^ 

The Spanish prisoners, two hundred and seventy-four in 
number, were marched to Inverness, and on the 27th they 
set out for Edinburgh.^ 

' When the Spanish battallion were brought prisoners to 
Eainburgh,' says Lockhart, ' the officers, who had the liberty 
of the town, were used by the loyall party with all the civility 
and kindness imaginable ; but the Government for a long time 
refused to advance subsistance money to them, by which in a 
little time they were reduced to great straits, which appeared 
even in their looks tho"* their Spanish pride would not allow 
them to complain. As I was well acquainted with Don Nicolas 
who commanded them, I took the liberty to ask him if he 
wanted money ; and finding it was so, I told him it was 
unkind in him to be thus straitned, when he knew our King, 
for whose cause he suffr'd had so many friends in town that 
would cheirfully assist him ; so I immediatly gott him credit 
for as much money as was necessary for himself and his men, 
till he gott bills from the Marquis de Beretti-Landi the Spanish 
embassadour in Holland, when he thankfully repay ""d what was 
advanced to him.' * In October the Spaniards were sent home 
to their own country. 

James and Ormonde were still in Spain, hoping that their 

^ A reward of ;[^2000 was offered for the capture of TuUibardine, Seaforth, or 
the Earl Marischal. — Douglas's Peerage. 

2 Stair had prophesied the speedy end of the expedition. On May i6 he wrote 
to Robethon : ' Je ne suis pas en peine de ce peu de Rebelles qui sont debar- 
qu6s en Ecosse, lis mourront bientot de faim dans ces montagnes, et s'il y a 
des Espagnols qui echappent, cela otera I'envie aux autres de se promener de 
nouveau en Ecosse.' — Hanover Papers, Stowe Mss. 231, f. 313. 

^ Wightman to Delafaye, June 30, 17 19, cit. 

* Lockhart Papers, vol. ii. pp. 23-24. For details as to the treatment of the 
Spanish prisoners and the measures taken for quieting the country, see documents 
in Appendix, pp. 274 et seq. 


enterprise might yet be renewed. Alberoni at first professed 
his intention of going on with it, but the thing was hopeless.^ 
The fleet would have taken three months to refit, and Alberoni 
soon found his hands full enough of affairs nearer home. He 
put a stop even to the project which Ormonde had formed of 
sending assistance to the Earl Marischal in Scotland.^ The 
remnant of the Cadiz fleet was employed in an abortive expe- 
dition for the purpose of raising the malcontents in Brittany. 
Ormonde himself took part in this affair. Craggs, writing to 
Stair, on November 2nd, describes it as ' an ill-concerted 
project, fit for the Cardinal to contrive, and the late Duke of 
Ormonde to execute. '^ 

During the summer the war with France had become suffi- 
cient to occupy all the energies of the Spanish Government. 
The campaign on the Pyrenean frontier was energetically con- 
ducted by the Duke of Berwick. In April, the Marquis de 
Silly passed the Bidassoa and captured the arsenal at Port 
Passage, where he destroyed six ships of war which were on 
the stocks. On the 18th of June Fuentarabia was reduced. 
The naval station at Santona was destroyed. The city of San 
Sebastian was taken on the 2nd of August, and the citadel on 
the 17th. James began to find that he was outstaying his 
welcome. It was evident that before long the French would 
be able to dictate terms of peace to Alberoni, and it was cer- 
tain that one of the conditions of peace would be the depar- 
ture of James from the dominions of the Catholic King. It 
was better that he should go now of his own accord than that 

1 * Cardinal Alberoni still pretends to carry on the enterprise against Great 
Brittain. He has given orders for victualling the ships anew, and for reassem- 
bling the Troops, but evry body in Spain laughs at that Project, and indeed they 
do so pretty much in France, excepting our Jacobites, who have faith enough to 
believe evry thing that makes for them, let it be ever so impossible.' — Stair to 
Craggs, May 24, 17 19, State Papers, Foreign, France, 353. 

2 Letter cxix. 

^ State Papers, Foreign, France, 354a. For an account of this affair see St. 
Philippe, vol. iii. pp. 366-368. 


he should be compelled to do so later. A pretext for suggest- 
ing his departure was all that was wanted, and one was easily 

During the months of the winter and spring, Princess 
Clementina had remained in captivity at Innspruck. She had 
been able to write to James. Her sad little letters, written in 
an unformed school-girl hand — she was just sixteen — turn up 
with pathetic frequency among the Stuart Papers. In April 
she escaped from her prison. The escape, which had been long 
and carefully planned, was effected with great skill and daring 
by Charles Wogan, who had accompanied Ormonde to Russia 
in the winter of 1717.^ Wogan's companions in the enter- 
prise were three officers of Dillon'^s Irish Regiment in the 
French service. Major Gaydon, and Captains Misset and 
O'Toole, with Misset's wife and her French maid. The party 
made their way to Innspruck. Jeanneton, the maid, was told 
that the object of the journey was to carry off an heiress as a 
bride for 0''Toole. She was introduced into the house in which 
the Princess was lodged. The Princess changed clothes with 
her, and succeeded in passing the sentry. Wogan had a 
carriage in waiting. They fled over the Brenner, and suc- 
ceeded in reaching Venetian territory. At Bologna, Clemen- 
tina was married to James by proxy, James Murray, after- 
wards titular Earl of Dunbar, acting as his representative. 

1 ' The Marshal [Berwick] now begins to think the Court of Spain is in earnest 
for peace, and looks upon the Pretender's being gone for Italy as a proof of it, 
judging that the Cardinal sends him away now to avoid being obliged to do it 
with a worse grace as a condition of the Peace.' — Colonel William Stanhope to 
Craggs, Mont Louis, September 19, 17 19, State Papers, Foreign, Spain, 163. 
Colonel Stanhope accompanied Berwick's headquarters. His numerous letters 
from the front to Lord Stanhope and to Craggs, accompanied by sketches, lists 
of troops, etc., are preserved among the State Papers, and give detailed infor- 
mation as to the campaign. 

- The contemporary narratives of the escape have been collected by Dr. J. T. 
Gilbert in a most interesting volume. Narratives of the Detention^ Liberation, and 
Marriage of Maria Clementina Stuart, Dublin, 1894. The story, which reads like 
a chapter from Dumas, is told by Mr. Andrew Lang in a recent magazine article, 
* The Escape of Maria Clementina,' Macmillan^s Magazine, February, 1895. 


On arriving at Rome she was lodged in the convent of the 
Ursulines, and was received by the Pope as Queen of England. 

It was at first proposed that she should be sent to join 
James in Spain, and the Pope offered his galleys to convey 
her/ but as matters now stood the sooner James was back in 
Italy the better. He sailed from Vinaros on the 14th of 
August. On the 25th he landed at Leghorn, and on Septem- 
ber 3rd met Clementina at Montefiascone.^ 

So the curtain falls on this luckless enterprise. On the 10th 
of September James wrote from Rome to Sir Hugh Paterson 
in Holland : ' II viendra s'il plaist a Dieu des tems plus 
heureux,"* he says sadly, 'en attendant nous devons prendre 
patience, sans nous laisser decourager par nos malheurs passez, 
mais plustost avoir bon courage et pousser nostre pointe quand 
Foccasion s'en offrira. Le bonheur dont je jouis a present 
dans mon domestique doit estre une consolation a mes amis, je 
vous prie de les assurer de mon amitie, estant sincerement a 
eux et a vous. — Trueman."* ^ The ' tems plus heureux ' never 
came for poor Mr. Trueman. Even the domestic happiness 
was short-lived. Prince Charlie was born in 1720, Henry in 
1725. Then came an ugly story of jealousy, quarrels, separa- 
tion. For a generation longer the adherents of the lost cause 
struggled and schemed, cherishing hopes which grew fainter 
year by year, till they vanished for ever in the smoke of 
Cumberland's guns at Culloden. 

The subsequent fate of the chief actors in the story may be 
shortly noted. Alberoni fell from power in December 1719, 
and in the following month King Philip announced his acces- 
sion to the Quadruple Alliance. The Cardinal retired to 

1 Stair to Craggs, June 17, 17 19, State Papers, Foreign, France, 353. 

2 A second ceremony of marriage was celebrated at Montefiascone. As to the 
validity of the previous ceremony at Bologna, see James's letter to Ormonde, 
Appendix, No. 53. p. 259. 

^ Intercepted Jacobite Correspondence, Hanover Papers, Stowe MSS. 232, 
f. 219. 


Italy, where he died m 1752.1 Ormonde stayed on in Spain. 
He accepted a pension of 2000 pistoles from the King, and 
was concerned in some of the later Spanish projects, none 
of which came to anything, for the restoration of the Stuarts. 
In 1725 he went to France. His later years were spent at 
Avignon. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu saw him there in 
1743. ' To say truth," she says, ' nobody can be more in- 
significant. He keeps an assembly where all the best company 
go twice in the week, lives here in great magnificence, is quite 
inoffensive, and seems to have forgotten every part of his past 
life and to be of no party.' '^ He died in 1745. Seaforth 
made his peace with King George in 1726, and spent the rest 
of his days at home. Tullibardine unfurled Prince Charlie's 
standard in Glenfinnan in '45, and died next year in the Tower. 
Both the Keiths, after many vicissitudes, entered the service 
of Frederick the Great. The Earl Marischal went as Prussian 
Ambassador t«) France and Spain, and became Governor of 
Neuchatel. He died at Potsdam in 1778, a man greatly 

^ The Keiths met him at Sestri Levante in 1720. 'The Earl Marischal,' 
says James Keith, ' began to give him an account of what had passed in Scot- 
land ; to which the other answer'd, that having now no more interest in the 
affairs of Spain, and resolving never more to have any, he desired to be excused 
hearing it any further than what concerned himself, whom he was glad to see 
safely return'd. ' — Memoirs^ p. 56. 

^ To Wortley, June i, 1743, cited by Lord Mahon, vol. i. p. 128. There 
were some pretty scandals circulated about Ormonde's life at Madrid and at 
Avignon, for which the curious may consult the Marquis d'Argens's Memoirs of 
Count du Beauval^^n^Y^ translation, London 1754), and the spurious Memoires 
de la Vie de Mylord Dtic d'Ormond, published at the Hague in 1737, and pur- 
porting to be translated from an English original written by himself. (English 
translation, London 1741.) Two pamphlet biographies of Ormonde were pub- 
lished during his exile : Faithful Memoirs of the Life of James Butler y late Duke 
of Ormonde^ etc. London : Printed for W. Shropshire over against the Duke of 
Graftons in New Bond Street, 1732, pp. viii. 47 ; and The Life and Character 
of James Butler ^ Late Duke Marquis and Earl of Ormond, . . . by T. B. , with 
a particular account of all his Battles j etc. London : Printed for R. Walker at 
the White Hart, without Temple Bar, and sold by the Booksellers of London 
and Westminster, 1739, pp. viii. 35. A larger work is The Life of James, late 
Duke of Ormonde. London : Printed for M. Cooper at the Globe in Paternoster 
Row, 1747, pp. vi., 544. The last describes Ormonde's earlier career in great 
detail, but dismisses his thirty years of exile in a few pages. 


beloved, even Jean Jacques Rousseau has a good word for 
him. James Keith was the most fortunate of all. He wrote 
his name large in history as one of the greatest of Frederick's 
Marshals, and died a soldier''s death at Hochkirchen in 1758. 
His statue stands in the Wilhelmsplatz at Berlin. Only six 
years ago (1889), the present German Emperor, 'to com- 
memorate Field Marshal Keith''s glorious services, and to the 
end that they should be for all time honoured and kept in 
memory ,"* ordered that the 22d Silesian Regiment should be 
named the Keith Regiment. 










Sam, Diike of Ormonde. 



Peter, The King {James Stuart).^ Mrs. VhiWis, The King. 

Simon, Duke of Ormonde. Dutton, General Arthur Dillon.'^ 

Elmore, The Eviperor Charles VI. Otway, The Regent Orleans. 

Barnaby, The Elector of Hanover Heme, The Elector of Hanover. 

{George I.). Kerr, The King of Spain 
Sorrell, Spain. {Philip V.) 

Martel, Earl of Mar. * 

Paris, November 4, 1718. 
I WAS not a little Surprized at the receiving of Mr. Peter's 
Letter of the 9th October, and am very heartily concernM 

^ The original of this letter, signed * L. Sangston,' is in the Stuart Papers. 
Received at Rome, Nov. 25. 
^ See p. vii, note. 

* Arthur, Count Dillon, younger son of Theobald, seventh Viscount Dillon, born 
1670, outlawed as a Jacobite 1690 ; went to France in command of a body of 
men which his father had raised in Ireland for the service of Louis xiv., and 
which became the famous Regiment de Dillon. He saw much service in the 
French army, acted as Lieutenant-General under Tesse in Provence in 1707, and 
under Berwick in Dauphine in 1709, and commanded the siege of Kaiserslautern 
in 1713* For many years he was James's chief agent in Paris. During the 
Regency his activity in the Stuart cause got him into serious trouble with the 
French authorities. He just escaped being sent to the Bastille. In 1721 James 
made him a titular earl. He died at St. Germains in 1733. A letter of con- 
dolence from James to his son, expressing the highest esteem for the General, is 
in the possession of Lord Dillon at Ditchley. 

* John Erskine, eleventh Earl of Mar of the Erskine line, the famous 
' Bobbing John,' who headed the rising of 1715. He accompanied James in his 
flight from Montrose, and remained his chief adviser till 1724, when he was suc- 
ceeded in the Prince's confidence by John Hay. In the following year he 
severed his connection with the Stuarts. He died at Aix-la-Chapelle in 1732, 
aged fifty-seven. James made him a titular duke in I7i5> and gave him the 
Garter in 1 716. 



at the news you sent to Mr. Simon.^ It is sure the most 
barbarous Action that has been done for many ages. This 
subject is too Disagreeable to dwell upon, but I cannot but 
be impatient to know if that Elmore will persist in this in- 
human way of acting. I own I fear it considering his strict 
friendship with Mr. Barnaby. I wish I may be mistaken. Pray 
God give Mr. Peter patience to bear this Mortification, and 
in his own time restore him to his Estate. 

I must now inform you that I saw Mr. Simons. He told me 
that he hoped to set out to morrow Morning for Mr. SorrelPs 
where he hopes in God he may be able to serve Mrs. Phillis 
in her Law-suit. He says that as soon as it pleases God that 
he arrives there he will let Mrs. Phillis hear from him, with 
an account of her suit, but he desires that Mrs. Phillis shou''d 
not speak of this to any one. 

Poor Dutton I fear may be clapt up for Debt by Mr. Otway 
at Hern''s suit ; I suppose he gives you a full account of his 
affairs. I shall obey your orders concerning the Factors you 
mention. I have no news to send you, only that every body 
here believes that Otway will begin a Lawsuit with Kerr. 
Simon desires that none but Martel may know of his design. 
p. 2. Pray God preserve Peter. I am with all truth, etc. 


Martel, Mar. Martilla, Countess of Mar, "^ 

Paul, The King. Dutton, Dillon. 

Elmore, The Emperor. Otway, The Regent Orleans. 

Phillis, The King. Ker, The King of Spain. 

1 The arrest of Princess Clementina. See Introduction. 

^ Original, signed * L. Simpson,' in Stuart Papers. Received at Rome, 
Nov. 25. 

^ In 1713 Mar married as his second wife Lady Frances Pierrepoint, second 
daughter of the Duke of Kingston, and sister of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. 
She joined him at Rome in the winter of 17 18. Her letters in the Stuart Papers 
show that she had some share of her sister's literary talent. 


Belson, Duke of Berwick.^ Simon, Ormonde. 

Egan, Sir Redmond Everard.'^ Peter, The King. 

Panton's, Paris. Amorsley, Cardinal Alberoni. 

Paris, November 4, 1718. 

I HAVE been a good deal mortifyed at the Disagreeable News 
I had from Paul in his to me of the 19th October, and cannot 
but fear that Elmore will persist in what he has begun for the 
same reasons that have made him act so very inhumanly. I 
heartily wish that I may be mistaken. I must referr you to 
mine to Mrs. Phillis. 

I hope before this time that Martilla is safely arrived ; give 
me leave to desire you to make my compliments to her. 
Dutton gives you all the news that is stirring. It is not 

^ James Fitz-James, Duke of Berwick, Marshal of France, the natural 
son of James ii. of England by Arabella Churchill, Marlborough's sister, was 
born at Moulins, Aug. 21, 1670, and educated in France. He served first in the 
British Army, but after the Revolution joined his father in France. He entered 
the French service, and in 1702 became a naturalised Frenchman. He became 
one of the most famous of French commanders, his greatest achievement being 
his campaign against the Anglo- Portuguese army in Spain in 1707, which culmi- 
nated in the victory of Almanza. He was killed at the siege of Philipsbourg, 
June 12, 1734. 

Berwick was a good friend to James, and rendered him invaluable service, 
though, naturally enough, he had no very great respect for his half-brother's 
character. Every effort was used to induce him to take the military command in 
Scotland in 171 5, but he answered, with perfect justice, that he was a French 
subject and a Marshal of France, and that it was impossible for him to go to 
Scotland in face of the positive orders of the Regent. * 'Tis neither consisting 
with my honour, my duty, my oaths, nor even with the King's interest or reputa- 
tion, that I should desert like a trooper. It was with his Majesty's leave that I 
became a Frenchman, and I cannot depart from the vast obligations I now have 
incumbent upon me without breachof faith and public gratitude. ' — Berwick to Mar, 
Feb. 12, 1716 ; Stuart Papers, printed in appendix to Mr. Percy M. Thornton's 
Stuart Dynasty. See also Berwick's Mevioires^ vol. ii. p. 167. A study of 
Berwick's career entirely confirms the opinion of a certain Colonel Henry 
Esmond, whom most of us know : * He was the sword and buckler indeed of the 
Stuart cause : there was no stain on his shield except the bar across it, which 
Marlborough's sister left him. Had Berwick been his father's heir, James the 
Third had assuredly sat on the English throne. He could dare, endure, strike, 
speak, be silent. The fire and genius perhaps he had not (that were given to 
baser men), but except these he had some of the best qualities of a leader.' — 
Thackeray's Esmond^ book iii. chap. viii. 

2 Sir Redmond Everard was an active and confidential partisan of the Stuarts, 
and an intimate friend of Atterbury and of Ormonde. He went to Paris to meet 
Ormonde on the return of the latter from his Russian mission. 


doubted but that Otway will go to law with Ker. Belson 
is to manage the suit. 

Mrs. Egan left Mr. Panton's ten days ago, but Simon has 
not heard any thing of her or from her since her departure. 
I am still of the same opinion that I was in when I wrote last 
to Martel that if Ker does not begin the Law suit before 
Hilary term next that I fear and with reason that Mrs. Phillis** 
cause may be very desperate if not quite lost. If that Mr. 
Peter has had any dealing with Ker or Amorsley it is absolutely 
necessary that Simon shou'd be informed of it that he may take 
his measures accordingly. Do me the favour to make my 
f' 3» Compliments to my friends, and believe me, etc. 


Alcala, Decembre le premier, 1718. 

J' AY I'honneur d'informer votre Eminence par Monsieur de 
Crafton de mon arrivee. II ne scait rien de ce que vous avez 
mande a monsieur le Prince de Chelamar, il croit seulement 
que je viene dans ce Pais en esperance de pouvoir servir le 
Roy mon Maitre en ce conjuncture ou il y a apparence de 
Guerre, et d'avoir azile ce que m'etoit refuse en France. II 
m^etoit necessaire pour faciliter mon Sortir de ce pais la. 

Je vous supplie Monseigneur de me faire scavoir ce que je 
dois faire, et quels mesures je dois prendre. Monsieur de 
Crafton scait que je n'ay pas en vie d'etre connu. J'attends 
vos ordres avec impatience, et je suis avec tout le respect 
imaginable, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Alcala, December 1, 1718. 

I HAVE the honour to inform your Eminence by M. de Crafton ^ of my 
arrival. He knows nothing of what you have told the Prince de Cella- 

1 General Crafton, who accompanied Ormonde to Spain, commanded an Irish 
regiment of dragoons in the Spanish service, raised in 1705. His name occurs 
frequently in the letters of Sir Toby Bourke, Jacobite representative at the Spanish 
Court in 1706, to Lord Caryll, which are among the Carte Manuscripts in the 
Bodleian Library. 


mare ; ^ he merely believes that I have come into this country in the hope 
that I may be able to serve the King my Master at this juncture when 
things look like war, and to obtain the asylum which was refused to me 
in France. He was necessary to me to facilitate my departure from that 

I beg you, Monseigneur, to let me know what I ought to do and what 
steps I ought to take. M. de Crafton knows that I do not wish to 
be known. I eagerly await your orders, and I am with all imaginable 
respect, etc. 


Madrid, Decembre 4^eme, 1718. 

J' AY rhonneur de vous renvoyer les papiers que votre 
Eminence m**a donne hier au soir. II me semble que Ton est 
trop entete sur la Conquete de Norvegue, et que Ton ne songe 
ni propose aucun projet pour une Descente en Angleterre qu''a- 
pres la reduction de Norvegue, ce que peut tirer en longeur, 
mais les Instructions que votre Eminence a donne a Monsieur 
de Lawless j'espere auront un si bon effet qu'ils reviendront de 
leur Entetement de poursuivre leurs desseins sur la Norvegue. 

Touchant Particle de la France, je croy qu'ils se trompent, p. 4. 
car pendant Tautorite du due d'Orleans et la bonne Corre- 
spondence entre TEspagne et la Suede, La France ne sera 
jamais en amitie avec elle. Je oubliois hier au soir d'informer 
votre Eminence que j^ay raison de croire que je verois bien tot 
la person ne qui a donne le Memoire. Par la premiere Poste 
j'en serois mieux informe. J'ay I'honneur d'etre avec toute la 
reconnoissance et le respect imaginable etc. 

Si Monsieur de Lawless ne peut trouver Monsieur Guillem- 
berg en HoUande, il pourra s'addresser a Monsieur Price qui 
estoit Resident de la part du Roy de Suede, et comme je croy 
il est encore, il est attache a Monsieur de Gortz et tres bien 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Madrid, December 4_, 1718. 
I HAVE the honour to return the papers which your Eminence gave 

^ Antonio Giudice, Duke of Giovenazzo and Prince of Cellamare, went as 
Spanish Ambassador to France in 1715, and was expelled after the discovery of 
the plot narrated in the Introduction, p. xxx. 


me last nig'ht. It seems to me that they ^ are too obstinately set on 
the conquest of Norway, and that they neither think of nor propose any 
project for an invasion of England till Norway has been reduced, which 
may be a long affair; but I hope that the instructions which your 
Eminence has given to M. de Lawless ^ will have so good an effect that 
they will give up the infatuation of pursuing their designs on Norway. 

As regards France, I think they are mistaken, for during the rule of 
the Duke of Orleans, and the good understanding between Spain and 
Sweden, France will never be friendly with her (Sweden). I forgot last 
night to inform your Eminence that I have reason to believe that I shall 
very soon see the person who brought the memorial. By the first post I 
will be better informed as to this. — I have the honour, etc. 

If M. de Lawless cannot find M. Gyllenborg^ in Holland he might 
address himself to M. Price, who was, and I understand still is, resident 
on behalf of the King of Sweden ; he is attached to M. de Gortz,* and 
very well disposed.] 


Peter, The King. Andrew, Princess Maria Cle- 

Simon, Ormonde. mentina. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ker, The King and Queen Amorsley, Alberoni. 

of Spain. Evans, England. 

Sangston, Ormonde. Mrs. Onslow, Duchess of Ormonde.^ 

Paul, The King. Simson, Ormonde. 

Mrs. Phillis, The King. Kemp, 7^he King of Sweden. 

Madrid, December 5th, 1718. 
Simon arrived at Mr. Ker's the first of December as Mr. 

^ Charles xii. of Sweden and his ministers. 

2 Sir Patrick Lawless was an Irish officer in the service of Spain. He had 
been Spanish agent in London in 17 14, and had been obliged to withdraw to 
Holland on account of his connection with Jacobite intrigues. Alberoni had at 
this time sent him on a mission to Sweden, as to which see Letter xiii. He after- 
wards received orders to go to Amsterdam in order to join Ormonde in the event 
of his effecting a landing in England. — Stair to Craggs, March 29, 1719 J State 
Papers, Foreign, France, 353. 

2 Charles, Count Gyllenborg, born 1679 > Swedish minister in London from 
1703 to 17 17 ; afterwards Councillor of State, President of the Council of Ministers, 
and Chancellor of the University of Upsala ; died 1746. See Introduction, p. xxii. 

* George Henry, Baron de Gortz, became Minister of Finance to Charles xii. 
in 1715 ; executed March 3, 1719. See Introduction, p. xxii. He wrote his 
own epitaph : Mors Regis, Fides in Regem est Mors mea. 

^ Original, signed * L. Sangfield,' in Stuart Papers. Received at Rome, 
Jan. 17, 1719. 

^ Ormonde's second wife. Lady Mary Somerset, daughter of the first Duke of 


Sangston told me, where he received Mr. PauFs of the 2d of* 
November. He told me, y* Mr. Paul assured him that he and 
Mrs. Phillis ^ were in good health which I am heartily glad of, 
and pray God to keep them so. I am very glad to see by 
Mr. Peters that he has heard from his Cousin Andrew ^ and 
that he and his Partners keep to their resolution of going on 
with their joynt Trade, and that their losses do not in the 
least dishearten them. 

Since my Cousin ^ arrived he told me that he has been very 
kindly received by his friend Mr. Amorsley who was so kind as 
to invite him to come to pass some time with him, and assures 
him that he and his Bro"^ Ker are very willing to do every 
thing that reasonably can be expected or asked of them to p. 5. 
forward the Match between Mrs. Phillis and Mr. Evans. Mrs. 
Phillis's Compliments were made to Mr. and Mrs. Ker and to 
my friend Amorsley who wou''d acquaint the above mention^ 
persons with it. 

By the next Poste I shall be able, I believe, to inform Mrs. 
Phillis of some things concerning her affairs that will be satis- 
factory to her. Mrs. Onslow shall be acquainted with Mrs. 
Phillis's Goodness to her. Simson has not seen Sir P. Red- 
monds, nor does not designe it. Simson is private by his 
Cousin Amorsley's desire. I believe Ker and Kemp will joyn 
stocks ; by my next I shall say more on this subject. I have 
the Paper of News Mr. Paul mentions, but have not shown 
it where it can do any harm. I wish Mrs. Phillis all imagin- 
able happyness, and that she may soon see her Brother Andrew. 
— I am, etc. 

Beaufort. By her he had two daughters, Elizabeth, who died unmarried in 
1750, and Mary, who in 1710 married the first Earl of Ashburnham, and died 
s. p. in 1 7 12. His first wife was Lady Anne Hyde, daughter of the Earl of 

^ Marked in original, ' Princess.' Phillis elsewhere means James. 

2 ' Anderson ' in original. 

^ Ormonde himself. So marked in original. 



Button, Dillon. Sorrell, Spain. 

Simons, Ormonde. Ker, The King of Spain, 

Amorslye, Alberoni. Phillis, The King. 

Digby, Dillon. Onslow, Ortfionde, 

Madrid, Deck. 8th, 1718. 
My niece Simons has been very kindly received by her Aunt 
Amorslye. The Good old woman is ready to do her all the 
Kindness that she can reasonably expect. Mrs. Simons talked 
to her of her old friend Mrs. Digby, whom she remembers with 
all the Affection and Esteem that is possible, and to be short, 
desired me to propose to her that if she will come and live with 
Mrs. Sorrell she will give her a commission of Captain General, 
the pay of which is two thousand Pistoles a year ; she will also 
give her a Government, and a Commanderie ; she will also 
provide for her eldest son in the Army, and for her younger 
children in the Church. Mrs. Ker and Mrs. Amorslye desired 
Mrs. Simons to assure Mrs. Digby that they will have a par- 
ticular care of her whole family. They desire that if Mrs. 
Digby approves of this that she will not lose any time in 
coming to them. 

My Unckle Simons desires the same of you : it will be I am 
sure for my sister Phillis's Good, and I must press you not to 
delay coming, for reasons which I cant venture to inform 
you of. 
. g It was designed and Endeavoured that Onslow^s being 
being here shou''d be a secret, but the Indiscretion of Sir Peter 
Redmans ^ will spoil that design ; he has little credit with my 
Aunt Amorslye. What you may believe to be the reason of 

^ Copy, in Dillon's handwriting, in Stuart Papers, partly in cipher. 

^ Sir Peter Redmond was an officious ass who pestered the Jacobite leaders at 
this time with offers of his services. James wrote of him to Ormonde on Nov. 2, 
1718 : 'I find that one Sr. Peter Redmond hath a great vocation to be my man 
in those parts (Spain). I am sure I never promised him he should be so, and 
tho* I think few people more honest I know few more unfitt, all things con- 
sidered, for such a nice business.' — Stuart Papers. 

Redmond's letters to Mar in the Stuart Papers quite bear out this opinion. It 


your being desired to come without delay keep to yourself. 
Mrs. Ker and her Sister Amorslye are very Affectionately my 
niece Phillis's friends, and I am sincerely your^s. 


Charpentier, The Earl Marischal?- 

Madrid, December 8th, 1718. 
I DESIRE you will give yourself the trouble to come and meet 
your humble servant. Pray ask the Bearer for an Address 
how to write to me, and he will give you one that will inform 
you where you may find me. If you please to bring your 
Brother^ with you he will be welcome. Pray keep your Journey 
a Secret, let not any one know where you are going. Believe 
me S"^, very sincerely, etc. 

will be seen that Ormonde snubs him persistently. His pertinacity, however, 
was not altogether unrewarded, as James made him a titular baronet in I7I7> 
and a baron in 1721. List of Jacobite Honours, Notes and Queries ^ third 
series, vol. ix. p. 71. 

^ George Keith, tenth and last Earl Marischal. As a lad he served under 
Marlborough. He was out in the '15, after which he escaped to the Continent, 
and was attainted, and his estates forfeited. As we have seen, he com- 
manded the expedition to Scotland in 17 19. After its failure he returned to 
Spain, where he lived for many years, being from time to time employed in nego- 
tiations on behalf of James. After 1745 he went to Prussia. He gained the high 
esteem of Frederick the Great, who sent him as ambassador first to Paris, and 
afterwards to Madrid, gave him the Black Eagle, and made him governor of 
Neuchatel. In 1759 he received a pardon from George 11. and returned to 
Scotland. An Act having been passed enabling him to inherit, notwithstanding 
his attainder, any estate which might descend to him, he succeeded to the 
Kintore estates on the death of the fourth Earl of Kintore in 1761. Ultimately, 
at Frederick's urgent request, he went back to Prussia. He died at Potsdam in 

^ The Earl's younger brother, James Keith, has left a more famous name. He 
also was in the '15, and at Glenshiel. He then entered the Spanish service, 
which he quitted in 1728 for that of Russia. In 1747 he offered his services to 
Frederick the Great, who recognised his worth, made him almost at once one of 
his marshals, and bestowed on him his highest confidence. His subsequent 
biography is part of the history of Prussia. He fell at the head of his men on 
the disastrous day of Hochkirchen, Oct, 14, 1758, aged sixty-two. His unfinished 
Memoir is one of the most readable of autobiographies. The story of the 
brothers is well told by Dr. Hill Burton in The Scot Abroad. See Introduction, 
pp. xlii et seq., lix. 




GuADA Lama, Decemb^- Q^^^e, 171 8. 
Je viens de recevoir lesPaquets que votre Eminence m'a envoye. 
J"'ay la les nouvelles de Londres et ne suis pas surpris de ce que le 
Parlement vient de faire. Je croy qu'il y a plus de Fanfaronade 
en leur maniere de precede que de vray courage, et ils croyent 
que leurs menaces de faire le Guerre intimideront la Cour 
d'Espagne et la feront soumettre a des conditions telles qu''ils 
voudront imposer. 

J'ay avis de Londres que Ton a casse douze Regiments, ce 
qui n'a pas Tapparence de Guerre. Je viens de recevoir une 
lettre de Paris du Sieme Novembre qui m'assure que la per- 
sonne en question devoit partir pour venir a Madrid en trois 
semaines ou plutot. Nous n'avons done rien a craindre sur son 
^. 7. Je croy que votre Eminence sera d'opinion que la personne 

que j''ay laisse devoit etre depeche sans perdre du tems. J'ay 
oublie de demander a votre Eminence que vous vouliez donner 
vos Ordres pour quatre ou cinque cens Granades. J'ai 
Fhonneur d'etre avec tout le respect imaginable, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Guada Lama, December Q, 1718. 

I HAVE just received the packets which your Eminence has sent me. 
I find in them news from London, and am not surprised at what Parlia- 
ment has done. I think there is more hluster than real courage in their 
way of acting. Tliey think that their threats of war will intimidate the 
Court of Spain, and make it submit to such conditions as they choose 
to impose.^ 

I hear from London that they have disbanded twelve regiments, which 
does not look like war. I have just received a letter from Paris dated 
November 2, which assures me that the person in question should 
leave for Madrid in three weeks or less. We have then nothing to fear 
on his account. 

I think your Eminence will be of opinion that the person I have left 
ought to be set on his way without delay. I forgot to ask your Eminence 
to give orders for four or five hundred grenades. — I have the honour, etc. 

^ Parliament met on Nov. ii, o.s. The debate on the Address produced a 
warm discussion on Spanish affairs. Stanhope and Craggs resolutely defended 



Button, Dillon. Mrs. Phillis, The King. 

Kemp, The King of Sweden. Frank, Mar (?) 

Mrs. Ker, The King of Spain. Evans, England. 

Mrs. Gregory, The King of Sweden. Mrs. Digby, Dillon. 

GuADA Lama, December 9th, 1718. 
I HAVE just received your obliging letter of the 29th Novr. 
I find you have seen or are to see one of Kemp''s friends that 
is to come lately from him. I hope and have great reasons to 
believe that Mrs. Ker and Mr. Gregory will be marryed, but I 
think there is no need of acquainting Mrs. Phillis of it yet, 
for if she knows it, it will not be a secret. Frank will cer- 
tainly inform his friends of it, which may make it publick and 
break the match. I do not acquaint her with some things 
that relate to Mr. Ker and Evans ; they are for her Good ; 
but my aunt Amorsley desires me not to be too hasty in inform- 
ing my niece of it.^ I wrote to you last night, and am still of 
the same opinion as to Mrs. Digby. I am faithfully your's. 
I expect Mrs. Kemp^s friend. 

the action of the Government. Stanhope said in the House of Lords that it was 
high time to check the growth of the naval power of Spain, in order to protect 
the trade of British subjects, who had been violently oppressed by the Spaniards, 
that he thought it an honour to have been amongst those who advised Byng's 
instructions (see Introduction, p. xxv. ), and that he was ready to answer for them 
with his head. The Government had substantial majorities in both Houses — 
thirty-three in the Lords and sixty-one in the Commons. See Mahon, vol. i. 

P- 325- 

^ James was not very good at keeping a secret. In January 1719 we find 
Forman M 'Mahon, one of his adherents in Paris, imploring him not to write to 
the notorious Olive Trant about affairs of State. * She has but too many 
acquaintances of both sexes,' he says, ' and I fear that her Vanity and Indiscretion 
will always get the better of her duty.' — Stuart Papers. This was the lady 
immortalised in Bolingbroke's well-known picture of the exiled court in 1715 : 
* Care and hope sat on every busy Irish face. Those who could read and write 
had letters to show, and those who had not arrived to this pitch of erudition had 
their secrets to whisper. No sex was excluded from this ministry. Fanny 
Oglethorpe, whom you must have seen in England, kept her corner in it, and 



Mon Parent, BagettaL 

Valladolid, Decembre 17^^^' 1718. 

J'ay receu ce matin les Paquets qui etoient destinees pour 
mon Parent. J'ay lu des copies des lettres, et je ne doute pas 
que les Originaux n'auront les effets desires. 

Je suis bien sensible a Thonneur de votre Souvenir, et des 
Civilites que je recois icy par les ordres de votre Eminence. 
^- ^ J'attends avec impatience Tarrivee de mon Parent pour luy 
pouvoir parler avant que de Cacheter mon Packet, mais il est 
passe sept heures, et monsieur le President demande mes lettres 
devant huit. J'ay Thonneur d'etre avec tout le respect imagin- 
able, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid^ December 17, 1718. 

I HAVE received this morning' the packets which were intended for 
my kinsman. I have read copies of the letters, and I have no doubt that 
the originals will have the desired eifect. 

I am very sensible of the honour of your remembrance, and of the 
courtesies which I receive here by your Eminence's orders. I await with 
impatience the arrival of my kinsman, so as to be able to speak to him 
before sealing my packet, but it is past seven o'clock, and the President 
asks for my letters before eight. — 1 have the honour, etc.] 

Olive Trant was the great wheel of our machine.' — Letter to Sir William Wind- 
ham, Worksy vol. i. p. 34. 

James quite understood that he was kept in the dark. Just before receiving 
Ormonde's letter of December 17, detailing Alberoni's project ( Letter xili. 
infra)^ he had written from Rome to Dillon : ' It is very manifest to me that a 
mistery is made to me, but it being almost as clear that that reserve must be for 
a greater good, I have no other uneasiness upon that score but the want of know- 
ing positively what I wish and guess is a doing, for I know Ow^/ow/ (Ormonde) too 
well to suspect him of being wanting to me in anything, and not to be perswaded 
that he always dos what lyes in his power to serve me in the most essential 
manner.' — James to Dillon, Jan. 24, 17 19, Stuart Papers. 





Dutton, Dillon. Phillis, The King. 

My Niece Simons, Ormonde. Mrs. Frances, Mar (?) 

My Bror. Samson, Ormonde. Peter, The King. 

Mrs. Sangston, Ormonde. Marsfield, The King's Marriage. 

Mrs. Digby, Dillon. Mrs. Simson, Ormonde. 

My Aunt, Alberoni. My Niece, The King. 

Valladolid, December 17th, 1718. 

1 HAVE just received your's of the 6th December. I have 
little to trouble you with but to thank you for your concern 
for my niece Simons. My Bror. Samson told me he shou'd be 
very glad to see the two young Students ^ you mention, and to 
do them all the good he can. I referr you to Mrs. Sangston's 
that she wrote to Mrs. Digby of the 8th Instant, and hope 
that Mrs. Digby will not delay what is desired of her. My 
Aunt is truly very kind to my sister Phillis, depend on it. I 
am glad your Creditors do not pursue you with that violence 
they did, but I hope you will not compound with them. I 
have receiv^ Mrs. Frances's and the Copys of Peter'*s account. I 
am sorry the poor man had not better luck with his friend 
Marsfield. I hear Mrs. Simson writes to him by this Poste. 
Pray do not delay what Mrs. Simons desires of you, it is for 
my Niece's Service, and you are willing to do the Girl all the 
Good you can. Believe me Sincerely, etc. 


Mon Parent, Bagenal. 

Valladolid, Decembre 171^^'^- 1718. 
Je viens de recevoir les Paquets que vous aviez eu la bonte 
de m'envoyer par un Courier Extraordinaire. Je voy les reso- 

^ Copy in Dillon's writing in Stuart Papers. 

2 Probably the two Keiths. Even before the receipt of Ormonde's letter to 
the Earl Marischal [ante., p. 9) they had thought of seeking service in Spain. 
James Keith was advised to offer his services for the Sicilian expedition of 17 18, 
but at that time, he candidly says, he was * too much in love to think of quitting 
Paris.' — Memoir^ p. 35. 


lutions du Parlement qui ne m'ont pas surpris non plus que 
les Mensonges atroces qui sont dans Tharangue. C'est un pro- 
cede dont on doit s^attendre d'un tel Gouvernenent. Je suis 
p' 9- bien aise qu'ils meprisent tant leurs enemys qu*'ils n'augmen- 
tent point leurs Troupes depuis la grande reforme qu'ils ont 
fait, il faut agir avec vigueur et ne point perdre la Saison, la 
fin de Mars sera trop tard. Mon Parent doit appuyer sur ca : 
il n**est pas encore arrive, d'abord qu''il vienne je le depescheray. 
Je n'ay point eu des lettres de mon Pais. Je suis averti de 
Paris qu'il y a deux Messieurs qui viennent me trouver et qu''ils 
ont des Paquets pour moy. Le Chevalier s'en est alle a Rome 
etant averti qu'il n'etoit pas en Seurete ailleurs. J'ay Thonneur 
d'etre, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, December VJ, 1718. 

I HAVE just received the packets which you have been good enough to 
send me by a special courier. I see the resolutions of the Parliament^ 
which have not surprised me, any more than have the atrocious false- 
hoods which the speech contains.^ It is what one might expect from such 
a Government. I am very glad that they so despise their enemies that 
they have not increased the number of their troops since the great 
reduction ^ which they have made. We must act with energy and not lose 
the season ; the end of March will be too late. My kinsman ought to 
press this. He has not yet arrived ; as soon as he comes I will send him. 

I have had no letters from home. 1 am informed from Paris that two 
gentlemen are coming to find me, and that they have letters for me. The 
Chevalier has gone to Rome, being warned that he was not safe else- 
where. — I have the honour, etc.] 

^ See p. 10, note. 

^ Riforme is here used in its obsolete military sense. 




Hi a. 





Sir Patrick Lawless. 




The King of Sweden. 


The Earl Marischal. 

496, 497, 

The King of Spain. 


Brigadier Campbell."^ 


The Elector of Hanover, 




The King. 




The Emperor. 


James Murray.^ 

Valladolid, December 17th, 1718. 

According to my Promise in my last I must now inform you 
of the Situation of your affairs, which, I hope, will be satisfac- 
tory to you. 

14/a came to me privately and informed me that he had sent 
21/Z to 507 to engage him to enter into an Alliance with 497, 
that the Chief Article was to endeavour to dethrone 249 
their common enemy, that he carryed Bills with him to enable 
507 to make the attempt with promises of an Annual Subsidy 
provided he entered into the Allyance. 

The next time I saw 14/^^ he asked me what I demanded as 
necessary to make an attempt to restore 289. I told him seven 
or eight thousand men with 15,000 arms and Ammunition pro- 
portionable. He answered that 496 wou'd be willing to grant 
that number if he were in a condition, but considering that 
the greatest part of their Troops are in Sicily, and that they 
are threat^®^ with an Invasion from France in two Places, p. lo 

1 Original in Stuart Papers, entirely in cipher. Received at Rome January 
26, 1719. 

2 Brigadier Campbell of Ormidale. He went to Scotland at the time of 
the '15, and was one of the Jacobite prisoners taken to Carlisle. Bishop 
Nicolson, of Carlisle, writing to the Archbishop of York on Dec. 17, 17 16, 
says of him : ' This unfortunate man was in no engagement, and had not been 
four days in Scotland, when he was taken in one of the Western Islands. He 
has been in foreign service (under the Czar, the Venetians, etc. ), from his youth ; 
and I dare parole for him, if the Government sends him back to the Adriatick 
Coast, he'l never petition for another return into his native country.' Ten days 
later the Bishop writes that the Brigadier has ' slipp'd thro' the gaolers fingers, 
and is gone off.' — Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, vol. i. pp. 531, 
535. He was at this time at Bordeaux. — Brigadier Campbell to Mar, Bordeaux, 
December 14, 1718, Stuart Papers. 

^ The Hon. James Murray, second son of the fifth Viscount Stormont, and 


that is, by the way of Roussillon and Navarre, they cou'd 
not spare a man, but that they wou'd give 15,000 arms and 
Ammunition proportionable, and that money shou''d not be 
wanting to enable 507 to invade 165. 

He also shewM me a Memorial sent him by the Prince de 
Chelamar from a Minister of 507 who is come to Paris ; in that 
507 desires to enter into a Strict Alliance with 497, and the 
Chief Article is to depose 249, others relate to Germany, which 
are too long to be inserted here. The person that brought the 
Memorial arrived at Paris the Evening that I left it, as I have 
been since informed. He was very desirous to see me, and has 
sent me a Copy of the Memorial by an Express by Sea, which 
I expect every day, and he was to follow it in a few days. 

I made 14/a another visit at his desire, and after some dis- 
course he told me that 497 wou''d give five thousand men, of 
which four thousand are to be foot, a thousand Troopers, of 
which three hundred with their horses, the rest with their Arms 
and Accoutrements, and two months pay for them, ten field 
Pieces, and a thousand Barrels of Powder and fifteen Thousand 
Arms for foot, with every thing necessary to convoy them. 

I told 14/a that it wou''d be necessary to have a Diversion 
made in 475, and since he cou'd not spare any more men I de- 
sired him to let us have two or three thousand arms to send 
thither. He asked me if there was any man of consideration, 
to go with them. I told him of 9/m who was in Paris, and 
he desired me to write to him to come with all despatch and 
as privately as possible. I will write to 14/^ to come hither as 
p. 11. soon as I know where he is. As to the Gentlemen at Bor- 
deaux they shall have timely notice. 

I am now in Valladolid, where 496 thought fitt I shou'd 
reside. 14/a desired me to let him have one in whom I cou'd 
confide to send to 507 to press him to invade England before 
the Spring, especially since 496 had come to a resolution of 

brother of Lord Chief-Justice Mansfield. He was admitted to the Faculty of 
Advocates in 1710, was for some time M.P. for the Elgin Burghs, and under 
Queen Anne was one of the Commissioners for settling the trade with France. 
In 17 18 he joined James at Urbino, and became one of his confidential advisers. 
He negotiated the marriage with Princess Clementina, and acted as the Prince's 
proxy at the marriage ceremony at Bologna. James, in 1721, created him titular 
Earl of Dunbar. He died at Avignon in 1770. 


sending Troops, which he had not done when 21 /Z was 
despatched. 23/6 is the person I left with 14/a. I expect him 
here every hour in his way to 508, and his Instructions are to 
tell 507 that no money will be given by 497 unless he consents 
to make an Attempt upon 165 in the time proposed. 

23/6 will have Instructions to propose to 507 to send two 
Thousand men to 475 with five Thousand Arms. 

14:1a seem'd very uneasy at your Situation in Italy. He fears 
that your person is not in Safety considering the late inhuman 
Proceedings against the Princess. He thinks Rome the worst 
place for you to be in because of Elmore''s Spys, and the 
Difficulty you will have of getting privately from thence, and 
he does not think your person safer there than elsewhere. 
Upon what he says, and the letter I received from Morpeth of 
the ninth November, it is my humble opinion that you ought 
to come to 497 with all expedition, that you may be out of 
Elmore's power, and your presence is necessary here either to 
Embark with the Troops if you can arrive in Time, or to 
follow as soon as possible, for 14/a is of opinion that the 
Opportunity must not be lost tho"* you shou'd not arrive in /• 12. 
due time, and if it be possible you ought to be here to go to 
165 with the Troops. 

14/a desires that this design may be the Strictest Secret, and I 
beg of you not to acquaint Cardinal Aquaviva ^ with it, and when 
you come away to give it out that it is for your own Safety. 


Maitre Pierre, The King. Une personne, Ezekiel Hamilton.^ 

Mon Parent, Bagenal. 

Valladolid, Decembre 22, 1718. 
J'ay receu. Monsieur, Thonneur de la votre hier au soir avec les 
Incluses, et suis ravi que vous avez pris la resolution d'envoyer 

^ Cardinal Acquaviva was in charge of Spanish affairs at Rome. 

- The Rev. Ezekiel Hamilton, formerly attached to James's household, and 
for some time private secretary to Ormonde. He had carried messages between 
Bolingbroke and Ormonde and the English Jacobites in 1 7 1 5. See Bolingbroke's 
Letter to Sir William Windham, Works, vol. i. p. 57, 





cliercher Maitre Pierre au plus tot. Je vous avoue que je Craignis 
fort pour sa Seurete etant dans un pais ou il est environne 

J'envoye selon vos desirs une personne de qui je reponds et 
une que Pierre m^a depeche quand j'etois dans le Nord, c'est 
une persone sage et discrete et que j'ay connu long terns. 

Je suis de votre opinion, Monsieur, qu"'il est impracticable 
qu'il puisse venir par terre, mais en quel lieu il doit s'embarquer, 
et de quelle maniere il faut faire le voyage c'est une chose si 
delicate et de telle consequence que je n'ose prendre sur moy de 
le conseiller; il faut qu"'il en decide lui meme, mais je lui 
supplieray de bien garder le secret, qu"'il se derobe avec deux ou 
trois personnes tout au plus, et qu'il se deguise en homme de 
/. 13. livree. 

Vous avez eu la bonte de me dire que vous aviez dessein que 
Monsieur de Cammock le meneroit. II n'y a que deux moyens 
de s'embarquer ou dans un vaisseau de Guerre ou de prendre 
un petit batiment qui est neutre ; il y a de risque dans tous les 
deux. Un Officer de mer pent mieux en juger, et ne sachant 
pas ou est TEscadra de Monsieur Bing, j'aurois encore plus de 
Difficulte a donner mon opinion. 

Dans la relation des nouvelles de Londres vous voyez la 
raison pourquoi tant de Toris se sont absente du Parlement, 
mais quand les Subsides seront en question je suis seur qu''ils 
seront assidues, et qu'avec les Whigs mecontents ils embarasse- 
ront si fort la Cour qu'ils auront beaucoup de peine a lever de 
Targent pour fournir aux depens de la guerre. 

Mon Parent arriva icy Dimanche et partit Lundi. II m'a 
rendu Thonneur de la votre, je croy que son voyage est tres 
necessaire, et qu'il aura un bon effet. J'ay Thonneur d'etre. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, December 25, 1718. 

Sir, — Last night I had the honour to receive your letter, with its 
enclosures. I am delighted to hear that you have decided to send for 
Mr. Peter as soon as possible. I confess that I fear much for his safety, 
as he is in a country where he is surrounded by enemies. 

I send as you desire a person for whom I can answer, one whom Peter 
sent me when I was in the North ; he is a judicious and discreet person, 
and I have known him a long time. 

I am of your opinion, sir, that it is impossible for him to come by 


land, but at what place he ought to embark, and how he ought to make 
the voyage, are matters so delicate and of such consequence that I dare 
not take it upon myself to advise him. He must decide himself; but I 
shall beg him to keep the secret well, to escape with two or three 
persons at the most, and to disguise himself as a man in livery. 

You have been good enough to tell me that you intended that 
M. de Cammock ^ should bring him. There are only two ways of making 
the voyage, either to come in a ship of war or to take a little vessel 
which is neutral. There is some risk in either way. A naval officer 
would be the best judge, and as I do not know the whereabouts of Byng's ^ 
fleet, I should have all the more difficulty in giving an opinion. 

You see in the account of the news from London how it is that so 
many of the Tories have absented themselves from Parliament ; but when 
the taxes come on for discussion, I am sure that they will be assiduous in 
their attendance, and that with the discontented Whigs they will embar- 
rass the Court so much that they will have great difficulty in raising 
money to meet the expenses of the war. 

My kinsman arrived here on Sunday, and left on Monday. He de- 
livered your letter to me. I think his journey is very necessary, and will 
have a good eiFect. — I have the honour, etc.] 


Peter, The King. i4/<3f, Cardinal Alberoni. 

496, The King of Spain. 

Valladolid, December 22, 1718. 
\^a sent me by express yours of November 27th with the 
Enclosed Copy of yours of the 23d November to Cardinal 

^ George Cammock, or Camocke, had been a captain in the British navy, 
from which he was dismissed in 1715 for gross breaches of discipline. He 
entered the Spanish service, and was made a rear-admiral. At the battle of 
Cape Passaro (see p. xxvi), he held a junior command. He tried to bribe both 
Byng and Walton to betray their trust, and take their ships into a Spanish port. 
It may be recorded to his credit that he was kind to James Keith when the latter 
was in great poverty in Madrid in 1720. 

2 Admiral Sir George Byng, the victor of Cape Passaro, created Viscount 
Torrington in 1721. It was he who chased the French fleet out of the Firth of 
Forth at the time of the Jacobite attempt of 1708. He was the father of the 
unfortunate Admiral who was shot at Portsmouth in 1757, '■ potir encourager les 
autres,^ as Voltaire said. 

' Original in Stuart Papers, entirely in cipher. Received at Rome, January 
24, 1719. 


Aquavlva. In mine of 17th December I gave you a full and 
particular account of your affairs here, of which I now send you 
a Duplicate. 
/. 14. By 14/a advice I send you the Bearer to acquaint you 
that it is 496's desire that you should come away Immediately 
and as privately as possible, and not to bring above two or 
three persons at most. I suppose 14/« will write himself. He 
says you cannot be too cautious : that he is afraid you have 
spys in your house, and the shorter warning you give those who 
come with you the better. It is his opinion and mine that 
you ought to disguise yourself even in a Livery if it be neces- 

14/tt desired me to give my opinion as to the place and 
manner of Embarkation. He thinks it impracticable for you 
to come by land. He told me that he designed that Cammock 
shou''d attend you if you pleased to make use of him. 

There are but two ways of going, either in a Ship of War or 
in a Small Vessel. There is danger in either way ; and this is 
so nice a point, and of so great importance, that I can't take 
it upon me to give my advice, and therefore you will be pleased 
to decide it yourself, especially since you will certainly know 
whether Bing's squadron be in your parts, which is more than 
I do. 

As to Sir Peter Redmonds,^ I never saw him, and never had 
any Correspondence with him. I believe he is very honest, but 
I fear he is Indiscreet, which proceeds from his zeal. 
p. 15. There cannot be too much care taken to keep the Secret. 

ShouM any account of it be sent to England, and the letters be 
intercepted, the Cypher may be easily found out. 

Be pleased not to acquaint even Cardinal Aquaviva with 
the contents of my Letter of the 17th December, for I believe 
that 14/a has not informed him of it. 14/a insists upon the 
Strictest Secrecy, all depending upon it. 

I desire that the Bearer may be sent back to me, unless you 
have use for him. God give Peter a Good Journey. 

^ See James's letter in Appendix, p. 199, which Ormonde had evidently 



Martel, Mar. Martilla, Countess of Mar. 

Dutton, Dillon. Morpeth, /antes Murray. 

Valladolid, December 23, 1718. 

I HAD the favour of yours of the 2d December, which I shall 
more fully Answer by the Poste, because I have not time to put 
it now in Cypher, and if it were not so, it might discover that 
the Bearer is Charged with. I expect the Pacquet you mention 
to be sent by Dutton. My Compliments pray to Martilla 
and Morpeth. I am Glad the former is safely arrived. I 
have not heard of the foolish Pamphlett you mention.^ 


Pierre, The King. 

Valladolid, Decembre 24, 1718. 
Je viens, Monsieur, de recevoir Thonneur de la votre ce matin, 
et je croy qu'a Theure qu'il est le courier vous a rendu la 
mienne, et que la personne que je vous ay envoye avec des 
Depesches pour Pierre est arrivee aussi. 

II est absolument necessaire que Pierre vienne sans perdre du /. i6. 

^ This probably refers to an anonymous pamphlet entitled A Letter from a 
Gentleman at R{pme) to a Friend at L{ondon), printed in London in 1718. 
(French translation, Amsterdam, 1718). It purports to give an account of affairs 
at the exiled Court, and describes James's blind zeal for Popery, and his bias 
towards the Scotch. According to the author. Mar had gained James's entire 
confidence, had filled the household with Scotch hangers-on of his own, and had 
sent Ormonde on his futile mission to Russia merely to get him out of the way. 
The pamphlet was attributed to the Abbe Strickland. Mar affected to despise 
it, but it evidently annoyed him. In a letter to Campbell of Glendaruel on 
December 20, 17 18, he speaks of the author as a 'little conceited, empty, 
meddling prigg.' — Stuart Papers. Copies of the pamphlet in English and 
French, with contemporary manuscript annotations, are preserved in the 
Hanover Papers. — Stowe mss., 231, ff., 161-171. See Appendix, p. 203. 


terns a fin qu**!! ne soit plus au pouvoir de ses enemis, et qu**!! 
soit a Porte ou d''aller avec ou de Suivre selon qu'on Jugera a 
Propos. Comme le Succes depend du Secret et de la Promte 
execution que Pierre fasse, toute la Diligence qu^il puisse faire 
il ne sera pas ici trop tot. 

Puisque une bonne Partie de TafFaire doit etre Executee a 
Cadiz, je croy qu'il vaut Mieux de ne la point Separer, car la 
Jonction est tres incertaine, et sujette a bien des accidens. II 
est vrai qu^etant dans ce lieu la couvrira mieux le Jeu, mais le 
Trajet est bien plus grand, pour ce qui me regarde il faut que 
j'aille avec ; dans Fautre endroit il y a bien des accidens qui 
pourront m'empecher de les Joindre. J'ay Fhonneur d'etre, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, December 24, 1718. 

Sir, — I have just had the honour to receive your letter this morning. 
I suppose that by this time the courier has given you mine, and that the 
person whom I sent to you with despatches for Peter has also arrived. 

It is absolutely necessary that Peter should come without loss of 
time, so that he may be no longer in the power of his enemies, and 
may be in a position either to accompany or to follow (the expedition), 
as may be thought expedient. As success depends on secrecy and on 
promptitude of action, Peter will not with all possible diligence be here 
too soon. 

Since a good part of the work must be carried out at Cadiz, I think 
it would be better not to divide it, for meeting is very uncertain and very 
liable to accidents. It is true that being in that (other) place will hide 
the game better, but the journey is much longer. So far as I am con- 
cerned, I must go with them ; in the other place there are many 
accidents which might prevent me from joining them. — I have the 
honour, etc.] 


Valladolid, Decembre 25, 1718. 

Je viens, monsieur, de recevoir Fhonneur de la votre du 24 
Decembre par le Courier, et je suis bien fache d'apprendre les 
Nouvelles que vous me mandez. J'espere que ca n'a point de 
rapport a notre Affaire. 

Ce que vous dites d'une Passeport est une chose assez 
delicate, et aussi ce que vous proposez de publier parce que ca 


pourroit avoir un mauvais eftet dans mon Pais. Je ne croy pas 
que ma demeure ici peut Decouvrir le Dessein puisque Faftaire 
doit etre executee a Cadiz. Si vous croyez le passeport necessaire 
il faut que Monsieur de Lawless soit informe de le verite aussi ^- ^7- 
bien que mes amis. Les Lettres ecrites pour la Passeport 
arriveront a Paris bien plutot que les avis puissent etre Donne 
au Nord et a mon Pais. Les Lettres par la Poste seront apparem- 
ment plus incertaines qu^elles n^etoyent, et la voye de la mer 
etant aussi bien incertaine peut tirer en Longueur, Pour ce qui 
regarde Pampelone je croy que c'a n'auroit pas Feffet propose. 
J'attends vos ordres et je vous souhaite les bonnes Fetes. J'ay 
Thonneur d''etre, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, December 9,o, 1718. 

I HAVE just had the honour to receive by the courier your letter of 
December 24, and I am very sorry to learn the news which you tell me.^ 
I hope that it will not affect our enterprise. 

What you say about a passport is a somewhat delicate matter, and also 
what you propose to publish, because it might have a bad eiFect in my 
country. I do not think that my stay here can reveal the project, 
because the work must be carried out at Cadiz. Should you think a 
passport necessary, M. de Lawless must be informed of the truth, as well 
as my friends. Letters written for the passport will get to Paris long 
before the news could reach the north or my country. Letters sent by 
post will apparently be more uncertain than they were, and the sea route 
being also very uncertain, might lead to delay. As regards Pampeluna, 
I think that that would not have the eiFect proposed. 

I await your orders, and I wish you a happy feast. ^ — I have the 
honour, etc.] 



Valladolid, Decembre 31, 1718. 

Je viens, Monsieur, de recevoir Thonneur de la votre du 28, 

avec rincluse, qui ne peut pas manquer d''avoir un tres bon Effet. 

Je suis bien fache d'apprendre qu'il y a tant de Gens Arrestes. 

Je suis fort en peine pour celui qui est de ma connoissance, il 

^ Evidently the discovery of the conspiracy against the Regent Orleans, 
referred to in Introduction, p. xxx. Cellamare was arrested on December 9. 
- * A happy feast ' — buonafesta — a phrase still in common use among Catholics. 


n''etoit pas auparavant trop bien avec le Gouverneur, a qui cette 
affaire donnera bien a penser, voyant qu*'il y a tant de Gens de 
distinction, et le Mecontement si General. 

Je suis trop interesse en toutes manieres pour manquer en la 
moindre part qui depend de moy. J'attends avec impatience 
Tarrivee des personnes que me doivent informer de Tetat de nos 
amis, et les resolutions qu'ils ont pris de nous seconder selon 
ce que je leurs ay mande. Je leurs ay bien recommande le 
p^ j8, II n^ a guere d''apparence d''avoir Thomme que vous avez 
nomme pour chef. J'aurois ete bien aise qu*'il fut de la Com- 
pagnie, mais j'espere qu'on ne manquera pas des Gens qui 
savent le Chemin parce que j'ay prie mes amis d^envoyer des 
personnes bien entendues et bien informees de tout ce qus 
regarde cette affaire. 

J'ay receu une lettre de 4"""® de ce mois du Capitaine du 
petit vaisseau qui doit venir. II me mande que le tems etoit si 
orageux qu'il n'osoit pas se mettre en mer, mais qu''il ne 
manqueroit pas de faire voile a la premiere occasion. Pour 
Tautre on ne pouvoit pas avoir des nouvelles car le Passeport 
n'etoit envoye que le 19 de ce mois. Vous pouvez etre assure, 
monsieur, que d'abord que je recoive des nouvelles je vous le 
manderay par un Courier. Je suis ravi qu'on travaille a force 
de votre Cote, car le tems est precieux. 

Pour Mons''. le Baron de Walef je le connois pour un fort 
Galant homme, et un a qui je crois on se pent fier, un officier 
de son caractere est utile en toutes occasions. 

J''ay receu. Monsieur, des Lettres de Monsieur le Chevalier 
Redmonds, qui me pressent fort de consentir qu'il me vienne 
voir. Je ne voulus pas lui donner response jusqu''a ce que 
fut votre Sentiment la dessus. Je ne le connois pas, mais on 
dit qu''il est fort zele ; pour la reste je n'en repond pas. 

J'espere que la personne que je vous ay envoye est parti. 
J'ay rhonneur d'etre. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, December 81^ 1718. 

Sir, — I have just had the honour to receive your letter of the 28th 

with the enclosure, which cannot fail to have a very good effect. I am 

very sorry to hear that there have been so many people arrested. 1 am 

very anxious about my acquaintance. He has not hitherto stood very 


well with the Governor, to whom this affair will give much matter for 
thought, seeing that there are so many persons of distinction concerned, 
and that the discontent is so general. 

I am in every way too much interested to fail in the smallest part 
which depends on me. I await with impatience the arrival of those who 
can inform me of the state of our friends, and the resolutions which 
they have taken to support us according to what I have told them. I 
have strongly urged secrecy upon them. 

There is not much prospect of getting the man whom you mentioned 
as leader. I should have been glad if he could have gone with the 
expedition, but I hope that we shall not lack people who know the way, 
as I have begged my friends to send persons skilful and well-informed 
with regard to all that concerns this matter. 

I have received a letter of the 4th of this month from the captain of 
the little vessel which is to come. He tells me that the weather has been 
so stormy that he dared not put to sea, but that he will not fail to set sail 
on the first opportunity. As to the other, one could not have news, 
for the passport was only sent on the 19th of this month. You may 
rest assured, sir, that as soon as I receive news I shall inform you of 
it by a courier. I am delighted that on your side they are working 
with such energy, for time is precious. 

As to M. le Baron de Walef,^ I know him as a man of honour, and 
one on whom I believe we can rely ; an officer of his character is always 

I have received letters from Sir Peter Redmond, in which he 
strongly urged me to let him come to see me. I did not wish to give 
him an answer until (I knew) your opinion, and I do not know him, but 
they say he is very zealous ; beyond that I do not answer for him. 

I hope that the person whom I have sent to you has left. — I have the 
honour, etc.] 

X.X. p. 19. 


Maitre Pierre, The King. Mon Parent, ? 

Valladolid, Janvier 4, 1719. 
J'ay receu, Monsieur, par Tordinaire d'hier Thonneur de la 

^ Blaise Henri de Corte, Baron de Walef, a Belgian literary and political 
adventurer. He seems to have been in the British military service about I7I4« 
He was concerned in the Due du Maine's conspiracy, in connection with which 
he was at this time on a mission to Spain. See the article on his life by M. 
Daunou in the Biographie Universelle. He acted also as a Jacobite agent. 
According to Mr. Edward Armstrong, it was probably through him that the 
secret of the Cadiz expedition was discovered. — Elisabeth Farnese, p. 120. 


voire du 31 Decembre avec Tincluse de Maitre Pierre, qui n'est 
qu''une copie de la Lettre que vous m''avez envoye il y a dix 

Je suis fort en peine pour mes Lettres n'ayant point eu par le 
derniere ordinaire, et comme vous remarquez, je crains fort 
qu^elles ne soyent ouvertes comme sont toutes celles qui vont 
d'une pais a Fautre ; j'ay pris toutes les precautions possibles, 
et je suis bien seur qu'elles ne pourront pas etre Dechifrees. 

Je vous envoye une Lettre que j''ay receu ce matin de mon 
Parent. Je connois Deux des ces messieurs dont il fait mention, 
et je suis seur qu"'ils sont charge de quelque commission pour 

Je veux envoyer une personne en mon pais au plutot, et je 
vous supplie, monsieur, dWoir la bonte de donner vos ordres 
pour avoir un vaisseau pret ou a Bilbao ou a St. Sebastian 
comme vous jugerez a propos et que le maitre soit aux 
Ordres de celui que j''envoyeray. Je suppose qu'il ne sera 
p. 20. un batiment Espagnol. II faut que Tequipage croit que le 
vaisseau soit destine pour FHollande, mais quand il sera au mer 
le Patron pent gagner quelque Rade d'Angleterre et mettre la 
personne a terre, ca seroit a souhait. Si non, il faut qu^il aille 
en Hollande, d'ou il pourra passer en Angleterre en vingt- 
quatre heures. Le petit batiment n'etant pas arrive, il n'y a 
d'autre moyen. 

Je suis bien aise de Scavoir que tout sera pret a la fin du 
mois. Faites moy le plaisir de m'informer du tems que vous 
proposez que les voitures se mettrent en Chemin a fin que la 
personne que j'*envoye puisse en informer les Gens de Confiance, 
et qu'ils puissent prendre leurs mesures pour nous seconder. 

Je ne connois pas les deux messieurs dont vous faites men- 
tion ; apparemment je les verray bientot. Je suis impatient de 
Scavoir s'il y a des Nouvelles de Monsieur de Lawless. J'ay 
Thonneur d'etre, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, January 4, 1719. 

Sir, — I had the honour to receive by yesterday's post your letter of 
December 31, with the enclosure from Mr. Peter, which is merely a copy 
of the letter which you sent me ten days ago. 

I am very anxious about my letters. I had none by the last post, and, 
as you observe, I greatly fear that they may be opened, as all letters are 


which go from one country to the other. I have taken all possible 
precautious, and I am quite sure that they cannot be deciphered. 

I send you a letter which I have received this morning from my kins- 
man. I know two of those gentlemen whom he mentions, and I am sure 
that they are intrusted with some commission for me. 

I wish to send some one to my own country as soon as may be, and 
I beg you. Sir, to have the goodness to give orders to have a vessel ready 
either at Bilbao or at St. Sebastian, as you think best, and that the 
master may take his orders from the person whom I will send. I suppose 
that it will not be a Spanish ship. The crew must think that the ship is 
bound for Holland, but after she is at sea the captain can make for some 
English roadstead, and land my messenger. That will be all one could 
desire. If not, he must land in Holland, whence he can reach England 
in twenty-four hours. The little vessel not having arrived, there is no 
other way. 

I am very glad to know that all will be ready at the end of the month. 
Do me the kindness to inform me of the time at which you propose 
that the ships should sail,i so that my messenger may be able to tell our 
friends, and that they may be able to take their measures to help us. 

I do not know the two gentlemen whom you mention, apparently I 
shall see them soon. I am anxious to know if there is any news from 
M. de Lawless. — I have the honour, etc.] 



Valladolid, Janvier 4, 1719. 

J' AY receu la votre du 27 du mois passe, je vous suis bien 
oblige d"'interet que vous prenez en ce qui me regarde. 

J'espere que vous reussirez en ce que vous enterprenez puisque 
vous me mandez c''est pour les interets de mon Roy. 

Je serois toujours bien aise de vous voir et de vous rendre 
Service en ce que dependera de moy etant tres parfaitement 
votre tres, etc. 

Ne vous donnez pas la peine de venir ici. 

[To Baron de Walef. Valladolid, January 4, 1719. 

I HAVE received your letter of the 27th of last month. I am greatly 
obliged to you for the interest which you take in the matter which 
concerns me. 

^ Throughout the letters voiture is used in its obsolete sense of a ship or vessel. 


I hope that you will succeed in what you are undertaking, since you 
tell me that it is for the interest of my king. 

I shall always be very glad to see you, and to be of service to you 
so far as it is in my power, being very much your, etc. 

Do not take the trouble to come here. ] 


t- 21. To SIR P. REDMONDS 

Valladolid, January 7th, 1719. 
I HAVE had the favour of two of yours, and shou'd be very 
glad to have seen you, but no body comes to me here, nor can 
I abuse the retreat that I am allowed here, therefore I hope you 
will not take it ill that I cannot have the satisfaction of 
receiving the visit you designed me. I am very sensible of your 
zeal for the King's Interest, and also of your personal merit, 
which makes me regrett the not having it in my power to see 
you here. Believe me very much, etc. 


Valladolid, Janvier 7'^"^^' 1719. 

J^AY receu, Monsieur, hier au Soir Fhonneur de votre Lettre 
par le Courier avec Tincluse pour St. Sebastien, et ce Matin 
j'ai eu la votre du 4^*^"^^ par Tordinaire avec les deux Paquets et 
les imprimees qui sont tres bien ecrites. II n'en avoit point de 
mon Pais, dont je m'etonne, mais j'etois bien aise de voir par 
une de mon Correspondent a Bordeaux du ^^^^'^^ Decembre 
qu'il avoit receu les miennes du 5 et 12^"^^ Decembre, et qui 
les avoit envoye a Paris. Les autres etoient des imprimes des 
Copies des Lettres du Prince de Chelamar au Cardinal 

J'envoye une personne avec la lettre a St. Sebastian que est 

qualifie en toutes manieres, et dont j'en reponds de la fidelite 

et de la discretion, et qui sera charge d'avertir nos amis de 

/. 22. tout ce que nous faisons, et d'etre informe lui meme des 

Mesures qu'ils ont pris pour nous seconder, et qui reviendra a 


la Courogne avec des Gens Capables de gouveriier la Barque. 
II ne portera point de lettres. 

Quand j'ay pense dialler du cote de Cadiz ce n"'etoit point 
avec dessein d'entrer dans la place, mais de rester a quelques 
lieues de la a fin de n''etre pas connu, et d'etre a porte de me 
mettre dans la voiture quelques heures avant qu'il seroit pret a 
marcher. Mais je me Conforme a votre Sentiment et tacheray 
de me rendre au premier lieu autant en Cachet que je puisse, 
mais j'aurai de la difficulte ne Connoissant pas le Pais ni la 
Langue, et il n'y a pas un de mes Gens qui Savent TEspagnol ; 
j'attendray encore de vos Nouvelles la Dessus. Je crois qu'il 
vaut mieux que je ne parte d'ici trop tot ni de m'arreter en 
Chemin de peur d"*en donner Talarme. Je suis bien aise que la 
Personne est Embarquee. J'espere qu'il pourroit etre arrive 
si les vents soyent favorables, et que Pierre gardera bien le 
Secret, et se depeschera, car il y va de son tout. 

A ce qui regarde monsieur le Chevalier Redmonds, je feray 
comme vous le Souhaitez, et je vous Supplie de m'envoyer les 
Messieurs Irlandois de qui mon Parent fait mention dans sa 
lettre, s'ils viennent a Madrid. J'ay Thonneur d'etre, etc. 

Je vous envoye le nom que vous demandez, c'est Jacques. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, January 7, 1719. 

Sir, — I had last night the honour to receive your letter by the courier, 
with the enclosure for St. Sebastian, and this morning I have had by post 
yours of the 4th, with the two packets and the printed documents, 
which are very well written. There was nothing from my country, 
at which I am surprised, but 1 was very glad to see by a letter of my 
correspondent at Bordeaux, of December 24th, that he had received mine 
of December 5th and 12th, and that he had sent them to Paris. The 
others were prints of the copies of the letters of the Prince of Cellamare 
to Cardinal Alberoni. 

I send with the letter to St. Sebastian a person who is in every way 
qualified, and for whose fidelity and discretion I will be responsible. He 
is charged to inform our friends of all that we are doing, and to make 
himself acquainted with the measures they have taken to support us, 
and he will return to Corunna with people capable of taking charge of 
the ship. He will carry no letters. 

When I thought of going towards Cadiz, I did not intend to enter the 
place, but to remain at a few leagues distance, so as not to be known, and 
to be at hand to go on board a few hours before the expedition was ready to 
leave. But I defer to your opinion, and shall try to reach the formerly 

p. 23. 


arranged place as secretly as I can. I shall have some difficulty, how- 
ever, as I know neither the country nor the language, and not one of 
my household knows Spanish ; I shall still wait to hear from you as to this. 
I think it would be well that I should neither start from here too soon 
nor stop on the way, for fear of giving the alarm. I am very glad that the 
person ^ has sailed. I hope that he may have arrived if the winds are 
favourable, and that Peter will keep the secret well, and make haste, for 
his all is at stake. 

As regards Sir P. Redmond, I will do as you wish, and I beg you to 
send me the Irish gentlemen whom my kinsman mentioned in his letter, 
if they come to Madrid. I have the honour to be, etc. 

I send you the name you ask, — it is James.] 


Dutton, Dillon, Melchior, M, Seminati. 

De Valadolide, Jan. ye 11th, 1719. 

J'ay eu hier au Matin, Monsieur, Thonneur de la votre du 
7"^^' Ce que vous fait mention touchant la voiture couvrira bien 
le jeu. II est absolument necessaire que j'ay quelques Aids de 
camps qui parle francois ou Anglois, autrement je ne pourois 
pas me faire entendre ; ayez la bonte d^ penser. 

J''ay envoye mon Secretaire et un autre Mons'^ nomme Lesly 
qui a eu Fhonneur de vous faire la reverence ; c''est un Gar^on du 
bien de merite de qui j 'en repond des toutes manieres. J'ay envoye 
deux de peur que un pouroit manquer par quelque accident. 

Je suis fache que vous n'avez pas eu des Nouvelles encore de 
Mon^ de Lawles. J'espere que mon Parent sera arrivee a bon 
port. Je vous envoy un papier que j'ay receu de mon Amy 
Dutton par la main de un des ces deux Messieurs qui ont eu 
I'honneur de vous rendre le"""^ devoirs. C'este d'une vielle date. II 
n'osoit pas I'envoyer par la poste. 

J'ay encore receu par I'ordinaire d'hier, du 15 du passe, du 
Maitre de la petite voiture que le tems a continue si orageux 
depuis qu'il a ecrit sa premiere lettre qu'il n'osoit pas ce mettre 
en mer, mais qu'il ne perdra pas la premiere occasion. J'ay 

1 Probably Cammock, who was to arrange for James's voyage from Italy, 

2 The hand changes here. 


avis de Paris que la Personne qui vous a envoye la memoire 
clevoit partir le 9"^® du mois passe, mais qu'il se trouve bien 
embarasse coment passer la frontiere. 

J'ay receu une lettre d'un amy de Dutton, qu''il a prie me 
faire scavoir que mes lettres etoient arrivees. II n'osoit pas ecrire 
de peur que ses lettres ne furent ouvertes, pendant ce Vacarme. 

Mon Correspondant a Bordeaux me mande du 31"^® Decemb'" 
qu''il a receu le passeport, et qu'il depeschera son Voiture. Je 
suis etonne que j''ay ne pas des Lettres de mon pays. Je suis p. 24. 
avec beaucoup de respect, etc. 

F.S. — J'ay envoye une memoire a Melchior pour vous pre- 
senter. J'ay le receu de Paris. Si vous avez a faire de la personne 
qui s'ofre, vous aurez la bonte de me le faire scavoir. II est de 
mon Pays, et fort habile en son metier. 

Vous aurois la bonte de bruler la memoire que j'ay Thonneur 
de vous envoyer en cette lettre. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, January W, 1719. 

Sir, — I had the honour to receive your letter of the 7th yesterday 
morning. What you mention about the vessel will hide the game well. 
It is absolutely necessary that I should have some aides-de-camp who 
speak French or English, otherwise I shall not be able to make myself 
understood. Be so good as to keep this in mind. 

I have sent my secretary and another gentleman named Lesly, who 
has had the honour of paying his respects to you. He is a young man 
of much merit, and I will answer for him in every way. I have sent 
two in case one of them should fail by any accident. 

I am sorry that you have still no news of M. de Lawless. I hope 
that my kinsman has landed safely. I send you a paper which I have 
received from my friend Dutton by the hand of one of these two gentle- 
man who have had the honour of paying their respects to you. It is of 
old date. He dared not send it by the post. 

I have received by yesterday's post another letter, dated the 15th of 
last month, from the master of the little vessel, who says that since he 
wrote his former letter the weather has continued so stormy that he has 
not dared to put to sea, but that he will not lose the first opportunity. 
I have news from Paris that the person who sent you the memoir ^ was 
to leave on the 9th of last month, but that he is much at a loss as to 
how he is to pass the frontier. 

I have received a letter from a friend of Button's, whom he had asked 

1 See Letter xiii. 


to let me know that an)' letters had arrived. He dared not write himself 
for fear his letters should be opened during these troubles. 

My correspondent at Bordeaux, writing on December 31, tells me 
that he has received the passport, and that he will despatch his vessel. 
I am surprised that I have no letters from my own country. 

I am with much respect, etc. 

P.S. — I have sent a memorial to Melchior to present to you. I have 
received it from Paris. If you have any employment for the person who 
presents himself, be so good as to let me know. He is a countryman of 
mine, and very skilful in his business. 

You will have the goodness to burn the memorial which I have the 
honour to send you in this letter.] 



Stamfort, Ezekid Ha7nilton. 

De Valadolide, Jan. ye 13, 1719. 

J' AY receu Thonneur de la votre et vous suis infinim* oblige 
de la bontes que vous avez en vous donnant le peine de trouver 
les moiens pour faciliter le voyage de mon Amy, et que vous 
voulez bien avoir la bontes de tacher de procurer un Vaisseau 
pour Mons"" Stamfort, que a Theur qu''il est a Thonneur de vous 
faire la reverence et de vous assurer de mes tres humbles 
Respects et de ma reconnoissance des toutes vous Civilitez, dont 
je ne puis jamais perdre la Souvenir. 

J'espere qu'on trouvera une Batiment prete et la personne 
qui est alle a Bilbao j'espere qu'il peut etre a cet heur en 

Vous verres, Monsieur, un autre personne qui a eu Fhonneur 
de vous faire la reverence. II doit aller avec Monsieur Stamfort; 
il sont destines pour la meme Pays, mais j'ay laisse en leurs 
pouvoirs de s^accorder entre eux de quell maniere ils iront, etc. 

^ The Prince of Campo Florido, Captain-General at San Sebastian, was a 
Sicilian, and had been General of the Galleys in Sicily. On the transfer of Sicily 
to the House of Savoy at the Treaty of Utrecht, he elected to remain in the service 
of the Catholic king, and came to Spain. — St. Philippe, vol. iii. p. 99, 


[To THE Prince op Campo Florido. Valladolid, January 18, 1719. 

I HAVE had the honour to receive your letter, and am infinitely obliged 
to you for your kindness in having taken the trouble to facilitate my 
friend's voyage,, and that you should have the kindness to try to pro- 
cure a vessel for M. Stamfort, who now has the honour to pay his 
respects to you, and to assure you of my profound respect, and of my 
gratitude for all your courtesies, which I can never forget. 

I hope that a vessel will be found ready, and as to the person who 
went to Bilbao, I hope he is at this moment in Holland. 

You will see. Sir, another person who has had the honour of paying 
his respects to you. He ought to go with M. Stamfort ; they are bound 
for the same country, but I have left it to them to arrange between them 
how they are to travel.] 


Amorsley, Alberoni. Un de mes Parens, Everard, 

Men Secretaire, David Kennedy. 

De Valadolide, le Yl^^ Janvier 1719. A ^S- 
J' AY eu, Monsieur, Thonneur de la votre du 14°^^ du courant 
ce matin, et par cette Ordinaire une Lettre de mon Amy a Paris 
du 31"^® X^"^®, qui me mande qu'il a receu et envoye toutes 
mes Lettres, et qu''il y avoit une personne arrive de mon pays 
que mes Amis m^ont envoye selon ce que j'avois desiree, mais 
voyant Fimpossibilite de passer la Frontiere il toit obligee 
d"*aller en Bretagne pour s^enbarquer sur la petite Barque, ou 
de trouver quelque autre moyen de me venir joindre. Lameme 
personne a fait scavoir a mes amis qu'a Pavennir il ne falloit 
plus Songer a envoyer par la ffrance. II me mande aussi que 
la personne qui a donne la memoire au P. Chelamar etoit parti 
le 30"^^ du passe pour la Bretagne pour tascher de joindre et 
d^accompagner celuy de qui J'ay ci dessus fais mention. 

Dutton m'ecrit au 3™® de ce mois qu'il avoit receu toutes 
mes Lettres et qu'il a toute la reconnaissance imaginable des 
bontez que ses Amis ont pour lui, et particulierment a Mons*^ 
Amorsley. II mande qu'il prend ses mesures pour etre en Etat 
de jouir de leur bontez. Ce Seigneur Ecossois qui vous maves 
fait envoyer chercher et [sic] parti de Paris le 30°^® du passe 
pour se rendre a Madrid. 



Quand J'ay receu vos ordres de Monsieur de Chelam^ J'ay 
renvoye un des mes Parens qui m'etoit venus Joindre de la part 
/• 26. de mes Amis, pour leur faire Scavoire que je vous alle trouver 
par votre desir, et prie de bien garder le Secret, que vous maviez 
mande par le Prince, et que Je les ay desiree de m'envoyer au 
plus tot quelques OfRciers de la Marine bien qualifies de Com- 
mander et a minformer des mesures qu'ils preneroient pom- 
nous seconder, et des toutes choses qui seroient necessaires en 
cas que vous auriez quelque projet. Si vous en aviez, Texecution 
ne pouvoit etre retarde plus long tems que le Commencement 
du Fevrier. Comme sa [sic] J'espere qu'il n'aura pas tant de 
Risques, car si nous pouvons debarquer les peuples sont si 
generallement bien disposes que nous ne manquerons point du 

Monsieur de Crafton est tres brave homme et j"*aurai assez 
du credit pour lui humanizer. II me sera utile, mais il n y a pas 
a faire de lui confier le Secret. 

Le President facilitera mon Voyage et pourroit le cacher 
mieux que personne. 

Je souhaiterai d'avoir mon Secretaire ; il est homme de Con- 
fiance, j'en reponde ; mais il n'*a pas sceu que vous m'aviez 
envoye chercher. 

J'ay un Parent, Cornette dans le Regiment de O'driscoll, il se 
nomme Monsieur de Esmonde ; je serois bien aise de Tavoir 
avec moi. 

J''ay rhoneur d'etre avec respect, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, January 17, 1719. 

Sir, — I have this morning had the honour to receive your letter of 
the 14th inst, and by the same post I have a letter, dated December 31, 
from my friend in Paris, who tells me that he has received and sent all 
my letters, and that a person had arrived from my country whom my 
friends had sent according to my desire ; but as it is impossible to pass 
the frontier, he has been obliged to go into Brittany so that he may 
embark in a small vessel, or to find some other means of joining me. The 
same person has informed my friends that in future they must not think 
of sending by France. He tells me also that the person who has given 
the memorial to the Prince of Cellamare left for Brittany on the 30th of 
last month to try to join and accompany him whom I have mentioned 


Dutton writes to me on the third of this month that he had received 
all my letters, and that he feels all imaginable gratitude for the kindness 
of his friends, and particularly to Mr. Amorsley. He says that he is 
taking measures to be in a position to benefit by their kindness. That 
Scottish lord whom you made me send for left Paris for Madrid on the 
30th of last month. 

When I received your orders from M. de Cellamare, I sent back one 
of my kinsmen,^ who had come to join me on behalf of my friends, to let 
them know that I have gone to meet you by your desire, and to beg them 
to keep the secret which you had told me through the Prince, and have 
also asked them to send me some naval officers well qualified to com- 
mand, and to inform me of the measures which they are taking to support 
us, and of everything which may be necessary in case you have any 
plan. If you have, its execution could not be postponed beyond the 
beginning of February. Thus I hope that there will not be so much 
risk ; for, if we are able to land, the people are generally so well disposed 
that we shall not lack men. 

M. de Crafton is a very worthy man, and I have influence enough to 
make him tractable. He will be of use to me, but it will not do to trust 
him with the secret. 

The President will facilitate my voyage, and will be able to conceal 
it better than any one. 

I should like to have my Secretary ; I will answer for him as a 
trustworthy man ; but he does not know that you have sent for me. 

I have a kinsman named Esmonde, who is a Cornet in O'DriscoU's 
regiment; I should be very glad to have him with me. — I have the 
honour, etc.] 


Note. — His G. wrote to ye P. of Campo Florido ye 17th A 27. 
Jan., but there was no Copy taken of it, it being only 



Men Secretaire, David Kennedy, 

De Valadolide, Jan. ye 20th, 1719. 
Monsieur, — J'ay Thonneur de la Lettre que votre Excellence 
me fait Thonneur de m'ecrire du 12™® par la derniere poste, et 
vous suis je infiniment oblige des attentions qu'*il vous a plut 

^ Sir Redmond Everard, who had come to Paris before Ormonde left. 


d' avoir pour les Messieurs qui vous ont ete recomendes. J'espere 
quails sont partis et bien avancez en leur Chemins. J''ay mille 
remercim*^ a vous rendre aussi, Monsieur, pour la peine que vous 
avez d'avoir Soin des lettres, et pour ce qui regardoit mon 
Secretaire. II est arrive a Madrid apres avoir ete Prisonier 
5 Semaines. 

Je vous Supplie, Monsieur, d'etre tres persuade que je suis 
penetre des vos bontez, et que je seray ravi d'avoir des occasions 
pour vous temoigner ma reconnoissance, ayant Thoneur [sic] 
d'etre avec beaucoup de Respect, de votre Excellence, etc. 

(Signed) le D. d'Ormonde. 

J'en tends un peu L'italien. 

[To Prince of Campo Flobido. Valladolid, January 20, 1719. 

Sir, — I have had the honour to receive by the last post the letter of 
the 12th, which your Excellency did me the honour to address to me, 
and I am infinitely obliged to you for the courtesies which you have 
been pleased to show to the gentlemen who were recommended to you. 
I hope they have left, and that they are well on their way. I also owe 
you a thousand thanks for your trouble in taking care of the letters, 
and with regard to my secretary. He has reached Madrid, after having 
been a prisoner for five weeks. ^ 

I beg you, sir_, to rest assured that I greatly appreciate your kindness, 
and that I will be delighted to have an opportunity of showing my 
gratitude to you.— I have the honour, etc. 

(Signed) The Duke of Ormonde. 

I understand Italian a little.] 


Au CARD. ALBERONI par un courier 

Stamfort, Ezekiel Hamilton. Mon Parent, Sir R. Everard, 

Dutton, Dillon. 

De Val. le ^V^ Janvier 1719. 
Ce Matin, Monsieur, J'ay eu Thonneur de vos deux lettres 
du 18™® et du 20"^^ Je n'ay pas des nouvelles de la personne 
que vous en faits mention qui pat Mepris a ete renvoye pour 

^ David Kennedy, Ormonde's secretary, had been arrested on the French 
frontier. — Brigadier Campbell to Mar. Bordeaux, Dec. 14, 17 18.— Stuart Papers. 





venir icy. Je ne voye pas coment cette mesentendus est arrive 
car j'avois eu Thonneur d'ecrire a Mons'^ le P. de Campo Florid o 
pour lui Expliquer mes desirs touchant Mods'" Stamfort mon 
Secretaire et Tautre persone. N'ayant point des nouvelles de la p, 28. 
derniere j'espere qu''ils sont partis ensemble. 

La persone qui est alle joindre mon Ami en la Bretagne 
pour tascher de se rendre en ce pays est celui qui est venu du 
pays ou Mons"^ de Lawles est destinee. Je suis bien fache que 
vous n''avez pas des nouvelles du dernier. II sera a Souhaiter 
qu'on eut quelque response de ce qu'il a propose en cas qu'il 
soit arrive. J'espere que Mon Parent arrivera au bon port. 

J'attend le Compte de Mareschall avec impatience, affin 
qu"'il peut partir avec les outils pour son Pays. II est parti de 
Paris le 30"^® X^'"®. H y a beaucoup des Messieurs de son Pays 
a Paris et aux Environs de Bordeaux. J'avois pense qu'il sera 
necessaire de les avertir affin qu''ils se tient prete pour passer, 
mais Je craignois que sa \sic\ peut decouvrir Faffaire et des deux 
inconvenients il faut prendre le moindre. II sera a Souhaiter 
qu'ils furent en leur pais, mais il y aura beaucoup de difficultes 
a les y faire passer. 

J'attend Mon Secretaire cet Soir et suis bien impatient pour 
Tarrive du petit Batiment. 

Apparament Monsieur le Baron Walef sera icy dans un jour 
ou deux. Je vous suis bien oblige de la bonte, Mons% que vous 
avez d''avoir envoier cherche Mons"^ d'Esmonde et d'avoir Songe 
aux Aides de Camp. 

J'ecriray a la persone qui s'offert de venir au plus tot. II est 
fort entendus en son metier. Je crois que Dutton est embar- 
rasse comment se tirer de Taffaire cette vacarme le rendra 

II y a trois Officiers Ecossois a Madrid que je prend la /. 29. 
liberte de vous recommender. lis ont du merite mais ils sont 
aux Abois n'ayant point d'argent. Si j'etois en Etat de les 
fournir je ne vous dirai rien de leur necessites. 

J'espere de vous rendre bonne Compte de Monsieur de Crafton 
quand je Tauray aupres de moy. J'ay Thon"^, etc. 

F.S. — J'espere qu'on metra une bonne Quantite des pierres 
a fusil. II fera bon qu'il y a des Armuriers. 


[To Card. Alberoni by a Courier. ValladoKd, January 21, 1719. 

Sir, — I had this morning the honour to receive your two letters of the 
18th and the 20th. I have no news of the person whom you men- 
ion, who by mistake has been sent back to come here. I do not see how 
that misunderstanding has arisen, for I had had the honour to write to 
the Prince of Campo Florido to explain to him my wishes regarding 
Mr. Stamfort, my secretary, and the other person. As I have no news 
of the latter, I hope they have set out together. 

The person who has gone to join my friend in Brittany to try to reach 
this country is the same who has come from the country to which Sir 
Patrick Lawless is bound. I am very sorry that you have no news of 
the latter. It is to be hoped that there will be some response to the pro- 
posals which he has made, supposing him to have arrived. I hope that 
my kinsman will arrive in safety.^ 

I am eagerly awaiting the Earl Marischal, in order that he may set 
out for his country with the arms. He left Paris on the 30th December. 
There are many gentlemen of his country in Paris and in the neighbour- 
hood of Bordeaux.2 I had thought that it would be necessary to warn 
them so that they could hold themselves ready to cross, but I feared 
that that might reveal the project, and of two evils we must choose the 
less. It will be desirable that they should be in their own country, but 
there will be much difficulty in getting them over. 

I expect my secretary this evening. I am very impatient for the 
arrival of the little vessel. 

Apparently Baron Walef will be here in a day or two, I am greatly 
indebted to you, sir, for your kindness in having sent for Mr. Esmond, 
and in having thought about the aides-de-camp. 

I shall write to the person who offers his services to come as soon as 
possible. He knows his business well. I think Dutton is puzzled how 
to withdraw from the affair.^ This disturbance will make it difficult. 

There are three Scotch officers at Madrid whom I take the liberty of 
recommending to you. They have merit ; but they are in great straits 
as they have no money. If I were in a condition to supply them I would 
not mention their necessities to you. 

^ z.e. that Everard will arrive in England. 

2 Among the Scottish exiles in France were Seaforth and Campbell of Glen- 
daruel, at Paris ; Tullibardine at Orleans ; and at Bordeaux, General Gordon, 
who took command of the Jacobite army in the '15 after Mar's departure; 
Brigadier Campbell, Lord George Murray, Lochiel, Keppoch, M'Dougall of 
Lorn, and M'Kenzie of Avoch. Many of the exiles were in great poverty. A 
letter from Robert Gordon to Mar (Bordeaux, Feb. 7, 17 19, Stuart Papers) gives 
the names of some who were in urgent need, including Brigadier Campbell, Lord 
George Murray, Keppoch, and M'Dougall of Lorn. 
' z.e. from the French service. 


I hope to give you a good account of M. de Crafton when I have him 
beside me. I have the honour, etc. 

P.S. — I hope that a good quantity of gun-flints will be supplied. It 
will also be well to have some armourers.] 


Au CARD. ALBERONI, par l'ordtnaire 

Val., le 21 -^^ Janvier 1719. 

Je viens, Monsieur, de recevoir une Lettre du Due de Liria, 
dont j'ay Thonneur de vous envoyer une Copie traduite de 
TAnglois en Francois, mot a mot. Je Souhaiteray de scavoir 
votre Sentiment avant que je fasse reponse. Je Tattendrai et 
suis avec Respect plus que personne, Monsieur, votre, etc. 

[To Card. Alberoni, by post. Valladolid, January 21, 1719. 

Sir, — I have just received a letter from the Due de Liria, ^ of which I 
have the honour to send you a copy translated from English into French, 
word for word. I would like to know your opinion before answering it, 
I shall wait for it. — I am, etc.] 



Stamfort, Ezekiel Hamilton. 

Val., 24th Janvier 1719. 
MoNS**, — J'ai eu Thonneur de recevoir la lettre que v. E. m'a 
ecrite le ID''® (comme elle est datee). Je suis ravi d'apprendre 
que M"" Lesley estoit arrive. Je vous suis infiniment oblige de 
la peine que V. E. s'est donne pour faciliter Tembarquement 
de ces trois Messieurs, et la maniere que V. E. a prise aura 
j^espere Teffet desiree, et que par ce moien nous pourrons avoir 
des Nouvelles. Mes lettres ne doivent etre remplis que de 

^ The Duke of Liria, Berwick's eldest son, commanded an Irish regiment in 
the Spanish service, which was at this time stationed at Gerona. He was an 
ardent Jacobite. He had written to James on Jan. lo, expressing his zeal 
and devotion (Stuart Papers), and seems to have offered his services for 
Ormonde's expedition. See Letter XLiii. 


emoignages de reconnoissance des attentions qu'il vous a plus 
avoir pour cet affaire. Permettez que je prends la liberte 
d'envoyer Tincluse p"" M"^ Stampfort ; en cas qu'il soit parti, je 
Souhaiterai avoir la lettre renvoyee. J'espere que V. E. me 
fait la justice d'etre tres persuade que j'ai Thonneur avec 
beaucoup de respect et plus que personne de V. E, le tres, etc. 

[To the Prince of Campo Florido. Valladolid, 2^th Jan. 1719. 

Sir, — I have had the honour to receive your Excellency's letter, 
dated the 19th. I am delighted to hear that Mr. Lesley has arri^'ed. I 
am infinitely obliged for the trouble which your Excellency has taken 
to assist the embarkation of these three gentlemen, and I hope that the 
way which your Excellency has taken will have the desired effect, and 
that by these means we will be able to get news. My letters ought to be 
full of nothing but expressions of gratitude for the trouble which you 
have been pleased to take about this affair. Allow me to take the liberty of 
sending the enclosed for Mr. Stamfort ; in case he has left I should like 
to have the letter returned. 

I hope your Excellency will do me the justice to be assured that I have 
the honour, etc. 

A 30. XXXII 

Au CARD. ALBERONI p'^ courier 

Pierre, T^e King. 

Valadolide, le 25ier Janvier 1719. 

Ce moment, Mons'", je viens de voir Mons'^ le Baron de Walefe. 
II m'a dit une Nouvelle que j''espere ne se trouvera pas veritable, 
qui est la morte du Roy de Suede ; mais je crains puis qu"'elle 
vient de vous. 

II m^a aussy dit que La France estoit declaree qu^est la cause 
que la poste n''estoit pas arrivee. Je suis tres impatient pour 
Tarrive de la petite Voiture avec les personnes qu''elle doit 
mener, mais j'aprehende forte que la voiture ne poura sortir du 
Lieu ou Elle est. J'espere que mes Soupsons sont mal fondes. 
Mons"^ le Baron m'a dit que vous aviez dessein de donner une 
Voiture a Mons"^ de Macdonnell. C'est un bon Gar^on, mais il 
n''a jamais mene aucune Voiture, ny ne scait pas la Route ; il 
peut etre utille dans un autre Metier. 

Mon Secretaire m^a dit qu'il n'y avoit que cinq pieces. Je 


croyois que vous estiez d'accord d'en donner dix et 15,000 
Outils avec tout ce que leurs estoit necessaire, mais la meme 
personne m'a dit qu'il n^y avoit que douse. J'espere qu'il s'*est 
trompe. Mons"^ Le Baron m'a dit qu'il y aura 25 mille pistolles, 
Vous m'aviez dit qu'il y aura pour deux mois de gages. II sera 
bon d'avoir quel que somme en cas de necessite au commence- 
ment, mais j'espere qu'il n'i aura pas besoin de la toucher. Vous 
aurez la bonte de me faire Scavoir votre sentiment et vos 
intentions sur ce que j'ai Thonneur de vous ecrire. 

Je ne veux pas hazarder cette lettre par la poste. Pour les 
outils il faut s'il est possible avoir des Bayonettes. 

Je suis impatient d'avoir des Nouvelles de Pierre. Je 
m'etonne qu'il n'y en a pas de M"^ de Lawless. J'ay Thonneur 
d'etre avec respect et plus que personne, etc. 

(Sig<l) Le Colonel Comerfort. 

P.S. — Le Baron est-il informe de Taffair de Mons'* Lawless p. 31, 
et de mon parent ? 

[To Card. Alberoni_, by courier. Valladolid, January 25, 1719. 

SiR^ — I have this moment seen Baron de Walef. He has told me a 
piece of news which I hope will not turn out to be true — the death of 
the King of Sweden ; but I am afraid it may be so, as the news comes 
from you.^ 

He also told me that France has declared war^ which is the reason 
why the post has not arrived. I am very impatient for the arrival of 
the little vessel and the people whom she ought to bring ; but I am very 
much afraid that she will not be able to leave the place where she is. I 
hope that my suspicions are ill-founded. The Baron tells me that you 
thought of giving a ship to M. de Macdonnell. He is a good fellow ; 
but he has never commanded a ship_, and does not know the course. He 
might be useful in another capacity. 

My secretary tells me that that there are only five guns. I thought 
that you had agreed to give ten, and fifteen thousand muskets and their 
appurtenances, but the same person tells me that there are only twelve 
thousand. I hope he is mistaken. The Baron tells me that there will 
be twenty-five thousand pistoles. You told me that there would be 
enough for two months* pay. It will be well to have some money in 
case of need at the beginning ; but I hope there will be no need to use 
it. Be so good as to let me know your views and your intentions on 
the matter on which I have the honour to write to you. 

^ See Introduction, p. xxxi. 


I do not wish to risk this letter by the post. It will be desirable to 
have bayonets for the muskets if possible. 

I am anxious to have news of Peter. I am surprised that there is none 
of M. de Lawless. I have the honour, etc. 

(Signed) Colonel Comerfort.^ 

P.S. — Does the Baron know of the affair of M. Lawless and my 
kinsman ?'\ 



Stamfort, Ezekiel Hamilton, Men Parent, Bagenal. 

N.B. — This following letter was changed and not sent. 

Le 26ie Janvier 1719. 

Je suis bien Surpris, Mons'*, de voir arriver les deux Messieurs 
que je croyois estre bien avances en leur voyage. Mons'" Stamfort 
a eu riionneur a ce qu''il m^a dit de vous ecrire de Burgos, pour 
vous informer des ordres qu'il a re9u de prince de Florido. 
Cecyest un misentendu bien a contretemps, car sens [sic] les ordres 
qu''ils ont re^u ils allerent s'^embarquer le vent estant devenu 
favorable, ce qu''il n''avoit este de Six Semaines. Ces Messieurs 
partiront demain au grand Matin. Je souhaite qu"'ils pouront 
trouver un Batiment pret, et un vent favourable. Vous aurez 
re^u une lettre de mon Parent ; il a parti Samdy derniere a 
quatre heurs aprez midy, et je croi que le vent a continue favour- 
able de dedepuis. Je les ai fort recommande de faire leurs 
possible pour nous envoy er des Pillotes et des jens \sic\ a notre 
recontre pour nous informer s'il y a des Vesseaux de guerre en 
mer, et ou ils doivent croiser ; voila tout ce qu'on pent faire. 

Le vent a este favourable a ce que ces Mess'^^ croyent qu''ils 
esperent que mon Parent est arrive en hollande. Mons'' Stamp- 
fort m'a dit qu'il croyoit qu'il y avoit des Irlandois a Bilbao 
qui pouroient servir des Pillottes. II y en a un qui s''appelle 
AUexandre Tullo. II a este emploie dans la derniere affaire 
d'^Ecosse pour transporter des Armes, et depuis de ramener 
plusieurs Seigneurs et Officiers qui estoient obligez de se sauver 

^ Ormonde frequently passed under this name in France. 
2 This letter is crossed out in the manuscript. 


en France. Je croy qu'il sera bon de luy faire venir a la prem""® 
Endroit sens qu'il sent pour quel Service il sera destine. II y a /• 32. 
un autre a St. Sebastien qui s'appelle Robert Lambert. On dit 
que c'est un honest homme, et habil en son metier. Le Prince 
de Florido pourra s'informer de son charactere, et s'il repond 
a ce que Ton souhaite, je croy qu'il sera bon qu'il fut envoye 
au premier lieu. Je croi qu'il y a a Cadix un qui s'appelle le 
Chevalier Sherlock. II sera bon de s'informer de sa capacite. 
Je s^ai qu'il est fort honest homme. 

J'ai appris par ces Messieurs que la guerre estoit declare en 
France, c'estoit le Bruit a Bilbao. J'ai Thonneur d'etre avec 
beaucoup de respect, Mons"", etc. 

(Signe) Le Col. Comersfort. 

[This letter (written, but not forwarded) is practically the same as 
No. XXXV infra, dated the evening of the same day.] 



Val., Le 26ier Jax«J719. 
MoNs^, — Je suis tres fache de misentendu quVst arrive ; mais 
il n'y a point de remede. J'espere que V. E. aura la bonte de 
continuer ses attentions pour hater, et faciliter TEmbarque- 
ment de ces Messieurs qui auront Thonneur de vous presenter 
cette lettre, et de me croire avec beaucoup de respect de votre 
Excellence Le tres humble, etc. 

(Signe) Le Due D'Ormonde. 

[To THE Prince of Campo Florido. Vailadolid, January 26, 1719. 

Sir, — I am very sorry for the mistake which has occurred ; but it can- 
not be helped. I hope that your Excellency will have the goodness to 
continue your services to hasten and facilitate the departure of these 
gentlemen who will have the honour to present this letter to you, and to 
believe me with great respect your Excellency's, etc. 

(Signed) The Duke of Orjionde.] 



Au CARD. ALBERONI by y^ P. of Campo Florido's courier 

Stamfort, Ezekiel Hamilton, Mon Parent, Bagenal. 

Val.j Jan. 26th au Soir. 

Je suis bien surpris, Monsieur, de voir arriver a ce moment 
les deux Mess"^^ que je croyois bien avances en leur Voiage, 
Monsieur Stamfort a eu Fhonneur a ce qu'il m'*a dit de vous 
ecrire de Burgos pour vous informer des Ordres qu'il a receu du 
Prince de Florido. Cecy est un misentendu bien a Contretems. 
car sans ses ordres ils allerent s''embarquer, le vent etant devenu 
favourable ce qu'il n'avoit ete de Six Semaines. 

Ces Mess''^ partiront demain au Grand matin. Je souhaite 
qu'ils pourront trouver un Batiment prest et un vent favour- 
able. Vous aurez receu, Mons"*, une Lettre de mon Parent qui 
partit Samedie dernier apres Midy, et j'espere qu'il pouroit 
etre arrivee en HoUande, le vent ayant continuee favorable. 

J'ay recommende a ces Mess'"^ de fair leur possibles pour 
m''envoyer des Pilottes et des Gens a notre rencontre pour 
nous informer s'il y a des Vaisseaux de Guerre en Mer, et ou ils 
sont destines a Croiser ; voila tout qu''on pent faire. 

Mons"^ Stamfort m'a dit qu'il y avoit a Bilbao un Capitain de 
Vaiseau qui s'apelle Alexandre Tullo. II a ete employee dans 
la derniere Affaire D'Ecosse, pour transporter des armes et 
depuis pour ramener des Seig"^^ et Offic''^ qu'etoient obliges de 
se sauver en France. Je crois qu'il sera bon de luy fair venir a 
la premier Endroit sans qu''il scait pour quelle service il sera 
destine. II y a un Lambert a S* Sebast". On dit qu''il est honete 
homme et habille en son metier. Le Prince de Florido pourra 
s''informer de son Caractere, et s'il repond a ce qu'on souhaite 
il sera bon qu'il fut aussi envoye au premier lieu. 
^. 34. Le Chevalier Sherlock est a ce que je crois a Cadix. Cest un 
honete homme, mais je ne scais s''il est Capable ; il sera bon 
de s'informer. J'ay Fhon'^ d'etre avec beaucoup de Respect, 
Mons**, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni, by the Prince of Campo Florido's Courier. 

Valladolidj January 26, evening. 
Sir, — I was greatly surprised to see arrive just now the two gentlemen 


who I thought were by this time well on their journey. Mr. Stamfort 
has had the honour^ as he tells me^ to write to you from Burgos to tell 
you of the orders which he received from the Prince of Florido. This 
is a most unfortunate mistake ; for had it not been for his orders they 
were going to embark^ the wind having become favourable^ which had 
not been the case for six weeks. 

These gentlemen will set out to-morrow morning early. I hope they 
may find a vessel ready and a favourable wind. You will have received 
a letter from my kinsman who left last Saturday afternoon. I hope that 
he may have arrived in Holland, as the wind has continued favourable. 

I have recommended these gentlemen to do what they can to send us 
pilots, also men to meet us to let us know if there are men-of-war at sea, 
and where they are ordered to cruise. That is all one can do. 

Mr. Stamfort told me that there was at Bilbao a ship-captain called 
Alexander Tullo. He was employed in the last affair in Scotland to 
take over arms, and afterwards to bring back the gentlemen and officers 
who had to take refuge in France. I think it would be well to make him 
come to^ the first place without knowing the service for which he is 
intended. There is one Lambert at San Sebastian. They say he is an 
honest man, and skilful in his profession. The Prince of Florido might 
inquire as to his character, and if the result is satisfactory, it would be 
well that he also should be sent to the first place. 

The Chevalier Sherlock ^ is, I believe, at Cadiz. He is an honest man, 
but I do not know if he is capable ; it would be well to inquire. 

I have the honour, etc.] 

Au CARD. ALBERONI by y^ same courier 

Stamfort, Ezekiel Hamilton. Men Parent, Everard. 

Button, Dillon. 

Val., Jan. ye 27th, Morn''^ 
Je viens de recevoir ce matin, Monsieur, par votre Courier 
Phonneur de la votre du 25°^® avec la facheuse Nouvelle de la 
mort du Roy de Suede, que en ce conjoncture est une tres 
grande perte ; mais il faut non obstant ce malheur poursuivre 
notre Projet. S'il etoit possible d^augmenter le mecontente- 
ment en Angleterre,se \sic\ seroit les nouvelles que vous m'*envoye, 
de ce qui se passe dans le Parlement a Tinstigation de votre 
Amy Stanhope touchant les Noncomformists et les Universites 

^ In? 2 Peter Sherlock, created a baronet by James in 1716. 


qui fera eiirager nonseulement tous les Anglicains mais deplaira 
aussi aux Moderez. 

J'espere que Mons'^ Lawless poursuivra son voyage pour 
tacher de persuader le Nouveau Gouvernement d'entrer dans le 
meme projet. M"^ Stamfort m^a dit que mon Parent avoit apris 
la meme nouvelle avent son depart, et qu'il estoit resolu de 
continuer le sien pour voir ce qu'il pent faire, comme il est 
connu de Mons"^ Gortz. S'il a encore du credit pent estre que le 
Voyage de mon Parent ne sera pas inutile, mais il ne faut point 
/. 35. defFerer le Notre pour attendre cet Evenement. 

J'espere que les Cinq Vaisseaux Anglois dont vous faites 
mention n'attraperont point votre Flotte d'Hollande. Nous 
ferons notre possible pour tacher les eviter. 

Le Comte de Marishall est le Seigneur Ecossois que vous 
m'avez prie d'envoyer chercher pour mener les Armes en Ecosse, 
dont je n^ai point d'autre Nouvelle que celles que je vous ai 
mande. Je le croy en Bretagne tachant de venir avec la 
petitte Barque, mais je croy que ce Vacarme a cause un 
embargo generale qui Tempeche de Sortir, avec la personne qui 
m'a este envoye d'Engleterre, et celui qui a donne le Memoir 
a M"^ le Prince Chelamare. 

Je vous suis bien oblige de la bonte que vous avez pour ces 
Mess"*^ Ecossois. 

J'ai fait mention dans me dern^® lettre qu'il sera bon d'avoir 
une Somme d' Argent en cas de besoin. Pour ce qui regarde la 
personne de Gironne je me conforme a vos Sentiments. 

Je serai bien aise si vous le trouvez a propos d'avoir les Noms 
des Regiments, et une liste particuliere de toute, pour voir cy 
elle accorde avec celle que j'ay. 

J'espere que toutes les Armes sont de meme Calibre avec des 

Je suis persuade que Mons"^ Dutton fera son possible mais ce 
P' 36. Vacarme Taura beaucoup embarasse. 

Je prends la liberte que vous me donnez d''ecrire par mon 
Secretaire. J'ai I'honneur d'etre avec beaucoup de respect, etc, 

P.S. — J'avois dessein d'^envoyer un Courier ce matin avec ma 
lettre d^hier au soir, mais je me sers de cette Occasion. 

J'envoy un Courier aprez Mons"^ Stamfort pour Tinformer de 


la mort du Roy de Suede, et je luy mande de dire a nos amis 
que non obstent cet malheur, que nous poursuivrons notre 
projet. J'ai cru qu''il estoit necessaire de leur donner cette infor- 
mation, de peur quails n'eussent crii que cella auroit apporte du 
changement. Ce courier le doit joindre a Burgos. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni^ by the same courier. 
Valladolid. January 27, morning. 

Sir, — I have just received this morning the honour of your letter of 
the 2othj with the sad news of the death of the King of Sweden, which, 
in the present state of affairs, is a very great loss, but notwithstanding 
this misfortune we must follow out our enterprise. If anything could 
increase the discontent in England, it would be the news which you send 
me of what has taken place in Parliament, at the instance of your friend 
Stanhope,^ about the Nonconformists and the Universities, which will 
not only enrage the Anglicans, but also displease the Moderates. 

I hope that M. Lawless will pursue his journey, and try to persuade 
the new Government to undertake the same enterprise. Mr. Stamfort 
has told me that my kinsmen had heard the same news before his depar- 
ture, and that he was determined to go on with his journey to see what 
he could do, as he is known to M. Gortz. If he has still any power 
perhaps my kinsman's journey will not be useless, but it will not do to 
put off our expedition to await this event. 

I hope that the five English ships which you mention will not catch 
your Holland fleet. We shall do what we can to keep out of their way. 

The Earl Marischal is the Scottish lord whom you asked me to send 
for to take the arms into Scotland. I have no news of him beyond 
what I have told you.^ I believe he is in Brittany, trying to come by the 
little vessel, but I think this disturbance has caused a general embargo, 
which prevents him from leaving, as well as the person who has been 
sent to me from England, and the person who gave the memorial to the 
Prince of Cellamare. 

I am much indebted to you for your kindness to these Scotch gentle- 

^ James, first Earl Stanhope, who in 171 7 succeeded Lord Townshend as 
First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer. He had com- 
manded the British army in Spain from 1708 to 1710 ; and when a prisoner at 
Saragossa, after the disaster of Brihuega, had made the acquaintance of 
Alberoni, then a humble attendant of the Duke of Vendome. They formed a 
personal friendship which lasted many years. On December 13, 1718, Stanhope 
introduced into the House of Lords a bill for the relief of Protestant Dissenters, 
which gave great offence to the Church party. It was carried by narrow 
majorities after important concessions had been made. See Mahon, vol. i, 
pp. 283, 326 et seq. 

2 In Letter xxix. 


I said in my last letter that it would be well to have a sum of money in 
case of need. As to the person of Gironne^ I agree with your views.^ 

I should be very glad if you find it expedient to have the names of the 
regiments, and a detailed list of all, to see that it agrees with the one 
which I have. 

I hope that all the muskets are of the same calibre, with bayonets. 

I am sure that Mr. Dutton will do what he can, but this disturbance 
will have hampered him greatly. 

I take the liberty which you gave me of writing by my secretary. — I 
have the honour, etc. 

P.S. — I meant to send a courier this morning with my letter of last 
night, but am making use of this opportunity. 

I send a courier after Mr. Stamfort to let you know of the death of the 
King of Sweden, and I am telling him to say to our friends that notwith- 
standing this misfortune, we will go on with our enterprise. I thought 
it necessary to tell them this for fear they might have thought that it 
would have caused a change. The courier ought to overtake him at 


Val. p^ Express. 27th Janvier 1719. 

MoNS**, — Ce matin j'ai Thonneur de la lettre que votre 
Excellence m'*ecrit du S^'*^ par le Courier que vous envoyez au 
Pardo. Ce matin Mons"^ Stamfort et Mons"^ Lesley sont partis 
pour vous aller faire la reverence, et pour s'embarquer sens 
perdre un moment si le Batiment est pret et le vent favorable. 
J'ai rhonneur d"'etre avec beaucoup de respect de V. E. Le tres, 
etc. ' Sig^ Le Col. Comersford. 

Excuse la liberte que je prends de Tincluse. 

[To the Prince of Campo Fi^orido. Val. , by express. January 21, 1719. 

Sir, — I have this morning the honour to receive your Excellence's 
letter of the 24th, by the courier whom you are sending to Pardo. Mr. 
Stamfort and Mr. Lesley left this morning to pay their respects to you, 
and to embark without losing a moment if the vessel is ready and the 
wind favourable. I have the honour, etc. 

(Signed) Colonel Comersford. 

Excuse the liberty of the enclosed letter.] 

^ This probably refers to the Duke of Liria. See p. 39, note. 


A M« ROBINSON p^ expres 

Robinson, Alheroni, 

Val., le 30^^ Janvier 1719. 

Je viens, Mons% de recevoir Thonneur de la votre du 29'"® et 
Mons"^ le Barron partira dans un heur ou deux sens faute. 
J'attends avec impatience votre lettre du ^S**® pour etre informe 
de la raison du depart precipite du Barron. J'espere que ces 
nouveautez ne changera rien au projet. p. 37. 

Ne sera t'il pas necessaire d''envoyer quelque un au lieu ou 
mon parent est alle pour tacher de faire entrer le nouveau 
Gouvernment dans la projet d** Alliance avec TEspagne ? Je croy 
qu'il n y a point de temps a perdre, et qu'il faudra offrir une 
bonne Somme pour faire reussir ce dessein. Ne sera t'il point 
necessaire de tacher de gagner la personne le plus accredite 
dans la Nouvelle Cour par une bonne somme d'argent. 

Je n*'ai rien a aj outer que la parfaite reconnoissance de vos 
bontez et que je suis, etc. 

P.S, II n'y a point de relais pour cette route. 

To Mr. Robinson, by express. Valladolid, January 80, 1719. 

Sir, — I have just had the honour to receive your letter of the 29th, 
and the Baron will leave in an hour or two without fail. I anxiously 
await your letter of the 28th, to be informed of the reason of the 
Baron's sudden departure. I hope that these new circumstances will not 
make any difference to the enterprise. 

Will it not be necessary to send some one to the place to which my 
kinsman has gone, to try to get the new Government to take up the 
project of alliance with Spain? I think there is no time to lose, and 
that a good sum ought to be offered to effect this object. Will it not be 
necessary to try to gain the most influential person in the new court by 
a good sum of money? ^ 

I have nothing more to add but my great gratitude for your kindness, 
and that I am, etc. 

P. 8. —There are no relays for this road.] 

^ 'Dans ces Cours du Nord tous les ministres s'attendent h. de I'argent.' 
'Hooker' *{Jerningham) to Mar, Mittau, Sept. 23, 1718. — Intercepted Jacobite 
Correspondence, Stowe Mss., 232, f. 137. See Alberoni's letter to James, 
Appendix, No. 47, p. 255. 

D , 




Un Gentilhomme qui est mon Parent, Toby Mathews. 

De Valadolide, Jan. ye 31st, 1719. 

Monsieur, — J'ay Thonneur de vous envoyer un Gentilhomme 
qui est mon Parent. II a Thonneur a ce qu'il m'a dit d''etre 
connus de votre Ex^®. Je Tenvoy pour Empecher les deux per- 
sonnes qui devoient s'*embarquer de partirj usque aux Nouvelles 
Ordres; mais en cas qu'ils sont deja parti je vous Supplie de 
tascher de trouver un Batiment pour ce Mons'^ qui a Thon"^ de 
vous presenter cette Lettre, pour lui transporter en mon Pais 
sans perdre un moment du tems. 

J'ay eu Thonneur de la votre du 23"^% et suis avec Grand 
respect de votre Ex*^®, etc. P.S. — Je prens la liberte de prier 
votre Ex^® de fournir le Porte ur avec la somme de 60 Pistoles 
en cas qu'il a besogne, et je la repaiera aux premiere lettres que 
je recois de votre Excellence. Je veus dire soissant pistoles. 

[To THE Prince op Campo Florido. Valladolid, January 31, 1719. 

Sir, — I have the honour to send you a gentleman who is my kinsman. 
He tells me that he has the honour of being known to your Excellency. 
1 send him to stop the two persons who are to sail from leaving until 
further orders ; but in case they are already gone, I beg you to try to 
find a vessel for this gentleman who has the honour to present this letter 
to you, to take him out to my country without a moment's delay. 

I have had the honour of your letter of the 23d. I am with great 
respect, etc. 

P. 8. — I take the liberty to beg your Excellency to supply the bearer 
with the sum of 60 pistoles in case he needs it, which I will repay as 
soon as I hear from your Excellency. Say sixty pistoles.] 


To THE MAJOR w^" a Copy of Robinson's 

The Major, Ezekiel Hamilton. Robinson, Alberoni, 

De Valadolide, Jan. ye 31st, 1719. 
S", — The inclosed, which I received this morning from M'^ 
Robinson, is y® occasion of my sending after you to desire you 


and your Companion to stay at St. Sebastien till you hear 
further from me. The bearer, Mr. Mathew, is a Relation of 
mine, a very honest Gentleman, but is not informed of y® A 38. 
contents, etc. 

As soon as I hear further you shall be informed, and have 
directions how to proceed. My Complim*^ to your Companion, 
and believe me, etc. P.S. — In case you should be ordered back, 
it will be fit y* H. L. should proceed to inform our friends 
what was doeing here, and y® accidents that have put a stop to 
it. I have since thought it may be better to send M"^ Mathew, 
because he runs no hazard, having never been in y® King''s 


Major Stamfort, Ezekid Hamilton. Mr. Binet, Ezekiel Hamilton. 

A Copy of Instructions by way of Letter, to Mr. Mathew, 
not to be opened by him, unless he found that y® Maj^ (E. 
Hamilton) was gone from S* Sebastian, dated Valladolid, Jan. 
ye 31st, 1719 : 

S% — If you find at your arrivall at S* Sebastien y* Major 
Stamfort and his Companion are certainly gone off for 
England, you are to endeavour to get thither after the best 
manner you can, and with as much privacy and Expedition as 
possible, make what dispatch you can for Lond^, and with 
great Caution find out L*^ Arran,^ Sir Red. Ev. or the Du^ of 
Orm*^% and inform them that since Mr. Binet (which is y® 
above mentioned Maj"^ Stamfort) and his companion left Spain, 
accidents have happened hear [sic\ which has altered the 
measures then aggreed upon, and that there is nothing now to 
be done. You will tell them that I desire Mr. Binet and his 
Companion may be sent back to me as soon as possible, and 
that I am much surprised that I have not seen any body from 
them since I left France. You'l burn this before you Embarque, 
and remember well the Contents. I am yours, etc. Or^^. 

^ Charles Butler, Earl of Arran, Ormonde's younger brother, born 1671, 
created Baron Cloughgrenan, Viscount Tullogh, and Earl of Arran in the peerage 


MONS^ ROBINSON p'^ l'ordinaire 

Robinson, Alberoni. 

Val., first February 1719 
J'ai recu hier. Monsieur, Thonneur de la votre du ST""® avec la 
mauvaise nouvelle, touchant le Portugal. J'espere que c'^est 
un bruit mal fonde, mais s'il est vrai, il faut avouer que voila bien 
des fasheuses accidents qui arrivent a la fois. Je vous supplie, 
Mons"^, d'avoir la bonte de me faire s9avoir au plutot ce que 
vous estes resolu de faire parce que il n'y a pas un moment a 
perdre : si vous changer de sentiment il faut, j 'envoy au plus 
vite pour en avertir mes Amis pour les empecher de se hasarder 
p. 39. mal a propos. 

Ne seroit il pas bon, Mons**, de tacher de faire entrer la 
Couronne de Suede dans nos projets. Si e'est le prince de Hesse 
qui succede, c''est un prince qui est fort entreprenant, et je croy 
qu'il ne sera pas difficile de lui faire entendre raison la dessus, 
et s'il est vray que le Barron de Gortz est arreste, il informera 
aparament le successeur des intentions du fu Boy, et il n''est 
pas de tout impossible que le Roy d''apresent les goutera ; ainsy 
le voyage de ces Mess''^ pent etre utille, le pis aller est qu'ils 
perdent leurs peines. Je suis impatient d'avoir de vos nouvelles 
et suis avec respect, etc. 

[To Mr. Robinson, by post. Vol., February 1, 1719. 
Sir, — I had yesterday the honour to receive your letter of the 27th 
with the bad news about Portugal. I hope that it is an unfounded 
rumour ; but if it is true, it must be admitted that many unfortunate 
accidents have happened together. I beg you, sir, to have the goodness 
to let me know as soon as possible what you have decided to do^ for 

of Ireland in 1693, died without issue 1758. In 1791 it was decided by the 
House of Lords in Ireland that Ormonde's English attainder had not affected 
his Irish dignities, and John Butler, then representative of the family, was 
restored to the honours of the house as seventeenth Earl of Ormonde. Lord 
Arran thus became fourteenth Earl de jure on the death of his brother without 
male issue in 1745, but he never bore the title. The present Marquisate dates 
from 1825. 


there is not a moment to lose : if you change your intentions I must 
send at once to warn my friends, so as to prevent their endangering- 
themselves uselessly. 

Would it not be well to try to get the Swedish Government to join our 
enterprise? If it is the Prince of Hesse who succeeds, he is very 
enterprising, and I think it will not be difficult to get him to hear 
reason on this matter. If it is true the Baron de Gortz is arrested, he 
will be sure to inform the successor of the late king's intentions, and it is 
not impossible that the present king will like them : so the journey of 
these gentlemen will be of use. The worst that can happen is that they 
may lose their trouble. 

I am anxious to have your news, and am with respect, etc.] 



De Valladolid, le 25«^ Jan*^ 1719 
I HAVE had the honour of y"^ grace''s letter, and am infinitly 
obliged to you for the offers you are pleased to make me, of 
your house and Equipage at Madrid, but I do not yet know- 
when I am to go thither. Shou'd there be at any time an 
attempt made towards the restoring of y® King, and that 
I shou''d have t'honour to be employed in it, y"^ grace may 
be assured y*^ I shou'd be glad of th"* honour of y'^ Company, and 
that I wou'd lay your pretensions before y® Cardinall, and be 
very ready on all occasions to shew the esteem and respect that 
I have for you, being with great truth and respect, etc. 

XLIV 2 A 40. 


Mr. Stamfort. Ezekiel Hamilton. 

Le 7 Fevrier 1719. 
J''ai receu Thonneur de la votre et prends la liberte de 
supplier V.E. de faire embarquer M"^ Le Major Stamfort et M"^ 
Lesley au plus tost, sens perdre un Moment de temps, si le 
vent est favourable. 

^ See Letter xxx. and note. 

- This letter is crossed out in the manuscript. 


Mons'' Mathews a Ordre de venir me joindre. J'ai Thonneur 
d''etre avec tout TEstime et respect imaginable de V.E., etc. 
The above letter was not sent, but altered. 

[To THE Prince of Campo Florido, by express. February 7, 1719. 

I HAVE had the honour to receive your letter, and take the liberty 
to beg your Excellency to hasten the departure of Major Stamfort and 
Mr. Lesley as much as possible, without losing a moment, if the wind is 

Mr. Mathews has orders to join me. I have the honour, etc.] 


The Major, Ezekiel Haniilton. Rd. Butler, Ormonde, 
Robinson, Alberoni. Philips, Earl Marischal. 

Walton, Captain Morgan?- Obadiah, Mr. Wright. 
Plunket's Clerk, M. Clancostrum^ the King of Swedeit^s agent. 

De Valad., Feb. ye 7th, 1719. 
You will find by y® Anex^t Abstract of Robinson's Letter 
which his G. received this morning the reason of sending this 
Courier, his Gra. therefore desires that you and your Com- 
panion shou'd continue your intended journey for England 
with y® utmost diligence. He received a letter this day from 
Philips, who was safely arrived at Fraga. Instead of y® 
abstract I mentioned I believe it better to send you the 
heads of Robinson^s letter of y® 4*^ instant received this 
morning. He desires that his Gr. w^ go as soon as possible 
to y® Groyne,^ that y® ship for him left Cadiz y® 27^^ of Jan.* 
He says that he will send Ge"^ Gordon and Cambell as soon as 
possible for England ; he has added to his former promisse 500 

^ Captain Morgan had been a Jacobite agent in England. Ormonde speaks of 
him as * a great sufferer for the cause,' Letter CXLV. He apparently entered 
the Spanish navy ; Colonel Stanhope, writing from Madrid in June 1722, men- 
tions him as being in command of * 3 small ships of 30 odd guns,' Stowe MSS., 
250, f. 83 b. 

^ Otto Klinckowstrom (he signs so). ^ Corunna. 

* The frigate Hermione, in which Ormonde was to embark at Corunna to join 
the fleet, left Cadiz with sealed orders to be opened forty miles at sea. 


weight of powder so that he believes there is now enough to 
be disposed of elswhere as his Gra. thinks fit, but he thinks P- 41. 
they dont want arms in Scotland. No news yet from Peter. 
He again presses his Grace to be gone and believes that y® 
designe is yet undiscovered. He has sent to his Gra. 80 
Captains Comissions, and says he will send y® rest to the Groyne. 
He says that the Fleet will part from Cadiz before y® 10th 
inst. if the wind be not contrary, these are the most material 
points of his Letter. His Grace earnestly recomends it to you 
once more that he may have a positive account where the 
English fleet or Cruisers are and what Stations they are to keep. 
By Walton's of y® 13th Jan., received this day, we find that 
Obad^^^ and Plunket's Gierke set sayle that day but as yet we 
have heard nothing further. Harry is to go with you, the 
other Gentleman has directions what he is to do, etc. If Mr. 
Mathew be gone you and Harry are to use y® utmost diligence 
to follow him and then to follow your first instructions. 



De Valadolide, Feb. ye 7th 
S^, — The Gentlemen you were sent to have j ust now received 
fresh directions to proceed on their Journey ; you are therefore 
to go with as much speed and Secresy as possible to y® Corogne 
where you will meet me, but pray see none of your acquaintance 
on y® road nor do not mention me or what I now say to you on P- 42. 
any occasion whatsoever. You may say at S*. Sebastien that 
you are to this place, etc. 


Mr. Stamfort, Ezekiel Hamilton, 

De Valad., le 7""® Fevrier 1719. 
J'ai receu Thonneur de la votre et suplie V. E. d'avoir la 
bonte de faire embarquer Le Major Stamfort et Mons'^ Lesley 


aa plus tost sens perdre un moment de tems si le vent est 

II faut que Mons"^ Mathew me vient joindre et qu'il ne 
embarque pas comme il avoit ordre, J'espere qu'il n''est pas 
party. J'ai Fhonneur d'etre, etc. 

[To THE Prince op Campo Florido, by express. 

Valladolid February 7, 1719. 
I HAVE had the honour to receive your letter^ and I beg your Excel- 
lency to have the goodness to cause Major Stamfort and Mr. Lesley to 
embark as soon as possible, without losing a moment, if the wind is 

Mr. Matthews must join me, and not sail as ordered. I hope he has 
not left. I have the honour, etc.] 

A Mr. ROBINSON, p express 

Robinson, Alberoni. Peter, The King. 

Dutton, Dillon, 

Valad., February ye 8th, 1719. 

HiER au matin, Mons*^, j 'ai receu Phonneur de la votre du 4'"® 
avec les Patentes, et Mons"^ le President m'a donne la Somme 
que vous avez la bonte de faire mention, et j'aurai soin de 
rendre Les vingte pistoUes a Mons"^ de Hailly. 

Mons"^ Le Baron est arrive avec Mons"^ Hely. Le Baron m'a 
rendu les pacquets que vous lui eu avez charge. Je vous 
supplie, Mons*", de me mettre au pied de leurs Majestes, et de les 
assurer de mes tres humbles, et tres respectueuses attachement, 
pour les honneurs qu'ils m'ont fait. 

J'espere que le Ciel benira nos entreprises. La Cause est juste, 
p. 43 et je suis persuade que toutes les Troupes feront leur devoir. 

Je suivrai vos ordres touchant Mons*" de Crafton, et en tout 
ce que vous me marquez. 

Mons'^ Le President fait tout ce qu^on pent desirer de luj. 
J'ai tous les raisons de monde de me louer de ces honnestetez 
dont je vous ay, Mons"*, Tobligation comme en plusieurs autres 
choses dont je ne perdrai jamais un tres sincere et respectueuse 


reconnoissance. Je suis ravi, Mons*", que vous avez eu la bonte 
d'augmenter la quantite des poudres, mais je croy et je suis 
meme bien assure qu'on manque des Armes en Ecosse comme 
j''avois rhonneur de vous dire. Pour ce qui est de ces Mess" 
Gordon & Campbell, je croy qu''ils auront des difficultes a se 
rendre en HoUande et de faire passer des Armes de la en 
Ecosse, par la meme raison qui a arreste ceux que vous aviez 
dessein de faire venir icy, mais s'il estoit possible d^-n avoir de 
cet pays ou d'icy pour transporter en Ecosse 9a sera fort a 
souhaiter. En tout cas s'ils ne vont pas en Hollande, il sera 
bon de les envoyer en Ecosse ou du moins de faire en sorte qu'ils 
nous joignent. 

Pour M^ Macdonell, si vous plait de me Tenvoyer a la 
Courogne je serai bien aise de Tavoir. 

J'ai eu une lettre du Comte de Marischal de Fraga du 28'® 
de Janvier. II me mande qu''il sera a Madrid dans dix jours. 
J'espere, Mons'*, que vous luy ferez Thonneur de lui donner audi- 
ence. II pourra vous informer de TEstat de L'Ecosse, car il est 
bien inform^ et a beaucoup du Credit en ce pays. Si vous avez 
des Armes a luy donner pour UEcosse il aura soin de les mener. p. 44. 

J'ai receu une lettre d'une Ami en Bretagne du 13"^® Janvier. 
II me mande que le petit Batiment avec la personne qui m'a este 
envoye de mes amis, et celuy qui vient de Suede sont party de 
la le IS"^®. J'en suis bien en peine, n*'aiant pas de leurs nouvelles, 
car ils devoient estre deja arrivez, mais les grands orages qu''il a 
fait me fait aprehendre pour Eux. 

On me dit qu'il y a un Monsieur Connock ^ dans les Gardes. 
Je serai bien aise de Tavoir si vous le trouvez bon. 

Permetez que je vous rende mille graces du Vin que vous 
avez eu la bonte de m'envoyer, et que j''ai toute la reconnoissance 
imaginable de vos bontez, et que je serai toute ma vie attache 
a votre personne avec toute la sincerite imaginable aiant 
rhonneur dVtre tres parfaittement et plus que personne, Mon- 
sieur, etc. 

P.S. — Je m'*etonne qu^il n^ a point de Nouvelles de Maitre 
Pierre ny de Dutton. J'en suis bien en peine. Je tacherai s'il 
plait a Dieu de partir sens perdre du tems. 

At first written Connaugh, but corrected in another hand. 


[To Mr. Robinson_, by express. Valladolid, February 8, 1719. 

Sir, — Yesterday morning I had the honour to receive your letter of the 
4th with the commissions. The President gave me the sum which you 
have the goodness to mention, and I shall be careful to pay the twenty 
pistoles to M. de Healy.^ 

The Baron has arrived with M. Healy, and has handed me the packets 
which you intrusted to him. I beg you, sir, to express my devotion to 
their Majesties, and to assure them of my most humble and respect- 
ful attachment for the honours they have done me. 

I hope Heaven will bless our enterprise. The cause is just, and I am 
sure all the troops will do their duty. 

I will attend to your orders about M. de Crafton, and in all that you 
tell me. 

The President does all that can be desired. I have every reason in the 
world to be pleased with these kindnesses, for which I am indebted to 
you, sir, as for many other things, for which I shall always feel a very 
sincere and respectful gratitude. I am delighted, sir, that you have 
had the goodness to increase the quantity of powder, but I believe, and 
indeed am quite sure, that they are short of arms in Scotland, as I had 
the honour to tell you. As to Messrs. Gordon and Campbell, I think 
they will find it difficult to reach Holland and to get arms over from 
there into Scotland, for the same reason which stopped those whom 
you intended to bring here, but if it were possible to have some (arms) 
from that country or from here to take over to Scotland that would be 
very desirable. In any case, if they do not go to Holland it would be 
well to send them into Scotland, or at least to arrange for their joining us. 

As to Mr. Macdonnel, if you please to send him to me to Corunna I 
shall be very glad to have him. 

I have a letter from the Earl Marischal from Fraga, dated January 
28. He tells me that he will be at Madrid in ten days. I hope, sir, that 
you will do him the honour to give him an audience. He will be able to 
tell you of the condition of Scotland, for he is well informed and has 
much influence in that country. If you have arms to give him for Scot- 
land he will take charge of them for transport. 

I have received a letter from a friend in Brittany dated January 18th. 
He tells me that the little vessel with the person whom my friends are 
sending to me, and him who is coming from Sweden, left there on the 
13th. I am very anxious about them, as I have no news of them, and 
they ought to have arrived by this time, but the great storms which 
there have been make me fear for them. 

I am told there is a Monsieur Connock ^ in the Guards. I should be 
glad to have him if you approve. 

^ John Healy or Hely was created a titular baronet by James in 1728. — List 
of Jacobite Honours. 

^ Sir Timon Connock received a commission in the Duke of Ossuna's troop of 
the Spanish life-guards in October 1705. — Sir Toby Bourke to Lord Caryll, 


Let me offer you a thousand thanks for the wine which you have had 
the goodness to send me. I feel all imaginable gratitude for your 
kindness, and shall be all my life most sincerely attached to your person. 
I have the honour, etc. 

P.S. — I am informed that there is no news of Mr. Peter nor of Dutton. 
I am very uneasy about them. I shall try, please God, to set out with- 
out losing time.] 


Robinson, Alberoni, Men Parent, Everard. 


Je m''en vay partir en ce moment, et j'ai Phonneur de vous 
envoy er une Copie traduite en Francois de ce que mes amis 
m"'ont envoye par la personne qui est arrive ce Matin de Madrid. 
Je vous envoy aussy la Copie d'une lettre qu'il m'a apporte de 
ce Mons"^ Suedois qui s^estoit embarque avec lui. J'espere que si 
mon Parent et Mons'^ de Lawless poursuive leur voyage que ce 
ne sera pas inutille. 

Je croy que vous aurez veu Mi Lord Marischall. Si vous ne 
Temploye pas pour mener des Armes en Ecosse, je vous prie 
de me Penvoyer. 

Mes Amis m''ont mande qu"'ils m'envoyeroient quelques 
Officiers de Terre et de la Marine ; mais comme je n''ai pas de 
nouvelles apparament ils ont este empechez de venir pas des 
vents contraires ou quelque autre accident. Vous excuserez, 
Mons"^, la liberte, je prends de vous ecrire p'^ mon Secretaire. 
D'*abord que serai arrive au lieu ou je me dois rendre, j''aurai 
Phonneur de vous donner de mes nouvelles. Je vous prie de 
me croire avec beaucoup de respect, Mons"*, etc. 

P.S. — J'espere, Mons"^, que vous n'aurez pas oublie Mons"" 

P- 45. 

Oct. 28, 1705, Carte mss., 180, f. 120 b. Bourke says of him : * He deserves 
anything, for he is a man of excellent principles, ye King and Queen of Spain 
have a true kindness for him, ye Princes and ye Ambassador do esteem him 
very much.' 


[To Mr. Robinson. Valladolid, February 10, 2 o'clock a.^. 

I AM on the point of setting out, and I have the honour to send you 
a copy, translated into French, of what my friends have sent me by 
the person who arrived this morning from Madrid. I also send you a 
copy of a letter which he has brought me from that Swedish gentleman 
who embarked with him. I hope that if my kinsman and Mr. Lawless 
follow out their journey it will not be useless. 

I suppose you have seen the Earl Marischal. If you do not employ 
him to take arms into Scotland, I beg you to send him to me. 

My friends told me that they would send me some military and naval 
officers, but as I have no news of them, they seem to have been pre- 
vented from coming by contrary winds or some other accident. Pardon 
the liberty which I take in writing you by my secretary. As soon as I 
reach my destination I shall have the honour to give you my news. 

I beg you to believe me, with much respect, etc. 

P.S. — I hope, sir, that you have not forgotten Mr. Esmond.] 

A Mr. ROBINSON pr My Lord Marischall. 

Robinson, Alberoni. 


HiER au soir, Mons"^, My Lord Marischall m^a trouve icy. 
Je suis bien aise que vous luy donnez deux mille fuzils et les 
poudres que vous faites mention. II vous proposera de lui 
donner trois cents hommes. Si vous voulez bien les lui accorder, 
'fen suis seur que s'aura une tres bonne eiFet, car ce petite, 
nombre quand ils seront arrivez, le bruit du pais le diront trois 
mille, ce que obligera les Ennemis de garder beaucoup des 
Trouppes dans ce pais, et le bruit des Trouppes reglez en ce 
p. 46. pais aura un tres bonne Effet, et le nombre est inconsiderable 
en cette pais mais sera d'une grande consequence en Ecosse. 

II sera bon d'envoyer le General Gordon et le Brig'^ Campbell 
en Ecosse au plus vite aprez que nous aurons fait voille, et 
aussy d'en faire avertir plusieurs autres Seigneurs et Officiers 
qui sont a Paris et en France de s'y rendre sens perdre du 
temps. Mi Lord vous informera de leur noms. 

Je vous prie, Mons*", d'avoir attention a ce qui Mi Lord 
vous proposera. H y a beaucoup de Mess" Ecossois et Officiers 
en France, et en HoUande. Mais il faudra les faire donner de 
quoy se mettre en estat pour faire le voyage, aiant tout perdu^ 


tout ce qu''ils avoient, et le Roy mon Maitre n'aiant pas de 
quoy leur paier leurs petites pensions qu'il leur donoit, depuis 
que le Regent a arreste ce qu"*!! estoit accoutume de luy payer. 

My Lord je croy par le moien de ses Amis en HoUande 
(quelques uns estant Marchands, les autres des Officiers) pour- 
roit faire passer un petit nombre des Armes sens qu'on s'^apper^ut 
comme deux ou trois mille Fuzils, ce qui sera tres necessaire, 
et il me semble qu'il ne faudra pas epargner une petite somme 
pour une affaire qui sera de grande Consequence. 

Mi Lord m''a dit que vous aviez la bontd de lui ofFrir une 
Commission du Roy, ce qui sera tres utille. II aura besoin 
d'argent, ce que je suis bien assure que vous ne lui refuserez p* 47- 

My Lord prend avec lui les trois Mess''^ Ecossois qui sont 
avec Mons"^ Crafton. lis seront plus utille avec lui qu'avec nous 
estant de ce pais, et My Lord en aura affaire quand il debarquera. 

Le Maitre du petit Batiment qui est a St. Paul de Leon 
demande deux Commissions p'' deux Fregattes. II faut si vous 
le trouvez bon que ces Commissions soient en Blanc. L''un des 
Fregattes a ce qu'il me mande est de 40 Cannons. Sy vous 
accordez cette demande que je croy ne sera pas inutille, Je 
tacherai de luy faire tenir ces Patentes. Je vous supplie, Mons'', 
de faire ce que vous pourez pour tacher dWoir quelques Armes 
d''Hollande p"^ L''Ecosse. Une diversion en ce pais sera d'une 
grande Consequence. 

Je me donnerai Thonneur de vous faire s^avoir mon Arrive 
quand je serai a porte de la Courogne, et suis avec beaucoup 
de respect, Mons% etc. 

[To Mr. Robinson, by the Earl Marischal. 
Astorga, February 13, 1719. 
Sib, — The Earl Marischal found me here last night. I am very glad 
that you are giving him two thousand muskets and the powder which 
you mentioned. He will propose that you should give him three hun- 
dred men. If you are pleased to agree to this, I am sure that it will 
have a very good effect, for when these few men have arrived, the talk 
of the country will make them three thousand, which will oblige 
the enemy to keep a large number of troops in that country, and the 
rumour of the regular troops being in that country will have a very 
good effect. The number is inconsiderable in this country, but will be 
of great importance in Scotland. 

,,, OP THE ^ 





It will be well to send General Gordon and Brigadier Campbell into 
Scotland as soon as possible after we have sailed_, and also to warn 
several other gentlemen and officers who are at Paris and in France to 
go there without losing time. The earl will tell you their names. 

I beg you, sir, to consider what his lordship will propose to you. There 
are many Scotch gentlemen and officers in France and in Holland. But 
something must be given them to put them in a position to make the 
journey, as they have lost all, all that they had ; and the king my 
master has no longer the means to pay the little pensions which he used 
to give them, now that the Regent has stopped what he was accustomed 
to pay him.i 

His lordship could, 1 think, by means of his friends in Holland (some 
of whom are merchants and the others officers) get a small quantity of 
arms taken over without being discovered, say, two or three thousand 
muskets. This will be very necessary, and it seems to me that we 
should not grudge a small sum for a matter which will be of great 

His lordship has told me that you were good enough to offer him a 
commission from the king, which will be very useful. He will need 
money, which I am sure you will not refuse him. 

His lordship is taking with him the three Scotch gentlemen who are 
with M. Crafton. They will be more useful with him than with us, as 
they belong to that country ; and his lordship will need them when he 

The master of the small vessel which is at St. Paul de Leon asks for 
commissions for two frigates. These commissions should be blank, 
if you approve. One of the frigates, he tells me, carries forty guns. If 
you agree to this request, which I think will not be useless, I will try to 
make him keep these commissions. I beg you, sir, to do what you can 
to try to have some arms from Holland for Scotland. A diversion in 
that country will be of great importance. 

I will do myself the honour to let you know of my arrival when I 
get within reach of Corunna. I am, with much respect, etc.] 



AsTORGA, 13th February 1719. 
This is to desire you to order the three Scots Gentlemen 
that are with you to follow my Lord MarischalFs orders. This 
is all I have to trouble you with at present, being very sincerely 
yours, etc. 

* See Introduction, p. xxi, and p. 38, note 2. 



AsTORGA, 13th February 1719. 

My Lord, — I am so much convinced of y'^ Grace's zeal and 
readyness for the King's Service that I make no doubt of your 
Grace's joining y"^ interest with my Lord Marischall's for 
endeavouring the restoring of his Majesty. I hope in God 
to Land in England with a body of regular Troops, which 
will draw most of the Enemie's to oppose us, but y"^ Grace 
and Lord Marischall's taking up Arms, with as many of y'^ 
friends and well affected people, will make a great diver- 
sion, and contribute greatly to the hoped for Success, which t- 48. 
the justice of our cause gives us reason to expect, and with the 
Blessing of God I do not doubt of. My Lord Marischall go's 
to you with Arms, and Ammunition. The King designs to 
go to England, his presence there being absolutely necessary. 

Pray God send us a good meeting, and do me the justice to 
believe that I am with great truth and respect, my Lord, etc. 

P.S. — This go's by my Lord Marischall, being the first that 
go's to Scotland ; the rest of y'^ Grace's Countrymen will follow 
as soon as possibly they can. 

Au MARQS DE RISBOURG ^ p S« Timon Connock 

De Foufrien, le 17^^ Fevrier 1719. 

M^. — Je suis ravi d'avoir cette occasion pour vous assurer de 
mes respects. J'espere d'avoir Fhonneur et plaisir de vous am- 
brasser bientot, et renouveller notre ancienne Amitie. 

Vous aurez la bonte, s'il vous plait, de me faire s^avoir par la 
personne qui aura I'honneur de vous presenter cellecy, si le 
Vaisseau que je dois monter est arrive, et quelles nouvelles 

^ Alexander, second Duke of Gordon. He succeeded his father in 1716, and 
died in 1728. He was out in the '15, and was present at Sheriffmuir, but took 
no part in the affair of 17 19. 

* Frangois Philippe de Melun, Marquis de Risbourg, Grandee of Spain, and 
Knight of the Golden Fleece, Viceroy of Galicia. 


vous aurez receu de la Flotte, affin que je prends mes Mesures. 
J'attendrai avec impatience Thonneur de vos nouvelles, et je 
vous prie d'estre bien persuade que j'ai Thonneur d'estre plus 
que personne, Mons'', etc. 

[To the Marquis de Risbourg, by Sir Timon Connock. 

Foufrien, February 17, 1719. 

Sir, — I am delighted to have this opportunity of assuring you of my 
regard. I hope soon to have the honour and pleasure of embracing you, 
and of renewing our old friendship. 

You will, if you please, have the goodness to let me know by the 
person who has the honour to deliver this to you whether the ship in 
which I am to sail has arrived, and what news you have received of 
the fleet, so that I may make my arrangements. 

I shall anxiously await your news, and I beg you to believe that I have 
the honour, etc.] 

Au MARQS DE RISBOURG p^ express 

De Betancos, le 23 Fevrier 1719. 

J'ai re^eu Thonneur de la votre p'^ Mon^ le Major, et vous 

suis infiniment oblige des attentions que vous avez a mon 

Egard. Je me flatte d'avoir demain le plaisir et Thonneur de 

vous embrasser ; nous reglerons ce qu'il y aura a faire pour 

p. 49. couvrir notre jeu. 

Je crains beaucoup pour la Flotte si Elle est en Mer par le 
temps qu'il a fait depuis cinq ou six jours. 

Je vous prie d'excuser que je ne fais pas ma lettre plus long, 
estant un peu fatigue du voyage, et estant justem* arrive. 
Croyez, Mons**, que j'aurai tout le plaisir au monde de vous 
assurer que personne ne vous honore plus parfaitement que, 
Mons'*, etc. 

[To the Marquis de Risbourg, by express. Betanzos, February 23, 1719. 

I HAVE had the honour to receive your letter by the Major, and am 
infinitely obliged by your kindness towards me. I flatter myself that I 
shall to-morrow have the pleasure and honour of embracing you. We 
shall arrange what must be done to conceal our game. 

1 fear greatly for the fleet if it has been at sea in the weather which 
there has been during the last five or six days. 


I beg you to excuse the shortness of my letter, as I am rather tired 
with my journey, having just arrived. Believe, sir, that it will give me 
the greatest pleasure to assure you that no one regards you with more 
honour than, etc.] 



De Sada, le 24re Fevrier 1719, a 6 heur du Soir. 
Je me donne Thonneur de vous envoyer cellecy pour vous 
assurer que je suis arrive. Je suis impatient d'avoir le Plaisir de 
vous embrasser et de vous assurer que i"'ai Thonneur d'etre plus 
que personne, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Sada, February 24, 1719, 6 p.m. 
I DO myself the honour of sending you this to tell you that I have 
arrived. I am impatient to have the pleasure of embracing you, and of 
assuring you that I have, etc.] 



Du 24 Fev'*, a 7i DU Soir. 
Je viens a ce moment de recevoir Thonneur de la votre, 
Mons% et vous suis bien oblige de ce que vous avez la bont^ de 
me mander touchant la Flotte, et de Tinterest que vous vouUez 
bien prendre a ce que me regarde. Demain j'espere avoir Thon- 
neur de vous assurer avec combien de respect j'ai Thonneur 
d'estre. Monsieur, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. February 24, 7.30 p.m. 
Sir, — I have just this moment had the honour to receive your letter, 
and am greatly obliged to you for what you have the goodness to tell me 
about the fleet, and for the interest which you are pleased to take in 
what concerns me. To-morrow I hope to have the honour to assure you 
with how great respect I am, etc.] 



De Sada, le 24 Fev^, a 7 heur J du Soir. 
MoNs% — Je vous suis bien oblige de Thonneur de la votre 
et vous felecite sur votre arrive. 



J' avois dessein de faire ce que vous faites mention touchant 
Mons"^ Le Cardinal et aussy a Tegard de S*. Sebastien. Je n'ai 
point de ce lieu, et cy jen'en re^ois point, j'ai dessein d"* envoyer 
le petit Batiment avec la personne qui est venu avec. Je suis 
A 50. ravy d'apprendre que les mariners sont d'oppinion que la Flotte 
ne pouroit sortir depuis dix jours. Je suis impatient de vous 
assurer de bouche combien je vous estime et que je suis tres 

[To Baron Walef. Sada, February 24_, 7.30 p.m. 

SiRj — I am much obliged to you for your letter, and congratulate you 
on your arrival. 

I meant to do what you mentioned about the Cardinal, and also with 

regard to St. Sebastian. I have no news from thence, and if I receive 

. none, I intend to send the little vessel with the person who came by it. 

I am delighted to hear that the sailors think that the fleet could not 

have put to sea during the past ten days. 

I am impatient to assure you by word of mouth how much I esteem 
you. etc.] 


De Sada, le 24 Fevrier 1719. 
S"^ — I thank you for yours I received last night, and am much 
obliged to you for the trouble you have given yourself in pro- 
viding the provisions that you sent me a list off. As to what 
the Marq^ de Risbourcg proposes concerning my being sup- 
posed to be in arrest, will it not make a new noise about the 
country, and make my being here more talked off', but if the 
Marqs thinks that it will cover any thing of our business, I 
consent to it. I hope to have the satisfaction of seeing you to 
morrow, and of assuring you of the true esteem and value that 
I have for you, being; with ^reat truth, Sir, etc. 


Au MONSR ROBINSON, p« expres 

Robinson, Alberoni. Pierre, The King. 

Dutton, Dillon. 

De Sada, 26 Fevrier 1719. 

Je me donne Thonneur, Mons'', de vous informer que je suis 
arrive icy avent hier au soir, aprez un voyage bien ennuiant. 
J''ai eu rhonneur de voir Mons"^ le Marq^ de Risbourcg hier au 
soir. II fait tout ce qu'*on peut desirer de lui. II vous informera 
de tout ce que se passe. Nous sommes bien en peine pour la 
Flotte, si elle a este en mer ces jours passes, car depuis dix 
jours il a fait un temps horrible, mais n'aiant pas de vos 
nouvelles, j'espere que la flotte n'a pas sorti du Port. P* S^* 

J'ai receu Thonneur de la votre par Mons"* Connock, et vous 
suis infiniment oblige de Tavoir envoye car assurement il me 
sera tres utille. 

Vous aurez veu Mi Lord Marischal, et aussy recu ce que j'ai 
eu rhonneur de vous avoir envoye le soir de mon depart. Je 
m'etonne qu'il n'y a point de Nouvelles de Maitre Pierre. J'en 
suis tres en peine. Dieu veuille qu'il n'a pas este en mer pen- 
dant ces mauvais temps. Je suis de votre opinion, Mons*", qu'il 
sera le premier qui vous donnera de nouvelles de son arrive. 

Plut a Dieu que nous fussions arrive en mon Pais, je crois 
que nous y trouverions beaucoup de brouilleries, ce que nous 
sera bien avantageux. 

C'est presque un miracle qu''on n''a pas parle de ce que s'y 
fait en dernier lieu. 

Je n'ai point de nouvelles de Mons^ de Matillion ny de 
TAid de Camp de Mons'' Crafton. 

Je souhaiterai fort d'avoir la liste des Regiments et les noms 
des Officiers qui commande les Trouppes, je veux dire des 
Espagnols. II n'y a point de nouvelles du pilote TuUo : nous en 
avons deux icy qui appartenoit aux pacquet Boates et deux qui 
appartient au petit Batiment, mais on n'en Sauroit trop avoir 

Mons"^ Dutton va ou vous faites mention. Je souhaite fort 
qu'il fut ou il souhaite d'estre, mais ce vacarme Tembarasse beau- 


coup ; j^en suis tres assur^ qu**!! fera tout son possible pour 
A 52. quitter cette Famille. 

Je crois que les Vaisseaux qui estoient arrestes en HoUande 
ont este relachez et qu'ils sont en route. Mons"^ de Risbourcg 
vous informera des nouvelles qu''il vient de recevoir d'un 
Maitre deVaisseau Hollandois qui est arrive depuis deux jours. 
Le vaisseau est charge de poudre p'^ Barcellone. J'ai fait tout 
ce que je pourois pour n'estre pas connus, mais il y a des 
gens de Valadolide qui ont mande a leurs amis que j'estois 
partis de la, et qu'ils croyient que je venois de ce cott^, et il 
n'y avoit pas moien d'empecher les voiturins de dire dans 
les Posades qui j'estois. J''attends, Mons'^, avec impatience 
Monsieur de Macdonnell, et suis avec beaucoup de respect, etc., 

(Signed) De Comerfort. 

[To Mr. Robinson, by express. Sada, February 26, 1719. 

Sir, — I have the honour to inform you that I arrived here the even- 
ing before last, after a very tiresome journey. Last night I had the 
honour of seeing the Marquis de Risbourg. He is doing all that could 
be desired. He will inform you of all that happens. We are very anxious 
about the fleet, if it has been at sea these past days, for during the last 
ten days the weather has been dreadful, but as I have no news from you, 
I hope that the fleet has not left port. 

I have had the honour to receive your letter by Sir T. Connock. I am 
exceedingly obliged to you for having sent him, for certainly he will be 
very useful to me. 

You will have seen the Earl Marischal, and will have received what I 
had the honour to send you on the evening of my departure. I am 
astonished that there is no news of Mr. Peter. I am very anxious about 
him. God grant that he has not been at sea during this bad weather. 
I am of your opinion that he will be the first to give you the news of his 
own arrival. 

Would to God that we were landed in my country. I think we shall 
find plenty of disturbances there, which will be a very good thing for us. 

It is almost a miracle that what has been going on of late has not been 
spoken of. 

I have no news of M. de Matillion, nor of Mr. Grafton's aide-de-camp. 

I should much like to have the list of the regiments and the names of 
the oflicers in command of the troops — I mean the Spaniards. There 
is no news of the pilot Tullo. We have two here who belong to the 
packet-boats, and two who belong to the little vessel, but we cannot 
have too many. 

Mr. Dutton is going to the place which you mention. I wish very 
much that he were where he wishes to be, but this disturbance impedes 


him much. I am very sure that he will do all that he can to leave that 

I believe that the vessels which were stopped in Holland have been 
released and are now on their way. M. de Risbourg will inform you of 
the news which he has just received from the master of a Dutch ship 
which arrived two days ago. The ship is laden with powder for Barcelona. 

I have done what I could not to be known, but there are some people 

in Valladolid who have told their friends that I had left there, and that 

they thought I was coming in this direction ; besides it was impossible 

to prevent the drivers from saying in their inns who I was. I await Mr. 

Macdonnell with impatience. I am, etc., 

(Signed) De Comerfort. 


Mr. Robinson, Alberoni. 

Sada, near the Corogne, the 26"^" Feb^'' 1719. 

S"^, — I hope this will find you at S* Sebastians ready to em- 
barcke, and that you have had reason to be satisfied with our 
Friend Mr. Robinson. I came to this place the night of the 24*^ 
after a very tiresome journey. 

I here enclose the letters that you thought necessary for the 
Persons you mentioned. I have no news of Tullo ; we have had 
terrible bad weather these ten days, I hope in God the fleet 
has not been at Sea. 

I have nothing more to trouble you with at this time but to 
wish you a safe passage, and that we may meet with the success 
y* the justice of the cause deserves. I am with great truth, S% 
etc., (Signed) Sadler. 


To GLENGARY ^ /. S3. 

Sada, near the Corogne, the %^'^^ Feb'*'^ 1719. 
S"^, — Though I have not the good fortune to know you 
personaly, yet I am no stranger to y'^ character and personall 

1 Alastair Dubh Macdonell, eleventh Macdonell of Glengarry. He bore a 
distinguished part at Killiecrankie and in the '15, and commanded the right wing 
of the Jacobite army at Sheriffmuir. James made him a titular baron in 1716. 


merit, and do not in the least doubt of y^ readyness to serve 
the King our master in the assisting my Lord Marischall to 
make a diversion in Scotland, whilst I am in England with a 
Body of Regular Troops of the King of Spain's Subjects. The 
King I hope is landed by this time, and will be ready to go with 
this Embarkation, or follow without any delay, I have hopes 
in God's blessing on our Enterprise from the justice of our 
Cause. Believe me with truth, Sir, etc. 

(Signed) Ormonde. 



Sada, near the Corogne, the 26"^" Feb^"^ 1719. 
S"", — I hope you will be ready to show the same zeall for 
the King's service that you have hitherto done, and therefore 
I do not in the least doubt that you will use your interest 
to assist my Lord Marishall in making a diversion to employ 
y® Enemies' Troops, when I am in England with a Body of 
Regular Troops of the King of Spain's Subjects. I hope in 
God that we shall have the success that the justice of our Cause 
deserves. The King will be in England as soon as it is possible. 
I am with much truth, Sir, etc. 


To CLANRONALD'S COUSEN 2 (sent without direction 

to L° Marischall) 

Sada, near the Corogne, the 26"^" Feb^^ 1719. 
S', — My Lord Marishall comes to you with Arms and 

He was not at Glenshiel, but after the battle he seems to have welcomed many 
of the fugitives. * It 's certain Your Majesty has not a braver nor better subject 
than this worthy old man,' wrote TuUibardine to James (Aug. 15, 17 19, Stuart 
Papers). He died in 1724. See Appendix, pp. 281, 282, 287. 

^ Donald, third MacLean of Brolas. He served in the army under Queen 
Anne, was out in the '15, and was wounded at Sheriffmuir. Some arrange- 
ments seem to have been made for a gathering of the MacLeans in Mull at the 
time of the Earl Marischal's landing, but Brolas was warned by James Campbell, 
Sheriff-depute of Argyll, of the danger of engaging in any further Jacobite move- 
ments, and does not appear to have taken any part in the affair of 1719. He 
died in 1725. See J. P. MacLean's History of the Clan MacLean^ pp. 215, 225. 

' Donald MacDonald of Benbecula, Tutor of Clanranald, who commanded the 


Ammunition and I am waiting for a fair wind to embarke with 
a Body of Spanish regular Troops, I know the zeall that 
you and y'" Family have shewn for the King's Interest, and I hope p. 54. 
you will help my Lord Marischall in the making a diversion to 
employ some of the Enemies Forces, when I am in England. 
The King will be in this Embarkation or will follow as 
soon as is possible. We ought to hope for a Blessing to our 
Endeavours, considering the justness of our Cause. Believe 
me with truth, Sir, etc., Or d, 

N.B. — That the three above letters were sent under cover to 
the Earl Marischall. 


Sad A, LE 27^^ February 1719. 

MoNs^, — Pent le Vaisseau Hermione sortir de la Ferole, si 
le vent vient au Sud West, et qu'il fait beaucoup de vent. 
Vous aurez s'il vous plait attention a cecy, si le Vaisseau vient 
a la Courogne ne sortiroit il pas plus facillement ? 

Apparament les lettres ne sont point arrivees. Je vous 
prie Mons'^ de me faire savoir votre Sentiment sur ce que j'ai 
rhonneur de vous demander et d'estre tres persuade que j"'ai 
toute la reconnoissance imaginable de vos honnestetes et que 
j''ai rhonneur d'estre, etc. 

T.S. — J'espere que vous avez la bonte de donner une bonne 
quantite des Pierres a Fuzils. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Sada, February 27, 1719. 

Sir, — Can the Hermione get out of Ferrol, if the wind goes to the 
south-west and blows hard ? Please attend to this. If the ship were 
to go to Corunna would she not get out more easily ? 

Apparently the letters have not arrived. I beg you, sir, to let me 

MacDonalds at Killiecrankie, was the cousin of Ranald, thirteenth MacDonald 
of Clanranald. Ranald was at this time in France. He went over from 
Bordeaux to take part in the Earl Marischal's expedition. He died at St. Ger- 
mains in 1725, and Donald succeeded him as fourteenth MacDonald of 
Clanranald. — MacKenzie's History of the MacDonalds, p. 427. 


know your opinion as to what I have asked you, and to believe that I 
am profoundly grateful for your kindness. I have the honour, etc. 

P.S. — I hope that you will have the kindness to furnish a good supply 
of gun-flints.] 

Au MARQs DE RISEBOURG, p« Le Chev« Heley 

Sada, le prem^^ Mars 1719. 


Je viens en ce moment de recevoir Thonneur de la voire je 
A 55- suis bien aise que LTIermione est arrive pour les raisons que 
vous faites mention. 

Mons*^ Le Chev'' de Helley aura Thonneur de vous voir, et 
vous informera Mons'^ de tout ce que je demande. Si vous 
avez des Chevaux de f raise, je vous supplie de me les donner. 

Je vous suis infiniment oblige pour les pierres a Fuzil, et de 
Tattention que vous avez a tout ce que me regarde en particu- 
lier, Je vous supplie d'estre tres persuade que j''en conserveray 
une eternelle reconnoissance. 

Je suis impatient d'avoir des lettres, mais comme vous dites 
Mons'^ je croy que Mons"^ le Cardinal aura arreste tous les 

Je me remets a Mons'^ de Heley et vous supplie tres 
humblement d"'estre persuade du respect avec le quel j'*ai 
rhonneur d''estre Mons"*, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risebourg, per Sir John Healy. 

Sada, March 1, 1719. 

1 have just received your letter, and am very glad that the Hermione 
has arrived, for the reasons you mentioned. 

Sir John Healy will have the honour to see you, and will inform 
you of all my requests. If you have any chevaux-de-frise I beg you 
will let me have them. 

I am very greatly obliged to you for the gun-flints, and for your 
solicitude with regard to everything which concerns me personally. I beg 
you to rest assured that I shall always be grateful for it. 

I am anxious to get letters ; but, as you say, I think the Cardinal 
will have stopped all the couriers. 

I refer to M. de Healy, and beg you to rest assured of the respect 
which I have the honour, etc.] 



De Sada, le 2° Mars 1719. 

Je viens de recevoir I'honneur de la votre p'^ Mons"^ de Hely, 
j''ai veu le Capitaine qui a ce qui me paroit est un Galant 
homme, je vous enverray demain Matin Mons^ de Hely, et me 
remet au qu''il aura Fhonneur de vous dire, je vous suis infini- 
ment oblige des attentions qu'il vous a plu avoir pour faciliter 
ce que je vous demande. 

Je vous supplie tres humblement d''estre persuade que per- 
sonne ne vous honore ni vous estime plus que Mons', etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Sada, March 2, 1719. 

I HAVE just received your letter by M. de Healy. I have seen the 
captain, who seems to me to be a man of honour. I shall send M. de 
Healy to you to-morrow, and refer you to what he will say. I am very 
greatly obliged to you for all the trouble you have taken to meet my 

I beg you to believe that no one honours or esteems you more than, 

LXVII P' 56. 


De Sada, LE S'^ Mars 1719. 

J''ai riionneur de vous envoyer une lettre p'^ Mons'^ 
UAdmiral, que je vous supplie de lui faire rendre quand il 
sera a la hauteur du Cap Finister. Cette lettre est pour lui 
prier de s'approcher de la Corogna, affin que s'*il faisoit mauvais 
temps, que je puis avoir le moien de m'^aboucher avec lui pour 
prendre nos mesures, ce qui sera impossible s'^il tient la mer, et 
que le temps est si mauvais qu"'une Chalouppe ne pourroit aller 
d''un navire a Tautre, nous ne pourrons pas pretendre ny songer 
de faire voile sens que nous nous voions car il ne s^auroit pas 
ou je destine d'aller et aussy il faut que nous ajustions les 
Signaux, et que nous soyons d'accorde d'un lieu de rendevous 
en cas que le mauvais temps separe la Flotte. Je vous supplie 
Mons"^ d''avoir la bonte de tacher de faire rendre ma lettre a 
Mons' de Gevare s'*il est possible. 


Mons*" de Hely aura riionneur de vous voir demain et vous 
informera de tout ce qui est necessaire, en attendant que j^ay 
riionneur de vous voir, vous aurez s^il vous plait la bonte de 
me faire s^avoir vos sentiments par Mons'* de Hely. Croyez 
quMl est impossible d'estre avec plus de respect et de reconnois- 
sance que j'ay Thonneur d'estre, etc. 

[To THE JNIahquis de Risbourg. Sada, March 2, 1719. 

I HAVE the honour to send you a letter for the Admiral, which I beg 
that you will cause to be delivered to him when he is off Cape Finisterre. 
This letter is to request him to come into Corunna, in order that if the 
weather is bad I may be able to confer with him in order to adjust our plans, 
which will be impossible if he keeps at sea ; and if the weather is so 
bad that a boat cannot go from one ship to another. We cannot 
possibly think of sailing until we have seen each other, for he will not 
know where I propose to go ; besides which we must arrange as to the 
signals and agree as to a place of rendezvous in case the fleet should be 
separated by bad weather. I beg you, sir, to have the goodness to try to 
have my letter delivered to M. de Guevarra if possible. 

M. de Healy will have the honour of seeing you to-morrow, and will 
inform you of all that is necessary until I have the honour of meeting 
you. Please be so good as to let me know your wishes through him. 

Believe that it is impossible to be with more respect and gratitude than 
I have the honour to be, etc.] 


De Sada, 3"^ Mars 1719. 

M'*, — Je m'estime fort heureux d"'avoir une personne de votre 
merite pour Commander la Flotte destinee pour cette entreprise 
ou j''ai rhonneur de Commander les Trouppes. Je vous prie, 
P' S7' Mons^, d'estre bien persuade que j'aurai bien du plaisir a trouver 
des occasions par ou je pourrois vous temoigner Festime que 
j^ai pour votre merite. 

.Fai rhonneur, Mons"*, de vous envoyer cette lettre pour vous 
prier de vouloir bien vous approcher de la Courogne aussy tot 
que vous pourrez affin que s'il faisse mauvais temps nous 

^ Rear- Admiral Don Balthasar de Guevarra. He held a junior command at 
the battle of Cape Passaro. His ship, the St, Louis, of fifty guns, was one of 
those which escaped. 


pourrions nous aboucher avec plus de facilite car s'il faisoit 
mauvais temps il seroit impossible q'une chaloupe pourroit 
aller d'une navire a Tautre et nous ne pourrons continuer notre 
voyage sens que nous aions ajuste et regie la routte que nous 
devons faire, ny estre d'accorde des signaux et d'un lieu de 
rendezvous eu cas que la flotte soit separee par du mauvais 
temps. Je suis tres impatient d'avoir Thonneur et plaisir de 
vous assurer combien j'ai Tlionneur d'estre, etc. (S^) Or. 

[To Monsieur de Guevara. Sada^ March 3, 1719. 

Sir, — I think myself very fortunate in having a person of your merit 
in command of the fleet intended for this expedition, in which I have the 
honour to command the troops. I beg you, sir, to believe that it will 
^ive me great pleasure to find opportunities of proving to you the regard 
which I have for your merits. 

I have the honour to send you this letter to ask you to come into 
Corunna as soon as you can, so that in the event of bad weather we may 
the more easily meet, for if the weather is bad it will be impossible for a 
boat to pass from one ship to another ; and we shall not be able to pro- 
ceed on our voyage without having arranged as to the course which we 
are to follow, and agreed as to the signals and as to a place of rendezvous 
in case the fleet should be separated by bad weather. 

I am impatient to have the honour and pleasure of assuring you how 
much I have the honour to be, etc.] 


De Sada, le 3"= Maiis 1719. 

J'ai receu la votre hier au soir, et j'ai ecrite a Mons"" le 
Marq de Risbourg pour luy prier de vouloir bien envoyer ma 
lettre a Mons** Guevara d'abord qu'il pourra. Je prie Fadmiral 
de s"* approcher de la Courogne affin que nous puissions nous 
aboucher et regler tout ce que sera necessaire pour le voyage 
et decente, ce que ne pourra faire s''il faisoit un gros temps, et 
que Fadmiral tient la mer car en ce cas il seroit impossible p. 58. 
qu'une chaloupe pourroit aller d'une navire a Tautre. 

Mons*" Le Cardinal m^a rien dit de ce que vous faites mention, 
mais j^aurai toujours beaucoup d'egarde pour vos sentiments, 
mais je ne crois pas qu'il est necessaire que j'aille a la ville. 



Pour le memoire que vous m"'avez envoye c''est fort bon, mais 
vous pouvez estre assure que j'ai bien pense a toutes ces affaires, 
Dieu veuille que nous puissions debarquer, Je suis fache 
d'apprendre que vous estes indispose mais j''espere que ce ne 
sera rien, croyez moy tres parfaitement, etc. 

[To Baron Walef. Sada, March 3, 1710. 

I RECEIVED your letter last night, and I have written to the Marquis de 
Risbourg asking him to forward my letter to M. de Guevarra as soon as 
possible. I am asking the admiral to come into Corunna so that we may 
meet and arrange all that is necessary and befitting for the voyage, which 
cannot be done if the weather is bad and the admiral at sea_, for in that 
case it will be impossible for a boat to go from one ship to another. 

The Cardinal has told me nothing of what you mention, but I shall 
always have a great regard for your views. I do not think, however, 
that it will be necessary for me to go to the town. 

As to the memorial you have sent me, it is very good, but you may 
rest assured that I have fully considered all these matters. God grant 
that we may be able to land. I am sorry to hear that you are ill, but I 
hope it will be nothing serious. Believe me, etc.] 



Sad A, LE 6 Mars 1719. 
Je viens ce moment de recevoir Thonneur de la votre, et suis 
bien en peine du retardement de la flotte, et je crains fort que 
le Cardinal ne change du sentiment. Je ne croys pas que les 
Whigs estoit dans Tinterest du prince de Hesse ; J'ai eu une 
lettre du Cardinal datee le 13™® Janvier par ou il me mande que 
ce Mons** et Taid de Camp de Mons"* Crofton, estoient partis le 
12. Son Eminence mWoit fait sea voir que les Estats Generaux 
avoient arreste les vaisseaux quWoient les armes, et deffense de 
faire passer aucune Munition de Guerre p"^ L'Espagne. Je sou- 
hate que les vaiss^ qui ont este veues du Cap soient les Fregates 
Anglois. Je vous prie Mons*" de faire bien mes Compliments a 
Mons"^ le Marq^ de Risbourg, j'ai recu I'honneur de la siene 
avant hier, et soyez persuade que je suis tres parfaitement 
Mons% etc. Mes Compliments a tous vos Mess' 


[To Baron Walef. Sada, March 6, 1719. 
I HAVE just received your letter. I am very anxious about the delay oi 


the fleet,, and am much afraid that the Cardinal may change his inten- 
tion. I do not think that the Whigs are on the side of the Prince of 
Hesse. 1 I had a letter from the Cardinal^ dated January 13, in which he 
told me that that gentleman and Mr. Grafton's aide-de-camp had left on 
the 12th. His Eminence also informed me that the States-General had 
stopped the ships with the arms, and had laid an embargo on all warlike 
stores from Spain. I hope that the ships seen off the Cape are the Eng- 
lish frigates. I beg you, sir, to present my compliments to the Marquis 
de Risbourg. I received his letter the day before yesterday. Rest 
assured that I am, etc. 

My compliments to all your gentlemen.] 


De Sada, le 6 Mars 1719. 

MoNs'*, — Je me serve de cette occasion pour vous rendre mes 
tres humbles graces de I'honneur de la votre et vous suis bien 
oblige de ce que vous avez la bonte de m''assurer que vous 
tacherez de faire rendre ma lettre a Fadmiral quand il sera 
arrive a la hauteur du Cap. Je m^ettonne qu'il n'y a pas des 
nouvelles de Madrid, j'espere que nous en aurons demain. II 
seroit a souhaiter que les gros vaisseaux qui ont este veu du 
Cap furent ceux qui doivent venir d'Angleterre. 

J'attends M"^ D'Hely quand vous n^aurez plus affaire de luy. 
J'ai I'honneur d'etre plus que personne au monde, Mons"*, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Sada^ March 6, 1719. 

Sir, — I take advantage of this opportunity to oflFer you my very humble 
thanks for the honour of your letter, and am greatly obliged that, as 
you have the kindness to assure me, you will try to have my letter 
delivered to the admiral when he is off the Cape. I am surprised that 
there is no news from Madrid ; I hope we shall have some to-morrow. 
It is to be hoped that the large ships which have been seen off the Cape 
were those which are to come from England. 

I expect M. de Healy when you have no further need of him. I have 
the honour, etc.] 

^ The Prince of Hesse-Cassel, husband of Ulrica Eleonora, the sister and 
successor of Charles xii., was a candidate for the Swedish throne. 



Sada, 9-^'^ Mars 1719. 

Je viens de recevoir la votre ce moment, et suis fache de ce 
que vous m'apprenez du retardement de la flotte. II paroit que 
le Cardinal a este trompe, puisque vous dites qu'elle ne pouvoit 
avoir este pret a fair voile que le prem""® de ce mois. Je suis 
fache et mortifie que Ton ait decouvert le secret. Je n''ai point 
des nouvelles du Cardinal, et je ne Tecrirai point sur cet article 
f. 60. que je n'ai quelque avis de luy sur la decouverte. 

Si les Anglois on \sic\ sceu le dessein ils ne manqueront pas 
des vaisseaux pour estre pret a metre en mer, il n*'y a point de 
Courrier Extraordinaire arrive. J"'espere que ces nouvelles ne 
se trouveront pas toute a fait si mauvais que vous me mandez. 
Je croyois avoir eu I'honneur de voir Mons"^ le Marquis ce soir, 
mais j'ai appris qu"'il ne vient pas. Je vous prie de me Croire 
tres parfaitement, etc. 

Mes compliments S.V.P. a Mons"" le Marq^ de Reisbourg. 

[To Baron Walef. Sada^ March 9, 1719. 

I HAVE just received your letter_, and am sorry about what you tell me 
as to the delay of the fleet. The Cardinal seems to have been misled, 
since you tell me that the fleet could not have been ready to set sail 
before the first of this month. I am sorry and vexed about the discovery 
of the secret. I have heard nothing from the Cardinal, and I will not 
write to him on this subject, as I have no information from him as to the 

If the English know of the project they will not lack ships to be ready 
to put to sea. No extraordinary courier has arrived. I hope this news 
will not turn out quite so bad as you tell me, I expected to have the 
honour of seeing the Marquis this evening, but I hear that he is not 

I beg you to believe me, etc. Please give my compliments to the 
Marquis de Risbourg.] 



Sada, le IS'*^ Maks 1719. 
M^, — J'ai receu Fhonneur de la votre, et vous suis bien oblige 


de la bonte que vous avez de me faire savoir que vous envoyez 
un Courrier a la Cour, Je me serve de cette occasion puisque 
vous voulez bien me le permettre, pour ecrire au Cour, mais je 
n'*ai rien a dire attendant avec impatience des nouvelles de 
Mons*" le Cardinal, et le depart de la Flotte, le retardement est 
bien mortifiant, mais il faut avoir patience. Je suis fache que 
je n'*ai point joui de Thonneur de votre Compagnie ; mais il faut 
que je me prive de cet plaisir puisqu'il y a des mesures a garder. 

II faut attendre a tout moment le retour de votre Courrier. 
Quand vous aurez des nouvelles, je suis seur que vous aurez la 
bonte de me les communiquer. 

Je vous supplie d"'etre bien persuade qu'on ne pent etre avec 
plus de respect que j'ai Thonneur d'etre, Mons"^, etc. Or. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Sada, March 12^ 1719. 

SiR^ — I have had the honour to receive your letter, and am greatly 
obliged to you for your kindness in letting me know that you are send- 
ing a courier to the court. I take advantage of this opportunity_, since 
you are good enough to allow me to do so, to write to the court, but I 
have nothing to say, as I am awaiting with impatience the Cardinal's 
news, and the departure of the fleet. The delay is very annoying, but 
one must have patience. I am sorry that I have not enjoyed the honour 
of your company ; but I must deny myself that pleasure, as there are 
arrangements to attend to. 

The return of your courier must be looked for at any moment. When 
you receive news, I am sure you will have the goodness to communicate 
it to me. 

I beg you to rest assured, etc. Or.] 


Maitre Pierre, The King, 

Sada, le 12«^ Mars 1719. 
MoNs^, — Je me serve de cette occasion pour vous assurer de 
mes tres humbles respects, Je n'ai rien de nouveau a vous 
mander d'icy, Je suis bien impatient de recevoir de vos 
nouvelles, je croy que le Courrier qui a este depeche il y a 
quatorze jours est en chemain, Je souhaiterai de voir M"^ le 
Chev'^ Macdonnel, et suis bien en peine pour avoir de nouvelles 


de Maitre Pierre j''espere, Mons'", que vous en aurez eu, et que je 
les saurai par la prem''® occasion. 

Le nomme TuUo est arrive icy. Je croy qu'il y aura quel- 
que lettre pour moy a Madride, s'il y en a j'^espere les avoir par 
le prem'^ Courrier. Soyez persuade, Mons% que j'ai Thonneur 
d'estre avec beaucoup de respect et plus que personne, etc. 

(S^) De Comerfort. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Sada, March 1.2, 1719. 

Sir, — I take advantag-e of this opportunity to assure you of my very 
humble respects. I have no news from here to tell you. I am very im- 
patient to receive your news. I trust that the courier who was sent 
off a fortnight ago is on his way. I should like to see the Chevalier Mac- 
donnel. 1 am in great anxiety to have news of Mr. Peter. I hope, sir, 
that you have news of him, and that I shall hear it on the first oppor- 

Tullo has arrived here. I think there will be some letters for me at 
Madrid. If that is so I hope to have them by the first courier. 

Rest assured, sir, that I have the honour, etc. 

(Signed) De Comerfort.] 


Sada, le 12^^ Mars 1719. 

Je vous prie, Mons'', de me dire si vous vous souvenez ce que 
Mons^ le Cardinal vous a dit touchant le temps que je devois 
donner la patente de Brigadier a Mons^ le Chevalier Heley, si 
je ne me trompe vous m'avez dit que Mons'^ le Cardinal ne voul- 
loit pas que je le luy donna que quand nous serious embarquez, 
Mons"* d'Hely ne s^ait pas que je vous ecris sur cette affair. 
J'espere que vous estes bien aprez votre voiage je suis tres im- 
patient pour avoir des nouvelles comme vous pouvez croir, 
Dieu veuille qu'elles soient bonnes, quand j'en receverai, mes 
compl. S.V.P. a tons vos Mess""^ et soyez persuade que je suis 
tres parfaitement Mons'" etc. 

[To Baron Walef. Sada, March 12, 1719. 
Sir, — I heg you to tell me if you remember what the Cardinal said 
to you as to the time at which I ought to give Sir John Healy his 


commission of brigadier. ^ If I am not mistaken^ you told me that the 
Cardinal did not wish me to give it to him until we had embarked. 
He does not know that I am writing to you about this. I hope that 
you are well after your journey. I am very anxious to have news^ as 
you can believe. God grant that it may be good news when I do receive 
it. My compliments_, etc.] 


Sada, le 15 Mars 1719. 

MoNs% — Je vous suis bien oblige de la bonte que vous avez 
eu de m*'envoyer les Gazettes je vous les renvoye. 

Je croy que les vaisseaux qui ont estez veues allont la routte 
de Lisbonne, pourront estre ceux qui estoient destines pour la 
porte Mohan, ils doivent estre quatre vaisseaux de Guerre, 
mais sens doute ils auront beaucoup des vaisseaux marchands. 
J'espere que je ne me trompe pas, et qu'ils tiendront leur routte 
pour le Detroit, s''ils vont a Lisbonne Ils seront informez de 
Tarmement que se fait a Cadix, ce que sera fort a contretemps, 
Je vous prie Monsieur d'estre persuade que j'ai Thonneur d'etre 
avec beaucoup de respect Mons'^, etc. 

P,S, — On aura pris des gros vaisseaux marchands p'^ des 
vaisseaux de guerre. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Sada, March 16, 1719. 

Sir, — I am much obliged for your kindness in sending me the Gazettes, 
which I return. 

I think that the ships which have been seen making for Lisbon may 
be those bound for Port Mahon. There should be four men-of-war, 
but no doubt they will have many merchant ships. I hope I am not 
mistaken, and that they will make for the Straits. If they go to Lisbon 
they will get news of the expedition fitting out at Cadiz, which will be 
a very bad business. I beg you to believe that I have the honour, etc. 

P.S. — ^They will have taken some large merchantmen for men-of- 

^ Under the old French monarchy a brigadier was an officer ranking between 
a colonel and a markhal de camp. The word is now used for a corporal of 




Sada, le 15 Maiis 1719. 

M% — Hier au soir j''ai receu Thonneur de la votre. Vous pouvez 
croire rimpatience que j'ay de ce retardement. Nous ne voyons 
que trop que la Flotte n'est pas arrive, mais nous sommes tout 
a fait ignorant de ce que le retient, si c^est le vent contraire, ou 
manque de Matelots, mais il me semble assez extraordinaire 
que Mons"" le Cardinal ne veut pas me donner de ces nouvelles. 
S'il avoit change de sentiment quelle mistere y a-t-il a me le 
faire scavoir, enfin je ne comprend rien a tout cecy. 

A ce que vous faites mention touchant quelque jalouzie qu*'il 
p. 63. pourroit arriver, si nous allions en Ecosse sur le commandement, 
. il n'*y pourroit avoir, puisque la patente de mon Roy, de 
Capitaine General est de commander par mer aussy bien que 
par terre. Enfin il faut avoir patience car il n'y a point de 
remede, j'espere que demain ou aprez demain au plus tard, le 
Courrier sera de retour. Mes Complim*^ S.V.P. a vos Mess"^ 
Croyez moy parfaitem* etc. 

[To Baron Walef. Bada, March 15_, 1719. 

SiBj — Last night I had the honour to receive your letter. You can 
believe my impatience at the delay. We see only too well that the fleet 
has not arrived ; but we are entirely ignorant as to what is detaining it, 
whether contrary wind, or want of seamen. It seems to me, however, 
very extraordinary that the Cardinal does not think fit to give me this 
information. If he had changed his intention, what mystery is there 
about letting me know } In short, I do not understand this at all. 

As for what you mentioned about some jealousy which might arise if 
we go to Scotland in command, there could not be any, as my King's 
commission as Captain General grants command by sea as well as by 

In short, we must have patience, for there is no remedy. I hope that 
the courier will return to-morrow, or the day after to-morrow at latest. 
My compliments, etc] 



Sada, the 16 March 1719, at 12 at Noon. 
S% — I have just now receiv'*d yours, and wonder that there is 


no news of the Fleet, since the letters from Cadix of the 20th 
February mentions that all things was ready, and only waited 
for orders; it's surprising that we do not hear from the 
Cardinal. I own I cannot guess at the reason. I am sorry 
that ifs talk'd off at Cadix that this expedition is for Scotland, 
and that it is your humble servant, that has the honour to 
command it ; but there is no help for it. 

I have told the Marquis my opinion in my letter to him last 
night, concerning the things that he informed me off, that you 
now mention, and it was the four ships designed for Port 
Mahon, with severall large merchant ships under their Convoy, 
which at a distance have been taken for ships of war. I own I 
know not what to think of the CardinaFs silence, but there is 
no remedy but patience. Pray believe me with great esteem 

My Comp. to S"^ J. Haley and y® rest of your Company. 

LXXIX p, 64. 


Sada, le 16^^^ Mars 1719. 

M% — J''ai receu Thonneur de la votre p"^ Mons"^ de Connock, 
et j''ai dessein s'il plait a Dieu de m'*embarquer demain, J'^espere . 
que nous aurons bien tost nouvelle de Tarrive de la Flotte. 
J'envoye avertir nos Messieurs qui sont a la Courogne de 
s'embarquer demain. 

Je suis ravie que toute est prete. Je vous prie d'estre 
persuade que je suis avec beaucoup de respect, etc. 

P.S. — Par la lettre que j'ai receu de Mons"^ le Cardinal il est 
d'opinion qu''il sera necessaire d'envoyer un petit Batiment ou 
deux au Cap Finisterre pour nous avertir quand la Flotte 
parol tra, le Pacquet Boat qu''on vient d'equiper poura estre 
employe, Nugent doit le commander, Mons*" De Connock aura 
rhonneur de vous rendre cellecy et de vous informer de tout ce 
que je croy estre necessaire. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Sada, March IQ, 1719. 
Sir, — I have had the honour to receive your letter by M. de Connock, 


and I intend, please God_, to embark to-morrow. 1 hope that we shall 
very soon have news of the arrival of the fleet. I am sending to give our 
people at Corunna notice to embark to-morrow. 

I am delighted that all is ready. 

I beg you to believe me, etc. 

P.S. — According to the letter which I have received from the Cardinal, 
he is of opinion that one or two small vessels should be sent to Cape 
Finisterre to let us know when the fleet appears. The packet-boat which 
lias just been equipped might be employed. Nugent is to command 
her. M. de Connock will have the honour of delivering this to you, and 
of informing you of all that I think necessary. ] 


COROGNE, LE 17^^ MaRS 1719. 

HiER au soir j''ai receu Fhonneur de la lettre que V. Eminence 
m'^envoya par Mr. Macdonnel avec Tagreeable nouvelle que la 
Flotte estoit parti le 7^® du Courant. Je suis arrive icy aujour- 
d'hui avant diner, affin d'estre pret a m'embarquer d''abord que 
j'en aurai des nouvelles. Nous envoyons un petit Batiment a 
la hauteur du Cap Finisterre pour nous avertir de Tarrivee de 
la Flotte. Pendant que nous estions a Table j'ai re^u la lettre 
p. 65. de V. E. avec la bonne nouvelle de Tarivee du Roy mon Maitre, 
c'est presque un miracle qu'il a si heureusement fait le voiage, 
j''espere que c'est une bonne augure, et que Dieu benira Tentre- 
prise. Mons** le Marquis de Risbourcq, Mons' Walef et moy, 
avons parle ensemple, et sommes tons d^accord qu^il est absolu- 
ment necessaire que sa Majeste vient icy, affin d'estre prest 
pour s"*embarquer quand Toccasion s^en presentera. J'ai veu la 
lettre que Mons' de Risbourcg envoye a V. Em. II vous in- 
forma de tout ce que nous sommes Convenus, et je n''impor- 
tunerai pas V. E. par des repetitions. 

Je suis bien fache d'aprendre qu'on est alarme en France et 
en Angleterre, — mais il faut faire de notre mieux, et esperer 
que la providence divine nous donnera un bon succes. Je 
suis du sentiment de V. E. de ce que vous faites mention 
touchant Mons''. Lawless et mon parent, et je ne doute pas 
que le Roy mon maitre ne Taprouve, il est vray semblant que 


la Reine de Suede ne se melera pas des affaires etrangeres pour 
quelque temps. Je suis bien aise d"'apprendre que votre Em. A 66. 
a fait acheter cinq ou six mille Fusils a Amsterdam, je me 
servirai de la permission que vous me donnez, selon que je 
trouverai occasion, aiant les addresses pour les Marchands 
ou Banquiers, et le nom de Mons"^. Lawless. J'ai receu la 
Declaration de sa Majeste Catholique pour ce qui regard les 
sujets de mon Maitre, que ne pourroit qu**avoir un bon effet 
en cas de malheur, et celle pour estre lu a la tete de chaque 
Compagnie des sujets du Roy. A Tegard de ce que V. E. me 
mande touchant les officiers jWrai attention, et je m^estime 
fort heureux dWoir Mr. de Connock, et j''ai beaucoup d'^estime 
p'^ Mr. de Franlieu et les autres. Je m'etonne que V. E. n"'a 
pas eu des nouvelles de Mess""^ de Gordon et de Campbell. 
Je suis seur que Dutton ne perdra pas un moment a venir 
quand il pourra. Je voy par les nouvelles que vous avez eu la 
bonte de m'envoyer, qu^il y a des grandes affaires sur le Tapis 
en Angleterre, touchant la succession et bien du changement 
dans la Cour s'il plait a Dieu il y aura beaucoup plus. J'ay 
rhonneur dVstre, etc. 

P.S. — V. E. m'a envoyee une pacquet p'^ My Lord Marischal 
— je vous le renvoye, je croy que c'estoit par mepris. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni, by express. Corunna, March Vj, 1719. 

Last night I had the honour to receive the letter which your Emin- 
ence sent me by Mr. Macdonnel, with the agreeable news that the fleet 
had sailed on the 7th of this month. I arrived here to-day before dinner, 
so as to be ready to embark as soon as I get any news. We are sending 
a small vessel to the latitude of Cape Finisterre to let us know of the 
arrival of the fleet. While we were at table I received your Eminence's 
letter with the good news of the arrival of the King my master. It is 
almost a miracle that he has made the voyage so successfully. I hope it 
is a good omen_, and that God will bless the enterprise. The Marquis de 
Risbourg, Baron Walef, and myself have consulted together, and we are 
all agreed that it is absolutely necessary that His Majesty should come 
here, so as to be ready to embark when the opportunity occurs. I have 
seen the letter that M. de Risbourg is sending to your Eminence. He 
has told you of all that we have agreed upon, and I shall not trouble 
your Eminence with repetitions. 

I am very sorry to hear that they have taken alarm in France and 
in England, but we must do our best, and hope that Divine Providence 
will give us good success. I am of Your Excellency's opinion as to what 


you say about M. Lawless and my kinsman, and I have no doubt that 
the King- my Master will approve. It is not likely that the Queen of 
Sweden will meddle with foreign affairs for some time. I am very glad 
to learn that your Eminence has caused five or six thousand muskets 
to be bought in Amsterdam. I shall make use of the permission which 
you give me as I find opportunity, having the addresses of the merchants 
or bankers, and the name of M. Lawless. I have received the declara- 
tion of his Catholic Majesty regarding my Master's subjects, which can- 
not but have a good effect in case of misfortune, and that is to be read at 
the head of each company of the King's subjects. I shall attend to what 
your Eminence tells me about the officers. I consider myself very for- 
tunate in having M. de Connock, and I have a great regard for M. de 
Franlieu and the others. I am surprised that your Eminence has not 
had news of Mr. Gordon and Mr. Campbell. I am sure that Dutton will 
not lose a moment in coming when he can. I see by the news which you 
have been good enough to send me that great events are happening in 
England as to the succession, and great changes about the Court. ^ Please 
God there will be many more. 
I have the honour, etc. 

P.S. — Your Eminence has sent me a packet for the Earl Marischal. 
I return it ; I suppose it was sent by mistake.] 



CoROGNE, 17 March 1719. 
This day I received a letter from the Cardinal of the 13th 
Instant, with the agreeable news of your being landed at Roses, 
for which I do most heartily thank God, and do with all the 
sincerity and respect imaginable congratulate you on your safe 
arrivall into this Country, I was infinitly in pain for you during 
the bad weather that we have lately had, fearing that you 
might have been at sea, at that time, but thank God my fears 
are at an end. The Cardinal tells me that he has ordered 
relays on the Road for you, and desires to know my opinion, 
if it is best for you to come to this place, tho^ I shou"'d be gone. 

^ This probably refers to the quarrel between George i. and his son, which 
reached an acute stage in 1718, when the Prince of Wales, after having been 
placed under arrest in his own apartments, was ordered to quit St. James's. 
George wished to obtain an Act of Parliament to compel the Prince, on coming 
to the throne, to relinquish his German states. This project was given up on 
the strong remonstrances of Lord Chancellor Parker. 

- The original of this letter is in the Stuart Papers. 


I am entirely of opinion that you should come hither, or in the 
neighbourhood, that you may be in a readyness to embarque, 
if that it pleases God I land in England, and meet with the 
success I hope for, in that case I will send back the men of war, 
and order them to make the best of their way to this place, 
if wind and weather permits, and, if not possible to come to 
this place, to endeavour to come to some port in the neigh- P- ^^' 
bourhood, for shou'd you stay at Madrid, or at a great distance 
from this place, it might so happen that you might lose an 
opportunity by being at so great a distance. 

I came to the Marq^ de Risbourcqe's this afternoon, to be 
ready to embarque but I have no news of the Fleet^s being seen 
on the Coast, tho'' I do expect every moment to hear of it's 
being seen off of the Cap Finisterre. It is very unlucky that 
the designe is discovered but it was almost impossible it shouM 
not, the winds and weather having kept the Fleet from sailing 
after it had been ready to go to sea for some weeks. The 
Marq^ de Risbourg will have a Country house for you, near 
this Town, so that you will not be troubled with seeing 
Company, unless you pleas ; tho** indeed there is but little 
here. — Mr. Bagnal is in Holland, the Cardinal will inform you 
of what he has mentionM to me of him and Mr. Lawles, con- 
cerning their being sent to Sweden, which I believe you will 
not think impropper, he will also inform you of arms that he 
has in Holland, and My Lord MarischalPs going to Scotland, 
with arms, and ammunition, and also of everything that relates p. 69. 
to your service. I hope in God to see you where you ought 
to be, and pray to God to preserve you and give you all 
happyness. I am with great duty and respect y' Majesty's, etc. 


Zeky, Ezekiel Hamilton, 

COROGNE, THE 17'^ MaRS 1719. 

My Lord, — I am quite tired with writing, but would not 

^ Mar, as has been mentioned, had been made a titular duke by James. 
Ormonde evidently knew nothing of his arrest at Voghera (Introduction, 
p. xxxiii), and thought that he had accompanied James to Spain. 


lose this opportunity of congratulating you on the king^s safe 
arrivall, and on your own share of the good fortune in coming 
safe to this Country, after so hazardous a voyage ; I must refer 
you to mine to our Master, and to be sure the Cardinal will 
inform the king of everything that relates to his Interest. 
Zeky is now in England I believe, I sent him thither to inform 
our Friends of what was agreed on here, that they might be 
apprised of the undertaking, and send some small vessells to 
meet us, to give an account of y'" posture of affaires, and where 
the Cruisers were, and what ships might be in the soundings 
and chopps of the Channell. I had one from our Friends, I 
sent the Cardinal an abstract of what he brought me over. I 
A 70. hope you left all your friends well in Italy, and that we may 
have a happy meeting, God send it. 
Believe me very, etc. 


COUROGNE, LE 19'= MaRS 1719. 

MoNs^, — Je vous prie de me donner Mille huit Cents 
Piastres, des Sept Mille Pistolles qu'^il y a abord de L''Her- 
mionne. J'ai Thonneur d'estre, etc. 

Nta — This order was Changed for one of Three thousand 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Courogne, March 19^ 1719. 
SiR_, — I request you to give me eighteen hundred piastres ^ of the seven 
thousand pistoles which are on board the Hermione. I have the honour, 


COUROGNE, LE 20 MaRS 1719. 

MoNs'*, — Aiant este informe par le Cap* de THermionne que 
son Equipage n'est pas complete, et meme qu'elle n''est pas 

^ The old Spanish piastre or ' piece of eight ' was worth about four shillings. 
The gold pistole was worth between fifteen and sixteen shillings. 


composee des gens telles qu''il souhaiteroit avoir en cas de 
rencontre; Je vous prie de donner vos ordres pour faire 
venir icy de Ponte a Vedre Le vaisseau nomme Le Prince des 
Asturies, appartenant au sieur Mahar, commande p"^ le s"^ 
Nugent avec tout son Equipage, qui sera tres necessaire 
abord de THermionne, estant des bons Matelots et des gens 
experimentes. Vous aurez aussy Mons"^ la bonte s'il vous plait, 
d'ordonner au Gouverneur de Ponte a Vedre de donner les pro- 
visions necessaires. J'ai Thonneur d^estre, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Courogne, March 20, 1719. 
Sir, — As I have been informed by the Captain of the Hermione that his 
crew is not complete, and that it is not composed of such men as he 
would like to have in the event of an engagement, I beg you to give orders 
to send here from Pontevedra the ship called The Prince of the Asturias, 
which belongs to M. Mahar, and is commanded by M. Nugent, with all 
her crew, who will be very necessary on board the Hermione, as they are 
good sailors and experienced men. You will also have the kindness, sir, 
if you please, to order the Governor of Pontevedra to supply the neces- 
sary provisions. I have the honour, etc.] 

LXXXV A 71. 


COROGNE, LE 20^^ MaES 1719. 

MoNs*', — Je m'estime fort heureux d''avoir une personne de 
votre merite pour commander la Flotte destinee pour Fentre- 
prise ou j'ai Thonneur de commander les Trouppes. Je vous 
prie, M'', d'estre bien persuade que j'aurai bien du plaisir a 
trouver des occasions par ou je pourrai vous temoigner Testime 
que j''ai pour votre merite. J'ai Thonneur de vous envoyer 
cellecy qu'est une copie d'une que j'ai envoyee deja au Cape 
Finisterre, pour vous estre rendue, mais je me serve de cette 
occasion, de peur que Tautre pourroit manquer, pour vous prier 
de vouloir bien vous aprocher de la Corogne aussy tost que 
vous pourrez affin que nous pouvons nous aboucher avec plus 
de facilite, car s'il faisait mauvais temps il seroit impossible 
qu'une Chalouppe pourroit aller d'un navire a Tautre, et nous 
ne pourrons continuer notre voyage sens que nous aions ajuste 
et regie la routte que nous devons faire, ny estre d'accord des 


signaux et d''une lieu de Rendezvous en cas que la Flotte soit 
P- 72. separee par le mauvais temps. Je vous prie, Mons'', d'estre per- 
suade que j'*ai Fhonneur d'estre, etc. 

[To M. DE Guevara. Courogne, March 20, 1719. 

Sib, — I think myself very fortunate in having a person of your merit 
to command the fleet intended for the expedition in which I have the 
honour to command the troops. I beg you, sir_, to believe that it will 
give me great pleasure to find opportunities of showing you the regard 
which I have for your merits. I have the honour to send you this letter, 
which is a copy of one which I have already sent to Cape Finisterre to 
be delivered to you, but I take advantage of this opportunity in case the 
other should fail, in order to beg you to come into Corunna as soon as 
you can, in order that we may the more easily confer, for if the weather 
is bad it will be impossible for a boat to pass from one ship to another, 
and we shall not be able to proceed upon our voyage without having 
adjusted and settled the course which we are to take, and agreed as 
to the signals and a place of rendezvous in case the fleet should be 
separated by bad weather. 

I beg you, sir, to rest assured that I have the honour, etc.] 

Au CARD. ALBERONI, par express 

COROGNE, LE 22 MaRS 1719. 

J'ay riionneur d'informer V. E. par ce Courier que nous 
n'avons pas des nouvelles de la Flotte, ce qui est un Contre- 
temps tres facheux. Ce retardement de la Flotte cause par des^ 
Vents contraires rende notre Entreprise tres difficile et presque 
impossible, puisque je voy par la Lettre de V. E. a Mons'^ le 
Marq^ de Risbourg que Ton est averti en France et en Angleterre 
de L'armement qui se faisoit a Cadix, du depart du Roy mon 
Maitre de Rome, et a Theur qu'il est son arrive en Espagne et 
le tems que j'ai demeure en cet voisinage, ce qui les aura donne 
Talarme et le tems de prendre leurs precautions pour nous 
opposer, V. E. se resouviendra que quand j^avois Fhonneur de 
vous proposer ce projet que cetoit sur la supposition que nous 
la ferions par surprise, car autrement je naurois pas ete si 

^ Copy in Stuart Papers. 


imprudent que de proposer d'attacquer L'Angleterre avec cinq 
mille hommes quand on aura ete averti de notre desseins. Je 
ne veul pas dire par ceci qu'ils puissent diviner ou j'ai desseins 
de debarquer, cest a dire justement Tendroit, mais ils sim- ^' 73- 
ageront bien que cest pour L'Angleterre ou pour L'Ecosse, 
car croyes moy Monseign*" ils ne prendront pas le change et ne 
croiront jamais que nous avons dessein d"'aller en Irlande. 
* Permette que je fasse sovenir V. E. de ce qui est dans le 
Papier que j'ai eu I'honneur de vous envoyer de Valladolid a 
mon de part de la. Cest Tabstracte de ce que mes amis m'avoient 
mande et leur opinion en reponse de ce que j'ai les avois de- 
mande en partant de Paris, la premiere article dit que si on 
peut surprendre les Hannoverians que le coup est immanquable 
mais autrement difficile et tres incertaine. Je suis en cette 
Voisinage depuis le 24™® du Fevrier, cest les Vens et mauvais 
tems qui a fait ce Retardement, qui ait donne les tems aux 
Ennemis de prendre leurs precautions, V. E. jugera bien comme 
TafFaire est change par cette retardement car ce qui a ete bon 
il y trois semaines ou un mois ne Test pas a cet heur. Je crois 
qu''il sera bon d'aller en Ecosse ce que je netois point d''opinion 
auparavant ce retardement ; on pourra eviter une Escadre que 
apparament nous attendra a Tentre de la manche, en allant au 
large par le Oiiest de LTrlande. Nous pourons avoir les armes 
et ammunitions de Hollande ; nous pourrons nous deffendre ^* 74* 
et nous maintenir du Cote des Montagnes, mais il sera 
tres necessaire, si V. E. goute ce projet, que vous nous envoyez 
de la farine, du sel, vin, Brandevin, pour la subsistance, nous 
aurons du monde assez ; et je suis assure que nos amis feront 
leur possible de nous joindre, c^est a dire ceux qui sont au 
nort d'Engleterre, et il est bon d'avoir un pied dans L'Isle, et il 
pourroit arriver des accidents a notre avantage, et il n'est pas 
impossible que les Troupes Angloises qui sont en ce pais 
pourront deserter. En cas que V. E. est du sentiment de ce 
que je propose, il faudroit que le Roy mon maitre vient pour 
aller sur la Flotte. Je n''ai pas vouUu finir ma lettre jus- 
ques Farrive du petit Batiment que nous avons veu entrer en 
cette porte, nous crumes qu'il venoit de la Flotte, mais je viens 
de parler au patron. II vient de S*^ Sebastien, il dit que les 
deux Fregattes sont partis avec les trois cents soldats il y a 


onze jours, et que les vents ont estez sy contraires qu"*!! lescroit 
a trente Lieux du Cap d'Ortegalle. 

Nonobstont ce que j'ai ecrit touchant le Roy mon Maitre, si 
la Flotte arrive nous nous embarquerons s'il plait a Dieu et 
p. 75 continuerons la routte vers TEngleterre, en esperance de ren- 
contrer quelque Bastiment d'avis. Si je n'^en trouve pas a la 
hauteur de Tendroit que nous appellons les soundings, je feray 
voille vers FEcosse et j'auray Thonneur de vous envoyer un 
petit Batiment pour vous informer de ce que J'ay dessein de 
faire. Je ne vous donne pas le detaille de ce que nos enemies 
peuvent faire, pour se fortifier contre nous ; vous le s^avez, et 
Mons*^ de Risbourg vous informe aussy bien que Mons"^ de 
Walef. J'espere que nous aurons des nouvelles de V. E. si le 
vent demeure contraire. J^ay receu quatre cents pistolles de 
Mons"^ de Risbourcq par Tordre de V. E. dont je vous suis bien 
oblige. Mons"^ de Risbourcq fait tout ce qu'on pent desirer de 
luy. J'ay Thonneur d'estre avec beaucoup de respect de Votre 
Eminence, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni, by express. Corogne, March 22^ 1719. 

I HAVE the honour to inform your Eminence by this courier that we 
have no news of the fleets which is a very annoying mischance. This 
delay of the fleet, caused by contrary winds, makes our enterprise very 
difficult and almost impossible, since by your Eminence's letter to the 
Marquis de Risbourg I see that both in France and in England they are 
informed about the expedition fitting out at Cadiz, of the departure of 
the King, my master, from Rome, and now of his arrival in Spain, and 
the time that I have spent in this neighbourhood, all which will have 
given them the alarm and time to make arrangements to oppose us. 

Your Eminence will remember that, when I had the honour to propose 
this enterprise to you, it was on the footing that it was to be carried out 
by surprise, for otherwise I should not have been so rash as to propose 
to attack England with five thousand men when they were informed of 
our intentions. I do not mean to say that they can find out where I 
propose to land, that is to say, the exact place, but they will understand 
quite well that the expedition is for England or Scotland, for, believe 
me, Monseigneur, they will not be taken in, and will never believe that 
we mean to go to Ireland. 

Allow me to remind your Eminence of the contents of the paper which 
I had the honour to send you on my departure from Valladolid. It is 
the abstract of the information which I received from my friends and 
their opinion in reply to the inquiries which I made of them when I left 
Paris. The first article says that if we can surprise the Hanoverians the 




17 19] ^^==^^4y£gSel™0NDE LETTERS 93 

stroke is sure of success, but is otherwise difficult and very uncertain. I 
have been in this neighbourhood since the 24th of February ; it is the 
winds and bad weather which have caused this delay_, which has given 
the enemy time to take precautions. Your Eminence will judge how 
much the position of matters is changed by this delay ; for what was 
good three weeks or a month ago is not so now. I think it would be 
well to land in Scotland, which I did not think before this delay ; we 
could avoid a squadron which apparently is to be waiting for us at the 
mouth of the Channel by keeping well out to sea to the west of Ireland. We 
could get arms and ammunition from Holland, and could defend ourselves 
and hold out in the Highlands, but it will be very necessary, if your 
Eminence likes this plan, that you should send us meal, salt, wine, and 
brandy for provisions. We shall have plenty of men ; and I am assured 
that our friends will do what they can to join us, that is to say, those 
who are in the north of England. It is well to have a footing in the island ; 
accidents might happen to our advantage, and it is not impossible that 
the English troops in the country might desert. Should your Eminence 
agree to what I propose, the King my master ought to come to go on 
board the fleet. 

1 did not wish to finish my letter until the arrival of the little vessel 
which we saw enter this port. We thought that it came from the fleet, 
but I have just been talking to the master. He comes from St. Sebastian ; 
he says that the two frigates with the three hundred soldiers sailed eleven 
days ago, and that the winds have been so contrary that he believes 
they will be thirty leagues from Cape Ortegal. 

Notwithstanding what I have written with regard to the King my 
Master, if the fleet comes we shall go on board, please God, and proceed 
on our course towards England, in hope to meet some despatch vessel. 
If I do not find any at the latitude of the place which we call the sound- 
ings, I shall make sail for Scotland, and shall have the honour to send 
you a small vessel to let you know what I propose to do. I do not 
give you the details of what our enemies can do to fortify themselves 
against us ; you know them, and M. de Risbourg can inform you, as 
well as M. de Walef. I hope that we shall have news of your Eminence 
if the wind remains contrary. I have received four hundred pistoles 
from M. de Risbourg by your Eminence's order, for which I am greatly 
obliged to you. M. de Risbourg does all that one could desire of him. — 
I have the honour, etc. ] 



CoROGNE, 22d March 1719. 
Sir, — I hope this will find you in good health, after your 

Original in Stuart Papers. 


fatigue, and that you are satisfied with the Cardinal, I have not 
the least doubt of it. S'^ I here enclosed send you a copy 
of mine to the Cardinal, which will inform you of my opinion ' 

A 76. concerning the enterprise, and the delays we have met with 
by the contrary winds, and bad weather, I do also enclose the 
opinions of your Friends in England in answer to some querries 
that I sent them from Paris, by a sure hand, you will see Sir 
that by them, they thought the attempt could not miscary, 
provided that we could surprise the enemies, therefore gave 
their reasons for not communicating of it but to a very few, 
they say at the same time, if that the attempt be discovered 
before the landing, it allmost will be impossible to suceed, I 
need not say any more on this subject refering to mine to the 
Cardinal. I have just now seen the Master of a ship from S* 
Sebastiens that is just arrivM from thence, he says that Lord 
Marishall I mean that the two Friggats with soldiers saiPd 
from S* Sebastien eleven days ago, My Lord Marishall was with 
them, but this man did not mention him, Brig"^ Campbell is 
with him, but the Master says that he do's believe that they 
are not above thirty leagues from the Cape Ortegall, the wind 
having been so contrary. You will see. Sir, my reason for 
what I mention concerning Scotland, occasioned by our being 
detained so long by contrary Windes, which has given the 

P' 77' Enemies time for to fit out a squadron, and to raise Troops, 
and send for Forreigners, what was good a month ago is not so 
now, I have been in this neighbourhood since the 24th of 
february expecting to have met the fleet when I arrived. In 
Scotland we may keep our ground in the Highlands, and waite 
for some occasion that may be advantageous, this is mentioned 
in mine to the Cardinal, and if we should embarke before I 
have the honour to kiss y*" hand, I will send you an advice 
Boat to informe you of what I designe to endeavour to do. 

If wee go to Scotland you will be pleased to get the Cardinall 
to send by single ships, good sailers. Wines, Brandy, Meale, and 
Salt, with money for to help to pay your subjects that takes 
up arms for you. I have had one thousand Pistolles from 
the Cardinall, and Mons'^ de Risbourg lends me another 
thousand of his own, I do not intend to medle with this 
money of his should any accident hinder us to pursue our 


voyage, I expect a little money from my Relations and 
design to have it paid to him. 

I will trouble you no longer at this time, but to beg of 
you to believe that I pray to God to give you success, and A 78. 
all happyness, I am with all duty and respect, etc. 



CoROGNE, Y^ 27^« Mar. 1719. 

S"^, — On the 22*^ instant I had the hon'^ to receive your 
Letter of y^ 11th from Girone and hope you came safe and 
in good health to Madrid. I am very glad the Princesse 
is at Rome, I heartily wish she were in this Country.^ I 
have no News of the Fleet, there came to this place about two 
hours ago a little Privateer from Ponte Vedra, she had a Letter 
from me to y® Spanish Admirall in case she shoud meet with 
him at sea — the Master of this Privateer had been here and I 
sent him back to his ship at y® place I have mentioned to 
bring his Vessell hither with intention to take his Crew to 
recruit our Frigat who was not so well nian"'d as she ought to 
have been. 

I suppose Sir that you will not make any stay at Madrid, I 
mean not above a day or two, but make the best of your way 
to this place that if the Fleet shou'd not be sailed from this 
Porte before you arrive you may take your measures as to 
goeing or otherwise as you will think most proper. You will 
have seen, S"*, by mine I had the hon"^ to write of y® 22*^ inst. what 
I propose and y® uneasiness I am in at this delay which certainly 
was caused by the contrary Winds, and the ill consequences of 
the Enterprises being known in England, which must necessarily 
have put your Enemies on their Guard. I think there is 
nothing to be done but the goeing to Scotland, tho' to be sure 
they will not have neglected that kingdome. I hope you will 
have prevailed with the Cardinal to have given you a good A 79* 

^ Original in Stuart Papers. 

2 Princess Clementina was still at Innspruck. 


summ of money for the uses I mentioned in my last, for when 
the troops are once landed and that there shoud be any insur- 
rection in this kingdome when the French and German troops 
invade it, in that case I fear the troops that are in Scotland 
would be forgotten, and very little or no supplys sent them 
from Spain. I am in daily expectation of seeing somebody 
from England, but this is very uncertain the passage by Sea 
being lyable to so many accidents, shou''d any one come and 
bring good News which is hardly to be expected, then, I woud 
think of the first designe, whatever happens I will endeavour 
to inform you of what passes, shou'd you not arrive before we 
leave this place. My Lord Marischall with the two Frigats 
was put into S* Andere as I was informed from a Master, that 
came from that place and arrived here two days agoe, I suppose 
he has acquainted the Cardinall with his being there. Coll. 
Owen ^ came hither last Night but brought no News. 
I am with great Duty, S"*, etc, 


Au CARD. ALBERONI, par expres 

Major Stamfort, Ezekiel Hamilton. 

COROGNE, LE 27"^ MaRS 1719. 

J'ay eu rhonneur de la Lettre de votre Eminence du 18"^® 
nous n'^avons point des nouvelles de la Flotte ce qui m'ettonne 
beaucoup. II est entre en cette porte une Corsaire de Ponte 
Vedre que nous avons fait venir icy pour se servir de son Equi- 
P 80. P^g^ pour recruiter THermione qui avoit besogne, Monsieur de 
Risbourg vous a donne le detaille de cecy aussi bien que de 
tous ce qui se passent, j'ay veu sa lettre et suis d'accord de tons 
ce qu'il mande a V. E. ce pourquoy je ne veul pas importuner 
V. E. d'un recit. J'ai fait donner une somme aux Officiers pour 
leur aider a avoir ce qui leurs etoit necessaire pour leur Voiage 

^ Colonel Owen, who followed Ormonde to Spain, had been dismissed from 
the British army. He was at Oxford in 1715, concerting measures with some 
of the Heads of Houses for an insurrectionary movement. His proceedings 
were discovered, and he only escaped arrest by a hasty flight. See Mahon, 
vol. i. p. 158. 


ce que sera compte sur leurs Appointements. My Lord Maris- 
chall a ete relache a S* Ander apparament il aura informe V. E. 
de son arrivee. Le Coll. Owen arriva hier au soir. Jespere 
que le Roy d'Angleterre est arrivee en bonne sante a Madrid 
et qu'il ne restera pas plus long terns qu''il est absolument 
necessaire. Mon Secretaire le Major Stamforte partit de 
Bourdeaux le 26™® de fevrier et je conte qu'il a ete en Angle- 
terre il y a 15 jours, il me mande par Monsieur Lesley qu'il ne 
restera pas plus de deux fois vingt quatre heurs a Londres, 
qu'il partiroit sans perdre un moment pour me rencontrer, qu'il 
enveroit un Officier de la Marine dans un autre Batiment 
pour tasher de me joindre. Dieu veuille que Pun ou Tautre me 
rencontre. Sur ce que V. E. a ecrit touchant la Hermione 
il pourroit arriver des inconveniens, car si elle etoit au Cap il 
pouroit arriver que nous pourrions voir quelques Vaisseaux de 
guerre Angloises et la partie ne serroit pas egalle, s'il feroit 
quelque gros tems nous pourrions etre force en mer et manquer 
L'Escadre, la Fregate est preste a faire Voile, et je suis pret a 
m'embarquer c'*est pourquoi je crois quelle est mieux icy. 
Jespere que L'Escadre Angloise qui etoit a Lisbonne n'a pas A 8i. 
tache de rencontrer la Flotte. J'ay Thonneur d'etre, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni^ by express. Corunna, March 27, 1719. 

I HAve had the honour to receive your Eminence's letter of the 18th. 
We have no news of the fleet, which surprises me much. There has 
come into this port a privateer from Pontevedra, which we have brought 
here in order to make use of her crew to recruit the Hermione which 
needs men. M. de Risbourg has given you details as to this, as well as 
of all that is happening. I have seen his letter, and agree with all that 
he tells your Eminence, so I do not wish to trouble your Eminence with 
a narrative. I have advanced to the officers a sum to enable them to 
provide necessaries for the voyage, which will be deducted from their 

The Earl Marischal has apparently put in at Santander. He will have 
informed your Eminence of his arrival. Colonel Owen arrived here 
last night. I hope that the King of England has reached Madrid in 
good health, and that he will not stay longer than is absolutely necessary. 
My Secretary, Major Stamfort, left Bordeaux on the 26th of February, 
and I should think has been in England for a fortnight. He tells me 
by Mr. Lesley that he will not remain more than forty-eight hours in 
London, that he will set out to meet me without losing a moment, and 
that he will send a naval officer in another vessel to try to join me. 



God grant that one or the other may meet me. As to what your 
Eminence has written about the Hermione, accidents might happen ; 
for if she were at the Cape we might happen to meet some English men- 
of-war, and the match would not be equal ; and if it were bad weather 
we might be driven out to sea and miss the fleet. The frigate is ready 
to sail, and I am ready to go on board. That is why I think she is 
better here. I hope that the English squadron which was at Lisbon hcis 
not tried to meet the fleet. I have the honour, etc.] 


Au MONS« CREAN et COMPAGNIE, par le mesme expres 

Mars 27. 

MoNs^, — Ayant receu avis des Mess""^ Sampson et Sandilanes 
de Bourdeaux qu'ils ont tirees sur le Sieur Vanbeque 220 
pieces de liuit en votre faveur, je vous renvoy par un Courier 
55 pistolles d'Espagne pour payer la dite lettre, et en cas que 
la ditte lettre soit protestee ce que je n'ay pas lieu d'esperer par 
ce que ces Mess*"^ me mandent vous aures la bonte de les 
remettre la ditte somme en leur mandant que cest pour le 
Compte de son Excellence le Due D'Ormonde. Je suis, etc. 

Vous estes prie Mons"^ d'avoir la bonte d'envoyer par le 
Courier qui vous donnera cette lettre 2 livres du meilleur Tea 
vert pour Mons"^ le Due D'ormonde, addresse au Marquis de 

N.B. — This Postscript belongs to y® last letter to y® Cardinal. 

J'ay pris la liberte d^envoyer une petite somme d'*argent a 
Monsieur Crean Banquier a Madrid. Je supplie V. E. de per- 
mettre que Maitre des Postes rend cette lettre avec L'argent. 

[To Messrs. Crean and Company, by the same express. March 27. 

Sir, — Having been informed by Messrs. Sampson and Sandilanes of 
Bordeaux that they have drawn on M. Vanbeque for 220 pieces of eight 
in your favour, I send you by a courier 55 Spanish pistoles to meet the 
said bill ; and in case the said bill should be protested, which I have no 
reason to believe from what these gentlemen tell me, you will be so 
good as to remit them the said sum, advising them that it is on account 
of his Excellency the Duke of Ormonde. I am, etc. 

You are requested to have the goodness to send by the courier who 


will deliver this letter two pounds of the best green tea for the Duke of 
Ormonde, addressed to the Marquis de Risbourg. 

N.B. — This Postscript belongs to the last letter to the Cardinal. 

I have taken the liberty of sending a small sum of money to M. 
Crean, banker in Madrid. I beg your Eminence to allow the postmaster 
to deliver this letter with the money.] 

Au CARD. ALBERONI, par expres i 

Stamfort, Ezekiel Hamilton. 

COROGNE, LE 31"^ MaRS 1719. 

La Lettre de V. E. j'ay eu Thonneur de la recevoir hier au 
Matin. Nous n^avons pas des nouvelles de la Flotte, et je vous ^. 82. 
prie d'etre persuade que je suis bien eloigne de faire des diffi- 
cultes puisque V. E. a veu par ma Lettre que nonobstant ceux 
qui se trouvent par le retardement cause par les vents contraires 
que j'etois prest a m'embarquer quand la Flotte arrivera, mais 
je voulois bien faire voir a V. E. que je n''etois point insensible 
ni ignorant de ces difficultes par ce malheureux retardement. 
Enfin je ferai tout mon possible pour que Taifaire reuisit etant 
un peu interesse moi mesme. Je crois que V. E. ne pent 
douter mais que les Enemis soient informes de TEnterprise 
et j''espere que V. E. voudra bien m"'envoyer une Somme pour 
etre employee ou Toccasion se presentera, car les Enemis 
apparament aura la precaution de fair venir a Londres toute 
L'argent que seroit dans les Doiianes, ce que j'avois compte 
de saisir d'abord que nous aurions ete a terre cest a dire si tot 
qu'il etoit possible, mais par la raison que j''ai Thonneur de dire 
je ne puis conter la dessus. Si la Flotte n'arrive pas plustot 
que V. E. me pent ecrire jespere que vous aurez la Bonte 
d'envoyer 50000 mille (sic) Ecus que ne sera employe qu'on il 
est absolument necessaire, mais je ne perdrai pas un moment 
de m''embarquer quand la Flotte arrive. Nous nWons 
point de Chirurgien sur la Fregate, c*'est a dire pas un 
qui est habille, ce pourquoi je supplie V. E. de vouloir 
bien donner permission au Chirurgien qui est icy nomme 

^ Copy in Stuart Papers. 


Charier d'aller avec moi, et qu'il ne perd pas sa Charge qu'il 
ait icy, si la Flotte arrive je contera tant sur la bonte de V. E. 
que je lui prendra sur mon bord. J'espere que le Roi d'Angle- 
/• 83- terre est en chemin pour venir icy, j'attend a tous moments un 
Batiment d'Angleterre, Monsieur Stamfort mon secretaire m'a 
mande de Paris du 2™® du courant qu'^il partoit le landemain 
matin pour UAngleterre et qu'il demeureroit a Londres que 
deux jours au plus, qu'il viendroit a la Corogne s'il ne me 
rencontreroit pas en mer et qu'il y aura deux autres Messieurs 
qui feroient de meme. 

Je n'ai point des nouvelles de Compte, je ne scais s'il aura 
peu sortir de S* Andere. V. E. peut croire que je scais toutes 
les inconvenients qui arrivera si cette Enterprise manque. II est 
a cet' heur pres de six heurs mais aucune nouvelle de la Flotte, 
Ton a veu des Vaisseaux a la hauteur du FeroUe nous croyons 
qu'il y auroit quelqu'un de la Flotte mais ils ne sont pas encore 
entree. V. E. me permettra de lui recommender Monsieur le 
Marquis de Prado qui m'a faite milles honnetetez quand j'etois 
a Valladolid, je ne point eu de ses nouvelles depuis mon arrivee 
et vous pouvez etre bien assure qu'il netoit point en ma 
Confiance. J'ai Fhonneur avec beaucoup de Respect, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni, by express. Corunna, March 31, 1719. 

I HAD the honour to receive your Eminence's letter of yesterday 
morning. We have no news of the fleet, and I beg you to believe that I 
am far from desiring to make difficulties, since your Eminence has seen 
that, notwithstanding those which exist on account of the delay caused 
by contrary winds, I am ready to go on board when the fleet arrives ; 
but I wish to make it clear to your Eminence that I am not insensible 
to nor ignorant of the difficulties due to this unhappy delay. In short, 
I shall do what I can for the success of the undertaking, seeing that I 
have myself some interest in it. I think your Eminence cannot doubt 
that the enemy are informed of the enterprise, and I hope that your 
Eminence will have the goodness to send me a sum to be employed as 
occasion may arise, for it seems that the enemy will take the precaution 
to remove to London all the money in the custom-houses, which I had 
reckoned on seizing as soon as we landed, that is to say, as soon as 
possible, but for the reason which I mention I cannot count upon it. 
Unless the fleet should arrive sooner than it is possible for you to 
write to me, I hope that you will have the goodness to send me 50,000 
crowns, which will not be used unless it is absolutely necessary ; but I 
shall not lose a moment in going on board when the fleet arrives. 

"We have no surgeon on board the frigate, at least none who is capable. 


I accordingly beg your Eminence to grant permission to a surgeon here 
named Charier to go with me, and that he may not lose the employ- 
ment which he has here. If the fleet arrives I shall count upon your 
Eminence's kindness so far as to take him on board. 

I hope that the King of England is on his way here. I expect every 
moment a vessel from England. Mr. Stamfort, my secretary, wrote me 
from Paris on the 2d of this month that he was to leave for England 
on the following morning, that he would remain in London two days at 
the outside, that he would come to Corunna if he did not meet me at 
sea, and that two other gentlemen would do the same. 

I have no news of the Earl [Marischal]. I do not know if he has been 
able to leave Santander. Your Eminence may believe that I know all 
the ill consequences which will arise if this enterprise miscarries. It is 
now almost six o'clock, but no news of the fleet. Ships have been seen 
off Ferrol: we believe that they may be some of the fleet, but they 
have not yet come in. 

Your Eminence will permit me to recommend to you the Marquis de 
Prado, who showed me much kindness when I was at Valladolid. I 
have had no news of him since my arrival, and you may be sure that 
he was not in my confidence. I have the honour, etc.] 



COROGNE, THE 31 MaRCH 1719. 

S'*, — I cannot send you any news from this place. I have no 
account of the Fleet which is wonderfull. I send you, Sir, a 
copy of mine to the Cardinall, you see the reasons why I press 
for money, if this comes to you before you leave the Court, I 
liope you will do all you can to prevail! with him to comply 
with what I ask, it being absolutely necessary for your service, 
and I think the sum not unreasonable, considering the circum- 
stances. Pray God direct you and give you all prosperity, I 
am with all submission, Sir, your most, etc. 


To THE KING, p« M« S-^ Marie2 

CoROGNE, 4th April 1719. 
S^, — This morning I had the honour of yours of the 30th, 

^ Original in Stuart Papers. 

2 Original in Stuart Papers. Received at Villafranca, April lo. 


and am glad to find by it that you got safe to Madrid, and 
designed to leave it on Monday. I hope in God that you will 
have a good journey hither. I have no news of the Fleet, but 
am in expectation, as I have been for these five weeks past to 
hear of its arrivall every moment. I find y"^ Majesty do''s not 
approve of what I mention''d concerning Scotland, which I 
meant only as a pise aller, I mentioned the difficultys that 
might reasonably be expected, by the unlucky delay of the 
Fleet's being detained by contrary winds, but shall not make 
p, 85 any difficulty when the Fleet arrives, but do all that is possible 
to land in England. I shouM think with submission that if it 
shouM prove impracticable to land in England, it were better 
to attempt Scotland than to return to Spain, without attempt- 
ing to land in Great Brittain, the Cardinal seem'd to be of 
this opinion in his to me of the 18th March. Mons"^ de 
Risbourg sends Mons"^ de St. Mary the King^s Lieutenant of 
this Kingdome, to waite on you, he is a very honnest gentle- 
man, and will do every thing he can to serve you ; the 
Marquis desires me to assure your Majesty of his most profound 
respects, he is mortified he cannot be absent from this place 
that he might pay his duty to you on the Fronteers, but his 
presence is necessary here when y® Fleet arrives. 

It would be of great consequence to hear from England that 
I might, according to what I hear from thence, take my 
measures, I do for the best and will venture as much as one 
can do to land in England, God send us good success : your 
Majesty do''s not answer what I mention concerning mony. I 
hope my Lord Marischall will have a good passage. I do not 
know who has the honour to attend you, I thought the Duke 
of Mar had been one, but I see by the Gazette that he and 
the D. of Perth are stop'd in Italy which I am very sory for, 
I am with great duty and respect, S"*, etc. 

P- 86. Au CA. ALBERONI, p^ expres 

COROGNE, LE ^^^ AvRIL 1719. 

HiER j'*ai receu deux lettres de V.E. Tune au Matin du SI""® 
et au soir celle du prem""® d'Avril. V.E. pent etre persuade que 


je obeirai les ordres du Roy, et que je ne songerai plus a 
TEcosse, et qu'il ne sera pas ma faute sy nous ne debarquerons 
pas en Angleterre, car nous ferons tout ce qui est humainement 
possible pour aborder, et de faire reussir TafFair. Je suis interesse 
en toute maniere, et j'espere que je ne manquerai pas de fermete 
pour ce qu'est mon devoir, Thonneur m''engage ceque j'estime 
plus qu'^aucune chose au monde. 

Je n ai point de nouvelle de la Flotte, d'abord qu'elle arrive 
je ne perderai pas un moment a m'embarquer je n''ai jamais eu 
dessein de rester si la Flotte arrivoit pour attendre le Roy mon 

Selon les Nouvelles de Suede il me semble qu'il ne seroit pas 
inutille de tacher de faire un Alliance avec cette couronne, et 
V. E. a deux personnes en Holland qui pourront estre employez. 
Les affaires de Meclenbourg pourront bien brouiller les affaires 
au Nord, que L''Empereur ne trouvera pas son Conte. J**ai 
demande de Targent a V. E. et vous ai dit mes raisons, mais en 
meme temps vous ai mande que je ne differeray pas un moment 
a m'embarquer pour Tattendre. J'ai Thonneur d'*estre avec 
beaucoup de respect, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni, by express. Corunnaj April 5, 1719. 

Yesterday I received two letters from your Eminence, the one of the 
31st in the morning, and in the evening that of April 1. Your Ex- 
cellency may rest assured that I will obey the King's orders, that I will 
think no more of Scotland, and that it will not be my fault if we do 
not land in England, for we shall do what is humanly possible to land, 
and to make the enterprise succeed. I am interested in every way, 
and I hope that I shall not fail in constancy in my duty. I am bound 
by honour, which I value more than anything on earth. 

I have no news of the fleet. As soon as it arrives, I shall not lose a 
moment in going on board. I never intended to remain, should the 
fleet arrive, to wait for the King my Master. 

According to the news from Sweden, it seems to me that it would not 
be useless to try to make an alliance with that power, and your Eminence 
has two persons in Holland who might be employed. The afiairs of 
Mecklenburg might very well throw the politics of the North into con- 
fusion, which the Emperor will not find to his account. ^ I have asked 

^ In 1716 difficulties had arisen between the Duke of Mecklenburg and his 
subjects, and the subsequent interference of the Czar with the domestic affairs of 
the Duchy had been warmly resented both by the Emperor and by the smaller 
German sovereigns. See Mahon, vol. i. p. 226. 


your Eminence for money and have told you my reasons ; but at the 
same time have let you know that I shall not delay my embarkation a 
moment to wait for it. 
1 have the honour^ etc.] 



COROGNE, LE 5^^ ApRIL 1719. 

S^, — Last night I had the honour of y"^ Majesty^s of the first 
of April, and shall obey y"^ orders, in doing all that is possible 
to land in England, and not mention Scotland any more. 

The Cardinall preaches to me much on the subject of fermete. 
I hope I shall not want it, and do my duty. I own I never 
was preach'd to on that subject before. 

I shall do all that I can to serve you, being with great duty 
and submission, Sir, etc. 


CoROGNE, LE 9^*= AvRIL 1719. 

La lettre de V. E. du 4''® J''ai eu Thonneur de la recevoir hier 
au matin, par laquelle je voye que sa Majeste a change de 
sentiment, et contremande les ordres que votre Em*^® m''avoit 
envoye du prem'"® du Courant. Je ne manquerai pas de faire 
tout ce qui me sera possible pour obeir aux ordres de sa 
Majeste, en tachant de debarquer en Angleterre, mais si cela se 
trouve impracticable, Je ferai tout ce que je puis pour mettre 
pied a terre en Ecosse ce qui ne sera que la derniere resource. 
Je croyois que aprez que le Roy et V. E. auriez reflechis que sa 
Maj. ny V. E. ne voudroient pas abandoner le Comte Marischall, 
et tant des Braves gens qui sont avec luy aussy bien que 
plusieurs autres qui ont tache de se rendre eu ce pays. Envers 
le midy il est arrive un Batiment de transport charge des 
Poudres et aiant a son bord deux Compagnies du Regiment de 

^ Original in Stuart Papers. ' Copy in Stuart Papers. 


Valance; Mons*" de Risbourcg envoya votre Eminence une 
relation de tout ce que le Capitaine du Vaisseau luy a informe, 
ce que n'est pas agreeable ; pour eviter une repetition je me 
rapporte a ce qu''il vous envoye, le vent est bon et nous 
attendons L'arrive de la flotte a chacque heure, Dieu veuille 
qu'elle arrive et en estat de se mettre en mer d'abord qu'elle 
aura pris de Teau. Mons"^ de Risbourg fait ce qu'il pent 
pour avoir de quoy les fournir des vivres en cas qu*'elle en 
manque, et je ne perderai pas un moment a m''embarquer 
quand elle sera pret a faire voille. 

A L^Egard de ceque V. E. fait mention du Roy mon Maitre, 
j'^espere, et me flatte que Ton me fera la justice de croire que 
j ai pour sa personne, toute la plus respectueuse attachement 
qu''est possible, et qui me mette dans une grande inquietude en 
cette conjoncture, aiant autant a coeur son honneur et reputa- 
tion que son interest, mais aprez avoir reflechy sur sa situation, 
j''ay pris la resolution de luy conseiller de ne se pas embarquer, 
et meme je feray mon possible pour luy empecher, il ne faut 
pas absolument que sa Majeste se hazarde asteur [sic], mais 
ce qui est embarassant, est quelle excuse faut il faire, car le ^' ^9« 
publique juge avec malice des actions des princes aussy bien 
que des personnes des plus basse naissance, enfin il y a du pour 
et de contre, mais il ne faut pas hazarder sa personne. Je suis 
ravy que V.E. a eu la bonte de me faire avoir quarante Mille 
Ecus, et me mande qu''elle m'envoyera encore soixante. Mons*" 
de Risebourg a envoye hier au soir pour tacher d'en avoir de 
S* Jacques, n'aiant pas toute la somme icy. J'ai dessein 
d'envoyer un Batiment qui appartient a un Irlandois qui 
est habitant de S* Sebastien, et fort honnete homme, pour 
aller a Amsterdam avec la lettre pour Mons*^ de Sardy, avec 
un Autre p"^ Mons"" de Clotau, et incluse une pour Mons' 
Gozzani avec Tordre de V.E. pour les armes, et cinq cents 
quintaux de poudre, et de les envoyer en Ecosse a une 
Isle qui est prez des Montagues d'Ecosse ou My Lord 
Marischall aura du Monde pour les recevoir, LTsle s'appelle 
Wist ; J'envoy avec ce Batiment deux Officiers qui ont servy 
dans Taffaire du Due de Mar, qui sont des gens d'honneur qui 
sont du pais des Montagues qui connoissent le pais et qui A 90. 
parlent bien la langue de ce party de TEcosse, en cas que ce 


Batiment rencontre une Escadre Angloise, ils rebrousseront 
chemain, et tachera de nous en avertir, s^ils sont borde par une 
Navire Angloise, ils auront ordre d'avoir les lettres, et autres 
papiers pret a jetter dans la Mer avec du plomb, mais j'espere 
qu'ils n''auront pas affaire de cette precaution, le proprietair 
aiant avec luy une passeport Francoise, et les deux officiers 
scront deguises en Matelauts, mais en cas des Accidents, V.E. ne 
trouueroit il pas a propos de tacher de faire tenir une lettre 
a Mons'^ Lawles (pour) Clautau pour lui ordonner d'envoyer ces 
armes, et poudres en Ecosse a Tendroit que Je fais mention. 
Cette Isle est situe a Touest d''Ecosse, et est une des Isles de 
Hebrides. Je croyois de finir ma lettre ce soir, pour Tenvoyer a 
votre Em : mais Mons'' Le Marq^ de Risbourg m'a prie d*'atten- 
dre pour demain, croyant que nous verrions entrer quelque 
autre navires de la Flotte. 

AVRIL, LE 10'^ 
Ce matin il est arrive Cinq Vaisseaux de la Flotte, un qui 
S'appelle le Comte de Tholouse, est endomage, Mons"^ de Ris- 
/. 91. bourg vous envoy une dettaille de ce que les Patron de ces 
Navires lui ont informes. Je me referre a cette relation, et 
n'envoyerai pas le petit Batiment en Hollande, jusques a ce 
que je s^aurai les sentiments de V.E. 

AvRIL, LE 11'^ 

Monsieur le Marquis de Risbourg envoye son Courrier a ce 
moment, nous n''avons pas veu aucune autre navire de la Flotte, 
Moils'* de Risbourg fait mettre les Trouppes a terre, et aura 
toute la precaution possible pour les empecher de deserter. 
D'abord que nous aurons des Nouvelles du reste de la flotte, 
j'aurai Thonneur de vous ecrire, et je supplie V.E. d'estre per- 
suade que j'ay Thonneur d'estre avec beaucoup de respect, de 
V.E., etc. 

P,S. — Le Patron du petit Batiment de S* Sebastien s'appelle 
Jean Mealier, cet homme est connu de Prince de Campo 

Ne serait il pas a propos que V.E. mande a Mons' Lawless, 
de faire acheter huit a dix mille Armes, avec des ammunitions 
pour estre pret pour estre envoye ou on auroit besoigne. 

[To THE Cardinal. Corunna, April 9, 1719. 
I HAD the honour to receive yesterday morning your Eminence's letter 


of the 4th, hy which I see that His Majesty has changed his mind and 
countermanded the orders which your Eminence sent me on the 1st. I 
shall not fail to do all that I can to obey His Majesty's orders by trying 
to land in England, but should that prove impracticable, I shall do what 
I can to land in Scotland, which will be only the last resort. I thought 
that after the King and your Eminence had reflected, neither His Majesty 
nor your Eminence would wish to abandon the Earl Marischal and so 
many brave men who are with him, as well as several others who have 
tried to reach that country. 

Towards mid-day a transport ship arrived laden with powder, and 
having on board two companies of the regiment of Valencia. M. de 
Risbourg sends your Eminence an account of all that the captain of 
the vessel has told him,^ which is not agreeable ; to avoid repetition I 
refer to his letter. 

The wind is fair, and we expect the arrival of the fleet every hour. 
Would to God that it would arrive, and in a condition to put to sea as 
soon as it has taken in water ! M. de Risbourg does what he can to be 
able to supply the fleet with provisions if it needs them, and I shall not 
lose a moment in embarking when it is ready to sail. 

As to what your Eminence says regarding the King my Master, I 
hope, and I flatter myself that people will do me the justice to believe, 
that I have all the most respectful attachment possible for his person. 
This gives me much anxiety at this time, as I have his honour and 
reputation at heart as much as his interest, but after having reflected on 
the situation, I have made up my mind to advise him not to embark, and 
indeed shall do what I can to prevent his doing so. It is not absolutely 
necessary that His Majesty should risk himself just now, but what is 
embarrassing is what excuse should be made, for the public judges with 
malice of the action of princes as well as of those of persons of the 
humblest birth ; in short, there is something for and against it, but his 
person must not be risked. ^ 

I am delighted that your Eminence has had the goodness to let me 
have forty thousand crowns, and that you promise to send me sixty 
thousand more. M. de Risbourg sent last night to try to get some from 
Santiago, as he had not the whole sum here. 

I intend to send a vessel which belongs to an Irishman who lives at 
San Sebastian, a very honest man, to go to Amsterdam with the letter for 
M. de Sardy, another for M. de Clotau, and enclosed one for M. Gozzani 

^ Copy in Stuart Papers, Appendix, No. 36, p. 243. 

2 James's reputation for courage needed some nursing. As a lad he had be- 
haved well in action ; at Malplaquet he charged twelve times with the Maison du 
Roi, and was wounded in the arm ; but his conduct in the '15 had not been such 
as to give his adherents much idea of his spirit. Bolingbroke said of him in the 
Letter to Sir William Windham : ' The spring of his whole conduct is fear, fear 
of the horns of the devil, and of the flames of hell,' but Bolingbroke is scarcely 
an unprejudiced witness. 


with your Eminence's order for the arms and five hundred quintals of 
powder, and to send them to an island near the Highlands of Scotland, 
where the Earl Marischal will have people to receive them. The island 
is called Uist. I am sending with this vessel two officers who served in 
the Duke of Mar's affair, who are men of honour, who belong to the 
Highlands, who know the country, and who speak the language of that 
part of Scotland well. In case the vessel should meet an English squadron, 
they will come back and try to let us know. If they are boarded by an 
English ship, they have instructions to have the letters and other papers 
ready to throw into the sea with lead, but I hope that they will not have 
occasion for this precaution, as the owner has with him a French 
passport, and the two officers are disguised as sailors, but in case of 
accidents, would it not be well for your Eminence to try to forward a 
letter to M. Lawless, for Clotau, to order him to send these arms and 
powders to Scotland to the place I mention ? This island is situated to 
the west of Scotland, and is one of the Hebrides. 

I expected to finish my letter this evening and to send it to your 
Eminence, but the Marquis de Risbourg has asked me to wait till to- 
morrow, as he thinks that we may see some other ships of the fleet 
come in. 

April 10. — This morning, five ships of the fleet arrived. One called 
the Comte de Thoulouse is damaged. M. de Risbourg is sending you a 
detailed account of the information which he has received from the 
masters of these ships. I refer to this report.^ I shall not send the little 
vessel to Holland until I know your Eminence's views. 

April 11. — The Marquis de Risbourg is now sending off his courier. 
We have not seen any other ships of the fleet. M. de Risbourg has 
caused the troops to be landed, and will take every possible precaution to 
prevent their deserting. As soon as we have news of the rest of the fleet, 
I shall have the honour to write to you, and I beg your Eminence to rest 
assured that I have the honour, etc. 

P.S. — The master of the little vessel from San Sebastian is called John 
Meagher ; he is known to the Prince of Campo Florido. 

Would it not be well that your Eminence should instruct Mr. Lawless 
to buy from eight to ten thousand muskets, with ammunition, to be ready 
to be sent where they are wanted ? ] 



COROGNE, THE 11^" Ap^ 1719. 

Sir, — I have the hon'' to send your Majesty a Copy of a 
Letter that I received from the Cardinall the 8^^ instant, dated 

* Copy in Stuart Papers, Appendix, No. 37, p. 245. 

* Original in Stuart Papers. 



the 4*^.1 You will see, Sir, that the King of Spain has changed 
his mind, and Countermanded the Orders I received from the P- 92. 
Cardinall of y® 1^* of this Month concerning Scotland. On 
Sunday Morning and Yesterday at Noon there came into this 
harbour five Ships from the Fleet. I send your Majesty a 
Copy of y^ Information that y® Marquis de Risbourg has had 
from the Masters of each Ship,^ and also from each Command- 
ing Officer of y® troops on board each Vessell ; we have not 
heard of any more Ships, but expect to see some arrive every 
hour. God grant that the rest of the Fleet come soon, and 
that they may be in a condition to put to Sea in a little time. 
The Cardinall has sent Orders to the Marquis de Risbourg to 
give me 40000 Crowns, and has promissed me three score 

thousand more. 

This Embarkeation lias been so unfortunatly delayed that I 
hope you will not think of goeing on board if that the ffleet 
should be in a Condition to put to Sea in a short time ; if my 
Opinion be of any consequence I shall be against your Embark- 
ing. Your Majesty will see in the Copy of mine to the Cardinal 
what I proposed concerning sending a ship to Amsterdam for 
to get y'^ Arms that are there to send them to Scotland. As 
soon as I hear what is become of y® rest of y® Fleet I will in- 
form your Majesty of it. The Marquis de Risbourg has his 
little Country house ready for you, and has gotten a very good 
house in the Towne for your Majesty. I am with all submis- 
sion, etc. 


To THE KING (Not senty 

COROGNE, THE 12"^" ApRIL 1719. 

Sr, — I wou'd not lose this opportunity of paying my duty 
to your Majesty, tho' I have no news to send you. We have 
not seen any more ships belonging to the Fleet, but the 
Marq' de Risbourcq had accounts to day, that there has 

1 This copy is in the Stuart Papers, Appendix, No. 19, p. 222. 

2 Appendix, No. 37. 

^ This whole page is crossed out. 



arrived near the Cape in a little harbour, a Transport, with 
horses. She has been damaged by the Storm, and lost nine 
horses out of two and twenty. He has had an account from 
Vigo of S** Peter Sherlocke's Ship being put into that Port, 
with two hundred foot soldiers. The Master says in his letter, 
that they were four days without provisions, or Water ; all the 
Commanding Officers of the Troops, and Masters of the Ships, 
that wee have seen, complain of want of Water and Victualls. 
The Lisbon gazette mentions that M"^ Hardy with his Sqadron 
of five Ships, two of them being but frigates, sail'd the 16*^ of 
March from that Porte to endeavour to meet with the Spanish 
fleet, that was gone to Bristol, he must have had his share of 
the Storm. 

I hope the fatigue of your Journey do''s not affect y"* health. 


COROGNE, THE 13^« APRIL 1719. 

Sir, — I have the honour to send your Majesty an abstract ^ 
of what the Marq^ de Risbourg is inform^ of from the 
Intendant of the Fleet, with the account that the rear 
Admiral gives of the condition of his own Ship, and some 
others that are put into Vigo, and also of two that are got 
into Muras. There is no news of the Commandant of the 
Fleet, who I fear is in a very bad condition, by the accounts 
we have had. 

Mr. Macdonell will inform your Majesty of what I told him 
to inform you of, concerning the Lisbone Gazette, the Abstract 
mentions that two of the English Frigates were seen in the 
Mouth of the River of Vigo. I hope in God Hardies Squadron 
has not met with the fleet, for they must have had their share 
of the Bad Weather, having left the River of Lisbone the 16*^ 
last month. 

I am heartily mortified to be obliged to send so ill news, but 

1 Original in Stuart Papers. 

2 In Stuart Papers. Appendix, No. 38, p. 246. 


we must do all that is possible to put the fleet into a condition 
to go to Sea as soon as it is practicable. 

I hope the fatigue of the journey do''s not affect your health, 
which I pray God to preserve, and am with great duty and 
Submission y' Majesty ""s, etc. 

To YE CARDINAL by express 

COROGNE, LE 13 AvRIL 1719. 

Monsieur de Risbourg envoie a V.E. les avis qu'il a receu 
des Vaisseaux qui sont arrives a Vigo et a Muros, il n'y a pas 
des Nouvelles de Monsieur de Guevarra, nous sommes fort en 
peine pour luy et son Navire, il n'y a que dix Vaisseaux arrives 
encore, nous en attendons le reste avec beaucoup d'*impatience, 
Dieu veuille qu"'ils arrivent au bon Port. 

Mons"" de Risbourg a donne ordre pour payer une demie 
Mois de paye aux Troupes ce qui leurs sera fort aggreable 
apres les fatigues quails ont souffertes en Mer, ils leur est deu 
six Semaines au moins. Mons"" le Marquis dit qu''il fera tout 
ce que dependra de lui pour fournir les Vivres et autres choses 
qui manqueront. 

Je me remette a ce qu''il mande a V.E. etant Etranger en ce 
Pays. J'attend la reponse de V.E. sur ce que j''ay eu Thonneur 
de lui dire par le dernier Courrier touchant le petit Batiment 
que j^ay dessein d'envoyer a Amsterdam. J'ay Thonneur detre, 
etc. P.S. — L'*intendant a vingt quatre milles Ecus de les 
quarant que V.E. lui a ordonne d''avoir pour me donner 
quand je lui demanderay. Je croyois qu''il etoit necessaire 
de prendre les precautions pour la surete des Vaisseaux qui 
sont icy et a Vigo, de les faire entrer dans les lieux ou Monsieur 
le Marquis de Risbourg fait Mention, en attendant Farrivee 
du reste de la Flotte. 

[To THE Cardinal, by express. Corunna, April 13, 1719. 
M. DE Risbourg is sending to your Eminence the information which he 
has received from the vessels which have arrived at Vigo and at Muros. 
There is no news of M. de Guevarra. We are very anxious about him 
and his ship. Only ten ships have arrived as yet ; we await the others 
with much anxiety ; God grant that they may come safe to port. 


M. de Risbourg has ordered half a month's pay to he given to the troops, 
which will be very acceptable to them after the hardships which they 
have endured at sea. At least six weeks' pay is due to them. The 
Marquis says that he will do all that he can to supply victuals and the 
other things that are lacking. 

I refer to what he writes to your Eminence, being a stranger in this 
country. I await your Eminence's reply as to what I had the honour to 
tell you by the last carrier about the little vessel which I propose to send 
, to Amsterdam. 

I have the honour, etc. 

P.^.— The intendant has 20,000 crowns of the 40,000 which your 
Eminence ordered him to have to give to me on demand. 

I thought that it was necessary to take precautions for the safety of 
the vessels which are here and at Vigo, to send them to the places which 
the Marquis de Risbourg mentions, awaiting the arrival of the rest of the 

/. 96. To THE KING 

COROGNE, THE 14"^" ApRIL 1719. 

Sir, — This morning I have received the honour of your 
Majesty's of the 10*^, 11*^, and 12^^. I am very glad you are 
come safe so far on your Way, and shall obey your Majesty's 
orders, and am impatient to have the honour to kiss your 

We have no further accounts of the Fleet. God grant they 
come safe into some of the Ports of this Kingdome. I have 
not any thing to informe you off, referring untill I have the 
honour to waite on your Majesty, being with great submission 
and duty, etc. 


CoROGNE LE 17'^ AvRIL 1719. 

Je me donne Thonneur d'informer V.E. que mon Maitre est 
arrive ce matin en bonne sante aprez una voyage tres fatiguant 
tant par les mauuais temps que par les mechants chemains. 

Depuis ma derniere lettre, du 13^® nous n'avons autres 
nouvelles des Vaisseaux de la Flotte, horsmis que la Fregatte 


Andoulozie est arrive a Vigo, Mons^ le Marq^. de Risbourg 
mande a V.E. TEstat ou il est. 

Mons"^. le Major Stamforte est arrive ce matin avec le Roy 
mon maitre qu'il a eu Thonneur de rancontrer a Betancos. 
Quand il parti t de Londre, on n'en parloit point de notre 
affaire, c''estoit le 15^® de mars quMt partit de cette Ville. II dit 
que nos Amis estoient pret a nous joindre d''abord que nous 
serions debarquez. 

Le Roy mon Maitre m'a dit qu'il vous envoyroit Mons'. de t- 97* 
Connock et une detaile de ce que Mons*". le Major raporte. 
Je me donnerai Thonneur d'*escrire a V.E. par cette occasion et 
suis avec beaucoup de respect. 

[To THE Cardinal. Corunna, April Vj, 1719. 

I HAVE the honour to inform your Eminence that my Master arrived 
this morning in good health, after a very fatiguing journey, as much from 
had weather as from the wretched roads. 

Since my last letter of the 13th_, we have no further news of the ships 
of the fleet, except that the frigate Andalusia?- has reached Vigo. The 
Marquis de Risbourg is writing to inform your Eminence as to her 
condition .2 

Major Stamfort arrived this morning with the King my Master, whom 
he had the honour to meet at Betanzos. When he left London, nothing 
was being said about our affair. He left on the 15th of March. He says 
that our friends were ready to join us as soon as we landed. 

The King my Master tells me that he will send you Sir T. Connock 
with a detailed account of what the Major reports. I shall do myself the 
honour of writing to your Eminence by that opportunity, and am with . 
great respect, etc.] 



COROGNE, LE 21 AvRIL 1719. 

J'ai rhonneur de celle de V.E. du 16% et le Roy m'a montre 
celle que V.E. lui a ecrite. 

Sa Majeste envoy Mons"^. de Connock pour vous informer de 

^ The Andalusia^ formerly called the Greyhound, was a twenty-gun ship which 
had been captured from the English. 
^ This seems to be what is meant. 



ses sentiments depuis le malheur arrive a la Flotte, et de ce 
qu'il pense estre necessaire pour la mettre en Estat de pour- 
suivre le projet, a quoy je me refFerre, et V.E. voirra par la, ce 
que sa Majeste fait mention a Tegard de My Lord Marischalle 
ce qui demande une prompte resolution, affin qu'il puisse 
prendre ses Mesures. J'ay le petit Batiment du Sieur Meagher, 
et encore un autre pour luy envoyer en meme temps en cas que 
Tun manque, et par eux j''envoyerai ce que V.E. me mande 
touchant le Marquis de Bereti Landi. 

V. E. pent assurer sa Majeste que je n'ay pas donne aucune 
patante, ni n''en avois pas meme dessein d''en donner jusques a 
ceque nous fussions debarquez. 

Ce qu'est arrive a la Flotte est bien mortifiant, mais j'espere 
p. 98. que votre Em : ne sera pas rebute de poursuivre le projet, 
nous avons estes bien en peine pour Mons"". de Guevare, et 
pour le reste de la Flotte, c'*est un bonheur qu'il n''y en a pas de 
perdu, il sera necessaire Comme V.E. fait mention qu''ils soient 

J'ay rhonneur d''estre avec beaucoup de respect de V.E., etc. 

[To Cardinal AlberonIj per Sir T. Connock. Corunna, April 21, 1719. 

I HAVE had the honour to receive your Eminence's letter of the 16th, and 
the King has shown me that which your Eminence has written to him. 

His Majesty is sending Sir T. Connock to let you know his views since 
the misfortune happened to the fleet, and what he thinks necessary to put 
it in a condition to follow out the enterprise. I refer to his letter, and 
your Eminence will see by it what His Majesty says as to the Earl 
Marischal. This demands prompt resolution, in order that he may take 
his measures. I have Meagher's little vessel and another to send to him 
at the same time, in case the first should fail, and by them I shall send 
what your Eminence tells me as to the Marquis de Beretti Landi. 

Your Eminence may assure His Majesty that I have not granted any 
commission, nor did I ever intend to do so until we were landed. 

What has happened to the fleet is very vexing, but I hope that your 
Eminence will not be deterred from following out the project. We have 
been very anxious about M. de Guevarra, and about the rest of the fleet. 
It is fortunate that none of them are lost. They will, as your Eminence 
says, need to be careened. 

I have the honour, etc.] 


Au CAR. ALBERONI p^ expres 

COROGNE, LE 28'= AvRIL 1719. 

J''ai rhonneur d assurer Votre Eminence de mes tres humbles 
respects par le Courier que Mons^ Le Baron Walef nous envoy. 

Le Roy ecrit a V.E. a quoi je me remette, aiant Thonneur 
d'estre avec beaucoup de Respect. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni^ by express. Corunna, April 28_, 1719. 

I HAVE the honour to assure your Eminence of my very humble respects, 
by the courier sent to us by Baron Walef. 

The King is writing to your Eminence. I refer to his letter,, and have 
the honour, etc.] 



CoROGNE, LE 28^= AvRIL 1719. 

Monsieur, — Je me donne Fhonneur d'assurer V.E. de mes 
tres humbles respects, et de lui temoigner ma reconnoissance 
de toutes ses civilites, dont je ne puis jamais perdre le 

J''ay informe le Roy mon Maitre du zele et de Tattention 
que votre Excellence a temoigne en toutes occasions pour ses 

Votre Excellence aura appris la facheuse accident arrive a 
La Flotte, ce qui est un terrible contre-temps mais il faut se 
soumettre avec patience a la volonte de Dieu et attendre une 
occasion favourable. J ay Fhonneur d'estre, etc. 

P.S, — Le pauvre Meagher est icy depuis le 18^® de mars. p. 99. 
C'est un tres honete homme, et bien sensible de la protection 
done [sic] votre Excellence Thonore. 

[To THE Prince of Campo Florido. Corunna, April 28, 1719. 

Sir, — I do myself the honour to assure your Excellency of my very 
humble respects, and to express my gratitude to you for all your 
courtesies^ of which I can never lose remembrance. 

I have informed the King my Master of the zeal and attention which 
your Excellency has on all occasions shown for his interests. 


Your Excellency will have heard of the unhappy accident which has 
befallen the fleet. It is a terrible misfortune_, but we must submit with 
patience to the will of God, and await a favourable opportunity. 

I have the honour, etc. 

P.S. — Poor Meagher has been here since the 18th of March. He is a 
very honest man, and very sensible of the protection with which your 
Excellency honours him.] 

To SIR TIMON CONNOCK, by express 

COROGNE, THE 29"^" APRIL 1719. 

I HAVE the favour of yours of the 26*^ this evening, and am 
very sorry to find by yours that you were indisposed, but I 
hope it proceeded only from your fatigue, and that rest will 
recover you, believe that I wish you all health and prosperity, 
being very sincerely your friend and servant. 

I am glad the Cardinal do's intend to go on, and pursue the 
enterprise. God grant that his Catholick Majestie''s affaires may 
have that success that he may able to persist in his generous 
intentions, but by y"^ letter I much fear that his affaires, and 
situation are but in a bad way, which way soever they turn it 
must have a great influence on our Master's affaires. 

I am sory we are not to have the satisfaction of your Com- 
pany, but your being with the Court will be of great use for 
our Master's service. We have seen three large English men 
of War on Wednesday morning, they came to see what was in 
the harbour, and then sail'd to joyn the rest of their Squadron 
I suppose ; from the Cap Finister they write that they have 
seen sixteen large Ships supposed to be English. 
p. loo. I am obliged to you for the trouble you will take in my 
private affaire, which I shall be glad to be informed off, 
because if it meets with difficulty I would try some other way 
to have the Bills negociated. 

Our Master designs leaving this place in two or three days, 
and to go to Lugo, or to a Gentleman's house that is within 
four leagues of St. Jago. 

The King designs to send one or two Small Ships to Lord 
Marishal, with Some provisions, and the orders for Mons"^. de 


Bereti Landi,^ to send them Arms, and Ammunition, as they 
will have occasion for, or to bring him and his people off if 
they should find it impossible to keep their ground. I believe 
I have quite tired you, so will end my letter with assuring you 
that I am with great truth, etc. 

N**. Bene that Kennedy ^ wrot to Sir Timon by the same 
poste, to repay the Prince of Campo Florido the Sixty Pistoles 
that he gave M^ Mathew at S\ Sebastien, if the Prince did 
not place that money to the Publick acc*.^ 



CoROGNE, 30-^" April 1719. 
HiERE j'ai rhonneur de celle de Votre Eminence du 26"^®. 
Je suis ravi que Sa Majeste et V.E. continuent leur genereux 
dessein de poursuivre le projet. Pour ne point importuner 
V.E. je me remette a celle que le Roy mon maitre vous ecrit, 
je souhaite toute sorte de succes a V.E. et suis avec beaucoup 
de respect, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni, by express. Corunna, April 30, I7l9. 

1 HAD yesterday the honour to receive your Eminence's letter of the 
26th. I am delighted that His Majesty and your Eminence continue 
your generous intention to follow out the project. 

Not to trouble your Eminence, I refer to the letter which the King 
my Master is writing to you. I wish your Eminence all manner of 
success, and am with great respect, etc.] 

CVIII ^^°»« 


SoBRADO, May 6^^"^ 1719. 
La Presse etoit si graiide Monsieur quand le Roy partit que 

* Lorenzo Vergiuso, Marquis de Beretti Landi, went as Spanish Ambassador 
to Holland in 1715. 

2 Ormonde's secretary. 

3 See Letter xxxix. 

* From this point to the foot of p. 107 of the manuscript the hand is that of 
the first copyist, which ceased previously at p. 22. 


Je ne pouvois pas avoir Thonneur de prendre Conge de vous, 
et de vous asseurer de ma reconnoissance de tous vos honnetetez 
dont Je suis penetre, Je vous supplie Monsieur d'etre bien 
persuade que Je suis tres sensible des Marques d'Amitie que 
vous m''avez temoigne faites moy la Justice de Croire que 
J'ay rhonneur d'etre avec beaucoup de verite et de respect, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Sobrado, May 6, 1719. 

Sir, — When the King" left^ the hurry was so great that I could not 
have the honour of bidding you farewell, and of assuring you of the 
gratitude which I feel for all your kindnesses. I beg you. Sir, to rest 
assured that I am very sensible of the marks of friendship which you have 
shown me. Do me the justice to believe that I have the honour, etc.] 


« Sobrado, May 6^^"^ 1719. 

Ce par ordre du Roy, Monsieur, que Je vous envoye Celleci, 
Sa Majeste est bien persuadee que vous ne negligerez rien qui 
dependra de vous pour faire equiper au plutot les vaisseaux 
qui doivent aller en Ecosse, chaque Moment etant precieux. 

Sa Majeste vous envoye une Lettre que vous auriez le soin 
de rendre a Monsieur Jones, et en meme terns vous Taiderez de 
ce qu'il aura besoin pour le Mettre en etat de poursuivres on 
voyage sans perdre du tems, mais il faut qu''il prenne ses Pre- 
cautions pour eviter L''Escadre Angloise. 

Ayez la bonte de faire bien mes Complimens a tous nos 
Messieurs, et Soyez persuade de la parfaite Estime avec laquelle 
J'ay rhonneur d'etre, etc. 

On dit qu'il y a beaucoup de Brandevins a Redondella pres 
de Vigo, Ca Seroit bon pour TEcosse. 

[To Sir John Healy. Sobrado, May 6, 1719. 

Sir, — I send you this by order of the King. His Majesty is well 
assured that you will neglect nothing which depends on you to get the 
fitting-out of the ships which are to go to Scotland completed as soon as 
possible, as every moment is precious. 

His Majesty sends you a letter which you will take the trouble to 
deliver to Mr. Jones, and at the same time you will give him what help 


he needs to put him in a condition to pursue his voyage without losing 
time, but he must take precautions to avoid the English fleet. 

Have the goodness to present my compliments to all our gentlemen, 
and be assured of the perfect esteem with which I have the honour, etc. 

They say that there is plenty of brandy at Redondela, near Vigo. 
This would be good for Scotland.] 



Lugo, May 9^^ 1719. 

I AM very much Mortifyed to be obliged to date my letter 
from this Country ; when we parted I hoped to have dated my ^. 102. 
letter to you from a more agreeable place, but I must referr 
my self to the King's Letter, which will inform your Lordship 
of the misfortune happened to the fleet, and of every thing that 
concerns this affair. 

It is a great happyness that his Majesty is Safely arrived in 
this Country after all the hazard he ran, and that he is in good 
health, having endured a great deal of fatigue. His Majesty 
Landed at Roses, and made all imaginable haste to come to 
the Groyne to Goe on board had it pleased God that the Fleet 
had been in a Condition to have pursued the voyage. 

I came to the Neighbourhood of the Groyne the 24*** 
February, expecting the Fleet, that the Cardinal informed me 
was to have Sett Sayl the 10*^ of the Same Month, the 
Frigate I was to have gone on board had been ready for some 
time. I had a letter from the Cardinal of the 12*^ March by 
M' M'Donel, which I received the 16***, which informed me 
that the fleet Sail'd from Cadix the 7***. I heard no account 
of the fleet from that time to the 9*** of April when a Ship 
came in to Corunna giving us the disagreeable News of the 
fleet's having been dispersed the 2T^ of March, the Admiral 
having lost his Bow sprit and all his Masts. Some days after 
five Ships came in to Corunna disabled, and we have heard from 
Vigo and Several other places in this Kingdom that some of 
the fleet have been putt into their Ports. We have had also 
accounts of some Ships being in Lisbon, and of the Admiral 
and eight Ships being arrived in Cadix. 


This a very Melancholy account, but no remedy against 

Storms : the King is in great Uneasyness for the Circumstances 

that your Lordship and those Gentlemen that are with you are 

in, and does all in his power to send you Succour by those two 

/. 103. Ships commanded by TuUogh and Kays. 

I send your Lordship a Packet that the Cardinal I suppose 
sent me by mistake, for you will see the Superscription, I sent 
it him back again, and yet again received it a second time, and 
now send it to your Lordship. 

I have tired you too much with this long Letter, but cannot 
help expressing the Concern I am in for your Lordship and 
Company, and for the misfortune of this disappointment, but 
we must Submitt to the will of heaven. 

Do me the favour to make my Compliments to my Lord 
Seaforth,^ and to M' Campbell, and to whom you think fitt 
not knowing who are with you. — I am, etc. 


Lugo, May I^ieme, 1719 
Je vous suis bien oblige. Monsieur, de la Lettre que vous 
aviez eu la bonte de m'envoyer du 9®"^® de Courant, et vous prie 
d'^etre persuade que Je feray ce que dependra de moy pour 
meriter Thonneur de la Continuation de votre Amitie que 
J'estime comme Je dois. J'*espere que les vaisseaux destines 
pour la Grande Bretagne seront expediez avec toute la Diligence 
possible, Je suis Seur que s''il dependoit entierement de vous, 
qu''ils partiront en tres peu de tems. 

J''espere que Monsieur de Chacon 2 Sera utile ou il est non 
obstant Monsieur Tlntendant. Continuez moy Thonneur 
de votre Amite, et croyez que J'ay Thonneur d'etre plus que 
personne avec respect, etc. 

^ William Mackenzie, fifth Earl of Seaforth, attainted after the '15, pardoned 
1726, died 1740. 

^ Rear-Admiral Chacon of the Spanish navy. He held a command at the 
battle of Cape Passaro. 


[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Jjugo, May 12, 1719. 

Sir, — I am greatly obliged to you for the letter which you had the 
goodness to send me, of the 9th inst., and I beg you to believe that I 
shall do what I can to deserve the honour of your continued friendship, 
which I value as I should. 

I hope that the ships destined for Great Britain will be despatched 
with all possible diligence. I am sure that if it depended entirely on you 
they would sail in a very short time. 

I hope that M. de Chacon will be useful where he is, notwithstanding 
the Intendant. Continue to honour me with your friendship, and believe 
that I have the honour, etc. ] 


Lugo, May 12^«, 1719. 

This morning I received yoiir^s from Mr. M'Pherson, and am 
Sorry to find by it that the Marquis is still in the same way of /• 104. 
Continuing to make Difficultys instead of obviating them. 

I have little to trouble you with, the King writing to you by 
the Bearer. Mr. TuUogh I am informed wants some Guns for 
his Ship, which the King Would have you endeavour to Gett 
for him. I hope the Ship the Bearer is to go in will be ready 
to Sayl in a day or two after his arrival. Pray press the 
Marquis to dispatch Mr. Jones'* Ship without the least delay, 
it wants but little to be in a Condition to goe to Sea, and for 
what is due to the Seamen I will answer for it rather than 
there shouM be any delay in her going to Sea. I cannot 
imagine why the Intendant makes a Scruple of receiving to 
take the provisions that were putt on Shore from the Her- 
mione ; I do not care to give any orders concerning them, 
having nothing to do with what has been bought with the 
publick money. Pray let me hear from you when Opportunitys 
offerr, and do me the favour to make my Compliments to those 
Gentlemen that are with you, and Sir Peter Stafford in par- 
ticular. I am heartily Sorry to hear that my poor Servant was 
in So ill a way when the bearer left you. Pray let him have 
all the help that can be, excuse this part of my letter, and 
believe me to be with great truth, etc. 




Lugo, May 15^«, 1719. 
The King received your's of the 2^ this evening, and has 
ordered me to let you know that he is very well assured of your 
zeal for his service, and thanks you for the repeated Assurances 
you give him. His Majesty is very Sorry for the Loss you 
have Sufferr'd in your voyage, but very glad that you escaped 
the Danger you were in, and wishes heartily that you had been 
A 105. in Spain when the Fleet was fitting out at Cadix. You may 
be assured y* his Majesty will have you and your endeavour to 
serve him in remembrance if ever it pleases God to restore him. 
I was very Sorry to hear at my Arrival in this Country that 
you were in Sicily, believing that if any thing was to have been 
undertaken for our Master's Service, that you were to have had 
the Command of the Fleet, and the Inspection of the Embarka- 
tion, which wou'*d have been for the Good of the Service, and 
besides the particular Satisfaction it wou'd have given me to 
have had an old friend, and one so well qualifyed, to have gone 
with me. I am very truly Sorry for the Great Loss you have 
SufFerr'd in your Passage, and ready on all Occasions to Shew 
you how Sincerely, etc. 


Lugo, May 15^M719. 

The King received your Letter, and has ordered me to give 
you his thanks for your repeated offers to serve him, and for 
your zeal for his Service. 

His Majesty wou'd not have you think of going to Madrid 
or to the Court upon his Account, but will not forgett your 
willingness to undertake any fatigue for his Interest. I take 
this opportunity to assure you that I am very sincerely. 

1 7 19] ORMONDE LETTERS 123 

To Mr. EGAN 

Mr. Egan, Sir K. Everard. Tobacco, money. 

Mr. Allen, Lord Arran. Obadiah, Wright. 

Mr. Fisher, Ormonde. Binet, Ezekiel Hamilton. 

Lugo, May 15th, 1719. 
I DID not write to you at the same time I did to Mr. Allen, ^ 

tho' this will go by the same Conveyance. You will see how 
uneasy M^ Fisher is at the Disappointments of several parti- A ^^* 
culars that you promised shou'd be performed, and that of 
sending an English Sea Officer to have care of the Spanish 
Fleet, and a land Officer to come and inform us of the State of 
the Army. This I assured the Cardinal wou'd be done, but 
not complyed with, which has vexed me extremely, for I am 
Cautious how I answer for any thing to the Cardinal. The 
next thing omitted which you promised was to send Tobacco, 
which is very necessary for Mr. Fisher's health, but that's 
neglected, tho' there were two ways of Conveyance, the one 
by Obadiah, the other by Binet. This Root is wanted, as 
you, who know his Constitution, may easily believe ; and he 
could not have believed that his friends wou'd have so neglected 
him. My Compliments to them. Believe me with truth, etc. 



Lugo, May 18'^"^' 1719. 

Monsieur, — C'est avec beaucoup de plaisir que J'ay receu 
rhonneur de la votre, hier justement apres que le Courier etoit 
parti. Les Assurances que que vous me donnez de la Con- 
tinuance de votre Amitie m'est tres Sensible, et vous me ferez 
la Justice d'etre persuade que Je Testime Comme Je dois, et 
que Je Corresponderay avec bien du plaisir. 

Le Roy mon Maitre est bien assure que vous ne negligez 
rien qui depend de vous pour equiper les Navires qui doivent 
aller en Angleterre et en Ecosse. 


Je suis fache d'*apprendre que vous avez un Surcroit de diffi- 
cultees par Farrivee de Monsieur de Chacon, mais il faut avoir 
patience quand il n^y a pas de remede. Je suis fache d' 
apprendre les Mauvaises Nouvelles de Passage. Cest la 
Prelude de la Guerre. Faites moy Thonneur de me croire. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Lugo, May 18, 1719. 

Sir, — I received your letter with great pleasure yesterday, just after 
the courier had left. The assurances which you give me of your con- 
tinued friendship are very pleasing to me, and you will do me the justice 
to believe that I value it as I should, and will reciprocate it with great 

The King my Master is well assured that you will neglect nothing 
which depends on you to fit out the ships which are to go to England 
and Scotland. 

I am sorry to hear that your difficulties have been increased by the 
arrival of M. de Chacon, but one must have patience when there is no 
remedy. I am sorry to hear the bad news from Passage ; ^ it is the 
beginning of war. 

Do me the honour, etc.] 



Lugo, May 18^». 1719. 
Just after the Courier Passed I had your^s and have but very 
little to trouble you with in Answer to it. I am Glad you 
seem to be better pleased with the Marquis than you used to 
be. The King is very well satisfyed that you do all that is in 
your power to dispose the putting of the Ships in a Condition 
to go to Sea, and his Majesty desires you to let Sir Peter 
Stafford know y* he shouM advance money for the Getting of 
Seamen for the Ships that Go to Scotland, and that his 
Majesty will reimburse him. You will See by the Enclosed 
what is desired by Mons** de Walef, who parted from hence 
this morning, it is ordered by the Cardinal, and the Intendant 
received the order by yesterday''s Courier. My Compliments to 
the Gentlemen that are with you, and believe me. 

1 The destruction of the Arsenal by the French. See Introduction, p. Iv, 



Lugo, May 18^"' 1719. 

Last night I received your's of the 14, and will acquaint the 
King with what you propose concerning your being employed 
in the Guards, but I believe that in that Corps there is not 
any person received that is not a Roman Catholick, this you 
will consider before you take your resolution to go on board 
the Dutchman. You will let me hear from you, I think you 
had best come and attend the king who has not too much 
company with him. Believe me very sincerely your friend and 
ready to serve you when ever it is in my power being. 

What can be done with your ship ? 

CXIX ^ ^°8. 


Lugo, May 20^"- 1719. 

S^, — Last night at eight a clock I receiv'd your's, and was 
not a little surprised to find in it, that the Marquis had 
received orders from the Cardinal by the last Courier to put a 
Stop to the Ships going to Scotland. I could not but wonder 
his Eminence had not the Civility to have mention''d it to the 
King, but there is no help for it. 

The King is very well pleased with your having kept Mr. 
Jones, he must stay till further orders. 

Pray let Sir Peter Stafford know that what money is 
advanced by him for the Service of any of the Ships designed 
for Great Britain, must be placed to our King''s account. 

I am heartily concerned for the useage you have suiFered, 
and wish it were in my power to shew you how much I am 
sincerely, S^ etc. 

^ See p. 96, note. 

^ This letter is in the hand of the second copyist. 




Lugo, May 23^^^' 1719. 

Je Suis bien oblige a Votre Eminence de la bonte qu'elle a 
eu de m'envover mes lettres. 

Votre Eminence sera informee par le Roy mon Maitre qu^il 
a rapelle mon Parent que V. E. avoit envoye pour accompagner 
/. 109. Monsieur de Lawless ce qui lui sera une Grande Mortification. 
Je suis bien asseure qu'il Seroit acquitte de sa Commission 
avec Addresse et avec fidelite, et puisque Sa Majeste ne veut 
qu^il ait Thonneur de la servir en ce pais la, Je Seray bien aise 
de I'avoir aupres de moy. Je m'etonne qu'il n^'y a point de 
Nouvelles de ce qui Se passe en Ecosse. Je seray ravi de 
trouver des Occasions par ou Je pourrois temoigner ma zele 
pour le Service de sa Majeste Catholique et de lui pouvoir etre 
utile. J''ay Thonneur d'etre avec bien de respect, etc. 

[To Cardinal Ai^beroni. Lugo^ May 23, 1719. 

I AM greatly obliged to your Eminence for your kindness in forwarding 
my letters. 

Your Eminence will be informed by the King my Master that he has 
recalled my kinsman_,2 whom your Eminence had sent to accompany Mr. 
Lawless, which will be a great mortification to him, I am quite sure that 
he would have discharged his commission with skill and fidelity, and since 
His Majesty does not wish that he should have the honour of serving him 
in this country, I shall be glad to have him with me. 

I am surprised that there is no news of what is happening in Scotland. 

I shall be delighted to find opportunities of showing my zeal for the 
service of His Catholic Majesty, and to be able to be of use to him. 

I have the honour, etc.] 



Lugo, May 23°, 1719. 
I HAVE had the favour of your'^s of the 30*^ April, and 4*^, 
8*** and 14*^ Inst., and am extremely obliged for the account 

^ This letter is again in the hand of the first copyist, which continues till the 
middle of p. 1 14 of the manuscript. 
* Bagenal. 


you have given me concerning my private affairs. I am very 
sorry for the Mortification that poor Sir John Healy has met 
with, and for the bad news we have had of the Ships being 
destroyed that were a building at Passage, as well as for the 
ill posture the Affairs of Spain are in at this time. I do not 
doubt of your doing all y* is in your power to do Good offices 
with his Eminence for those Gentlemen that the King has 
recommended to the Cardinal. Poor Meagher is ruined if not 
taken care of, and most of the rest but in a very bad condition 
if neglected. 

I am ordered by his Majesty to send you the Enclosed, and 
he desires you to speak to the Cardinal for them. I have not 
yet heard from Mr. Joyse, but I suppose I shall soon. I am 
impatient to hear soon Good News from you, tho' by our 
Master's being to reside in this part of Spain I fear there is 
little hopes of it. 


Lugo, May 26^^^ 1719. 
C'est avec bien du plaisir Monsieur que J'ay receu Thonneur 
de la votre et J''espere que vous me continuerez Thonneur de 
votre Amitie ; J'y conte beaucoup. A Tegard de la Liste que 
vous me demandez Je vous envoy e par ordre de sa Majeste 
Britannique, et c''est dans la forme que vous la desirez, Je serois 
bien aise que ces Messieurs Jouiront de la bonte du Roy, et Je 
suis bien asseure qu'ils seront toujours Prets a temoigner leur 
zele pour le service du Roy. Je croy que les Poudres et les 
Armes que vous envoyez a Burgos n''arriveront pas de quelque 
tems puisque ils doivent etre charge sur des mulcts : Les trentes 
soldats sont arrives ce matin. Faites moy la Justice d''etre 
bien persuade que, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Lugo^ May 26, 1719. 

Sir, — It is with much pleasure that I have received the honour of 
your letter, and I hope that you will continue to me the honour of your 
friendship. I value it greatly. 

As to the list which you ask, I send it to you by order of His Britannic 


Majesty, and it is in the form which you wish. I shall be very glad that 
these gentlemen should enjoy the King's bounty, and I am well assured 
that they will always be ready to testify their zeal for the King's service. 

I suppose that the powder and arms which you are sending to Burgos 
will not arrive for some time, since they must be loaded on mules. The 
thirty soldiers arrived this morning. 

Do me the justice to rest assured, etc.] 


Lugo, May 26, 1719. 

I HAVE receiv''d your's of the .23d, and send the Marquis the 
King's receipt for the money he had given his Majesty. 

I send the Marquis also the list he desired, which I have 
signed by the King'*s order. I am sorry the Gentleman you have 
to do with continues his ill uneasy humour, but business with 
him will soon be at an end, and I shall have the satisfaction of 
seeing you here. The thirty men came hither yesterday. I 
have nothing to add, but that I am very sincerely, etc. 



Lugo, Juin 12, 1719. 
J'ay receu Thonneur de celle de votre Eminence du 30®"^® 
de May, et vous suis bien oblige de la bonte que V.E. ait eu 
de me mettre aux pieds de sa Majeste en lui montrant ma 
Lettre du 24®"^®. Je conserveray toujours les sentimens de 
pouvoir tacher de lui etre utile. II est bien mortifiant qu''on 
ne pent pas seconder les Gens en Ecosse puisque V.E. dit qu'*il 
y a un bon nombre des Montagnards ensemble. V.E. voit 
par ce que les lettres de Londres marquent touchant la Flotte 
que Je ne vous ay pas trompe, quand J'assuray V.E. que si 
nous pourrions Debarquer en tems que le Coup etoit imman- 
quable. Je suis fache de voir qu"'il n''y a rien a faire du cote de 
la Suede, J'avoue J'etois un peu mortifie a Tegard de mon 
Parent. Je supplie V.E. d'etre tres persuade que J'ay Thonneur 
d'etre plus que personne et avec bien du respect, etc. 


[To Cardinal Albeboni. Lugo, June 12, 1719. 

I HAVE had the honour to receive your Eminence's letter of May 30th, 
and I am greatly obliged for your Eminence's kindness in placing me at 
His Majesty's feet by showing him my letter of the 24th. I shall always 
retain the desire that I may be able to try to be of use to him. 

It is very annoying that we cannot help the people in Scotland, since 
your Eminence says that there are a good number of Highlanders together. 

Your Eminence sees by what the letters from London say about the 
fleet, that I did not deceive you when I assured your Eminence that if we 
could land in time the stroke could not fail. I am sorry to see that there 
is nothing to be done from the side of Sweden. I confess that I was a 
little annoyed about my kinsman. 

I beg your Eminence to rest assured that I have the honour, etc.] 



Lugo, June 12^«, 1719. 

I HAVE had the favour of your two Letters, one by Mr. 
M'Pherson, the other I had by the last Post, tho' of an older 
date. I Congratulate you on the honour the King has done 
you. His Majesty cou''d not have made a better choice, 
this without compliment to you. I am extremely obliged to 
you for your recommendation of Mr. Esmonds, and I do not 
doubt but that the Cardinal will provide for him. I am very 
glad that his Eminence will receive Monsieur de Magny ; he 
deserves it from him, and is a very worthy honest Gentleman 
who loses a Considerable fortune.^ I am in pain for him, for 
he left Rome above two months agon. I have heard from Mr. 
Joyce. Pray let me know how matters go with you, and 
believe me most sincerely. 

The king bade me remember him kindly to you. He had 
your's by Mr. M'Pherson. By his Majesty's residing in these 
parts there is no likelihood of any thing for the common cause. 

^ The Marquis de Magny was concerned in the conspiracy against the Regent 
Orleans in December 1718, but had escaped. 




Lugo, June 12^", 1719. 
I HAD the honour of your Grace's from Madrid, and was 
Glad to find by it that you gott safe and in good health to 
that place, where I hope you found her Grace ^ in perfect health. 
I am obliged to your Grace for the Goodness you had to take 
the trouble of bespeaking the Saddles. I wish your Grace all 
Prosperity, and am, etc. The King bade me remember him 
kindly to you, and His Majesty thanks you for the advice 
you give concerning Kelly. 


Lugo, Juin 12^^% 1719. 
J''ay rhonneur de recevoir Trois de vos lettres, et J'espere 
que votre Excellence me fait la Justice d'etre bien persuade 
de ma reconnoissance pour toutes vos bontes. J'ay fait vos 
Complimens au Roy et sa Majeste m'ordonne de vous remercier 
de toutes les peines que vous aviez voulu prendre pour son 
service. J'envoyeray a Monsieur de Risbourg Tincluse 
touchant le pauvre Meagher qui est un tres honete homme. 
Je souhaite a votre Excellence un bon voyage, et toute sorte 
de Prosperite etant avec tout le respect Imaginable. 

[To THE Prince of Campo Florido. Lugo, June 12, 1719. 

I HAVE had the honour to receive three of your letters, and I hope 
that your Excellency will do me the justice to believe that I am grateful 
for all your kindnesses. 

I have presented your respects to the King, and His Majesty directs 
me to thank you for all the trouble which you have been pleased to take 
in his service. I shall send to M. de Risbourg the enclosure relating to 
poor Meagher, who is a very honest man. 

I wish your Excellency a pleasant journey, and all manner of prosperity, 
being with all respect, etc.] 

^ The Duke of Liria married the sister of the Duke of Veraguas. 



Lugo, Juin 14, 1719. 

C'est au desire du Sieur Meagher que J'ay Thonneur de vous 
envoyer Tincluse, c''est dommage qu'un pauvre homme plein de 
bonne volonte soit ruine. Le Roy mon Maitre m''a ordonne 
de vous prier de sa part que vous vouliez avoir la bonte de 
prendre le pauvre homme en votre Protection, et de lui rendre 
service : il souhaitera fort avoir une Attestation comment ses 
deux vaisseaux furent arrete ce qui me semble n'est que juste 
parceque c"'est la verite. Je vous prie d^etre bien persuade que 
J^ay rhonneur d''etre, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Lugo, June 14, 1719. 

At the desire of Mr. Meagher, I have the honour to send you the 
enclosed. It is a pity that a poor man, full of good will, should be 
ruined. The King my Master has directed me to request you, on his 
behalf, to have the goodness to take the poor man under your protection, 
and to be of service to him. He would much like to have a certificate as 
to how his two ships were seized ; this seems to me only just, as it is 
the truth. 

I beg you to believe that I have the honour, etc.] 



Lugo, June 14'^«, 1719. 
I THANK you for the Hungary water you sent me ; pray do 
me the favour to pay for it, which I will repay when we meet. 
The King wouM have you endeavour to get the S*® Marie putt 
on the King of Spain''s Account, and that what is due to her 
Crew, and all other Expences since her Arrival in the Corunna 
may be defrayed by his Catholick Majesty. The King will 
have M' O'Bryan and M' Power putt on the List. M' Power 
as Lieutenant, and the other as subl*. His Majesty wou'd 
have you leave the 2000 Pistoles with Sir Peter Stafford, and 
that he should deliver it to the Person who is Authorized to 


receive it, and that when you have given the Money to the 
Knight, you may come and wait on his Majesty. — I am. 



Lugo, Juin 16, 1719. 

Je prens cette occasion d'Asseurer votre Eminence de mes 

tres humbles respects. Sa Majeste Britannique vous ecrit, et 

Je ne veux pas vous importuner seulement de prier V. E. d'etre 

bien persuade que J'ay Thonneur d'etre avec bien du respect 


[To Cardinal Alberoni. Lugo, June 16, 1719. 

I TAKE this opportunity of assuring your Eminence of my very humble 
respects. His Britannic Majesty is writing to you, and I do not wish to 
trouble you ; only to beg your Eminence to rest assured that I have the 
honour, etc.] 



p, 114. Lugo, Juin 16, 1719. 

J'ay rhonneur Monsieur de recevoir hier au soir la votre par 
le Courier, et ce Matin deux des votres du 11®"^% Je vous suis 
infiniment oblige de la bonte que vous avez de vous Interesser a 
ma Sante Je suis Dieu Merci retabli, et Je conserveray to uj ours 
une parfaite reconnoissance des vos Bontes. Apparement le 
Courier vous a informe de ce qui se passe d'ou il vient. Puisque 
rintendant ne pent avancer de Targent pour les petits Batimens 
qui vinrent pour le service de sa Majeste Britanique il faut 
avoir patience. Le Capitain du S* Jacques aura Thonneur de 
vous faire la reverence, et de vous rendre Celleci, J'espere que 
vous auriez la bonte de le laisser partir d'abord qu'il sera pret. 
Je m'etonne que Tlntendant ne veut pas recevoir les deux 
mille Pistoles, c''est une personne bien delicate, par la Gazette 
nous voyons que TEscadre qu'etait sur vos Cotes soit arrive 
dans la Manche. Faites moy la Justice, Monsieur, d'etre bien 
persuade que J'ay Thonneur d'etre, etc. 


[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Liigo, June 16, 1719. 

Sir, — I had last night the honour to receive your letter by the courier, 
and this morning two of yours of the 11th. I am infinitely obliged for 
your kindness in interesting yourself about my health. I have recovered, 
thank God, and I shall always retain the utmost gratitude for your 
kindnesses. Apparently the courier has informed you of what is going 
on in the place from which he comes. Since the Intendant cannot 
advance the money for the small vessels which came for the service of 
His Britannic Majesty, we must have patience. The captain of the St. 
Jacques will have the honour of paying you his respects and of delivering 
this letter to you. I hope that you will have the goodness to allow him 
to leave as soon as he is ready. 

I am surprised that the Intendant is not willing to receive the 2000 
pistoles ; he is a very scrupulous person. 

I see by the ' Gazette ' that the squadron which was oflF your coast has 
arrived in the Channel. 

Do me the justice to believe me, etc.] 

To SIR TIMON CONNOCK v^ expres 1 

S^ Jago, the 26^" June 1719. 

By the laste poste I received the favour of yours of the 5**^ 
Instant, and am obliged to you for the agreeable ace* you give 
me of Kelly's being arreasted at Pampelona, where I hope they 
will force him to make a discovery of the rest of his associates, 
that they may also be apprehended. The King bade me to 
remember him kindly to you, and thanks you for the concern 
you express for his safety. What you mention concerning this 
Place is very reasonable, and what I had already told his 
Majesty. I hop'd and do wish that he will go to Pont a A 115. 
Vedre, or to any other place, rather than to stay here; all 
imaginable precaution is taken to hinder or prevent any 
attempt or execution that may be designed against his Person. 

I am glad Sir Peter has had good success, and that Mon' 
Patino is charged with what you mention concerning the 
Gentlemen recommended by the King, and that you will do all 
you can for poor Meagher. I give you many thanks for your 

* The hand changes back again. 


good offices to the Cardinal concerning My Cousen Esmond's 
promotion. I have heard from M'' Joyes, and am extremly 
obliged to him for his civilities. M"* Hamilton writes to you 
concerning Fitzgerald ; if what is askt is reasonable, pray do 
me the favour to speak to the Cardinal for him. The Merchant 
that employes him is a very honest man, and a particular 
Friend of mine. When it is not inconvenient pray let me 
hear from you, and believe me sincerely, S"^, your, etc. My 
respects to his Eminence. 


S^ Jago, le 26^= 1719. 

Je vous suis infiniment oblige Mons"^ de la peine que vous 

avez eu touchant les commissions que je pris la liberte de vous 

donner, et de toutes vos honetetez pendant mon sejour chez 

vous, J'en ay toute la reconnoissance imaginable et suis tres 


[To M. Seminati. SantiagOy June 26, 1719. 

Sib, — I am infinitely obliged to you for the trouble you have had 
about the commissions which I took the liberty of giving you, and for all 
your kindnesses during my stay with you. I am extremely grateful for 
them, and am, etc.] 



S^ Jago, 27^« June 1719. 
J'ai receu Mons"" Thonneur de la votre 25^^ du Cour* et voi 
que le Vaisseau que le Roy avoit envoye en Escosse est arrive 
et que le Capitaine ne dit rien de nouveau, mais seulement 
confirme ce que Fautre a informe sa Majeste Britanique ; sa 
Majeste vous fait ses compliments. Je crois que les Portugais 
ne sont pas informe de ce que la Cour de L'Electeur d'Hanover 
a dessein de faire avec leur Flotte. Je vous prie, Mons*", d'estre 
bien persuade que j'ai Thonneur d'*estre, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risboubg. Santiago, June 27, 1719. 
Sir, — I have had the honour to receive your letter of the 25th current. 


and see that the ship sent by the King to Scotland has arrived, and that 
the captain says nothing new, but only confirms the information com- 
municated by the other to His Britannic Majesty. 

His Majesty sends you his compliments. 

I do not think that the Portuguese have any information as to what 
the Court of the Elector of Hanover intend to do with their fleet. 

I beg you. Sir, etc.] 



S^ Jago, 2° June [? July], 1719. 

S'*, — I received yesterday your letter of the 21^* June, and 
am much obliged to you for your civilities, and for the kind 
offers you make me, but I desire you may not be under any 
concern, for the uneasy ness you had reason to be under, from 
the first letter you received from M'' Salvador, of no care being 
taken for the payment of the Bill you drew on my account, 
which I was Sure cou''d proceed from no other cause, than that 
of the Bills being sent before that advice cou'd come time 
enough to make provision for the payment, because of the A ii7» 
Precaution that was necessary to be taken in an affair of that 
Nature. I am very glad on your account tp find that you have 
since received advice that there is care taken to pay it, and I 
have thereupon received the Bill you return''d me of 400 Pistoles 
upon this Place. And as for the letter of Credit that you have 
sent my Cousen Butler for 400 Pistoles more on Lugo, I have 
wrote to Sir Peter Stafford about it, because (if his Bill of 
250 Pistoles be paid upon account of that Bill 'tis more than 
I shou'd receive) I shall therefore expect his answer, and upon 
it, only take what remains to make up 900 Pistoles, leaving the 
other 100 to answer the dispursem*^ you have made, or may 
have occasion to make on my account. 

Pray make my Compliments to my Lady Arther, with my 
thanks for the Tea she was so good to send me, which I have 
received, and is very good ; I am sory that this place affords 
nothing fit for her acceptance. I shall be very glad of oppor- 
tunities of shewing that I am so sensible of y"^ civilities, that 
whenever it is in my power you will find me your most humble, 




St. Jago, the 3° July 1719. 

S% — I have the favour of yours, and obliged to you for the 
news you sent me in the Prints from London. 

You have no reason to make any excuse for what you 
mention. The King our Master is very sensible of your good- 
will and zeall for his Service, and orders me to tell you so. I 
shall be very glad to hear from you, and of what you hear that 
may be for the King^s service. I am much obliged to the Person 
you mention, that was so civill to enquire after me. If you think 
it proper, make him my compliments. You will remember who 
the Person is. I have no news of any kind, before this you 
will have heard of our Queen'*s being arriv''d at Rome. 

Believe me with truth, etc. 

I have received all your letters. 

p. 119. Au CARD. ALBERONI, p'' Mr. Willoughby 

St. Jago, le 4^ Juillet 1719. 
VoTRE Eminence verra par les lettres du Roy mon Maitre 
a sa Majeste, et a V.E. Tinquietude ou il se trouve a Tegard de 
la Reine D^Angleterre, depuis que le Comte de Gallas a parle 
a sa Saintete de la part de son Maitre, pour Tempecher de 
donner les Moyens a la Reine pour faciliter la jonction avec le 
Roy mon Maitre, qui est la chose que tons leur Fidels sujets 
souhaitent le plus ardament, et par consequent que TElecteur 
D'Hanovre fera son possible pour TEmpecher. Plus cette affaire 
est differee, plus il y aura des difficultez a Texcuter, je suis bien 
persuade que V.E. desire le rencontre de Mon Maitre avec la 
Reine d'Engleterre autant que je le puisse faire. Je ne scai 
pas quelle plie les affaires prendront, mais sy le Roy mon 
Maitre sera par malheur, oblige de sortir d'Espagne, Je serai 
ravi de pouuoir avoir Toccasion de temoigner mon zele pour le 
/. X20. service de sa Majeste, et trop heureux si je pouuois lui estre 


utille. Je supplie V.E de me faire Thonneur de me metre 
aux pieds de leurs Majestez, et d'estre tres persuade que j'ai 
rhonneur d'estre plus que personne et avec bien de respect de 
V.E., etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni, per Mr. Willoughby. 

Santiago, July 4, 1719. 

Your Eminence will see by the letters of the King- my Master to His 
Majesty and to your Eminence^ the anxiety which he feels with regard to 
the Queen of England,^ since the Comte de Gallas ^ has spoken on behalf 
or his master to His Holiness, to prevent him from giving means to the 
Queen to facilitate her meeting with the King my Master the event which 
all their faithful subjects most ardently desire, and which accordingly the 
Elector of Hanover will do all he can to hinder. The longer this matter 
is delayed the more difficulties there will be in carrying it out. I am 
well assured that your Eminence desires the meeting of my master with 
the Queen of England as much as I can myself. 

I do not know what turn affairs will take, but if the King my master 
should unhappily be compelled to leave Spain, I shall be delighted if I 
can have the opportunity of showing my zeal for the service of His 
(Catholic) Majesty, and too happy if I can be of use to him. 

I beg your Eminence to do me the honour of placing me at the feet of 
their Majesties, and to rest assured that I have the honour, etc.] 



St. Jago, the 4^" July 1719. 
VoTRE Majeste me permetra de temoigner majoye sur son 
heureuse arrive a Rome apres avoir souferte tant des fatigues, 
and courru tant des dangers. J'espere que le bon Dieu vous 
protegera, et que vous puissiez en peu de temps avoir la satis- 
faction de voir le Roy. Je souhaite a votre Majeste tout sorte 
de prosperite, et la supplie tres humblement de me faire 
rhonneur d'estre persuadee que je suis avec toute la submis- 
sion et respect imaginable de Votre Majeste, etc, ^ 

[To THE QuEENT. Santiago, July 4, 1719. 
Your Majesty will allow me to express my joy at your safe arrival at 

^ Princess Clementina. 

2 Imperial Ambassador at Rome. See Introduction, p. Ivii. 


Rome^^ after having suiFered so many hardships and passed through so 
many dangers. 

I hope that the good God will protect you, and that you will soon have 
the satisfaction of seeing the King. 

I wish your Majesty all manner of prosperity, and I humbly beg you 
to do me the honour to believe that I am, with all imaginable submission 
and respect, your Majesty's, etc. 



St. Jago, the 4^" July 1719. 

I AM glad of any occasion that offers to assure you of the 
continuance of my esteem and friendship which can never 
alter. We know not any thing that passes in your Parts, 
and if we did, I fear it would not be very agreeable. I here 
inclose send you Meaghers letter, and Mr. Smith''s memoriall, 
both by the king''s commands. They demand but what is just, 
and what I am sure you will do all can with the Cardinal to 
get them relief. I am extremly satisfied with Mr. Joyes'*s 
behaviour. Believe me with great truth, S% your, etc. 

The King remembers him kindly to you. 



St. Jago, the 4*^" July 1719. 

C'est arec bien du plaisir Monsieur que je recois Thonneur 

de vos nouvelles. J'ai fait vos compliments a sa M. Britanique. 

Elle m'a ordonne de vous faire les sienes, il part demain p"^ 

Lugo. II est assez vraisemblable ce que vous dites des Portu- 

gais, mais je suis bien aise que cela manque confirmation, nous 

n'avons aucune nouvelle de ce qui se passe a Fontarabie, 

apparament qu'elle est prise, faite moi tonjours la justice 

d'estre persuade que j'ai Thonneur d'estre avec bien du respect, 


[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Santiago, July 4, 1719. 
Sib, — It is with much pleasure that I receive your news. I have 
presented your compliments to His Britannic Majesty ; he has directed 

^ Princess Clementina arrived at Rome on May 15. 

1 7 19] ORMONDE LETTERS 139 

me to send you his. He leaves to-morrow for Lugo. What you say 
about the Portuguese is probable enough, but I am glad that it is not 
confirmed. We have no news of what is happening at Fontarabia. 
Apparently it is taken. ^ 

Do me always the justice to believe that I have the honour, etc. 



Lugo, the 8*^" July 1719. 
HiER au soir Mons*" J'ai eu Thonneur de recevoir la votre par 
Mons' Le Chevalier et suis bien fache de son malheur. J'ai 
parle a sa Majeste, et lui ai montre votre lettre, le Roy ecrira 
au Cardinal en sa faveur, et j''en ecrirai a Mons^ de Conock 
pour soliciter le Cardinal de tacher de lui rendre des bonnes 
offices auprez de son Eminence. Sa Majeste m'ordonne de 
Yous remercier de sa part de ce que vous temoignez sur 
rheureuse arrivee de la Reine a Rome, et pour la grace que 
vous avez a sa consideration donne aux Deserteurs. Nous 
avons la nouvelle de la reduction de Fontarabie, aprez une 
vigoureux deffence, et a Theur quMl est je croy qu S* Sebastien 
est attacque. Je crains fort que les Portugais ne se rendent 
aux instances de TEngleterre et des alliez, j'ai Thonneur d''estre 
avec bien de respect, Mons"^, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Lugo, July 8, 1719. 

Sir, — Last night I had the honour to receive your letter by the 
Chevalier.^ I am very sorry about his misfortune. I have spoken to His 
Majesty, and have shown him your letter ; the King will write to the 
Cardinal in his favour, and I shall write to Sir T. Connock to solicit the 
Cardinal and try to do him some service with his Eminence. 

His Majesty desires me to thank you on his behalf for your expressions 
regarding the Queen's happy arrival at Rome, and for the indulgence 
which you have on his account shown to the deserters. 

We have news of the capture of Fuentarabia, after a vigorous defence, 
and I believe that now San Sebastian is attacked. 

I am much afraid that the Portuguese will yield to the solicitations of 
England and the allies. 

I have the honour, etc.] 

^ Fuentarabia surrendered on June 18. 
2 Francisco, see next Letter. 




Lugo, the S*^" July 1719. 
S"*, — The King has orderM me to desire you, to endeavour 
to prevail with his Eminence to restore Mons"" Le Chevalier 
Francisco to the command of his ship the Hermione, he has 
been superseded and this disgrace he attributes to the Inten- 
dant of the Coruna. The King writes to his Eminence in his 
favour, everybodey gives him a very good Character, and I 
found him very willing to do all that was demanded of him. It 
is pity a young Gentlemen shou''d be ruin'd if he has not 
deserv''d it. I am sure your good Nature will make you do all 
you can to serve this poor Gentleman. Believe me with great 
truth, etc. 


Lugo, 9^^ Juillet 1719. 

Je supplie Votre Eminence d'estre bien persuade que je suis 
penetre de sa bonte envers mon Paren, Mons'' D'*Esmonde. 

Mons"^ de Connock m''a informe de la maniere que V.E. a eu 
la generosite d''agir et que je me puisse flatter, que ce a este en 
p. 124. part a ma consideration, dont je conserverai une eternelle re- 
connoissance, trop heureux si je puis avoir des occasions pour 
temoigner combien Je suis sensible a tous vos bontez et 
veritablement attache a votre Personne. 

Je n'aurai pas recommende Mons"" D'Esmonde quoy qu'il fut 
mon Parent, mais que j^estois bien assure qu'il est homme 
d'honneur, qu''il s^acquitera de son devoir, comme un honnete 
homme doit. Je supplie V.E. d'estre assure de la plus parfaite 
respect avec laquelle j'ay Thonneur d''estre de V.E., etc. Post- 
script below. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. LugOy July 19, 1719. - 

I BEG your Eminence to believe that I am deeply sensible of your 
kindness to my kinsman, Mr. Esmonde. 


Sir T. Connock has told me of what your Eminence has had the 
generosity to do, and that I may flatter myself that this has heen partly 
on my account, for which I shall he always grateful, too happy if I can 
have any opportunities of proving how sensible I am of all your kindnesses, 
and how truly attached to your person. 

I would not have recommended Mr. Esmonde, though he is my kins^ 
man, unless I had been satisfied that he is a man of honour, and will do 
his duty as an honest man should. 

I beg your Eminence to believe, etc. ] 

Postscript {below). 

I suppose that your Eminence will have seen Mr. Morgan who landed 
at Santander, and that he will have informed your Eminence that the 
Swedish gentleman arrived at Santander with him. I do not know what 
he has proposed, nor even if he has credentials, but surely he will not 
have made the voyage without being furnished with them.] 


Lugo, the 9"^" July 1719. 
S^. — This is to give you thanks for the care and trouble you 
have had in my little affair, and to assure you that I am very 
sensible of your good Will to me, believe that I shall never be 
forgetfull of y"^ friendship, and that I shall be glad of oppor- 
tunities to shew you that I am, etc. 

P.S. — Au Car. Alberoni. Je croy que V.E. aura veu le 
S"^ Morgan qui debarqua a S* Andere, et qu'il aura informe 
V.E. que le Mons"^ Suedois est arrive avec luy a S* Ander, Je 
ne scay ce qu''il a a propose ni meme s''il a des lettres de 
credence, mais apparament il n'aura pas fait le voyage sens 
en estre muny. 



Lugo, the 9^" July 1719. 
I HAVE receiv''d the favour of two of yours of the 20th and 
22d. I want words to express how sensible I am of your 


goodness, and the attention you have had for whatever I have 
recommended to you, particularly in my Cousen Esmonde's 
affair, he and I are both of us infinitely obliged to you, and I 
hope you do me the justice to be persuaded that I can never 
forget your friendship and the marks you so frequently give 
me of it. I am most sensible of his Eminency^s goodness, and 
particularly in this affair of my cousen''s, the manner of doing 
it adds to the Obligation, and he shall allways find me very 
sensible of it, and very gratefuU, and whatever his fortune 
may be, he will have a very sincere friend of me, tho' I fear a 
/. 126. very useless one. I am very sory to hear your affaires are in 
so bad a Posture, I see that when you have gotten all your 
Troops together, you will not be able to hinder the French 
from attacking S* Sebastien, and I believe that you are of 
opinion that it will be very difficult to hinder the Duke of 
Berwick from being Master of it. 

I am very glad the King our Master has so good a Friend 
in Mons'^ de Patino,^ and that tho** the List you mention is lost, 
yet that it shall not be any Prejudice to the Gentlemen con- 
cerned, but that they shall be paid from the first date of the 
List ; I here send you enclosed the Copy of the List as you 
desire, and also a Memorial from Col. Owen, this by his 
Majesty's orders, which he desires you to speak to the Cardinal 
about, and if no inconvenience in it, that it may be granted. 
/• 127. You will remember what I mention''d in my last concerning the 
poor Gentleman that Commanded the Hermione. I hope 
Kelly will discover the rest of his accomplices, if so to be sure 
you will let me know it. Pray give me the pleasure of hearing 
from you, when it is convenient, and believe me, with great 
truth, etc. 

My compliments to Mons** Patino. 

You will have seen before this comes to you a very honest 
Gentleman, Mr. Morgan, who has been a very great sufferer 
for the Cause ; do him what service you can, I desire it of you. 
He sent Mr. Wright from Morlaix in his own ship, which has 
been a great charge to him, as you will find by his Nephew's 
Memorial that I sent from S* Jago. 

^ Don Jose Patino, Alberoni's naval intendant. 



Lugo, le 15 Juillet 1719. 

La lettre de V.E. du 28^® du juin, j'ai eu Thonneur de 
recevoir hier. Je ne puis pas m''empecher de temoigner ma 
reconnoissance des bontez de V.E. pour Mons"" D'Esmonde, 
c'est une repetition qui j** espere ne sera disagreeable a V.E. 

Je suis bien fache de voir le progres des armes de France, il P- 128. 
faut avouer que Mons' le Due Regent est bien servi, et qu'il a 
mis les Francois sous la fereuUe. Je supplie V.E. d''estre bien 
persuade que j"'ai Fhonneur d'estre avec toute la verite 
imaginable, et tout le respect possible de V.E., etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Lugo, July \6, 1719. 

I HAD yesterday the honour of receiving your Eminence's letter of the 
28th of June. 

I cannot refrain from expressing my gratitude for your Eminence's 
kindness to Mr. Esmond, a repetition which I hope will not be disagree- 
able to your Eminence. 

I am very sorry to see the progress of the French arms ; it must be 
admitted that the Regent is well served, and that he has got the French 
under his thumb. ^ 

I beg your Eminence to believe, etc.] 


Lugo, le 15 Juillet 1719. 

MoNS% — Cest avec bien du plaisir que j'ai receu Fhonneur de 
la votre par la derniere Poste. Je suis fache d'apprendre le bon 
succes des Enemies, et Je crains fort pour S* Sebastien, puis 
que le Roy n'a pas assez des troupes pour s'^opposer a leurs 

Je suis bien aise qu'avez [sic] tant de deserteurs, mais vous ne 
faites aucune mention s*'il y a des officiers parmis. J''ai fait vos 
compliments a sa Majeste, qui est bien sensible de votre zele 

^ Literally * under the ferule.' 


pour son service. II m^a ordonne de vous bien remercier de 
sa part, et de vous assurer de son estime. Je vous prie, Mons^ 
d'estre persuade de ma reconnoissance pour ce que vous avez la 
p' 129. bonte de vous interesser en ce que me regarde, et que je 
m'^estimerai heureux, si je pouvois avoir des occasions pour 
temoigner Testime que j*'ai pour votre Personne et combien 
j'ai rhonneur d''estre, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Francueu. Inigo, July 15_, I7l9. 

Sir, — It is with great pleasure that I have received the honour of your 
letter by the last post. I am sorry to hear of the enemy's success, and 
I fear much for San Sebastian, since the King has not enough troops 
to oppose their operations. 

I am glad that you have so many deserters, but you do not mention if 
there are any officers among them. 

I have presented your respects to His Majesty, who is very sensible of 
your zeal for his service. He has directed me to thank you cordially on 
his behalf, and to assure you of his regard. 

I beg you. Sir, to be assured of my gratitude for your kindness in 
interesting yourself in what concerns me, and that I shall consider myself 
fortunate if I can have opportunities of showing my regard for you, 
and how much I have the honour, etc.] 


Lugo, the 15"^" Jully 1719. 

Madam, — I did not think that I should so soon have an 
occasion to trouble you with another letter, but being informed 
from Sir Timon Connock of your Ladyship's generous behaviour, 
relating to the affair between Mr. Joyes and I, it is impossible 
for me not to express how sensible I am of your goodness, and 
that I can never forget it, but shall be impatient to find occa- 
sions to shew how much I am penetrated with this goodness of 
yours, and to shew how much I am with great truth, Mad"^, etc. 


f. 130. To SIR TIMON CONNOCK, p« express 

Lugo, the 12^" July 1719. 
S^, — This moment I received the favour of yours, and 


acquainted our Master of your renew'd and continued profes- 
sions, of your duty and zeall for his service. He has ordered me 
to give you his thanks, and to remember him kindly to you. 
I am very sorry to find by your's that your affairs are in so 
bad a posture, that there is no likelyhood of your putting a 
stop to the Enemie's operations. This is very bad both for 
his Majesty's, and our Master's affaires. 

I hope you will be able to send me some account of Kelly, 
that may be of service. Mons. de Silly ^ is to be the active man 
in the Duke of Berwick's army. I think he is a particular friend 
of his Graces. I am extremly pleased with the assurances you 
give me of the Cardinal's Friendship. I will endeavour to pre- 
serve it. 

My respects to his Eminence, and be assured of the perfect 
esteem, and true friendship I have for you, being. Sir, etc. P- '3i. 

P.S. — I am obliged to you for what you mention concerning 
the passes. I have receiv'd an account from the Coruna that a 
Lieutenant with 30 Spaniards, soldiers, are come on board an 
English ship, to be exchanged.^ They were made Prisoners in 
the Highlands. No news of the rest, or of any Body else. 


Lugo, 21 July 1719. 
MoNS^, — C'est avec bien du plaisir que j'ay recu I'honneur de 
la votre du 4® du Cour* avec I'agreeable assurance de la parfaite 
retablissement de votre sante, dont je m'interesse autant que 
personne, aiant tout I'estime et respect pour vous qui est 
possible, et vous prie de me continuer I'honneur de votre 

1 Jacques Joseph Vipart, Marquis de Silly, commanded the French army on 
the Spanish frontier before the arrival of Berwick. He is mentioned in Berwick's 
Mtmoires as a distinguished officer, but is best known by his liaisons with 
Madame de Staal. He committed suicide in 1727. * 

2 The prisoners taken at Eilean Donan. See Introduction, p. xlvii. 

2 Don Jose de Rozas, Count of Castelblanco. He married Lady Mary Drum- 
mond, daughter of the first Earl of Melfort. Bolingbroke speaks of him as ' a 
Spaniard who married a daughter of Lord Melfort, and who, under that title, 
set up for a meddler in English business.' See p. xxxv, note 4. 






amitie. II faut esperer que nous aurons plus de bonheur si 
Toccasion se presente. Je suis bien en peine pour nos Mess"^ 
qui sont en Ecosse, Dieu veuille qu'ils en revient. Faites moy 
la justice d'estre bien persuade que j'ai Thonneur d'*estre tres 

P.S. — II vient d'^arriver 30 soldats Espagnoles avec un Lieu*, 
mais point d'autre nouvelles. 


[To M. Castelblanco. Lugo, July 21, 1719. 

Sir, — I have received with much pleasure the honour of your letter of 
the 4th current, with the agreeable assurance of the complete restoration 
of your health, in which I am interested as much as any one, as I have 
the utmost possible esteem and respect for you, and beg that you will con- 
tinue to honour me with your friendship. 

We must hope for better fortune if the opportunity occurs. I am 
very anxious about our gentlemen who are in Scotland. God grant that 
they may return. 

Do me the justice to believe, etc. 

P.S. — ^There have just arrived thirty Spanish soldiers with a lieutenant, 
but no other news.] 


p. 132. To SIR TIMON CONNOCK, p'^ M'^ Morgan 

Lugo, the 23° July. 

Sir, — It is by the King's commands that I send you this, by 
M** Morgan. He is accompanied by a Gentleman, that carries a 
letter from his Majesty to the Cardinal, and the King desires 
that you will get him introduced to his Eminence. This is all 
I can say to you on his account, but I must desire you to 
endeavour to do M*" Morgan all the Service you can. The King 
sends the Cardinal a Memorial of his, which I wish may be 
answered to his satisfaction, or at least some part of it. He is a 
very great sufferer on the King our Master's ace*, and is indeed 
ruin'd, if he has not some relief from your Court, for you know 
how unable our Master is to help or relieve any one that has 
been a great sufferer on his account. I have known him some 
years, and can answer for his being an honest Gentleman, and 
his sufferings shews enough how zeallous he has been, and is 


for the King's Interest. I am sure that you will do all you can 
to serve him, therefore will say no more on this subject, p. 133- 
M' Talbot is on the List as Lieutenant Colonel. He would have 
gone to the army some time ago, but that his Majesty wou'd 
not give him leave, having so few Gentlemen here to waite on 
him, but I hope that this will not be any prejudice to him, for 
I do assure that he has been for some time very impatient to 
go to the Camp. He is a great sufferer, and a very honest brave 
Gentleman, and one for whome I have a particular value and 
friendship. Tho' the Protestant Gentlemen cannot be em- 
ployed, yet I hope they will receive half pay as they are on the 
List. The King is dayly expecting M"^ Willoughby back, or at 
least some account of him. Believe me with great truth, S"", etc. 
F.S. — Pray assure his Eminence of my Respects. Since I 
begun this the King has orderM me to tell you that he wou'd 
be glad that there was orders sent to S* Andero that whatever 
persons arrives there with letters for him, that they should not 
be stop'd and embarrased as M** Morgan was at his coming 
there, but to forward them to his Majesty. 



Lugo, the 24^« July 1719. 
Sir, — I forgot to let you know that the Compagnion of M"* 
Morgan desires our Master to have one to reside at S* Andere, 
to receive letters from him, or messengers that are to come to 
the King ; but untill you know from him how he is received, 
and treated by his Eminence there is no need of mentioning 
this to the Cardinal, for if his Eminence do"'s not enter into 
correspondance with him, the King wou"'d not have any thing 
of this matter mention'd. Believe me most affectionately your, 



Lugo, le 24 Juillet 1719. 
Cest avec bien du plaisir, Mons"*, que je me serve de cette 
occasion, pour vous assurer de mes respects et en meme temps 


de vous prier de la part de sa Majeste Britanique, que vous voul- 
liez bien avoir la bonte de laisser partir le petit Vaisseau qui 
s'appelle La S*® Marie, et de donner un Certificat comme elle a 
este retenu par force, et de voulloir encore Tassister de ce que 
dependra de vous. 
/• ^35- Sa Majeste Britanique m''a charge de vous faire ses compli- 
ments. Je n'ai rien appris de nouveau, les premieres lettres 
du Camp nous apprendront que la tranche est ouverte devant 
S* Sebastien, il ne paroit pas qu''on est en Estat de la secourer, 
on dit que la Place est bonne, et qu'elle ne manque rien, il faut 
done s'attendre a une bonne deffense. Faite moy la justice 
d'Estre bien persuade que j'ai Thonneur d^estre avec bien du 
respect, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Lugo, July 24, 1719. 

Sir, — It is with much pleasure that I avail myself of this opportunity 
to assure you of my respect, and at the same time to ask you on behalf of 
His Britannic Majesty to be so good as to allow the little vessel called 
the Sainte Marie to leave, and to give a certificate how she was detained 
by force, and also to give her assistance so far as that depends on you. 

His Britannic Majesty desires me to send you his compliments. I 
have no news ; the first letters from the camp will tell us that the trenches 
are opened before San Sebastian. It does not look as if we were in a con- 
dition to help (the town), they say it is a strong place and well supplied, 
so we must expect a good defence. 

Do me the justice to believe, etc.] 

Au CARD. ALBERONI, p'^ Mons'^ le Franc 

Lugo, le 26^^ Julliet 1719. 
La lettre de votre Eminence j'ay eu Thonneur de recevoir 
hier matin, sa Majeste Britanique est tres sensible de Pamities 
de leurs Majestez Catholicque, et des attentions que V.E. a 
pour tout ce que luy regarde ; comme sa Majeste ecrit a V.E. 
vous serez informe des resolutions qu'il a prises pour faire le 
Voyage, il y a des risques de toute maniere, et cestoit a luy 
d'en faire le jugement. 
p. 136. Permettez moy de vous prier tres humblement de me mettre 
aux Pieds de leurs Majestez, et tres reconnaissant a V.E. de 

1 7 19] ORMONDE LETTERS 149 

toutes ses bontes recevant tous les jours des marques de son 
Amitie. Je tascherai de la conserver par la plus parfaite re- 
connaissance possible. V.E. a la bonte de me dire que je parle 
a Coeur ouvert et de vous informer de ce que je desire, je vous 
obey et comme je ne va pas avec le Roy Je souhaiterai de 
pouvoir rester en Espagne j usque on voy quelle plie les affaires 
prendront, car etant a Rome je ne puis pas etre d'aucune 
Utilite au Roy mon Maitre, si V.E. a rien a dire contre ce 
que jai Thonneur de desirer il aura la bonte de me la fair 
scavoir. Je resterai icy huit ou dix Jours apres le depart de 
sa Majeste Britanique qui part demain et jai desein d''aller a 
petites journees a Valladolid et d'attendre la les ordres de V.E 
aux quelles je me conformerai avec plaisir. Permette moi de 
vous feliciter des bonnes Nouvelles qui vient de Sicile, plut 
au Bon Dieu que les affaires auront le succes que Je les sou- 
hait. Jai Thonneur d'etre avec la plus parfaite respect et un 
Attachment a toute Epreuve de votre Eminence, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni, per M. le Franc. 

LugOj July 26_, 1719. 

I had the honour to receive your Eminence's letter yesterday morning. 
His Britannic Majesty is very sensible of the friendship of their Catholic 
Majesties, and of the attention which your Eminence gives to all that 
concerns him. As His Majesty is writing to your Eminence you will be 
informed of his decision as to making the journey. In whatever way it is 
made there are risks, and it was for him to judge of them. 

Allow me to beg you very humbly to place me at their Majesties' feet. 
(I am) very grateful to your Eminence for all your kindness, receiving 
every day marks of your friendship. I shall try to retain it by the most 
perfect gratitude possible. Your Eminence is good enough to tell me to 
speak frankly and to tell you what I want. I obey you, and as I am not 
going with the King I should like to be able to remain in Spain until it 
appears what turn affairs are to take, for at Rome I can be of no use to 
the King my Master. If your Eminence has no objection to what I desire 
have the goodness to let me know. I shall remain here eight or ten days 
after the departure of His Britannic Majesty, who leaves to-morrow ; and 
I intend to travel by easy stages to Valladolid and there to await your 
Eminence's orders, which I shall obey with pleasure. Let me congratulate 
you on the good news from Sicily. ^ God grant that affairs may turn out 
successfully as I wish. 

I have the honour, etc.] 

^ This probably refers to the defeat of the Austrians under Count Merci, by 
the Spanish troops under De Lede, at Franca Villa, on June 27, 1719. 



p. 137. To SIR TIMON CONNOCK, by Mons« le Franc 

Lugo, Jul. 26^". 

I HAVE had y® favour of yours of y® 13*^, and am sorry it 
is not in your power to send me good News. I am sure you 
will do all you can to serve Meagher and Smith, but I am of 
your Opinion that in y® bad Circumstances the affairs are in, 
these just demands must be made with great Caution and in 
a proper juncture. What you propose concerning Meagher, I 
think, is very just : he shall be informed of it. I fear y® taking 
of Pampelona will be the end of your Campagne. It is not 
impossible, but of y® War also since you are not in a Con- 
dition to oppose the Enemy in the Field. I am glad so 
many of y® Prisoners have made their Escape. What you say 
of y® Duke of Ber wicks character is agreed on by all y* know 
him. Kelly has not made any discovery that is of conse- 
quence ; it may be that he is but a poor Spie. The King 
goes from hence towards Valladolid tomorrow. I hope to goe 
to that place very soon, designeing if it please God to leave 
this place in a week after the King, where I shall be glad 
to hear from you. I have made your Compliments to our 
Master in y^ most respectfuU manner. He bid me assure you 
of his Esteem. Believe me most sensible of your Friendship 
which I set a true valine on, and am with great truth, etc. 

^ Since I made up my letter y^ King has ordered me to 
desire you to know if y* y® Gentlemen y"* are Protestants and 
sent on the List shou'd go to the Army and serve as volunteers 
since they cannot have employment. This you will let me 
know. — I am, etc. 



Lugo, y^ 26^" Jul. 
My Lord, — I am very sorry to hear of your Graces misfor- 
fortune in being stopp't,^ but I hope that before this time you 

^ These five lines in the first hand. 

2 Mar was arrested at Geneva on May 22 while on his way to the waters o 
Bourbon. For an account of his curious negotiations with Stair at this time, see 
Mrs. Thomson's Lives of the Jacobites ^ vol. i. pp. 204 et seq. 


are at Liberty, and that this will find you in perfect health, 
and that it will please God to restore his Majesty after all 
the dissapointments he has met with. I am sure we shall all 
of us do our Endeavours, and desire you to believe that I 
am, with truth, Your Graces, etc. 

My most humble service to her Grace. 



Lugo, Jul. y^ 26^", 1719. 
S% — This is to Congratulate you on your good fortune in 
the accomplishing what you were employed.^ I have not heard 
from you this great while, which I attribute to y® great distance 
and y® loss of Letters. I hope you will soon have y® honnour 
and satisfaction of kissing our Masters hand. I shall be very 
impatient to hear of his safe arrivall. I am, with great 
truth, etc. 

To THE KING, BY Mr. Willoughby 

Zeky, Ezekiel Hamilton. 

Lugo, the 29^« July 1719. 

Sir, — I was very glad to hear from my servant that you 
left Galliegos in perfect health, pray God keep you so. 

Zeky came hither last night at eliven, and I have the honour to 
send your Majesty the full powers in good latine as I believe. 
It is now near twelve, and M"" Willoughby is ready to go from /• 139- 
hence. Pray God send you a good journey, and a safe and 
quicke voyage. — I am, with the greatest respect. Sir, your, etc. 

P.S. — I send your Majesty the Earl Marishalls Commission 
with his Instructions. 

See Introduction, p. Ivi, and p. 15 note 3. 




Lugo, 29^" Juillet 1719. 
Madame, — Cest avec la plus respectueuse reconnoissance que 
je re^ois Thonneur que Votre Majeste m''a faite par sa lettre du 
17^® de Juin, Je la supplie tres humblement d'estre bien per- 
suadee que je ferai toujours tout ce que dependra de moy pour 
tacher de meriter Thonneur de sa protection, ne souhaitant 
rien au monde tant, que d'avoir les occasions pour lui temoigner 
comme bien j'ay Thonneur d'estre avec la plus grande venera- 
tion et la plus profonde respect. Madam de V.M., etc. 

[To THE Queen. Lugo, July 29, 1719. 

Madam, — I receive with the most respectful gratitude the honour which 
your Majesty has done me by your letter of the 17th of June. I very 
humbly beg you to believe that I will do all that is in my power to try to 
deserve the honour of your protection, as there is nothing on earth that 
I desire so much as to have opportunities of showing how much I have 
the honour to be, etc.] 


To Mr. HAYE ^ 

Lugo, 29^" July 1719. 
Sir, — The reason I give you this trouble is to desire you to 
present the Inclosed to the Queen, with my most profound 
respect. I wish you a good journey and a prosperous voyage. 
I am very much, etc. 

^ John Hay of Cromlix, third son of the sixth Earl of Kinnoul. He accom- 
panied Mar to Scotland in 1715, and was forfeited. He succeeded Mar as 
Secretary of State to James, who created him titular Earl of Inverness. Hay 
married Marjory, third daughter of the fifth Lord Stormont, and sister of James 
Murray and of Lord Mansfield. The insolence with which Princess Clementina 
was treated by the Hays was the main cause of the estrangement between James 
and the Princess. Lady Inverness was said to be James's mistress, a doubtful 
story. See Mahon, vol. ii. pp. 88 et seq. 



To THE KING 1 * P- HO 

Lugo, July 30^"' 1719. 
This Moment Mr. Kennedy is arrived. He has a letter for 
you, and I send him away Immediately that he may overtake 
you before you Gett to the Latitude of Valladolid. I have 
the honour to send your Majesty a letter I received from my 
Lord Marechal of a very old date. I also send you, Sir, an 
Abstract of one I received from Sir Edmund.^ This is all 
I have to trouble you with at present. Pray God continue you 
in health, and give you a good voyage. I am with all Imagin- 
able respect, etc. 



Lugo, July 31^^' 1719. 
As I was sending away Mr. Kennedy S"" John Healy came to 
me and desired that I wou'd beg of your Majesty to gett an 
Answer from the Cardinal concerning his Affair on which 
depends his all, for if that he has not j ustice done him he says 
he must be forced to endeavour to get his bread in some other 
service. I hope you will pardon me giving you this trouble. 
I am. 



Lugo, July 31 s^' 1719. 
I HAVE very little to say to you but to acquaint you that 
the King left this place last Thursday, which I believe you 
may have known from the Cardinal. Pray make him my Com- 
pliments in the best Manner. I hope to leave this place on 
Friday or Saturday next for Valladolid, where I hope to hear 

^ Here the first hand begins again. 
2 Sir Redmond Everard ? 


from you and his Eminence. I wish to God that it may be in 
your power to send me some Good News, but I much fear it as 
things are now. 

I wrote to you last night but not with my own hand, which 
I hope you will excuse. The Gentlemen mentioned have been 
very zealous in the King's cause, they are on the list, and I 
hope you will do them what service you can. Believe me, etc. 



Lugo, Aout 4^^^^' 1719. 
p. 141, Je suis tres Impatient de scavoir que vous etez arrive en 
bonne sante, et quelle reception vous aviez eu de son Eminence, 
J'espere qu'^elle a ete a votre satisfaction, et que vous partez 
tres content de votre visite, Je vous envoye Monsieur le Chifre, 
et souhaite que vous auriez occasion de vous en servir pour les 
Interets de votre Maitresse et de mon Maitre et de nos Pais. 
Sa M. Britannique partit d'icy la semaine passe pour la Castile, 
J'auray I'honneur de vous ecrire par la premiere Poste plus au 
longue, le Porteur vous informera de ce qui se passe ici depuis 
votre Depart. Je vous souhaite un bon Passage, et vous prie 
de me donner de vos Nouvelles. Je vous supplie d''etre bien 
persuade que Je suis, etc. 

Souvenez vous s'il vous plait qu'Astorga est le nom que 
vous etez convenu de vous en servir dans Tautre Chifre. 

[To M. DE Clancostrum. LugOy August 4, 1719. 

I AM very anxious to know that you have arrived in good health and 
what reception you have had from his Eminence. I hope that it has 
been to your satisfaction, and that you are leaving well satisfied with your 
visit. I send you the cipher, and I hope that you will have occasion to 
use it in the interests of your Mistress and my Master and of our countries. 

His Britannic Majesty left here last week for Castile. I shall have 
the honour to write to you at greater length by the first post. The 
bearer will tell you of what has happened here since you left. I wish 
you a good passage and beg you to send me your news. 

J beg you to rest assured that I am, etc. 

Please remember that Astorga is the name which you agreed to use 
in the other cipher.] 

1 7 19] ORMONDE LETTERS 155 


Lugo, Aug. 4^^' 1719. 

I HOPE this will find you safely arrived where you design to 
Embarque, and y* you and your Companion are satisfyed with 
your visit, if not, I fear there is little hopes of doing anything 
for the Common Cause. 

The King left this place last Week for to go to Castile. You 
have your Instructions from the King and therefore will follow 
them exactly. I wish you a safe voyage and a quiet arrival. 
I suppose you will have had Orders about your Nephew, if not, p. 142. 
I think the best he can do will be to go to the Camp, being he 
is on the List as Captain, and I will do all that I can to 
serve him. Pray believe me to be. 


Lugo, Aug. 4^"' 1719. 

I THANK you for your*'s and am glad to find by it y* you 
were then in Good health, as I hope in God you are now. 

Had not the bad Weather Separated and Disabled the fleet 
we might have Mett in our own Country but I hope yet for all 
these Disappointments y* it will please God to give us an 
occasion to endeavour to restore our King, which Opportunity 
offering you shall have timely Notice, for I shou'd be glad of 
your Company at all times, but more at such a Juncture when 
you would have an opportunity of doing the King service. 

The King bad me remember him kindly to you. If you 
have not yet received the Arrears of Pension due to you, Mr. 
Dicconson ^ has orders to pay them. 

1 General Echlin was one of the officers of the '15. Along with Lord Duffus, 
Threipland of Fingask, and others, he made his escape to the Orkneys, and 
succeeded in reaching France. 

2 William Dicconson, for many years treasurer and comptroller of the house- 
hold at St. Germains. 



Lugo, Aout 6^="^' 1719. 

J'ay dessein Monsieur de quitter ce Lieu Demain pour aller 
a Valladolid, mais Je ne pouvois partir sans vous prier d''etre 
bien persuade que Je suis tres sensible de toutes vos honnetetez 
et tres reconnoissaut, et qu''en quel lieu ou Je me trouve J'en 
Conserveray toujours le resouvenir. 

Je vous suis infiniment oblige pour les Asseurances que vous 

avez la bonte de me donner par la lettre que J'ay Fhonneur 

de recevoir hier au soir de la continuation de votre Amitie, 

J'en fais tout le cas que Je dois et y Corresponderay avec bien 

/. 143. du plaisir. 

Je vous suis bien oblige pour ce que vous faites Mention a 
regard du petit batiment de Monsieur Smith, J' espere que la 
Cour aura quelque Consideration pour lui. J'ay eu des 
Lettres du 22^me J^ j^^jg p^sse du Camp que Disent qu'on 
n'avoit point d'avis certain que la Tranche fut ouverte, mais a 
rheure qu'elle est Je croy le siege forme Je suis fache que la 
ville n'est pas en meilleur Etat, Je plains la personne qui y 
doit Commander. J'espere que vous me faites la Justice de 
me croire que J'ay Thonneur d'etre, etc. 

[To THE Marquis de Risbourg. Lugo, Aug, 6, 1719. 

Sir, — I mean to leave this place to-morrow to go to Valladolid, but I 
could not leave without begging you to believe that I am very sensible of 
all your kindnesses, and very grateful, and that wherever I may go I 
shall always preserve the remembrance of them. 

I am infinitely obliged to you for the assurances which you have the 
goodness to give me, by the letter which I had the honour to receive last 
night, of the continuance of your friendship. I value it as I ought, and 
will respond to it with much pleasure. 

I am much obliged to you for what you mention as to Mr. Smith's 
little vessel. I hope that the Court will have some consideration for 
him. I have had letters of the 22nd of last month from the camp, which 
say that there was no certain news that the trenches were opened, but 
now I believe the siege is formed. I am sorry that the town ^ is not in a 
better condition. I regret the person who is to be in command. 

I hope you will do me the justice to believe that I have the honour, 

^ San Sebastian. 




Lagos, Aout 7, 1719. 
Je prens la liberte d''envoyer a V. E. les Incluses Sa M. 
Britannique m'ayant ordonne d'envoyer toutes les lettres 
Addressees pour lui a V. E. J'ay quitte Lugo ce Matin pour 
me rendre a Valladolid ou J'attendray les ordres de V. E. 
J'ay rhonneur, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Lagos, August 7, 1719. 
I TAKE the liberty of sending the enclosures to your Eminence, His 
Britannic Majesty having ordered me to send you all letters addressed 
to him. I left Lugo this morning to go to Valladolid, where I shall 
await your Eminence's orders.] 


Valladolid, August 18"^", 1719. 

I RECEIVED your's from Madrid, and am very glad y* you 
were so well recover''d as to be able to take so long a Journey 
in the heat of the Weather. I hope what you are designed for 
will turn to your advantage ; and that it may in some Measure 
make you amends for the great loss you have suffered in your 
last voyage. 

As to what you mention of the King's having Blank Com- 
missions to fill up as he shouM think fitting, I do assure you 
that you are misinformed. I had indeed several, but had orders 
not to deliver any but after our Landing, and I assure you I 
have not disposed of one, as for Col. Fitzgerald I know no /. 144. 
thing of him, or of his having a ColonePs Commission untill I 
saw him near the Groyn, he being a stranger to me. The 
Bearer you are acquainted with ; he was with the King when 
his Majesty went from Dunkirk to Scotland, and is recom- 
mended very strongly by the King to the Cardinal. He is 
ordered to Cadix to be provided for. He carry es a letter from 
Monsieur de Patino. The King wou'd have you to do him all 


the service you can, therefore it is useless for me to say any 
thing to you on his account. I have no News to send you, but 
you will have heard of the King's leaving Gallicia, and of his 
Journey. I shall be glad to hear from you. Wishing you all 
Imaginable success, and am. 



Valladolid, Aout 19, 1719. 
La Lettre de V.E. du 7'^"^^ J'ay eu Thonneur de recevoir ce 
Matin et suis tres sensible des Marques que V.E. a eu la bonte 
de me donner de la Continuation de Son Amitie et de sa Pro- 
tection, J'en ay toute la reconnoissance Imaginable, et la meri- 
teray par une sincere Attachement a votre personne. V.E. me 
mande de vous ecrire en toute sorte de Confiance, J'obeis avec 
plaisir, et comme J'ay eu Thonneur d'*ecrire a V.E. Je sou- 
haite de pouvoir rester en Espagne pour voir comment les 
affaires de TEurope se tourneront, il me semble qu'elles ne 
pourroient pas durer dans la situation qu'elles sont a present, 
et quand V.E. le trouvera bon Je souhaiteray d'avoir Thon- 
neur de vous pouvoir parler. J''espere qu''il n'y aura point 
d'inconvenient, et Je suis pret de la faire de la maniere que 
/ 145- V.E. Jugera le plus a propos, et en le tems et lieu que vous 
m'ordonnerez, en attendant J'ay dessein de demeurer icy puis- 
que V.E. me laisse la Choix de ma Demeure. J'ay peur qu'il 
n'y a que peu d'esperance du cote du Nord. J'ay Thonneur 
d'envoyer a V.E. une Lettre pour le Roy mon Maitre comme 
il m''avait ordonne de faire de toutes celles qui sont addressees 
pour lui. J'ay Thonneur, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, August 19, 1719. 

I HAD this morning the pleasure of receiving your Eminence's letter 
of the 7th, and am very sensible of the marks which your Eminence has 
been good enough to give me of the continuation of your friendship and 
protection. I have all possible gratitude for them and will deserve them 
by a sincere attachment to your person. 

Your Eminence tells me to write to you in all confidence. I obey with 
pleasure, and as I had the honour to write to your Eminence, I wish to 

1 7 19] ORMONDE LETTERS 159 

be able to remain in Spain to see how the affairs of Europe turn out. It 
seems to me that they cannot remain long in their present situation, and 
when your Eminence finds it convenient I should like to have the 
honour of being able to speak to you. I hope there will be no objection 
to this, and I am ready to do it in whatever way your Eminence thinks 
most suitable, and at whatever time and place you direct. In the mean- 
time I intend to stay here, as your Eminence leaves me the choice of my 
residence. I fear there is but little hope from the North. 

I have the honour to send to your Eminence a letter for the King my 
Master, as he ordered me to do with all those addressed to him. 

I have the honour, etc.] 



Abraham, Mr. Menzies. 

Valladolid, Aug. 19^", 1719. 

I HAVE had the honour of your two letters of the First and 
3d, and am infinitely glad that the heat of the Weather has 
had no ill effect on your health, which God long preserve and 
Continue to you as I wish it. 

I arrived here the 17th, and have receiv''d the full powers 
from the President. I wish there may be occasion to make use 
of them ; if there be, I will use them with all the prudence that 
I am master of. I shall be very uneasy and in pain untill 
I hear that you are safely landed. I am sorry that Mr. 
Hay's Letters were opened, but they were not read, and I only 
took a letter y* was for me from my Lady Arthur, and one for 
me Enclosed from Mr. Creon — there is two letters for Mr. Hay, 
one of them has an Enclosed in it which may very probably be 
for me, but I wou'd not open the letter since I received your'*s, 
wherein you were pleas''d to give me a Caution concerning the 
opening of any letter. I shall obey your orders concerning 
S"^ John Healy. I find y'^ Majesty has changed your mind con- 
cerning Mr. Kennedy. I wish y* Mr. Oglethorp and Abraham 
may have sent you any thing y* is of Consequence, but I much A 146. 
fear the Contrary. I am glad you are pleased to approve of 
my Instructions to Lord Marechal. I am, etc. 

1 Original in Stuart Papers. 




Valladolid, August 19, 1719. 
I HAVE not had the Satisfaction of hearing from you for 
some time. You have nothing agreeable to write, and that I 
believe is the reason of your Silence, however pray let no 
Excuse of that kind hinder me from the pleasure of knowing 
that my friend is well. Believe me. 

To Mr. hay 

Valladolid, August 19, 1719. 

I AM obliged to you for your's from Lavanjez, and for the 
care you promise to take of my Letter to her Majesty, and for 
your Civilitys, which I shall return on any occasion. I am very 
glad you gott well so far on your Journey after enduring so 
great heats. 

I send you by Kennedy the accounts of the money that the 
King left at Lugo, and also S^ Peter Stafford's accounts. As 
soon as I hear that his Majesty is embarked I''l send away 
Jolly to the most convenient place for his Embarkation. 



Valladolid, Aout 19, 1719. 
Je vous suis bien oblige Monsieur pour la votre du 25 du 
Juillet que J'ay receu le 9. a Villa Franca, Je suis tres fache 
d'apprendre que les eaux ne vous ont point soulage, et que 
vous eutes les facheux accidens dont vous faites mention, mais 
Je suis bien aise quVlles n'ont pas eu des Suites. J'ay toute 
/. 147- la reconnoissance imaginable a son Eminence pour ce que 
vous me mandez touchant un pension que vous dites que sa 
M.B. a ecrit a son Eminence en ma faveur. Je suis bien 


fache que les Aftkires se tournent comme elles sont pour 
Tamour de ce qui regarde son Eminence aussi bien que pour 
les Interets de mon Maitre. Je suis arrive icy le 17^*"®, et 
Je croy que Je resteray. Je seray bien aise d'avoir Thonneur 
de vos Nouvelles, et vous prie d'etre bien persuade que 
J'ay, etc. 

[To Baron Walef. Valladolid, August 19, 1719. 

Sir, — I am greatly obliged to you for your letter of the 25th of July, 
which I received on the 9th at Villa Franca. I am very sorry to hear 
that the waters have given you no relief, and that you had the annoying 
accidents which you mention, but I am very glad that they have had no 
bad consequences. 

I feel all imaginable gratitude to his Eminence for what you tell me 
about a pension, as to which you say that His Britannic Majesty has 
written to his Eminence in my favour. I am very sorry that things are 
turning out as they are, for the sake of what concerns his Eminence as 
well as for the interests of my master. 

I arrived here on the I7th and I think I shall remain. I shall be very 
glad to have the honour of your news, and beg you to believe that I 
have, etc.] 


Valladolide, y^ 23° August 1719. 
S"^, — By yesterdays Post I received from Lady Arther the 
favour of three of your obliging letters. They were of the 2^, 
12, and 16^^ Inst. I am most sensible of y"^ Friendship in the 
care and trouble you have taken, to endeavour to comply with 
what I have desired of you, and I am very sure that what has 
not been complied with was not for want of your solicitation. 
I am very sorry to see the Posture of affaires, which must 
necessarily produce a Peace before the next Spring, but what 
kind of a Peace God knows. It must be very mortifying to the 
Cardinal, I am heartily sorry for it on his account, as well as 
for the cause, for I shall be allways sincerely his friend and 
humble servant for his civilities and friendship to me ; what 
you mention of the Parma Envoye is very probable and I 
am of your Opinion, that the Duke of Berwick will hardly 

^ Here the second hand begins. 



/. 148. undertake the Siege of Pampeluna, considering the season of 
the year is so far advanced, and the place so well provided. 
We hear that the Castle of S* Sebastien has capitulated, 
but I suppose it is not true.^ I am sorry the Gentleman that 
was with M'" Morgan could not be of use, his having no 
Credentials, nor nothing to propose from his Court, made his 
journey down very unnecessary, for I fancied his Em. would 
not enter into engagements with him. I know no more of him, 
then what Mr. Dillon says of him, but I believe he is very 
well inclined to serve the cause. He and M*" Morgan are ex- 
treamly satisfied with your Civilities, and endeavours to serve 
them, the Second must be contented with what he can get. 
You tell me the Cardinall did not seem pleas'd with the last 
resolutions of our Master, but considering the situation of 
affaires, I do not see what he cou''d do, for he would not have 
been permitted to have stay'd in this Country any longer than 
the War lasted, and what condition the Allies wou'd have 
insisted on, as to the Place that he shou'd go to, I cannot guess 
at, but to be shure they would have hinderM him from meeting 
with the Queen. I hope he has not left this Country too soon. 
I am very glad you have been so serviceable to M"^ Talbot, lie 
deserves as much as can be done for him. I am very much 

/. 149. pleas''d with what you mention concerning the Protestant 
Gentlemen, who are all a going to the Camp, since there 
will be no questions asked, but am sorry that the Gentlemen 
on the List are not to receive pay but on their arrivall. I am 
infinitely pleased to see that his Majesty distinguishes you, by 
frequent commissions of consequence. I hope he will reward 
y** merit. I am very glad that my Lady Arther is satisfied 
with my gratitude for her civilities ; I can never forget her 
generous behaviour. S"^ John Haley, M** Talbot, and M"* 
Willoughby leave this place in a day or two, to go to joyn 
the Camp. I keep M"^ Lesley with me, but if he cannot be 
allowed his pay without being in the Camp, I will send him 
thither. He is very usefull to me in my little Family, but I 
wouM not keep him to his Prejudice. I need not say anything 
of the two that go with S"^ John, you know them both, they 

^ The citadel of San Sebastian capitulated on August 17. 


are Persons for whom I have a particular regard. I have 
quite tired you, I believe, but will only add that if* s impossible 
to esteem any one more than I do you, and that you will 
allways find me with great truth, s*" etc. 


Button, Dillon. 

Valladolide, le 23^^ Aoust 1719. 
J'ai rhonneur d'informer V.E. que j'ay receu une lettre de 
Dutton, qui me mande qu'il est asteur^ en liberte, Je supplie 
V.E. de me faire s9avoir, si vous continuez en les memes senti- 
ments envers Dutton que vous estiez quand j'ay eu Thonneur 
de vous parler de lui, affin que si V.E. ait les memes bontez 
pour lui, je luy le pourray le faire scavoir. J'ai Thonneur 
d'envoyer a V.E. une Pacquete pour sa Majeste Britanique, 
Je suis et serai en peine, jusques a ce que Je suis informe de 
son arrivee, J'attends des Lettres de sa Majeste de Fendroit 
de son Embarquement. J'ay Phonneur d'estre avec bien de 
respect de V.E. etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, August 23, 1719. 

I HAVE the honour to inform your Eminence that I have a letter from 
Dutton, who tells me that he is now at liberty. I beg your Eminence to 
let me know if you continue to have the same feelings towards Dutton as you 
had when I had the honour of speaking to you about him, so that if your 
Eminence has the same kindness for him I may be able to let him know. 

I have the honour to send to your Eminence a packet for His Britannic 
Majesty. I am and shall be anxious until I hear of his arrival. I expect 
letters from His Majesty from the place of his embarkation. 

I have the honour, etc.] 



Valladolide, y^ 9>S° August. 
Madam, — I am extreamly obliged to your Ladyship for the 
favour of your's of y^ 19th with the Packets from S*^ Timon 

^ A cette heure. 


Connock. I hope you do me the justice to believe that I am 
with a great deal of respect, Madam, etc. 


A 151. To THE KING 1 

Valladolide, the 23° August 1719. 
Sir, — I am impatient to hear that you are gotten safe to the 
Water side, and shall be as impatient to hear the good news 
of your safe Landing, which God grant. I have no news to 
send you. I wish your Majesty all imaginable happyness, being 
with great respect and submission. Sir, your Majesty's, etc. 


His Grace writ to the Prince of Campo Florido from Lugo 
the 5th August, in answer to his letter of the 30^^ June and 
acquents him that directions were given to supply his servant 
at the Coruna according to his desire, etc. N*^ this letter was 
sent from Valladolide the 26*^ August 1719. 


Valladolide, le 30^ Aoust 1719. 
La lettre de V.E. du 24^® J'ay eu Thonneur de recevoir hier 
au Matin, et j attendray vos Ordres pour avoir Thonneur de 
vous faire la reverance, quand V.E. m'avertira du temps et le 
lieu qu'EUe aura fixee. Je suis fache qu''il y a si peu d''appar- 
ance de Cote du Nord, Les Nouvelles qu'*on voit dans les 
p. 152. Gazettes touchant la Prusse, n'est guerre bonne, non plus que 
celle qu''on dit de larmement qu'on fait en Angieterre, et en 
France, ce qui est sens doute destinee contre ce Royaume, II 
faut avoir Toeil a Cadix, les Nouvelles ne marquent pas les 
Lieux on Les Francois doivent s'embarquer. II ne parroit 
pas par les nouvelles que Le Czar et la Suede sont prest a 
faire la Paix, mais pendant que S.M. Czariene garde Mons. de 

^ Original in Stuart Papers. 


Lawles, il y a quelque peu d'Esperance que les affaires de ces 
Pais peuvent changer pour le mieux, Elles ne pourront estre 

J'ai riionneur d''envoyer a V.E. un autre Pacquet des lettres 
pour S. M. Brittanique, J'ay eu Thonneur de recevoir une 
d'EUe du 12% Le Roy devoit s'embarquer le 14^® a Binares, 
J'espere qu"'il pourroit estre debarque a Present, Je seray fort 
en peine jusques a ce que je sache son arive. J'ay Fhonneur 
d'estre avec bien de reconnoissance et de respect de V.E. etc. 

[To Cardinal Albeboni. Valladolid, August 30, 1719. 

I HAD the honour of receiving your Eminence's letter of the 24th 
yesterday morning, and I shall await your orders, so as to have the 
honour of paying my respects to you when your Eminence tells me of 
the time and place which you have fixed. 

I am sorry that there is so little appearance from the North. The 
news which one sees in the Gazettes about Prussia is hardly good, any 
more than the rumours about the armament which they are preparing in 
England and in France, which is doubtless directed against this king- 
dom. ^ An eye should be kept on Cadiz ; the news does not mention the 
places where the French are to embark. It does not appear from the 
news that the Czar and Sweden are prepared to make peace, but so 
long as his Czarish Majesty keeps Mr. Lawless there is a little hope 
that the affairs of those countries may change for the better. They could 
not be worse. 

I have the honour to send your Eminence another packet of letters for 
His Britannic Majesty. I have had the honour to receive from him one 
dated the 12th. The King was to embark on the 14th at Vinaros, I hope 
that he may now be landed. I shall be very anxious until I hear of his 

I have the honour, etc.] 


To THE KING 2 p^ 153, 

Amorsley, Alberoni. Dutton, Dillon. 

Valladolide, the 30^" August 1719. 
S% — I have had the honour of your Majesty's letter of the 
12*^, and am glad to find by it that you are got safe to the 

^ A British squadron, under Lord Cobham, sailed from Spithead on Septem- 
ber 21. Cobham captured, at Vigo, a large quantity of arms and stores which 
had been prepared for Ormonde's expedition. He also sacked Redondela and 

^ Original in Stuart Papers. 


place you mention. I hope you are safely arrived and that this 
will find you in perfect health. 

I have the honour to send you some letters that I received 
from Lady Arther. I am to see M'^ Amorsley in a little 
time, and shall obey your Commands. I am sending away 
Jolly by the way of Vallencia, where he is to embarke. I hope 
he will go safe. He could not go to Catalonia without an Escorte 
which must have been an Expense, and it was thought best not 
to ask for one, since their Troops have Bussiness enough. I 
shall know what Mr. Amorsley will do concerning M"^ Dutton, 
he, Dutton, being desirous to leave the bad Company he is in, 
who he informes me have used him inhumanly, as soon as I 
have an Answer from Amorsley I will acquaint Dutton with it. 

You will have heard of the great preparations from England, 
France, and the Emperour, this poor Country is to be pittied. 
I shall be in pain untill I hear you get safe to Rome. Give 
me leave, Sir, to put myself at the Queen''s feet. I am with all 
submission and respect, Sir, etc. 

/. 154. CLXXXH 


Valladolide, y^ 1^"^ Septemb^ 1719. 

S% — I trouble you with this to recommend M""^ Tullohs to 
your Protection. You know them better than I do, their 
Character is so much to their advantage that I am sure you 
will have a Pleasure in endeavouring to serve them. I wish 
I couM send you any agreeable news. Pray let me hear from 
you, and believe that I wish you success in all you undertake, 
being, etc. 


To CARD^ ALBERONI, p« M^ Drummond. 

Valladolide, y^ 9P Sept« 1719. 
J*ESPERE que V.E. me pardonera la Liberte que je prends, de 
vous recommender le Porteur, qui aura Thonneur de vous pre- 
senter cette lettre. C'est une Personne qui a este plusieurs fois 
employe par sa Majeste Britanique, et qui s'est bien acquite de 
son devoir. II souhaitera d'avoir Thonneur de servir dans la 


Marine, II a un Ami qui est Cap* de Vaisseau dans le service 
de sa Majeste, Mons"* le Due de Perth qui aura apparament 
rhonneur de vous faire la reuerance, le connoit mieux que moi, 
estant de ses Parents. J'attends la reponse de V.E. a ma lettre 
touchant Dutton, II sera bien aise de s^auoir a quoi j'attendre 
affin qu'il prend son parti. J"'ai Thonneur d'envoier a V.E. /. 155. 
line lettre pour sa Majeste Britanique. J'ai Fhonneur d'estre 
avec bien de respect et plus que Personne de V.E., etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni per Mr. Drummond. 
Valladolid, September 2, 1719. 

I HOPE that your Eminence will pardon me the liberty which I take in 
recommending to you the bearer^ who will have the honour to deliver 
this letter to you. He is a person who has been several times employed 
by His Britannic Majesty, and who has discharged his duty well. He • 
desires to have the honour of serving in the navy. He has a friend who 
is captain of a ship in His Majesty's service. The Duke of Perth, who 
will have the honour of paying his respects to you, knows him better 
than I, being of his kinsfolk. 

I await your Eminence's reply to my letter about Dutton. He will be 
very glad to know your decision so that he may decide as to his course. 

I have the honour to send your Eminence a letter for His Britannic 

I have the honour, etc.] 



Valladolide, the 9P Septemb^ 1719. 
To thank her for her Present of Tea and Snuff, etc. 


To the duke of PERTH 1 

THE 9P Septemb** 1719. 
In answer to his letter from Madrid by Mr. Drummond, the 
Copy in a Paper apart. 

^ James, Lord Drummond, eldest son of the fourth Earl of Perth, Chancellor 
of Scotland. Lord Drummond was out in the '15, and accompanied James in his 
flight. He was attainted, but his estate was saved by his having executed a 
disposition thereof in favour of his eldest son, which was sustained by the Court 
of Session in 17 19 (affirmed by the House of Lords, 1720). The Chancellor had 
been created titular Duke of Perth by the exiled James 11. in 1696, and on 
his death in 17 16, Lord Drummond assumed that title. He died at Paris 
in 1730. 




Valladoltde, le 5^^ Septembre 1719. 
♦Tai receu hier apres dinne la lettre de V.E. du 3™® du Cour^ 
et je suis tres sensible a Thonneur que sa Majeste m'a faite, 
dont j'en ai toute la respectueuse reconnoissance imaginable, et 
aussy de la confiance que V.E. a de mon zele pour les Interets 
du Roy. Je suis prest a en donner toutes les marques qui de- 
penderont de moy, et a entreprendre aucune chose, ou il y a la 

p. 156. moindre apparance du succes ; Je scai la consequence de garder 
le secret, et puis que V.E. croit que mon Voiage a Madrid 
pourra faire du Bruit, Je me soumeterai a votre Opinion, mais 
s'il n'*y avoit point d'inconvenient, Je souhaiterai forte d'avoir 
rhonneur de m'aboucher avec V.E. affin d'ajuster tout ce qui 
est necessaire de ce cotte icy, pour la grande affaire, et meme 
je supplie V.E. de considerer, s'il n'est pas tres necessaire que je 
m'abouche avec le Depute qui est arrive, affin que je puis savoir 
TEstat de la Province, a Tegard des Armes, des Munitions, et 
Artilerie, et aussy pour estre informe des Lieux les plus propers 
a debarquer, et pour estre jointe le plutost par les gents du 
Pais. Si V.E. continue dans la meme resolution que je ne dois 
pas aller a Madrid, Je souhaite avoir votre Permission de vous 
envoyer une Personne de confiance d''ont je reponderay comme 

p. JS7- de moy meme, V.E. a bien veu par le passe, que ce que m'a 
este confie a este bien garde. J'ay la commission de Cap* 
General d'ont sa Majeste m'a honore, mais apparam* V.E. 
trouvera a Propos de m'*envoyer une declaration, et des Instruc- 
tions appropriez pour le service auquel je suis destine. Comme 
Taffaire est de tres grande importance et que V.E. dit qu'on ne 
demande que deux Battalions avec de L'argent, J'espere qu'ils 
sont bien assurez qu'il y aura du Monde suffisant prest a se 
joindre a si peu de Troupes, II sera necessaire de fournir une 
bonne somme d Argent affin que Taffaire ne manque pas de ce 
cotte la. A TEgard de Thumeur de ce Peuples, Je suis assure 
qu'ils ne seront pas mecontents de ma maniere de vivre avec 

^ Letters clxxxvi, cxciii, cxcviii, cc, cci, ecu, cciii, and ccviii relate to 
the expedition to Brittany mentioned in the Introduction, p. Iv. 


eux, et puis qu'ils aiment la bonne Chere, j'espere que V.E. me 
donnera les moyens de les satisfaire sur cet article. Je crois 
que ce sera a propos que je fasse croire icy, que je dois bien 
tost suivre sa Ma. Brit, en Italie. 

Si V.E. trouve a propos que j'envoye une Personne a 
Madride, II ne verra que ceux que vous ordonerez et pour eviter 
le Bruit, II ne prendra pas la Poste. Je croy que je pourrois 
voir le Depute sans difficulte a quelque lieux d'icy, Je prendray 
le pretext d aller a la chasse aux Perdrix, et avec les Instruc- A 158. 
tions que V.E. luy donnera. Et les precautions que je pren- 
dray cela se peut faire aisement, et sans bruit, car il est tres 
necessaire que Je luy parle. 

Si V.E. luy donnera Et les precautions que je prendray cela 
se peut faire aisement, et sans bruit, car il est tres necessaire 
que Je luy parle. 

Si V.E. le trouuoit a propos, Je serai bien aise d'avoir Mons*" 
de Connock avec moy. 

J'ay rhonneur de vous envoyer un Pacquet pour sa Majeste 
Britanique par la post d'hier, j'ai recu une lettre de Dutton, 
II me mande que le Regent leve beaucoup de Monde, Dutton 
est tres impatient d''avoir ma reponse, affin qu'il peut prendre 
son party, II me mande qu'il a este inhumainement traite par 
le Regent. J'avois commencee ma lettre hier mais elle ne 
parte que ce soire. Faite moy la justice d'estre persuade 
que Je suis plus que personne, et avec bien de respect de 
V.E., etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolidj September 5, 1719. 
Yesterday after dinner I received your Eminence's letter of the 3rd 
inst., and I am very sensible of the honour which His Majesty has done 
me, for which I feel all the respectful gratitude imaginable, and also of 
the confidence which your Eminence has in my zeal for the King's 
interests. I am prepared to give every proof of it which depends on me, 
and to undertake anything in which there is the least appearance of suc- 
cess. I know the importance of keeping the secret, and since your Emi- 
nence thinks that my travelling to Madrid might cause talk, I shall submit 
to your opinion, but if there is no objection, I should much like to have 
the honour of an interview with your Eminence, in order to arrange all 
that is necessary on this side for the great enterprise, and also I beg your 
Eminence to consider whether it is not very necessary that I should have 
a meeting with the deputy who has arrived, in order that I may know 
the state of the province with regard to arms, stores, and artillery, and 


also be informed as to the places most suitable for landing and for being 
joined as soon as possible by the people of the country. 

If your Eminence is still of opinion that I should not come to Madrid, 
I wish to have your permission to send you a person of trust, for whom I 
will answer as for myself. Your Eminence has seen well in the past that 
what has been intrusted to me has been well kept. 

I have the commission of Captain-General with which His Majesty has 
honoured me, but surely your Eminence will find it advisable to send me 
a declaration and instructions suitable for the service for which I am 
intended. As the affair is of very great importance, and as your Eminence 
says that only two battalions are required, with money, I hope that they 
are well assured that there will be plenty of people ready to join so small 
a body of troops. It will be necessary to supply a good sum of money if 
the enterprise is not to fail on that side. As to the humour of those 
people, I am assured that they will not be displeased with my manner of 
life among them, and as they love good cheer, I hope that your Emi- 
nence will give me the means to satisfy them in this respect. ^ 

I think that it will be advisable for me to give out here tliat I am soon 
to follow His Britannic Majesty to Italy. 

If your Eminence thinks it advisable that I should send some one to 
Madrid, he will only see those whom you direct, and in order to avoid 
talk he will not travel post. 

I think I could see the deputy without difficulty at various places here. 
I will make the excuse of going partridge-shooting, and with the instruc- 
tions which your Excellency will give him and the precautions which I 
will take, the thing can be done easily and quietly, for it is very necessary 
that I should speak to him. 

If your Eminence thinks it advisable, I should be very glad to have 
Sir T. Connock with me. 

I have the honour to send you a packet for His Britannic Majesty. 
By yesterday's post I have received a letter from Dutton. He tells me 
that the Regent is raising large levies. Dutton is very impatient to have 
my answer, so that he may decide as to his course. He tells me that he 
has been inhumanly treated by the Regent. 

I had commenced my letter yesterday, but it is not going till this 

Do me the justice to believe, etc.] 



Valladolide, y^ 6^« Sept'*. 1719. 
S'*, — I have had account by yesterdays post from Cap*. 
Petite, that you were embarcked the 14*^ of last month at 

^ Swift, in i\it Journal to Stella, describes Ormonde as * an expensive man.' 

1 7 19] ORMONDE LETTERS 171 

Vinares, that the Winde had continued fair, and that he hoped 
your Majesty was safely landed before this time. God grant 
that you be so. I have the honour to send you some letters. I 
shall be, and am impatient to hear of your being arrived in 
good health. I am, with great submission and respect, etc. 



Rowley, Bishop of Rochester {Atterbury).- 

Mrs. Franklin ? 

Valladolid, Sept^ 8, 1719. 
It is a great while since I have had the satisfaction of hear- 
ing from you. You shou'd have heard oftener from me had I 
any thing to inform you of that could have been agreeable or 
diverting to you. You will have heard of what Concerns our 
little Domestick affairs from Mrs. Franklin when it is not 
troublesome to you. I shou'd be glad to hear from you. 
Pray believe that I am. 


{Not sent) 

Valladolid, Sept''. 9^-^'^ 1719. 
J'ay rhonneur d'ecrire a votre Eminence par le Porteur 
Monsieur de Magny, il arriva icy hier au soir, Je n'ay le veu 
que ce matin, J'espere que V.E. aura egard de ce qu'il a souffert 
pour la bonne Cause. II perd beaucoup, et Je puis Asseurer 
V.E. qu'il est homme d'honneur et de Probite, vous pouverez 
etre asseure que Je ne lui ait pas fait Mention du secret 
Directement ni indirectement, mais Je suis assure qu''on pent 

^ Here the first hand begins again. 

2 Francis Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester, the best-known of all Jacobite 
plotters, banished under a Bill of Pains and Penalties in 1723. Dubois wrote to 
Craggs that the secret of Ormonde's expedition had not been communicated to 
Atterbury : ' parcequ'il ne favorise pas volontiers ce qu'il n'a pas lui meme 
imagine,' March 8, 1719, Appendix, No. 21, p. 225. 

^ This letter is crossed through in the manuscript. 


s'y fier. II est venu un Gentilhomme Ecossois avec lui qui 
souhaiteroit d'etre Employe, il a ete dans TafFaire du Due 
de Mar en Ecosse, Monsieur le Due de Perth le Connoit et 
informera V.E. de son Caractere. J'attends les ordres de V.E. 
et suis avec bien du respect. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni (not sent). Valladolidy September 9, 1719. 

I HAVE the honour to write to your Eminence by the bearer, M. de 
Magny. He arrived here last night. I only saw him this morning. I 
hope that your Eminence will have regard to what he has suiFered for the 
good cause. He loses much, and I can assure your Eminence that he is a 
man of honour and probity. You may be sure that I have not mentioned 
the secret to him directly or indirectly, but I am sure he might be 

A Scottish gentleman has come with him, who would desire to be 
employed ; he was in the Duke of Mar's affair in Scotland. The Duke of 
Perth knows him, and will tell your Eminence about his character. 

I await your Eminence's orders, and am with much respect, etc.] 



Valladolid, Sept'^. 9, 1719. 

Je voy par vos deux Lettres dates le 22 et 30^™® d'Aout que 
vous n'aviez pas receu la mienne date le 19^™^ d'Aout en 
reponce de la votre que J'avois receu a Villa Franca, Je Tavois 
mis sur une Couverte Addresse a Monsieur Connock appare- 
ment vous Fauriez receu a present. Je suis fache que son 
Eminence vous oublie, par votre premiere J'ay cru que vous 
etiez content de lui. 

A Fegard de ceque vous desirez touchant le Patent que vous 
souhaitez que Je vous envoye , Je vous prie de m'excuser, car 
Je ne Croy pas que Je le puis faire, et suis mortifie de ne pouvoir 
pas vous satisfaire sur ce sujet, car J'aurois to uj ours beaucoup 
de plaisir a vous pouvoir rendre service. 

Je suis fache que vous avez raison d'etre Mecontent des 
personnes que vous en faites mention, J'espere que ca ne vous 
fera point du tort, Je croy que Cette Lettre vous trouvera 
a Madrid ou J'espere que vous aurez raison d''etre Content de 
votre reception du Cardinal. Croyez moy, etc. 


[To Baron Walef. Valladolid, September 9, 1719. 

I SEE by your two letters, dated the 22nd and 30th of August,, that you 
had not received mine dated the 19th of August,^ in answer to yours 
which I received at Villa Franca. I put it under cover addressed to Sir 
T. Connock ; doubtless you will now have received it. 

I am sorry that his Eminence is forgetting you. From your first letter 
I thought you were satisfied with him. 

As to what you desire about the commission which you wish me to 
send you, I beg you to excuse me, for I do not think I can do it. I am 
sorry that I cannot gratify you in this matter, for I should always have 
much pleasure in being able to do you a service. 

I am sorry that you have reason to be dissatisfied with the persons 
whom you mention. I hope that this will not do you harm. I suppose 
this letter will find you at Madrid, where I hope you will have reason to 
be satisfied with your reception by the Cardinal. 

Believe me, etc.] 


His G. wrote to the Duke of Perth Sept^ 9*^ by Mr. 
Areskine, and to Capt". Esmonde. 


Valladolid, le 9'^ Sept'^' 1719. 

J'ai rhonneur d' ecrire a V. E. par le Porteur Moris'" le Marq^ 
de Magny, qui arriva icy hier au soir. II a de rimpatience a vous 
rendre ses devoirs, V. E. a este informe de son zele pour la 
bonne Cause, qui lui coute cher, car il perde beaucoup, Je le 
connois pour estre un tres honeste homme, a qui on on se pent 
fier, et j"*espere que V. E. aura egard a ce qu^il a souJfFert, V. E. 
pent estre asseure que je ne lui ai parle du secret directement p. i6i. 
ou indirectement, mais je crois qu'il pourroit m'*estre utille 
dans le Projet, estant de la Nation et aiant des biens dans la 
Normandie qui est joignant comme V. E. scait du Pais de quoy 
il est question. J*'attendrai la reponse de V. E. sur cecy. 

^ Letter clxxiv. 

2 Here the second hand begins again. 


et vos ordres, que je tacherai d'*executer le mieux qu"*!! me sera 
possible. II y a un Gentil homme qui est venu avec Monsieur 
de Magny, qui a este dans I'affair du Due de Mar en Ecosse, 
II souhaite de pouvoir avoir de TEmploy, Mons** le Due de 
Perth le connoit et peut rendre conte de ses services, J'ay 
Ihonneur d'estre avec bien de respect de V. E., etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, September 9, 1719. 

I HAVE the honour to write to your Eminence by the bearer, the 
Marquis de Magny, who arrived here last night. He is impatient to pay 
his respects to you. Your Eminence has been informed of his zeal for 
the good cause, which is costing him dear, for he loses everything. I 
know him to be a very honest man, who may be trusted, and I hope that 
your Eminence will have regard to what he has suiFered. Your Eminence 
may be sure that I have not spoken to him of the secret, directly or 
indirectly, but I think he might be useful to me in the enterprise, being 
of the nation and having property in Normandy, which, as your Eminence 
knows, is adjacent to the country concerned. I shall await your 
Eminence's answer as to this, and your orders, which I shall try to carry 
out as well as I can. 

There is a gentleman who came with M. de Magny, who was in the 
Duke of Mar's affair in Scotland. He wishes to get employment. The 
Duke of Perth knows him and can tell you of his services. 

I have the honour, etc.] 


Valladolide, le 9'= Septemb'* 1719. 

S'^' — This morning I have received the favour of yours, which 
is of a very old date. I am very glad that the Gentlemen you 
mention are to be provided for as you mention. Before this 
time you will have severall of my letters, from Mr. Talbot and 
his friends. I hope I shall have the satisfaction to hear from 
you often. I am obliged to you for presenting of Mr. Owen, 
and the rest of y® Gentlemen you mention, to his Eminence. I 
thank you for what you wouM have done for my late Servant. 
Pray give my humble service to Gen^ Crafton and to S*" John. 
Believe me sincerely, etc. 



Au CARD^ ALBERONI t- 162. 

Valladolede, le 13'= Septemb'^ 1719. 
J'*Ai rhonneur d'envoyer a V. E. la Patente que vous mWez 
envoye pour estre donne a Mons*" de Healy aprez estre embarque. 
Sa Majeste Britanique m'a dit qu'il avoit ecrit a V. E. en sa 
faveur, et m'*a ordonne d'en faire resouvenir V. E., esperant que 
vous aurez la bonte a sa recommendation de rendre la patente 
au Chevalier, Cest un Officier plein de zele pour le service de 
sa Majeste, il en porte les marques et a este a ce qu'il m'a dit 
honore de votre Estime, mais il aprehende qu'il y a des Gens 
qui lui ont rendu des mauuaises offices aupres de V. E., II jure 
qu''il ne se sente pas coupable d'avoir jamais manque de respect 
a V. E. et qu'il a pour votre personne toute la veneration et 
atachement possible, et qu'il est prest a en donner des temoi- 
gnages quand il plaira a V. E. de lui donner les occasions, Apres 
ce que S. M. en a ecrite a V. E., il ne faut pas que je pretend 
a en parler, mais si V. E. veut avoir la bonte de donner cette 
Patente au Chevalier, vous le tirerez du desespoir ou il est, 
et lui rendrez s'il est possible plus devoiiee a votre personne 
qu'il est a present. Pardonnez la liberte que je prends et faite 
moy la justice d'estre bien persuade que j''ay Thonneur d'estre 
avec bien de respect de V.E. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, September 13, 1719. 
1 HAVE the honour to forward to your Eminence the commission 
which you sent me to be given to Sir John Healy after embarking. His 
Britannic Majesty has told me that he has written to your Eminence in his 
favour^ and has commanded me to remind your Eminence of this, hoping 
that you will have the goodness to give the knight the commission. He is 
an officer full of zeal for His Majesty's service ; he bears the marks of it^ 
and, according to what he has told me, he has been honoured with your 
esteem ; but he understands that there are some people who have done 
him a bad turn with your Eminence. He swears that he cannot accuse 
himself of having ever failed in respect for your Eminence,, that he has all 
possible veneration and attachment for your person, and that he is ready 
to give proofs of this when your Eminence shall please to give him 
opportunities. After what His Majesty has written to your Eminence 
I must not presume to speak of the matter, but if your Eminence would 
have the goodness to give the commission to the knight you would relieve 

p. 163. 


him from his present despair and render him if possible more devoted to 
your person than he now is. 

Pardon the liberty which I take, and do me the justice to believe, etc.] 


Monsr. de Tonniere, Marquis de Magny. 
Amorsley, Alberoni. Dutton, Dillon. 

Valladolide, the 13™ Sept^ 1719. 

S^, — I hope this will find your Majesty safely landed, and in 
good health, after your voyage ; I am impatient to be assured 
of it. I have nothing new to acquaint you with, only that 
Mons*^ de Tonniere came hither last friday night late. He 
parted for Madrid on Sunday morning ; he had a letter from 
the Queen to your Majesty. I have the honour to send 
your Majesty a packet which I received from Lady Arther. 
From the Coruna I hear that there are five or six english ships, 
cruising between Cape Ortegall and the Isles of Sissargue ; ^ 
once in four or five days they looke into the Coruna, which has 
allarm'd the peaple of that Place, they expecting to be atack'd 
when the English Squadron with their Transports comes to sea. 

I have no answer from Amorsley relateing to Dutton, 
which I wonder at. God grant you good health, and all the 
happyness you can desire. — I am, with all submission and 
respect, Your Majesty ""s, etc. 

/ 164. CXCVII 


Valladolide, 13™ Sept« 1719. 
S^, — I have writ to his Eminence in as pressing termes as I 
could, and that you could wish. I should be extremely glad 
that my letter might have the Effect I wish ; and am ready 
to endeavour to serve you when in my Power. I have not 
heard from you since your arrivall in the Camp. Pray let me 
know what you are doing, and what is become of the french 

^ The Sisarga Islands, three uninhabited islets off Cape S . Adrian, about 
twenty-four miles west of Corunna. 

1 7 19] ORMONDE LETTERS 177 

Army ; we have quite lost them. Some say that they are gone 
into France, others that they are going thro' France to come 
into Rousillon, and so to Catalonia ; and we have every day a 
new report, without any ground, as I believe. A thousand 
lyes come to this Town, or are made here, but you will inform 
me of the situation of your Enemies. 

Pray make my Compliments to M"^ Crofton and to your 
Companions, and believe me very sincerely, etc. If S"^ Timon 
be with you, make him my Compliments. 


Valladolid, Sept*^ 16, 1719. 

La lettre de V.E. du 14® J'ay eu Thonneur de recevoir hier 
au soir, et ce Matin celle du 13% Je suis ravi que sa Majeste 
soit content des offres que J''ay fait de mes services, Elle pour- 
roit etre assuree de ma bonne volonte en tout ce qui regarde 
ses Interets. 

Puisque V.E. est d'opinion que mon voiage a Madrid feroit A 165. 
du bruit, et qu'il est inutile d'envoyer une personne J'attendray, 
avec impatience Farrivee du Depute a fin que Je puisse etre in- 
forme du detail des Affaires de cette Province. 

J'espere que ces Messieurs ne manqueront pas a ce qu'ils 
ont promis au Roy, Je leurs suis bien oblige de la Confiance 
qu'ils ont en moy, Je feray mon possible pour Conserver leur 
estime, et de gagner leur Amitie en faisant de mon mieux pour 
le service de sa Majeste, ce qu'est inseparable de leurs Interets. 

Nonobstant ce que les Messieurs disent touchant les Maga- 
zins, Je crois qu'il sera tres necessaire en cas d'accident d'avoir 
a notre Debarquement quelques pieces de Campagne et des 
Chevaux de frize si cela se pent et aussi de poudre avec une 
bonne quantite de Grenades qui ne peuvent qu'etre Utiles. 

La Marche des Deux Battaillons ne peut Donner d'ombrage, 
et Tarrivee du Depute ne peut Causer aucun soupcon de la 
Maniere que V.E. me le mande. 

^ Here the first hand begins again. 



Je trouveray beaucoup de Difficulte a sortir d'icy sans bruit, 
car c'est un lieu ou les Gens sont extremement Curieux, et si 
tPavois pu imaginer qu'il y auroit eu quelque affaire qui me 
regardoit, Je n'aurois pas choisi cet endroit pour ma Demeure, 
mais Je feray tout ce que Je peux pour cacher ma route. 

Je suis bien oblige a V.E. pour ce que vous avez dessein de 

m'envoyer par le Courier, (Je m'en Serviray pour les Interets 

de sa Majeste) et aussi de la bonte que vous avez de m''envoyer 

p. 166. Monsieur de Connock, Monsieur de Walef me sera toujours 


J'espere que V.E. aura la bonte d'informer le Roy mon 
Maitre des raisons que Je ne puis pas Tavertir que J'ay 
rhonneur d'etre employe par sa Majeste a fin qu'il ne soit pas 
pas Mecontent de Moy. 

J''avertis Monsieur Dutton par la Poste D'hier qui va a 
Bilbao de ce que V.E. m'a mande a son egard, Je crois qu'il 
viendra en Espagne, Dieu veuille que les affaires tournent de 
la Maniere qu'il pourroit etre utile en ce pais. A Tegard de 
Monsieur de Magny Je suis seur qu'il est homme d'honneur, 
a qui on pent se fier, Je scais qu'il n'*a Jamais ete au service, 
mais Je croy qu'il me pourra etre tres utile ayant des amis dans 
la Province Joignant, mais Je Soumetts a Topinion de V.E. 

Je prens la liberte d'envoyer une liste de ce que Je crois 
etre necessaire pour Embarquer avec nous si cela se peut, et 
J'ay rhonneur d'etre, etc. 

Six Pieces de Campagne de huit ou de six livres. 
Des Balles, des Boulettes a proportion. 
Des Chevaux de frise autant qu'ont peut trouver. 
Mille ou quinze cens Grenades, et Mille Quintaux des 
Poudre et une Bonne Quantite des Pierres a fusil. 

Deux ou trois Mille Armes avec Bayonets nous seroit utile. 

P.S, — ^ Je rends tres humbles graces a V.E. de Tattention 
que vous avez a ma recommendation p*" le Mons"* qui doit estre 
employe en la Marine. 

J*espere que le Depute n'a pas este connu a S* Andere. 

^ These four lines are in the second hand. 

1 7 19] ORMONDE LETTERS 179 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, September IQ, 1719. 

Last night I had the honour to receive your Eminence's letter of the 
14th, and this morning that of the 13th. I am delighted that His 
Majesty is satisfied with the offers which I have made of my services. 
He may rest assured of my willingness in all that concerns his interests. 

Since your Eminence is of opinion that my journey to Madrid would 
cause talk, and that it is useless to send any one, I await with impatience 
the arrival of the deputy in order that I may be informed in detail of the 
aflFairs of that province. 

I hope these gentlemen will not fail in what they have promised to the 
King. I am much obliged to them for the confidence they have in me. 
I will do what I can to retain their esteem and to gain their friendship by 
doing my best for His Majesty's service, which is inseparable from their 

Notwithstanding what these gentlemen say about the magazines I 
think it will be very necessary in case of accidents to have at our landing 
some field-guns and if possible chevaux-de-frise, also powder, with plenty 
of grenades, which cannot but be useful. 

The march of the two battalions cannot cause suspicion, nor can the 
arrival of the deputy cause suspicion in the way which your Eminence 
suggests to me. 

I shall find much difficulty in leaving here quietly, for it is a place 
where people are extremely inquisitive, and if I had been able to imagine 
that there would be any affair which would concern me I should not have 
chosen this place for my residence ; but I shall do what I can to conceal 
my route. 

I am much obliged to your Eminence for what you propose to send 
me by the courier (I shall make use of it for His Majesty's interests) and 
also for your kindness in sending me M. de Connock. M. de Walef will 
always be welcome to me. 

I hope that your Eminence will have the goodness to inform the King 
my master of the reasons, which I cannot tell him, why I have the honour 
to be employed by His Majesty, so that he may not be displeased with 

I informed M. Dutton by yesterday's post to Bilbao of what your 
Eminence has told me concerning him. I think he will come to Spain. 
God grant that afikirs may so turn out that he may able to be useful in 
this country. 

As to M. de Magny, I am sure that he is a man of honour who may 
be trusted. I know that he has never been in the army, but I think 
that he might be very useful to me, having friends in the adjoining pro- 
vince. However, I defer to your Eminence's opinion. 

I take the liberty of sending a list of what I think necessary to put on 
board with us if possible, and I have the honour, etc. 
Six field-guns, 8 or 6 pounders. 
BuUets and roundshot in proportion. 


Chevaux-de-frise, as many as can be found. 

1000 or 1500 grenades, 1000 quintals of powder, and a good supply of 

Two or three thousand muskets with bayonets would be useful to us. 

P.S. — I off^er my humble thanks to your Eminence for your attention 
to my recommendation on behalf of the gentleman who is to be employed 
in the navy. 

1 hope that the deputy was not recognised at Santander.] 


Peter, T/ie King. Button, Dillon. 

p. 167. Valladolid, Sept. 20, 1719. 

I AM in continual expectation of hearing of your being 
safely landed, and of your being arrived in Rome. 

I have no News to send you, but enclose a letter which I 
believe is from the Duke of Mar to your Majesty. The 
Cardinal has desired me to send to Button, and to let him 
know that he shall have the termes that were promised when 
first I writt to him on this subject. 

I thought I shou'*d have seen the Cardinal soon, but am not 
like to do it yet. The Duke of Perth has been at Madrid this 
fortnight. I had one letter from him ; he desired to know if 
that you had left with me any orders for him. I Answered 
him that your Majesty told me that you believed that he 
might come into this Country, and when that he heard you 
were gone back it was your Majesty's opinion that he wou'd 
follow you. I have not heard from him since, which I wonder 
at. I hope your Majesty will find the Queen in Good health. 
I wish y"^ Majesty's all imaginable happyness. I am with 
great, etc. 


Valladolid, Sep. 20, 1719. 
J'ay rhonneur d'envoyer a votre Eminence un Paquet 
pour sa Majeste Bretanique. V. E. aura la bonte de vous 
souvenir d'ecrire au Roy D' Angleterre pour lui dire les raisons 


que Je ne Tay pas informe du Projet. V. E. se souviendra de 
me Donner le pouvoir de Donner des Patentes, la Patente que 
J'ay ne m' autorise pas en cette Matiere, apparemment Je les 
auray dans les Instructions. J'ay Thonneur d'etre, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, September 20, 1719. 
I HAVE the honour to send your Eminence a packet for His Britannic 

Your Eminence will have the goodness to remember to write to the 
King of England to tell him the reasons as to which I have not informed 
him of the project. 

Your Eminence will remember to give me power to grant commissions ; 
the commission which I hold gives no authority to do so ; presumably 1 
shall receive it with my instructions. 

I have the honour, etc.] 


Au. CARD. ALBERONI par un expres i /. i68. 

Vall^^' le22S^«' 1719. 
Les trois Lettres de votre Eminence dates du 19 Jai eu 
rhonneur de recevoir hier apres dinner. Quand je fis la de- 
mande des pieces de Campagne et des Grenades Jai crue qu''on 
en pouroit trouuer a St. Andere. — V. E. m ayant dit qu'il y 
avoit la une fabrique des Canons et jai crue quil y pourroit 
avoir des Magazins, Le Depute m assure qu'ils en ont douze 
pieces mais point des Grenades. J ay aussi demande des 
Chevaux de Frise en cas qu ils s''en trouueroient a L'endroit 
de Tembarquement des Troupes. — Je suis ravi que le Roi aura 
la bonte d' informer sa Majeste Britanique des raisons qui 
m'*empechoient de lui avertir de cette affaire. II sera bien 
difficille de cacher ma route etant oblige de me servir des 
Voiturines d'icy, mais je ferai tout ce que je puis pour couvrir 
ma marche en faisant courrir le bruit que je dois aller a Rome. 
— Jay dessein de partir d'icy le dimanche au soir, mais comme 
V. E. marque que mon depart donneray Falarme Je souhaite- 
rois de scavoir le jour que V. E. veuille que je part, etant pret 
en n'*attendant que vos ordres, car si j arrive quelque tems 
avant les Vaisseux sa pourroit causer trop de bruit. — Jai receu 

Here the second hand begins again. 


les 500 Pistoles et j attendrai le reste a St. Andere dont j au — 
rai toute la Reconnaissance possible. Je promet a V. E. 
que ces Messieurs ne manqueront pas a boire pendant que sa 
dure. — J'attendrai les Pattentes et les instructions a mon 

/. 169. Arrivee a St. Andere. — Jai la declaration du Roi signe par sa 
Majeste promettant une retraite en Espagne en cas de Mal- 
heur a ceux qui auroient pris les Armes, mais cest approprie 
pour L'angleterre ne seroit y pas necessaire qu'il y auroit 
une autre signe de sa Majeste. — Je suis du sentiment de votre 
E. qu'on doit attaquer le Coeur aussitot qu'on pourra, et nous 
tascherons de faire la Guerre auec L'espee et la Plume et par 
toutes les Moyens qu'on trouvera necessaires. 

Jay receu beaucoup de satisfaction du depute qui me paroit 
un homme de bons sens et qui Connoit bien son Pais, J'espere 
que ses Amis ne manqueront pas a ce qu'ils ont promis. Jai 
Fhonneur de vous envoyer Tinclus a Tegard du tems qu''il 
propose que le peuple prend les Armes, j 'en Convienne pour les 
raisons quil marquoit, Je lui avois dit que si par malheur 
L'Escadre etoit separe ou aucun autre Accident qui pourroit 
empecher les Vaisseaux d'arriver, que ses pauvres gens seroient 
sacrifie, mais il m'*a dit que je ne deverois pas me mettre en 
peine de sa, car ils etoient resolus de prendre les Armes meme 
sils navoient point de Secours. A Tegard des trois milles 

p. 170. pistols qu il demande je souhaiterois scavoir Topinion de 
V. E. il y a de risque a les envoyer de la maniere quil le pro- 
pose mais il dit que il est tres necessaire de les envoyer comme 
il le propose. Jai ecris a Dutton par une bonne Chifre 
et Je me suis servis dune addresse sure. Je suis bien oblige a 
V. E. de la bonte que vous auez de me donner un Personne qui 
eit tant de merite que Don Blaze de Loya. J attendrai avec 
impatience les ordres de V. E. par un Courrier et suis avec bien 
de respect, etc. 

F.S. — Ne seroit y pas necessaire d'avoir des Lettres de sa 
Majeste pour le Parlement de Paris et de Rouen aussi bien que 
que pour le lieu destinee. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni, by an express messenger. 

ValladoUd, September 22, 1719... 
Yesterday after dinner I had the honour to receive your Eminence's 
three letters dated the 19th. 


When I asked for field-guns and grenades I thought that they could 
be found at Santander. As your Eminence had told me that there was a 
gun-factory there I thought that there might be stores. The deputy 
assures me that they have twelve guns but no grenades. I also asked for 
chevaux-de-frise in the event of there being any at the place of embarka- 
tion of the troops. 

I am delighted that the King will have the goodness to inform His 
Britannic Majesty of the reasons which prevented me from telling him of 
this aflPair. It will be very difficult to conceal my route_, as 1 must make 
use of drivers from here, but 1 shall do all I can to conceal my journey by 
spreading a rumour that I am going to Rome. 

I mean to leave here on Sunday evening, but as your Eminence points 
out that my departure will give the alarm, I should like to know on what 
day your Eminence wishes me to leave, as I am ready and only await 
your orders ; for if I arrive some time before the ships that might cause 
too much talk. 

I have received the 500 pistoles and shall await the remainder at 
Santander, for which I shall be as grateful as possible. I promise your 
Eminence that these gentlemen shall not lack something to drink while 
this aflFair lasts. 

I shall expect the commissions and the instructions on my arrival at 

I have the declaration signed by the King promising a retreat in Spain 
in case of mishap to those who have taken up arms, but this applies to 
England. Would it not be necessary that there should be another 
signed by His Majesty ? 

I am of your Eminence's mind that we should attack the heart as soon 
as possible ; and we shall try to make war with sword and pen and by 
all means which may be found needful. 

I have received much satisfaction from the deputy, who seems to me a 
man of good sense, and who knows his country well. I hope that his 
friends will not fail in what they have promised. 

I have the honour to send you the enclosed regarding the time at 
which he proposes that the people should take up arms ; I agree with it, 
for the reasons which he notes. I have told him that if by ill-luck the 
fleet should be separated, or any other accident should prevent the ships 
from arriving, these poor people would be sacrificed ; but he tells me that I 
need not distress myself about that, for they were determined to take up 
arms even if they had no assistance. 

As to the 3000 pistoles for which he asks, I should like to have your 
Eminence's opinion. There is risk in sending them in the way which he 
proposes, but he says that it is very necessary that they should be sent 
as he proposes. 

I have written to Dutton in a good cipher, and have made use of a 
safe address. I am much obliged to your Eminence for your goodness in 
giving me a person of such merit as Don Bias de Loya. I shall await 


with impatience your Eminence's orders by a courier, and am with much 
respect, etc. 

P.S. — Would it not be necessary to have letters from His Majesty for 
the Parliaments of Paris and of Rouen, as well as for the intended place ? ] 



Valladolid, Set'^. 23, 1719. 
J''ay receu la lettre de V.E. du 20® ce Matin et Cette apres 
Dine celle du 22. J'attends les ordres de V.E. pour le Jour de 
mon depart, et suis bien aise que le Courier m'a trouve icy car 
cela auroit fait du bruit d'etre reste a cinque lieux d'ici sur le 
Chemin de S^ Ander. M**. Lambert m'avoit dit que V.E. 
lui avoit dit que Je pouvois partir le Samedy qui est aujour- 
d'huy, mais n''ayant pas vos ordres par votre Lettre du 19® m'a 
fait envoyer le Courier qui apparement est arrive a Madrid 
cet apres Midy pour Scavoir le Jour que V.E. vouloit que Je 
parte d'icy, mais par votre Lettre du 22 Je vois qu'il faut 
que Je reste jusqu'a ce que V.E. ait des Nouvelles de la sortie 
P- ^71- des Vaisseaux, le Courier est alle ou il a ete ordonne. II n'etoit 
pas Necessaire de le retenir puisqu''il m'a trouve icy, Je ne 
Doute pas que Monsieur Chacon ne fera son possible pour 
sortir aussi tot qu'il pourra, J'attendray les Ordres de V.E. et 
Je feray tout mon possible pour les suivre avec, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, September 23, 1719. 

I RECEIVED your Eminence's letter of the 20th this morning, and after 
dinner, that of the 22nd. I await your Eminence's orders as to the day 
of my departure, and am very glad that the courier found me here, for it 
would have caused talk to have stopped five leagues from here on the 
Santander road. 

Mr. Lambert had told me that your Eminence had said to him that I 
might leave on the Saturday, which is to-day, but not having your orders 
by your letter of the 19th made me send the courier, who evidently 
reached Madrid that afternoon, to know the day on which your Eminence 
wished me to leave here, but by your letter of the 22nd, I see that I 
should stay here until your Eminence has news of the ships having put 
to sea. 

* Here the first hand begins again. 

1 7 19] ORMONDE LETTERS 185 

The courier has gone where he was ordered ; it was not necessary to 
keep him since he found me here. I do not doubt that M. Chacon will 
do what he can to get to sea as soon as possible. 

I await your Eminence's orders, and will do what I can to follow 
them, being, etc.] , 



Valladolid, Ce 26 Sept. 1719. 
Je me sers de cette Occasion par le Porteur de celled pour vous 
temoigner la satisfaction que j'*ay de scavoir par son Eminence 
que Je dois avoir Thonneur de vous avoir a mes Ordres dans le 
Dessein Projette, Je lui suis infiniment oblige de m''avoir 
donne une personne de votre Merite et de votre Caractere, et 
je puis vous asseurer qu''en toutes Occasions Je tacheray de 
vous donner des Marques de Festime que j'ay pour votre Per- 
sonne et Merite etant tres parfaitement, etc. Je me remets 
au Porteur pour ce que nous avons ete D'accord. 

[To Don Blas de Loya. Valladolid, September 26, 1719. 

I MAKE use of this opportunity by the bearer to express to you the 
satisfaction which I have in learning through His Eminence that I am to 
have the honour of having you under my command in the projected 
expedition. I am infinitely obliged to him for having given me a person 
of your ability and character, and I can assure you that on all occasions 
I shall try to give you proofs of the regard which I have for your person 
and your merit, being, etc. 

I refer to the bearer for what we have agreed upon.] 



Vall°., Sept\ 26, 1719. 
This Morning I had the agreeable News of your Majesty''s 
safe arrival at Leghorn on the 25*^*^ of the last Month. I thank 
God for your safe passage, and beg leave to congratulate you 

1 Don Bias de Loya was intrusted with the preparations for the expedition to 
Brittany, and its subsequent utter failure was attributed to his incapacity and lack 
of energy. St. Philippe says of him that ' he had no great reputation for valour 
among the troops.' — Mimoires^ vol. iii. p. 366. 


on your being now with her Majesty. May you be bless'd 
together with many years and may heaven grant you a 
numerous posterity, w^^ is the hearty prayer, etc. 



Vall^, SEPT^ 26, 1719. 
VoTRE Majeste me permettra de temoigner ma Joye sur 
p. 172. rheureuse Arrivee de sa Majeste, que le bon Dieu vous Comble 
de ses Benedictions, et vous rende aussi heureux que Je vous 
souhaite, et que vous puissiez vivre bien des Annees ensemble, 
et de laisser a vos sujets des Princes qui pourroient les rendre 
heureux. Je suis avec toute la soumission et tout le respect 

[To THE Queen. Valladolid, September 26, I7l9. 
Your Majesty will permit me to express my joy at His Majesty's happy 
arrival. May God crown you with His blessings ; may He render you as 
happy as I desire ; may you live many years together, and leave to your 
subjects Princes who will make them happy. 

I am with all possible submission and respect, etc.] 


To Mr. hay 

Vall^, Sept^. 26, 1719. 
I GIVE you many thanks for the agreeable account you send 
me of the King's arrival at Leghorn. You cou'd not have sent 
me a more agreeable News except that of a Restoration. 
Pray do me the favour to putt me at her Majesty's feet and to 
present her the Enclosed. Pray make my Compliments to 
your Lady and to M^ Murray. My Compliments to my 
friends if you please. 



Vall^, SEPT^ 26, 1719. 
This morning I received the favour of your's of the 14*^ from 
Huesca and send this by the Bearer to be given into your own 

1 7 19] ORMONDE LETTERS 187 

hands, believing that he will find you at S^ Ander. I do not 
know how soon I may see you there but shall be glad of an 
opportunity to assure you by Word of Mouth how sensible 
I am of your friendship and to return you thanks for all the 
trouble you have taken in what I have recommended to you. 

I can send you the Good News of our Master's being landed 
the 25th of last Month at Leghorn, and of his being then in 
Good health. Pray God keep him so. I am sorry the Gentlemen 
have not as yet their Commissions, but hope that Mr. Crafton 
will have credit enough with Monsieur Patino to gett them 
provided for without delay. 

I am Glad my friends came to you before you had the Car- ^- ^73- 
dinaPs Orders to leave the Camp. You give me but a Melan- 
choly account of the Condition of the Army. I fear the News 
from Sicily will not mend Matters. The Gazettes that came in 
this Morning mentioning the taking of Messina, and of all the 
Castles, except the Citadel,^ and I believe you will soon if that 
you have not already heard of the besieging of Rozes. I cannot 
see how it is possible for the Cardinal to hold out, especially if 
that the Troops Embarked in England are Designed for to 
make a Descent in Spain, as it is most probable, tho"* the West 
Indies is talked of. I have tired you with this long Epistle, so 
will Conclude with assuring that I am with great truth and 
friendship, etc. 


Vall° Sept. 27, 1719. 

VoTRE Eminence aura appris par le Dernier ordinaire que sa 
Majeste Britannique arriva en bonne sante a Livourne le 25®™^ 
du Mois Passe, J'ay Thonneur de vous envoyer un Paquet pour 
sa Majeste. 

Apparemment Monsieur de Chacon que la Lune sera passee 
a fin que par Fobscurite du Nuit il pourra plus facilement eviter 
les Vaisseaux Anglois qui Croisent devant la Corogne, le Depute 
partit ce matin pour S* Ander ou il se tiendra de la Maniere 

^ The citadel of Messina surrendered to the Imperial troops on October i8. 


de n'etre pas Connu ce qu'il n'auroit pas pu faire icy sans 
donner quelque soupcon aux Gens Curieux dont il n'en manque 
pas ici, il a Dessein d'envoyer sa Barque en son Pais pour leur 
donner de ses Nouvelles et pour en avoir la leurs, en cas que 
Tembarquement fut retarde par les vents Contraires, ou par 
aucune autre Cause. 
P- 174- V.E. aura veu Monsieur le Baron de Walef, c'est icy le 
chemin de S* Ander, mais Je croy qu'il est Mieux qu^il ne 
vienne pas en cette ville, mais qu'il se Detourne un peu pour 
eviter aucun soupcon. J'ay Thonneur, etc. 

[To Cardinal Alberoni. Valladolid, September 27, 1719. 

Your Eminence will have learned by the last post that His Britannic 
Majesty arrived at Leghorn in good health on the 25th of last month. I 
have the honour to send you a packet for His Majesty. 

Apparently M. de Chacon (is waiting) till the moon is past in order 
that in the darkness of night he may the more easily escape the English 
ships which are cruising off Corunna. 

The deputy left this morning for Santander, where he will conduct 
himself so as not to be known. He could not have done so here without 
arousing some suspicion in the inquisitive, of whom there is no lack 
here. He intends to send his vessel to his own country, to give them 
his news and get theirs, in case the embarkation should be delayed by 
contrary winds or by any other cause. 

Your Eminence will have seen the Baron de Walef. He is here (on) 
the way to Santander, but I think it is better that he should not go 
into that town, but should turn aside a little so as to avoid any 


Peter, the King. 

Sirnon, duke of Or- 


Elmore, Emperour. 

Barnahy, El^ of Hanover. 

Sorrell, Spain. 

Button, M^ Dillon. 

Otway, the Regent. 

Heme, EF of Hanover. 

Ker, K. of Spain. 

Martel, lA Mar. 

Paul, Phillis, the King. 

Martilla, Duchess of Mar. 

Belson, D. of Berwick. 

Egan, S^ R. Everard. 

Panton, Paris. 

Amorsley, Alberoni. 

Andrew, the Queen a 

Eva?is, England. 

Mrs. Onslow, D^^ of Ormonde. 

Simson, d. of Ormonde. 

Kemp, King of Sweden. 

Dighy, Mr. Dillon. 

Charpentier, L^ Mareschal. 

Gregory, K. of Sweden. 

14/«, Card^ Alberoni. 

21//, S^ Patrick Law- 


507, Sweden. 

249, Elector of Han- 


496, 497, K. of Spain. 

165, England. 

475, Scotland. 

9/m, L^ Mareschal, 

14/e, Brig^ Campbell. 

23/6 M^ Bagnal. 

Elmore, Emperour. 

Morpeth, Jam. Murray. 

Maitre Pierre, le Roy. 



wwe per Sonne, etc., 

Ez. Hamilton. 


?wow Secretaire, 

Ez. Hamilton. 

Dutton, Dillon. 


Melchior, Mons^Seminati. 

Stamfort, Ez. Hamilton. 
seigneur Ecossois, 

11,^ Mares'. 



un de mes Parens, 

S' Red^. Everard. 


mon secretaire, 

Dav. Kennedy. 
mon secretaire, Ligne 11., 

David Kennedy. 
Robinson, Card' Alberoni. 




un Gentilhomme, etc., 

Toby Mathews. 
the Major, Ez. Hamilton. 



Binet, Ez. Hamilton. 


Philips, L^ Mareschal. 



Walton, Capt^ Morgan. 
Obadiah, W Wright. 
Plunkets Clerk, 


Mons'* Clancos- 


trum,the King 
of Swedens 

Posadas, Inns in the Span- 


ish Language. 
Zeky, Hamilton. 
Egan, S'^ Rd Everard. 



Allen, L*^ Arran. 

Fisher, D. of Ormonde. 


Tobacco, money. 
Abraham, M^ Menzies. 



Amorslie, C. Alberoni. 


Dutton, W^ Dillon. 



Rowley, Bp. of Rochester. 
Mons^ de Tonniere, 


Marquis de Magny. 


* See p. vii, note. The pages referred to in the Key are those of the Manuscript, 
indicated on the margins of this volume. 


The following documents, with the exception of No. 86, 
have been selected from the Stuart Papers at Windsor, 
the State Papers and Home Office Papers in the Public 
Record Office, and the Stowe Manuscripts in the British 
Museum. They are arranged in two series, viz. : 
I. Papers relating to events abroad (pp. 194 to 268); 
II. Papers relating to events in Scotland (pp. 269 to 297). 




No. 1. 

{Stuart Papers. Received at Bologna^ October 31) 

The names in italics are interlined in the original in another 


October y= 3, 1718. 

Se., — I have received yours of the 9*^ of Sep*^^ with the 
inclosed for M'' Rig (Atterbury), and the others which shall be 
sent to them by ye first conveniency. I am very glad to see in 
Rig's that parte that concernes Elmore (the Emperor) ; it is all 
could be expected of him att this time. I hope M"^ Andrew 
{the Princesse) is by this time very near his journeys ende. I 
long impatiently to hear that he is arrived. What is men- 
tioned concerning Lesly {the Parliament) is very right, and, I 
hope, may have good effect. 

Letters from Kers house {Spain) says that Evanes {England^s) 
wvvwygh {effects) are hprbx {seized). I wish this may be a 
good omen, and that Sorrele {Spain) may shew his frendship 
to M""^ Philis {the King). A litle time must shew what Peter 
{the King) is to expect from Amersly {Alheroni). Simon {D. 
Ormond) wishes with all his hearte that he may have the satis- 
faction of waiting on M"* Paule {the King) att Kers {Spain). 
Simon {D. Ormond) thinkes it most for Peters {the King'^s) 
service to staye some where in this country untill he sees what 
M'" Amersly {Alter ojii) does in his Law suite. 



Yesterday I received a letter for M*"^ Philis {the Princess) 
from M" Simones {Dss. of Ormond\ which I enclose, and am 
very sorry she cannot be so happy as to waite on M*^^ Philis 
{the King) for the reasones that she mentiones, giue me leave 
refer to her letter. 

I wish you may finde Castle to your minde, tho I hope M'"^ 
Peterson {the Xing') will not stay there long. 

I have seen Scravemore {Southcoat)^ and inclose what he has 
answered. I here inclose allso a letter of Hooker's {Jerning- 
ham) to fennele, in this. I am sorry to see that Colman {the 
Czar) and Kemp {K. of Sweden) were not ^ likely to agree so 
soon as was expected. 

M*"^ Phillis {the King) will give me leave att the request of an 
old servante of hers, to recomende him to her. M'^ Nugent is 
the persone ; he is a man of merite and valued by every body 
that knowes him. I hope M'*^ Phillis {the King) will be minde- 
full of him, and forgive Simon (Z>. Ormond) the liberty he 
takes in mentioning of him. 

I wish M"" Person {the King) all happiness, and am. 

Your most faithfull humble Servant, 

L. Simones. 

Merepoix {Magny) is most faithfully M^^ Philliss {the King'^s) 
hm^^^ servant. 

No. % 

The duke of ORMONDE to the EARL of MAR 

{Stuart Papers. Received at Bologna^ Oct. 31) 
Names in italics interlined in original. 

October y^ 3, 1718. 
Sr., — I have yours of ye 10^^ Sept^, and shall take care to 
have the inclosed sent to the persones they are directed to. 
It is saide the Spaniardes have seized the English merchantes 
effectes, a little time will shew if that the King of Spain will 
refuse the offers the Englishe will make them. If Alberony 

1 ( 

Not ' inserted in another hand. 


oes not submitte, there may be some good to be hoped for. I 
have reade Cadogan the copy of the paper to Cobler, I wish it 
had produced the desired effect. 

I have the names you mentione. I wish Andrew (the Queen) 
were with you. I hope she may be in a little time. 

I am very glad Morpethe {Mr. Murray) is in so faire a way 
of recovering, my compliments to him, if you please. Egan 
(*SV. Edmond) is your most humble servant. I wish wee may 
mette at M"" Soreles {Spain) in our way to M*" E vanes {England). 
I realy doe not know yett where Simon {D. Ormond) will staye 
for some time. M"* Allen {Ld. Ar — n) shall know the favour 
you doe him. It is strange wee doe not hear what becomes of 
the affairs in Sicily. I hear Martilla {Ds. of Mar) is come to 
Pantones {Paris). - 

S*", believe me, 

Your most faithfull hum^^® Servant, 

L. SlMONEp. 

No. 3. 
The duke of ORMONDE to the EARL of MAR 

{Stuart Papers. Received at Bologna^ Nov. 7) 

October y^ 17™, 1718. 

Sr, — I have very little to trouble you with, having wrote to 
M"^^ Paule, which I must refer to. 

I am sorry there was no account of M"* Andrew when you 
wrotte to Dutton but hope by this time that he is come to his 
relation. If Ker does not show his friendeship to Paule very 
soone, I much fear the good success of the Law suite, and if it 
be not begune in Mickelmas terme, or at farthest in Hillary 
terme, I feare wee shall have but little hopes of success. 

I hope Ker has not neglected Colman and Kemp. I have 
had a letter from Pay ton of ye fourth, he has wrotte to you, 
att the same time, so have nothing to say on that matter, but 
wish iiis power will prove true. I had one from Jerry (Jerning- 
ham) of the 16*^ Sep*^"" which does not say much, to be sure 
you hear from him punctually. I hope there is no doubte of 
Colman and Kempes agreeing. 


I am sorry I could not have the honour of waiting on Mar- 
tilla, but my circumstances would not permitte. She is by 
this time pretty far on her Journey. I wish her safely arrived. 
Doe me the favour to make my complimentes to my friendes. 
I congratulate Morpethe on his recovery, and am, 


Your most faith full humble Servant, 


No. 4. 


{Stuart Papers. Received at Bologna, Nov. 7) 

October y^ 17, 1718. 

Sr, — I am sorry to see in Marteles to Dutton of ye 24*^ 
Sep*^"* that your friende was not then sett out, att least, that 
there was no news of his being on the Roade, but by this time, 
I hope he is with his relation M"* Peters. 

We have no certaine account of the affairs in Sicily, some 
pretende to say that the Spaniardes are masters of the Cita- 
dell of Messina, but this seemes only reporte, people talke 
very diferently of what measures the Courte of Spain will take. 
Simon told me {i.e. Ormonde himself thought) that he believed 
that courte would not come to any resolution untill they sawe 
what the Parliament of England would doe, and then to take 
their measures. 

Onslow hopes that Paule presses Amorsley to be his friende, 
and to shew that he is realy so, this is a time that will shewe 
what is to be depended on. I owne, I feare what Simon told 
me, but I am sure M"^^ Phillis ought to press him to helpe her 
in her Law suite, for should Ker and Evanes be made friendes, 
Peter would be a greate sufferer, and but little prospect of his 
gaining his suite. 

I hope Amorsley is in friendeship with Colman and Kemp. 
Kers mantle would be of greate use to those poore Merchantes, 
and if Ker be kinde to them, he may finde it may turne to his 
accounte and M""^ Phillis might be the better for it. Dutton 
has told me, that he has mentioned this to Soreles factor. I 
hope Meredethe is a friende to M"" Paule and that Percy will 


not shew any kinde of goodwill to Ker. If Sorele is truly a 
friende to Peters, and does intende to shew it, Evanes ought to 
be acquainted time enough that he may see the Lawyers and 
that they be ready att the terme. I fear if that we lose Hilliary 
terme, that it will be very prejudiciall to our cause. 

I must recomende to M*"^ Phillis a friend of hers, that is att 
M"^ Stiel, M'*^ Charlote. She is a very^ object of charity, a 
poore widow. 

I have seen M*"^ Camp. She is very much M""^ Phillises 
devoted humble servant, and has refused her friende Evaneses 
offers for M.^^ Phillises sake. 

I am, with all respect, 


Your most faithful humb^® servant, 

L. Sangston. 


No. 5. 
The duke of ORMONDE to JAMES 

(Stuart Papers. Received at Bologna, Nov. 14) 

Sr, — I am not able to express the joy I have att the reading 
of the Duke of Mars to M'^ Dillon informing of him, of the 
Princesses being on the roade, and that your Majesty was to 
meet her on the 15*\ I hope before this time, S^, that you 
have finished what has been so much desired by your friendes 
and subjects. May heaven give you, and the Queen all the 
blessings of this life, and that you may see a numerous pos- 
terity, is what I heartely pray for. 

I hear it reported that the Spanish Ambassador is recalled. 
I have no other newes, nor shall trouble yow more, S"", att this 
time, but to wish you all the happiness imaginable. 
I am with all the duty imaginable. 

Your Majesties 
most dutifuU subject and most Obedient Servant, 

October ye l^th, 1718. 

^ Word apparently omitted. 


No. 6. 

{^Stuart Papers) 

BOLOGNE, NOV^K gn^ ytlS. 

Yours to S**" William, to Nairne and to my self of the 3^ of 
October require but little answer, and what is necessary I shall 
put down here myself. I hope my letter to Pere Galliand will 
have had good effect, and am very glad the gentlemen you 
mention to have stood their tryal in England came off so well. 
I shall be far from disapproving anybody's making application 
for subsistance to the court of France. Would to God they 
could gett bread any where, and I should be very well pleased. 
By what you say I am in some hopes that the Collonells List 
may still continue. You did well to stop all under servants 
coming to Urbino. But for hindering wives from going to their 
husbands that is an Imperial prerogative I do not pretend to. 
As to what you mention of the confectioner, an old field bed, 
and some other useless trumpery, do with them what you think 
fitt. Give poor M"^ Bryerly something to buy cloaths, for I 
could strip my self to cloath modest people. The misery that 
so many are in is a most affecting thing, but where we do all 
we can we must trust to Providence for the rest, and as long 
as you have any thing left you must not lett people starve, 
tho considering that, and the slowness of the french payment, 
it will no doubt diminish the remnent of the arreares, but for 
that there is no remedy. 

If I 'm not mistaken there is in one strong box several seals, 
pictures, etc., which box I directed to have come with M"^ 
Sheldon, but that now failing, I would have you send it to 
Rome by the first saffe occasion. I shall say nothing to you of 
my melancolly situation here, nor of the occasion of it, which 
will have made noise enough in the world. ^ One must still 
hope well, but in the meantime one is uneasie enough. 

James R. 

* Princess Clementina's arrest. 


No. 7. 

{Stuart Papers) 

Bologna, Nov« 2^^ 1718. 
Martel being gone for a few days to meet his wife, I 
make Morpeth acknowledge to Dutton the recepts of the letters 
we received from him last post, and which came only on mun- 
day late, so that I have not much leisure to write to you this 
post, having been a good dale taken up since with Andrews 
(Princess Clementina's) affair. I have at last heard from him ; 
he and his relations are as firm as a rock, and tho patience 
may be still necessary, I have little reason to doubt but that all 
will end well at last, and probably soon, so much for your com- 
fort, for further details would, I think, be useless. 

Pray return my kindest compliments to M"^^ Onslow (Duchess 
of Ormonde), her letter is so handsome and so kind, that it 
makes me yet more regrate the want of her company, especially 
on the account which deprives me of it, but I hope in God 
better dayes and circumstances will come in which friends and 
honest people will not be forced at so great a distance from 
one another. After this, as things stand, 1 cannot but approve 
your determination of staying some time longer where you are, 
for it cannot be imagined but that Ker must soon absolutely 
take his party. I find that one S'* Peter Redmond hath a great 
vocation to be my man in those parts. I am sure I never pro- 
mise him he should be so, and tho I think few people more 
honest, I know few more unfitt, all things consider^, for such 
a nice bussiness. I expect every post to hear from Ker, and I 
hope my accounts may be satisfactory, of which you shall be 
inform^. Jerry's letter hath good and bad in it, and Scraven- 
more's will, I hope, be soon followM with the mantle. 

We have had such rains as I never saw. M"^® Chigi is with 
us for some dayes, and an Opera begins to-night to which I am 
neither in humour to go, nor could I in decency do it. I thank 
God I keep my health well, which is a wonder, but I trust in 
God I shall be soon easie. I send you a fFrench paper of In- 
spruch news in which there is no Secrets, and I think the matter 


cannot be too much published. Adieu. I send this open to 
Button that it may Serve for you both. I stay here till I see 
what becomes of the affair of my Marriage. Horsly Scap''d 
worse usage by being treated only as a follower of Andrews, 
and tis not known or not minded that he belongs to me. — Truely 

No. 8. 

{Stuart Papers. Answer to Letter I.) 

Rome, Nov=^ 27™, 1718. 
You will easily believe what a surprize it was to me to find 
by yours of the 4*^ the jurney you were going to begin, and 
your saying so little on the subject did the more embarrasse me 
that I received att the same time the enclosed note from Cardinal 
Aquaviva which I here send you, and by the contents of which 
you will see it was impossible for me to avoid declaring that 
you had made that jurney without my precise order. But I 
turned the matter att the same time in such a manner, and 
the present conjuncture is such that I cannot but hope that 
this jurney of yours will turn to account. You have been all 
along acquainted with all my proceedings in relation to Spain, 
and that you may have a clearer insight into those matters, I 
send you the very copie of the letter I write to Cardinal Aqua- 
viva to be sent to Spain, which may indeed serve as a sorte of 
Instruction for your self [and the Memoire also mentioned in it 
shall also be sent you as soon as it is finished].^ On the whole 
'tis certain I am very much in the dark as to the King of 
Spains resolutions, but I hope you will be able to see clearer 
into them, and even to determine them on the right side. After 
this you cannot certainly keep your self too private in Spain, 
and on the footing I am with Cardinal Alberoni, you must in 
great measure be guided by his advice. He is a man that must 
be taken in his own way, and tis in vain to think one can force 
him to do what he will not do of himself. In fine I heartily 
wish you success where you are, and as I am sure your zeal for 

* The passage in brackets is deleted. 


my service carryd you there, so I should be the more concerned 
did you meet with any disagrement on that account. Sir Peter 
Redmond is a perfect honest man, but I cannot but caution 
you that I think him very unequal for great affairs, and not 
capable of nice manadgements which will be your great 

You will be surprized att the date of this letter, but after 
what has happened att Inspruck, all my friendes in these parts 
advised me to come here where alone they thought my liberty 
could be secure. And I have taken care that my friendes in 
England should be advertised of the true reason of my coming 
to this place. I know no more as to the Princesses at Inspruck ; 
they are still prizoners there, and where that matter will end 
God knows. When I know anything new on the subject, you 
shall be sure to be acquainted with it. This is all I have to 
say att present, but to assure you of all the kindness I am 
capable of. 

Since whats above, I have heard from the person about 
whom I cautioned you ; he ""s certainly very indiscreet, and not 
fitt to be trusted with secrets, which I could not but hint here, 
the rather that I perceive by himself that he is not very well 
with Ammersly. 

Enclosed Note. 

The dispatch which your Eminence received from your friend 
is just come to my hands, to whom you may make it known 
that I have no want of any confident of his or of any Instruc- 
tions. Your Eminence may tell your said friend that he needs 
only think of preserving his health, since he has another who 
thinks of his Interest and advantages, which is all I can say to 
your Eminence in answer to this particular. 

October Mth. 

This is a translation of what Cardinal Alberoni writes to 
Cardinal Aquaviva in answer to the proposal made by the King 
of sending a person into Spain to manadge his affairs att that 
Court, and sent to the King by C. Aquaviva. 


No. 9. 

(^Stuart Papers) 

Rome, DEC^ 22°, 1718. 

Sr., — The enclos"'d is a duplicate of what was sent you t''other 
day by another canal, but this seeming to be a sure one, I hope 
it will come safe to your hands. 

I wrote to Simon th"* day before I left Bologna all that 
occurM to me then, and to M"* Dutton since, who, I presume, 
will give you an account of it so that I may be the shorter 

I heartily wish Sam good success where he is gone, but un- 
less he had some certain and good encouragement before he 
went, for the reasone I wrote to Dutton, I much fear his not 
having so good a reception as I could wish. I shall be over- 
joyed to be mistaken, and I wish that Amorslie may have some 
project to putt suddenly in execution which requirM Sam's 
presence, and that he gave him privatly an invitation of 
encouragement to go thither. Dutton refers to you for an 
account of his Journey in two I have had from him since I came 
here, and in the last he sayes you was to write fully when you 
came to M"^ Boston^s, where we 11 long to know you are got 
safe, which I hope we soon shall, but I suppose your stay there 
will not be long, and may you soon be where it will be more 
agreable to you than it was with M"* fFraser. 

I had the pleasure of yours of the 3^ of October, and 
deliverM that for Peter as soon 's I mett with him. I wish 
Andrew had been there that I might have given him that for 
him too, but we know nothing more about him as yet, and 
since the Determinations about him seem to depend on the 
returns Elmore is to have from Evans, I much doubt of his 
being with us soon, tho' I hope he will at last, but even that in 
my humble opinion must not be too long waited for. 

M"^ Oldcorn, I hear, is come to Pan ton's. I had a note 
from him on his road thither, by which, as well as some other 
letters, I see it is about some business, but what it is I know 
not as yet, tho' I suppose I shall next post, and when I do I 


shall give you an account of it, but whatever it bo I own I have 
no expectation of great good from thence. 

I do not at all dread Simon'^s being wearie of the place where 
he had been for some time and gladd to change it, and it was 
very natural for him to think of Sorrels, where I wish him all 
the pleasure he can wish himself, and that there may be soon 
a good occasion for our meeting with him there. 

Peter having nothing further to say at this time than what 
you will be informed of by the enclosed, does not write, but 
desires I may make you his compliments. He is very well. 

Martila is very much oblidged to you for your kind enquiry 
after her. She and her little one are very well, and had a very 
good Journey. 

17^. is still uncertain about his own affair, so we wait to hear 
further of it from himself, his being removed from thence would 
be a very great loss, and I scarce see how it could be made up. 

Perhaps he has given you an account of a fine pamphlet 
which is far from spareing Peter more than others.^ It could 
not have been done without the assistance at least of some who 
might have been thought to have had more regard for Peter, 
but their private resentment has it seems got the better of 
their Duty. They have shewn their malice by it, but it is too 
simple to do much hurt or give uneasiness to those it was aim'd 

I hope to have soon an address how to write to you safely, 
and shall not fail of letting you know from time to time what 
occurs with us. I '11 trouble you no further at this time, but 
you shall ever find me affectionatly and ffaithfully. 

Yours, etc. 

It is odd enough that Amorslie did not come in to the 

project which your friend C k made to Wright in 

Aprile last, of which Dutton would informe you. There 
was no time lost in laying it before Amorslie, but he gave 
little or no answer to it, and without him nothing could 
be done. Perhaps he repents it e're now, but ther's still 
time for it, as C k wr ote to me V other day. 

Amorslie is putt in mind again of it, and one would think 

^ See Letter xvi. and note. 


that he will not neglect a thing which may prove so much for 
their Service. The papers in relation to it have been ready 
ever since a little after it was first proposed, but there was no 

finishing of them or sending of them to C k till we should 

have a positive answer from Amorslie, which I hope now Samuel 
may have an opportunity of forwarding. 

There came a letter to my hands some dayes ago from 

C k to Sam, which I forwarded to Dutton. I find C k 

and poor R y M*^D. are fallen out, which I am sorry for. 

I am to write one of these dayes to C k, wherein I ll tell 

him of his letter being forwarded, but 1 11 say nothing till I 
hear from you again of Sams Journey. 

No. 10. 
The earl of MAR to the EARL MARISCHAL 

{Stuart Papers) 

Rome, Decem^ G"^", 1718. 

My Lord, — The King has orderd me to acknowlege the 
letter you wrote him of the 28*^ of September wh^^ had been 
sooner done had I not been longer o"* coming to this place than 
His Majesty. He approves of your Lop^ design of going to 
serve in Spain, if a war break out w* the Elector of Hannover, 
but in that case he hopes there will be more of us in that 
country. A litle time will now show what will be in that 
matter, and your Lop shall be informd what further Resolu- 
tions His Ma*y takes in that event. 

I wrote to your Lop, as I remember, the begining of Octo**, 
and since that time yow would hear of the unlucky accident 
(of the) Princess being stopt at Inchsprug by the methods of 
her coming w^^ were given and prest by the King not being 
followd, but her ffriends, trusting to the ffriendship as well as 
Relation of those who had stopt her, could not be perswaded 
that there was any thing of that kind to be apprehended, so 
lost more time in setting out and on the road, besides the 
great noise they made with their journey, than might have 
finished the affair w^out any danger of its being prevented, and 


to say truth what has happened is so barbarous and w*out ex- 
ample that it is the less wonder they did not think it possible 
to be so used, but they were mistaken, and see now too late 
the need there was of the precautions given them from hence. 
Bv the last account we had the Princess and her Mother were 
still at Inchsprug, and were in hopes that they would still 
be allowed to come on their journey, so that we must have 
patience for some time, hoping the best, but it cannot be 
expected that the King can stay longer than in honor he's 
obliged, to do what is so necessary for his intrest and that of 
his people, as the pains his Enemies have taken to prevent this 
marriage sufficiently show. There are more women in the 
world, and tho"* this match, both upon account of the princess 
herself and many other motives, be the most desireable, yet the 
impracticableness of it, or too long delay, w*^^ is near as bad, 
must not keep him from looking about elsewhere, and one 
where or other completeing what his fFriends and faithful sub- 
jects so much desire, and if he should match below his quality, 
what has now happened in this affair takes off any objection 
there might be to a thing of that kind. I would fain hope 
tho' that this as desireable an one, w^^ was so far advanced, 
may yet do, in spite of all the contrivances of his Enemies to 
stop it. 

The King is very well in his health, and designs to continue 
in this place all winter, Castello being found to cold, w*out 
chimneys as it mostly is, if something do not happen to re- 
quire his presence elsewhere, w*^^ I wish may be the case. It 
is a much better quarter than we had last winter, but the Wine 
by no means agrees w^ us. 

Your Lop would hear the disagreeable account of the Regents 
having declared that he is not to continue the pension the late 
Queen had longer than the time of her death, and they are 
very slow in paying up the arrears of it, wh^^ is the occasion 
that the allowances His Ma^^ gave to his people have been of 
late so ill payd, that being the only fund he had for it. The 
straits those honest worthy Gentlemen are in and still further 
likly to be put to is a great grief to the King. So long as 
the arrears last and are payd up, he has orderd the allowances 
to his people to be continued, that will not tho' last long, and 


what will become of them afterwards, if things do not take 
some lucky new turn, God only knows, but I hope in his pro- 
vidence he will give His Ma^^ success in what he is endeavoring 
to get done for their relief, till better days come, and that he 
have it in his power at home to do for them. 

Lord W"^ Drummond tells me that your Lop designs to 
pass this winter at Avignon w* the Duchess of Melfort and 
Mons'^ Castleblanco, and that he beleives you are now there ; 
but not being siire of that, I chose to send this to Paris, from 
whence it will be sent you whereever you be. If your Lop be 
w* that good company, I beg you may do me the favor to 
make my compliments to them, no body being more their 
humble Servant, and I am particularly obliged to them for 
the civility they show'd to My Lady Mar as she past throw 
ff ranee. 

I long to know if Mr. Keith went where he intended, or if 
it is answering his expectations, which I heartily wish it may, 
and all that was possible to be done from home to make it so 
was carefully done. 

Our Master orders me to make your Lop his kind compli- 
ments, and I am with all truth. My Lord, your Lop^ Most 
Obedient and most humble Servant, Sk sub* Mar. 

No. 11 

(Stuart Papers) 

Arrest of Mar and Perth at Voghera and their detention at Milan. 

See Introduction, p. xxxiii. 

Rome, March 21«^ 1719. 
My Lord, — I hope you have not misinterpreted but have 
forgiven my long silence. I was unwilling to write to you 
about the time I left this place, since I could not then tel you 
of the real designe the King was about, but I intended to have 
wrote to you from Genoa, had I been so luckie to get there. 
You will have heard our story in generall long before this 
comes to yr hand, but beliveing that you 'll be desirous to know 


the particulars of it, I will now give you them and with much 
the better will that I have reason to hope that the King our 
Master has long e^er now got to his intended post, and that 
the Duke of Perth and I have got out of our confinement. 

The King finding that it was no longer fitt for him to be in 
Italic, resolved to leave it, but some adress was necessary to 
make his passage out of it practicable and safe. He deter- 
mind to go by sea and w* only a very few of his servants who 
attend his person. He was pleased to order that the Duke of 
Perth and I should go togither by another rout and endeavour 
to join him at a place appointed. His Majesty toke the advice 
of those who he thought fittest to advise with as to the way he 
was to go, and also as to the rout for the Duke of Perth and I, 
both w^^ were followed accordingly. The rout we went was 
once thought of for his Majesty, but happie it was that he chose 
the other, as you'll see by what happend to us. After the 
Kings choseing to go the other way it was thought that our 
going off about the same time he did in chairs by the way of 
fflorance and so to Bologna, as if intending to meet the Princess 
(the reason w^** was given out for the kings leaveing of Rome) 
was the way to blind the publick and prevent for some time 
the discovery of his real designe, so that his Majesty sett out 
from Rome towards the cost the 8*^ of ffeb. very airly and im- 
barkt and sailed that evening in a shipe that was reddy pre- 
paired for him. The Duke of Perth and I about two hours 
after his Majesty sett out in three chairs w* our servants on 
purpose to make it appear as if the King had been in the com- 
pany and the bite toke as you'll! see. We continued our journie 
to Bologna without endeavouring to make great heast, as was 
concerted, in case his Majesty had not got saild so soon as he 
intended. When this rout was proposed for our going to 
Genoa I mentioned a passport, w^^ was likly we might find 
occasion for, and I hopt might be got in other names than our 
own without giving any light into our business, but it was 
thought it wou'd be dangerous to endeavour getting it for fear 
of giveing suspicion, and that there was no occasion for it, 
every body comeing hither from ffrance dayly and returning 
thither throw the Milanese without any passport. 

A Courier past us on the road twice, who we suspected had 


some eye upon us. We made our servants speak to him, and he 
said he was sent from Naples to Milan to heaston on the march 
of the troops. This added to our suspicion, w^^ we find since 
was not ill grounded, he being a servant to Count Gallass, who 
he had sent on purpose to dog us, beliveing the King to be in 
the company, and to give an account of us to the Comanders 
at Mantua and Millan, haveing sent another to give the like 
accounts at Trent, Inchburg, and Vienna, and he wrote the 
same to Naples, of w^^ there were accounts returned here soon 

Notwithstanding of our suspecting this Courier we had no 
way to help our selves, and it was but suspicion, nor did we 
see or hear any more of him after we passed Bologna. We 
stay'd a night at Bologna, being impossible almost to avoid it 
in the way we were traveling, but we were so well known to 
most of the people there, that there was no thinking of our 
passing undiscovered. We came there late at night and went 
away next morning by daybreak. We saw there one of the King'^s 
people who has for some time lived in that toun, and is well 
knowen to most of the best people and all our acquentance in 
it. We made him belive the story of our being so farr on our 
road to meet the Princess, that we were going towards Trent by 
Mantua, and that the King was gone by the other rout by 
fFerrara, w^^ past very well at that time both w* him and some 
of our friends there to whom we fancied he might mention us. 
So we desired he might make our compliments to them and 
excuse our not seeing them til our return. 

fFrom Bologna we went the rout that had been given us to- 
wards Genoa by Modena, Parma, and Piacensa, and when we 
came two posts further to Vogera on fryday morning, 17*^^ of 
ffeb., a post short of Tortona, where there is a German gari- 
son, and where we apprehended difficulty if we met w* any. We 
were told at the posthouse that we could have no horses with- 
out an order from the Majestrats of the toun. As we were 
thinking upon this what was next to be done. The Podesta 
of the Toun as they call the chife Majestrat for the Emperour, 
an Italian, and a German Livetenant Colonel came into the 
room where we were and askt if we had a passport, and whither 
we were a going, and who we were, we told that we were going 


for ffrance by Turin, that one of us was a fFrench man, Mr. Le 
Brun (the name the Duke of Perth went by), and the other two 
English, Mr. Johnston and Robertson (the names for me and 
Paterson), that we had mett at Rome where we had been for 
severall months for our diversion and curiosity, and were now 
a returning to our own countrys, that we did not know a pas- 
port to be necessary, haveing had none when we came into the 
country and knew of severall of our acquentances, who had o' 
late gone back for ffrance without any. Then said they we 
cannot help stoping you here til we give an account of you at 
Millan since we have received orders about fifteen dayes ago 
to let no body pass w^out a passport, and so they desired that 
we might go along w* them. 

I had not many papers of consequence along w* me, but 
some few I had and others I should not have liked falling into 
their hands, and as the most secure way I thought for them, 
was keeping them in my own pockets, where they then were. 
We told those who came to look after us that we shou'd go 
immediatly along w* them since they wou''d have it so, after 
eating a little sup that was geting reddy for us in the next 
room where they might be present, w^^ they agreed to. The 
Duke of Perth caried them to the court yard, and then into 
the next room, w^^ gave me and Paterson time to destroie any 
papers that I was uneasie about without any observation, 
and that done I was easie since neither the Kings service nor 
any of his friends could suffer by any discovery by what was 
about us. When we came along w* the officers to the gate 
we found a gard on our chaises and baggage. We desired that 
our servants might be alow'd to wait on our things, but were 
answered that they must go along w* us, and that our things 
should be taken care of and answered for, so on we were caried 
to the Podesta's house w^^ is in the toun house, and there we 
were keept til Sunday morning the 19th under a gard of ten 
or twelve souldiers. The Podesta, who is a very civil man, 
entertained us very well, but he had but one room for us all, 
where there were two beds and a Matlass on the floor, and 
when we went to them or even to a necessary affair the door 
was not alow'd to be shutt, but two sentries keept at it look- 
ing at us. Our things were all put into the same room, but 



not then sealed, by w^^ I had an opportunity of takeing some 
papers out of my strong box in the night time tho they were 
of no great consequence. An express was immediatly sent 
upon our comeing into the Podesta's house to Millan w* an 
account of us, who they assured us wou'd be back nixt morning, 
and they did not doubt of there being orders for our release. 
They lookt much at us the time they were writeing their 
letters, and particularly at the D. of Perth, by w^^ we 
imagind they belived the King to be in the company. 

On Saturday forenoon they told us that the express was re- 
turnd and that we wou'd soon hear what it brought, and some 
time therafter the Podesta came and told us that the express 
was not returnd, and that it was only two officers friends of 
his who were a passing by that way, but that he expected the 
express very soon. After dinner these two officers came to 
see us ; one of them proved to be the Secretary to the 
late Governour of the Milanese, and the other the Ajutant- 
Generall of the troops in that country ; the first spoke fFrench, 
Italian, and German, but the other, tho"* a civill, wellbredd, 
modest man in appearance, spoke nothing but German, his 
own country language. The first told us that he was sorry for 
the accident of our being stopt, w*^^ he toke care to say was 
occasioned by orders given fifetien dayes before. That the 
warr being now declaird oblidgd them to be more circumspect 
than useuall, but that we might make ourselves reddy to be 
gone to morrow morning, but that it must be very airly. We 
were not a little glade at this, so made our compliments upon 
it, and askt if we might not have a passport to prevent our 
being stopt again at Tortona, but that they said they had no 
power to give. The Podesta was not in the room when these 
two gentelmen spoke to us, but came in a little therafter, and 
seeing the D. of Perth and I standing by ourselves came and told 
us that he was sorry we were to be caried for Millan. We told 
him what these two gentelmen had said to us, so that he must be 
mistaken, w* w^^ he was surprised, and seemd not well pleased, 
thinking they had imposed on him, but, says he, I shall clear 
that just now. So he went to them at a little distance, where 
we heard him ask why they told one thing to him about us 
and another to us. If we were to be caried to Millan, why did 


they not tel us now, and not do it by surprise to morrow ; and 
if we were alow'd to go on our journie, why had they said 
otherways to him ? They went away togither upon this, and 
Podesta told us that he wou''d soon return and let us know 
how it was. He accordingly did so, and told us there was no 
help for it, and that we must go to Millan to morrow. Upon 
our asking him why those gentelmen had spoke as they did to 
us, by w^^ we belived that we were alowed to proceed on our 
journie, he said he could not account for it, and that he did 
not approve of the way they had taken, but that they were to 
cary us along w* them. A little after this our boxes and 
things were sealed up, and next morning airly we were caried 
from thence under a guard of Husars, and those two gentel- 
men went along w* us in a chaise. When we came near Pavia 
these two went before us into the toun where we thought we 
should have stopt to dine, but we were caried out at another 
port as soon as we entred, and so round the toun w*out to the 
port for Millan. There we were made to halt above an hour 
til our guard was changed. We sent to our two governours to 
desire that something might be sent us out of the toun to eat 
since we were not alowd to stope in it, but had word sent us 
that there was an Hoslaria some miles before where we might 
eat. We were keept after this waiting for our two Governours, 
and wearying by their not comeing soon we sent again desire- 
ing that the gard might be ordred to go along w* us to the 
Hoslaria, where we should wait their comeing. Upon this we 
were ordred to march, but when we came to the Hoslaria our 
governours not being come up the Captain of the Husars wou'd 
not stope, so hungrie enough we were before we got w* their 
slow march to the nixt post where we were to change horses, 
and before we came to it our two governours past us without 
speaking and stopt at the post til we came, and then told 
us that they were keept at Pavia by some officers friends of 
theirs to dine, w*^^ made them be so long away from us, and 
until the horses were got reddy we might eat a bit there, w^^ 
we did, and then advanced on our march towards Millan. We 
arived at the port when it was darkish, and were caried a 
privat back way within the walls of the toun to the Castle, 
where when we came these two gentelmen deliverd us to the 


Deputy Governour, a German who speaks a little Italian. He 
caried us to a lodging w^^ he told us was calld the casa nuda, 
and so it was indeed, where all our things were brought, save 
our strong boxes, w^^ our fformer Governours had we belived 
keept. The Deputy Governour told us that the Marischall, 
the Governour of the Castle, Colmenero, a Spaniard, and who 
was chefe de Concill in the absence of the Governour of the 
Milanese, was not then in the Castle, and that it wou"'d be late 
before he came in, so that our accomodation wou'd not be 
good that night, but that next day we shou'd get better, so 
that he hopt we wou'*d excuse it. He sent for beds and some 
chairs for us, and got us something to eat. There came but 
two beds at that time, but just as we were going to them the 
Governour sent us his own field bed. We heard nothing from 
them all nixt day, and our things all being seald up we could 
not get clean linning, w*^^ made us send on tuesday morning to 
desire that they would be so good to let us have the use of 
our own things, but had no answer then to it. We had our 
dinner and supper sent us from the Governours every day all 
the time we continued there, w^^ was very good, and drest 
after the ffrench way, and beside the wine of the country we 
had at each meal a fflask of Ranish wine and two when we 
desired it. On wednsday we were sent to desireing that our 
servants might be sent to the Deputy governour w* our things 
and the keys to see them and our boxes opned. I told that I 
had some papers in my boxes w*'^ belong'd not properly to me, 
and therfore could not trust the seeing of them opned to our 
servants, that they were in their handes as we were ; the keys 
we gave them, so if they had a mind they might open them as 
they pleased, but if any of us were to see them opned I desired 
it might be ourselves and not our servants. This was refused, 
and our servants and our things ordred to be caried along, w^^ 
was done accordingly. Our things were all opned and lookt 
over, our papers and writeing boxes were put up and sealed 
before our servants w*^ the seals of the two gentelmen who 
brought us and that of the Deputy governours as we belived, 
and the rest of our things were sent back to us. At our come- 
ing into the Castle we had given the same account of our selves 
that we had given at Vogera, and wrote down as we were 


desired the names we went by. Our swords were never taken 
from us, nor were our pockets ever searcht. 

Generall Broun, who has been long in the German service 
and was accidentaly in the toun, came to see us on wednsday 
along w* the Li^*^ Governour. We had never seen other before 
so that he could not know us. He askt our names and an 
account of us, w^^ we gave as formerly, and then we fell a talk- 
ing of other things in comon discourse, amongst w*'^ he told us 
that who he calld y® King of England was gone from Rome 
privatly, nobody there knowing whither save the Pope, w^*^ 
gave ground for many speculations, and a little after said, 
Well, Gentelmen, whoever you be, there is no dishonour done 
you ; upon w*^^ I askt him who they toke us to be, and sure 
they did not take us for the Pretender ; no, God forbid, sayes 
he, and then left us. We belived he had been sent to see if 
he knew us and if the King was of the company, but we never 
saw him again nor heard more of him. 

We sent to the Deputy Governour to beg we might be alow'd 
to see the publick newspapers, and were told that they should 
be sent us, but they never were, all the time we stay'd, save 
once an old Mantua Gazet, in w*'^ there was nothing. Nobody 
was alowd to speak to us but when the Agutant of the Garison 
was bye, nor was our servants alowd to go abroad, but any 
thing we wanted, as we did some cloaths, were sent for from 
the toun by that Agutant. We askt liberty to write to some 
acquentances at Rome w^^ should be shown them before it was 
sent, but were denyd it, and were only alowd to walk abroad 
in the Castle w* the Agutant attending us. I was a good deal 
out of order one day and had occasion for a vomitt, some doses 
of w*^^ was in my writeing box, w'^^ made me send to beg it, but 
was answered that it could not be opned til they had a return 
from Vienna, where they had given an account of us by an 
express, and this made me conclud that our papers were sent 
thither. , 

We had severall times compliments sent us by the Governour 
Colmenero, but after our things were opend, the Deputy 
Governour left us off and seem'd to avoid us when we chanced 
to see him at a distance when we were walking round the open 
gallary in the Castle. 


On Sunday the 5*^ of March the new Governour of the 
Milanese Coloredo came to Millan, and on wednsday morn- 
ing the 8*^ the Marischall Colmenero sent the agutant to 
desire us to speak w* him in the Gallary. The Agutant being 
most acquented w* M^"^ Le Brun (the D. of Perth) came only to 
him, so he went alone, but we first agreed that he should say 
nothing to the Marischall upon what he should say to him til 
he should once come and aquaint me what the Marischall had 
said. When L^ Perth mett w* the Marischall he told him 
that he thought that he wou'd have brought M^"^ Le Brun along 
w* him ; to which he answerd that he was that person, and 
that the Agutant had only spoke of his comeing and not of 
M"* Johnstons. The Marischall said he had desired to speak 
to both, but that it was the same thing, since he wou'd 
give his companion an account of it. Then he said that tho 
he had been chefe de Consill in the absence of the Governour, 
yet he could not take it upon him to set us at liberty, but 
that now the Governour was arived, and had had time to 
hear the account we had given of ourselves, had taken it upon 
himself to set us at liberty, even before the return of the 
courier from Vienna and that it was a coup fort hardi. How 
farr this was realie so, there being then full time for the courier 
to return, I shall not take upon me to determine, but since we 
came here we find that our being prissoners at Millan was left 
a secret everywhere than at Millan. He askt M^*" Le Brun what 
road we intended to take, for we might go where we pleased, 
but at the same time mentioned that of Genoa, to w'^^ M^'' Le 
Brun (the D. of Perth) answered that he could say nothing as 
to that til once he spoke to his companion, so to me he came 
directly and told what had past. We had intelligence by a 
certain canale that M^ Davinantt, the English Resident at 
Genoa, was in watch for us on all the wayes to that place, and 
our storie haveing made so much noise we thought it was im- 
practicable to get off from thence, or, indeed from any place 
since we could not go throu ffrance, until once we should cast 
up in some place where it might be reasonablie supposed we 
were to make some stay and by that might be forgot and out 
of the publick talk, so we resolved to return to Rome. Upon 
w^** the D. of Perth went back to the Marischall and told him 


as we concerted, that by our being stopt so long the business 
we were going about was dissapointed and that we had some 
friends at Rome who wou^d think we were lost by their being 
so long o' hearing from us and that our journie to france did not 
now so much press, therefore we resolved to return towards 
Rome. The Marischall told him that the sooner we went the 
better, and that all should be ordred for our setting out that 
very night after it was dark, and after som compliments 
they parted. 

We got our things reddy, and about eight oclock the 
Deputy Governour came to us w* a coach and told us that our 
chairs were sent out alreddy, that he had brought a coach to 
carie us and our bagage to the place where they were, about 
half a mile out of toun. So we got into the coach and were 
caried out at the postern gate of the Castle to the place where 
our chaises were, where in a like time the two Gentelmen who 
had brought us to Millan came to us and brought us our 
writeing boxes and all our papers seald up w^^ they delivered 
to us. We did not look into them at that time, but when we 
did afterwards, it did not appear to our servants who had seen 
them seald up that they had been opned. We got into our 
chairs about 9 at night, these two gentelmen our former 
Governours going along w* us, and leading our way. They 
caried us quit round the toun without the walls til we came to 
the road for Piacensa,w^^ we continued all night without stoping 
save to change our horses till we came to the bounds of the 
Emperours territorys, and there our Governours told us that 
we might go where we pleased and gave us a passport from 
Marischall Visconti who commands the Emperours troups in 
Lombardi in case we should have occasion for it. Thus we 
parted w* a great deal of pleasur from our Governours and 
came on our journie to this place by Bologna and fflorance at 
neither of w''^ places we made any stope further than was 
absolutly necessary, and arived here on thursday last the 
16*^ to the no little surprise of our friends who knew little or 
nothing certain about us. When we shall find a way of going 
to our Master is more than we yet know, but we are once at 
liberty again w^^ is by no means disagreeable, and we hope the 
King nor his cause will not suffer by the accident w*^^ happned 


to us without our fault. The loss is ours by our not haveing 
the pleasur of attending him and giveing him all the assistance 
in our power, but we hope to hear soon of his Majestys being 
well and in a good way, w^^ heavens grant. 

These are all the particulars that I can now tel you and I 
hope you '11 forgive and excuse this tedious account. 

1 11 be glade to hear soon from y^ lop. and pray give any of 
our friends who want a particular detail of our story, an account 
of what I have now wrote to you. 

I have troubled you too long aired dy to say any more now, 
but I shall write again when anything occurs, so adieu. 

No. 12. 

{Stuart Papers) 

James bids farewell to the Pope — Apologises for his hasty departure — 
Commends Princess Clementina to the protection of His Holiness. 

7 Fev. 1719. 
Tres Saint Pere, — C'est avec la plus grande confusion que 
je me trouve oblige de notifier a Votre Saintete par ecrit seule- 
ment mon depart de ses Etats. Une necessite pressente et in- 
dispensable m'y a oblige et il etoit de la plus grande importance 
pour moy que mon voyage fut accompagne de la plus grande 
promtitude et du plus rigoureux secret, et quoiq'il n''y en 
devoit point avoir pour V.S. je suis persuade qu'Elle ne prendra 
pas en mauvaise part d'avoir ete privee jusq'ici d'une connoi- 
sance qui auroit pu Fembarrasser sans luy avoir pu etre utile. 
Du reste Elle jugera aisement de la juste douleur qui m'afflige, 
de me trouver reduit a quitter Rome dans le tems que j'y 
attendois la Princesse mon Epouse ; mais pour la consoler je 
luy ay laisse en partant les temoignages les plus forts de ma 
Constance et de ma tendresse. Et comme je luy mande de faire 
son possible pour etre au plutot dans cette ville comme Fendroit 
le plus convenable a sa liberte et a sa seurete j'ose la recom- 
mender a vos bontes avec tout instance possible vous suppliant 

* Giovanni Francesco Albani. 


T. S. P. de reanir en sa person ne tout ce que vous avez de 
tendresse paternelle pour nous deux separement, et d'etre son 
soutien et sa consolation durant le terns que je la laisserai 
sous votre protection. Son merite personelle et sa Constance 
heroique envers moy me la rendant uniquement chere et j'ose 
le dire digne des soins et des attentions de V.S. Je la supplie 
de nous donner a Fun et a Tautre sa benediction Apostolique et 
de recevoir ici mes tres humbles actions de graces pour toutes 
les bontes dont V. S. m'a comble pendant mon sejour dans ses 
Etats, bontes qui ne s'effaceront jamais de ma memoire et qui me 
serveront toujours d'un nouveau motif pour lui prouver en toute 
occasion ma soumission inviolable, mon respect infini,et Tattache- 
ment singulier et quil me soit permis de le dire tendre que je 
conserverai pour sa personne sacree jusqu'au dernier moment 
de ma vie. Cest avec ces sentimens que vous me trouverez 

Tres Saint Pere, 

De Votre Saintete, 

Le tres devot fils. 
Je supplie V.S. de vouloir permettre a ma famille de demeurer 
dans la maison qu'elle a eu la bonte de me donner pour 
ma demeur dans cette ville jusqu''a ce que je sois en etat de 
leur envoyer mes ordres et d'informer V.S. de mes demarches 

No. 13. 


{Stuart Papers) 

GiRONNE, March 11, 1719. 
Sr, — I desire you will do me the favour to lett Mr. Dutton 
know that I am gott thus farr on my way. — I am sincerely 
yours, Peter Knight. 

No. 14. 

{Stuart Papers) 

Sarragossa, March 22, 1719. 
Sr, — I desire you will do me the favour to inform Mr. 
Dutton that I am in good health in this place, and that I 


reckon to be on Munday next at Madrid ; I am very much 
made of in this country, and in a short time hope to be able 
to write more fully to you, — I am, Sr, sincerely yours, 

P. Knight. 

No. 15. 

The king of SPAIN (PHILIP V.) to JAMES 

{Stuart Papers) 
Welcomes James to Spain — Willingness to help him. 

A Madrid 16^ Mars 1719. 

J'ay appris Farrivee de Vostre Majeste en Espagne avec 
autant de plaisir que j'ay eu d'inquietude sur les dangers 
qu*'elle a eu a courir dans son voyage et je m'en fais aussi un 
tres grand de pouvoir Passeurer moy mesme de mon amitie. 

Je me regarde comme bien heureux davoir trouve I'occasion 
de vous en donner un marque en vous mettant a convert des 
insultes de nos ennemys communs et je me le regarderai encore 
bien plus si Dieu benissant mes desseins je puis vous rendre de 
services plus essentiels. Vostre Majeste pent estre asseuree 
que si elle regarde nos interests comme communs je pense 
aussi de mesme qu''elle et que je me ferai toujours un tres 
grand plaisir de pouvoir luy faire connoistre la sincerite de 
mes sentiments et le fondes qu'elle peut faire en tout temps 
sur mon amitie. Philippe. 

No. 16. 



{Stuart Papers) 

Welcome to Spain. 

A Madrid ce 16^- Mars 1719. 
Vostre Majeste me fait beaucoup de justice d'estre persuadee 
que son heureuse arivee en Espagne m''ha ^ cause un sensible 

^ Sic. An Italian word occasionally slips into Elizabeth's French, also into 


plaisir, apres les allarmes, que nous avons eu pour sa persone. 
Vostre Majeste peut croire, que c'est pour moy une tres grande 
consolation, que Le Roy aie pu Luy donner un asile dans ses 
etats, et La mettre en seurete dans son Royaume contre les 
trahisons de ses ennemis, qui sont en mesme temps les nostres, 
et que deshormais nos interets seront communs. J'attendray 
avec impatience Farrivee de Vostre Majeste icy, afin de Luy 
pouvoir marquer de vive voix Festime tres sincere que jay 
pour son merite. Elizabeth. 

No. 17. 

{Stuart Papers) 

Departure of the Cadiz Fleet on March 7 — James's arrival in Spain — 
Secret of Expedition apparently unknown in London on Feb. 24 — 
James's Voyage : his Misadventures — Arrest of Mar — No reason to 
despair of success, notwithstanding delay in sailing of Fleet — Depar- 
ture of Earl Marischal from San Sebastian on March 13 — News from 

A Madrid ce IS'"^ Mars 1719. 
Par monsieur Macdonnell V.E. aura apris le depart de 
L'Escadre de Cadix le 7"^® du Courant de sorte que je ne scais 
pas si la presente trouvera V.E^^^ a la Corogne. Par autre 
Courier que je vous ai depesche Lundy passe 13 de Mars vous 
aurez appris aussi comme Le Roy Jacques avoit debarque a 
Roses, et aujourdhuyje crois quMl partira de Barcellone pour 
venir a Madrid ou il n'arrivera que le 25 ou 26 du courant, de 
sorte que je tiens pour infaillible que si vous avez un Vent 
favourable vous aurez fait votre debarquement en Angleterre 
ou en quelque autre part, suppose que vous trouviez des diffi- 
cultez en Angleterre a cause que le Ministere aura les Moyens 
promptes pour y accourir et peutetre vous prendres toujours le 
partie d'aller enEcosse. Vous verrez par les Gazettes icy jointes 
que le 24. Fevrier on ne parloit point de notre Expedition, 
qu'on vivoit a Londres fort tranquil, et meme le Gazette 
d'Holande dit que le Due D'Ormonde avoit solicite aupres du 
Roy d'Espagne de Commander son armee en Cattalogne, vous 
voyez qu'on nous meprisse beaucoup. 


Le 4™^ du Courrant entrerent quatre Vaisseaux anglois avec 
la Pacquet boat a Lisbonne, un etoit de 60 pieces de Canons 
deux de 54 et Tautre de 40 sur lequel etoit embarque le Fils 
de L'Amirall Bing pour passer a Naples. Le Vaisseau de 60 
pieces a besoin de reparation pour avoir essuyee une furieusse 
Tempete, il y en a autres onze de Transport charges de toute 
sorte de municions pour Mahon et Gibraltar. Le Roy Jacques 
a courrus risques de se perdre cent fois a cause des Bourasques 
qu*'il a essuye. II a demeure trois jours en Marseilles cache 
chez le Patron du Battiment sur lequel il setoit embarque, il 
fut Saigne a cause d'une Grand Fievre, il fut obligee des e 
refugier bien cache a Villefranche 24 heures. II fut obligee 
de se relascher aux Isles des Hieres proche de Toulon sur un 
miserable et Epouvantable Cabaret ou il y avoit une foulle de 
Canaille, il fut obligee quoique incommode de la Mer de danser 
avec la Maitresse du Cabaret etant le jour de Carneval. II 
a ete poursuivi par deux Vaisseaux Anglois. — On a arrete 
plusieurs personnes sur le Chemin entre lesquels on dit le Due 
de Mar et autres personnes attaches au Roy Jaques. D'abord 
qu'on sceut le depart du Roy Jacques de Rome Le Comte de 
Gallas depescha de tons Cotes des Courriers. Celui qui arriva a 
Paris obligea Stairs a avoir une Conference de trois heures 
avec le Regent apres laquelle on depescha dix ou douze 
Courriers et je veux bien croire que quelques uns sera arrive 
aLondres. Le jour de la depeshe fut le 22 ou le 23 de Fevrier, 
cependant je m'imagine que le Ministere de Londres se trouvera 
embarrasse et qu'il ne pourra pas donner si promptement comme 
il voudroit, les moyens necessaires; d"*autant plus que je crois 
qu'il y aura bien du murmure dans le Pays et meme dans 
Londres ; Enfin quoyque L'Escadre est partie plus tard de ce 
qu'*on croyoit, il ne faut pas desesperer Taffaire, le grand point 
est d'avoir en Espagne le Roy Jacques, car toutes les Lettres 
d'ltalie et de France ^ qu'il a ete arreste sur TEtat de Milan et 
je ne scais si veritablement les Ministres Imperiaux out debite 
un pareille nouvelle avec Artifice, ou si veritablement ils ont 

Monsieur le Marischall partit de St. Sebastien le 13 du 

* Sic, Word omitted. 


Courrant avec un Vent tres favorable. II y a apparence d''une 
Rupture entre la Pologne le Czar et le Roy de Prusse, ce qui 
pourroit bien entraisner d'autres Puissances, si cela se trouve 
vray le jeune Due d^Holstein n'a pas voulu se retirer en 
Moscovie comme on avoit ecrit de Suede. Les Deputes des 
Etats netoient pas tous assembles a Stockholm le 10 de ce 
mois ni la Reine Coronee. On n'ecrit rien de particulier de 
ce pays la. Le Comte de Raven tlau Min*"^® du jeune Due 
d"*Holstein n'est pas alle en Angleterre comme on avoit dit 
pour traiter d'un Marriage pour ce Prince, il a passe en Suede 
pour se rendre aupres de son maitre avec Passeport de Dane- 
marck ; on poursuit vigoureusement le Baron de Gortz et le 
Comte de Vandernat qui sont fort hais des Suedois. Voila les 
Nouvelles du Nord que mande Mons** Laules. Je suis de 
V. 'E^^^ avec la plus parfaite Amitie et tout le respect possible, 

Le Card^ Albehoni. 

Le Roy Jacques m'a depesha Monsieur O'brien qui arriva 
avanthier et qui partit le jour apres pour aller trouver Sa 
Ma^® avec la reponse. Voicy une lettre de sa Ma*® pour V. E. 

No. 18. 


(Stuart Papers) 

Madrid, March 31, 1719. 
You might naturally expect I should from hence send you some 
directions as to pensioners and mony matters, but that is Impos- 
sible ; my being in this country cannot have hindered the Regent 
from paying arrears which were not due to me, and of which 
neither my person nor my affairs will any more profitt, but I hope 
they will at least keep people from starving till such time as I 
can inform you of my intentions, directions, and abilities, which 
I hope I shall be soon able to do, and will neglect nothing that 
lies in my power for the support of so many brave subjects and 
old servants. It is my Intention that all such as are my 
domestick servants should not think of removing or joining me 
till my further order, I allways except Sheldon out of general 


rules, but even as to him I cannot as yet give any directions. 
And this is all I can say at present, James R. 

No. 19. 

{Stuart Papers) 

News from London — Reported alarm of English Ministry _, and requests 
for help from France — Jacobite sympathies of French troops— Land- 
ing to be eifected in England if possible^ in Scotland only as a last 
resource — Is it advisable to risk James's person ? 

A Madrid, le 4 Avril 1719. 

Depuis ma derniere que j'ai escrit a V. E. il est arrive un de 
nos Emissaires de Londres, d"'ou il partit le commencement du 
passe, et il nous dit qu^il y avoit une confusion et un desordre 
si grand que le ministere croyoit tout perdu, que la crainte 
essoit tres grande nonseulement pour un debarquement qu'*on 
croioit en Angleterre, mais aussy en Ecosse, que le d* Ministere 
avoit demande des Trouppes au Regent, mais que le Fran^'ois 
qui sont en Flandres disoient hautement que si ils alloient 
en Angleterre ce seroit pour servir le Roy Jacques. Une 
nouvelle aussy certain, et d\m homme plein de probite et d'esprit, 
donne motif a S. M*® Cat. d'ordonner a V. E. de faire tons les 
efforts possible pour faire la descente en Angleterre, mais si le 
malheur vouloit qu^elle se rendoit tout a fait impossible S. M*® 
veu absolument qu''on aille en Ecosse, bien entendu que ce sera 
la derniere ressource, et en cas que la descente en Angleterre 
deviene tout a fait impossible. On a considere que Thonneur de 
Sa M.^ Cat. ne veut pas qu'il sacrifie tant des honnetes gens en 
Ecosse qui auront a Theur qu'il est pris les armes pour le Roy 
Jacques ; car on s^ait deja que bien des personnes sont partis 
de plusieurs endroits pour se rendre en Ecosse. Comme on a 
cru que pent etre a Tarrive de ce Courrier V. E. pent etre seroit 
party, on a fait des duplicates des lettres en Espagnole que 
portent la contenue de cette lettre, et on a donne des ordres a 
M*" de Risbourcq de vous les faire tenir par la voye de plusieurs 
batiments en cas que vous soiez party. 

V. E. a bien fait de prendre le Chirurgien et Elle n'a qu'a 
prendre tout ce qu'elle jugera apropos pour la bonne issue de 


rExpedition. On replique Tordre a M"^ de Rissebourcq de 
donner la main a tout ce que V. E. demandera. A FEgard du 
Roy Jacques S. M. Cat. ne Scauroit prendre sur soy meme ce 
qu'il doit faire, puisque sa personne est de la derniere impor- 
tance a la conserver ; car ses Enemies ne souhaitent sinon qu''il 
fasse un coup de desespere, et alors ils auront gagne le proces. 
Monsieur le Due vous estes sage et prudent, et je croisque vous 
ne voudries pas vous exposer que le monde dit que vous Taviez 
risque mal a propos. Je crois que votre personne, et votre 
credit, sachant vos Amis et le party du Roy Jacques, que le 
Roy d'Espagne veut soutenir la gageure que vous trouuerez des 
facilites a mettre les affaires en bon train, et alors vous aurez 
toujours le temps de faire venir le Roy. Enfin, Mons*" Le Due 
vous estes sage et prudent, et tout le monde est bien persuade 
que vous avez de Fattachement pour votre Roy. 

On ordonne a M^ Le Marq^ de Risebourcq de mettre ensemble 
sur le champ Quarante Mille Escus, et on songera apres les 
moyens de vous envoyer les autres soixante Mille. Je prie le 
bon Dieu qu''il nous fasse s^avoir bien tot des nouuelles de notre 
Escadre. V. E. cependant ne doutera point que personne au 
Monde n'a pour EUe ny plus d'Amitie n^ plus de respect que, 

(Signe) Le Card. Alberoni. 

Les Nouvelles notre Emissaire les a appris le 8®"^® a Paris, 
meme sur le debarquement ; la confusion et le tumulte il Ta 
vus a Londres au commencement du mois de mars. Le IS^^'^^ 
du mois on parloit point a Londres de Notre Escadre. 

No. 20. 

(Extract. State Papers, Foixign, France, 358) 

Jai^es's Journey to Spain — Reports as to Ormonde's movements — 
Alberoni to supply 6000 men and 15_,000 muskets. 

Paris, 16 Jan. 1719, n.s. 

. . . Le Pretend ant devoit aller en Espagne ou le Due d'Or- 

monde estoit deja arrive, et de la Fun et Fautre avec plusieurs 

Officiers devoient passer en Irlande et y faire soulever les 

Irlandois. . . . On avoit resolu d'abord que le Due d'Ormond 


resteroit a Madrid, mais il s*'est embarque depuis peu a Bilbao, 
et on a envoye une autre personne de Madrid a Barcelona pour 
porter au Pretendant Tapprobation de toutes les mesures qu''on 
avoit propose de prendre. Le Ca^ Alberoni devoit fournir six 
mille hommes qui devoient s''embarquer a la Corogne et fournir 
15,000 fusils. 


No. 21. 


(Private. Craggs Papers, Stowe MSS., 247, fF. 35-39 b. 
Received in London, Feb. 28, O.S.) 

Alberoni's plans — Lawless's mission to Sweden — James gone to Spain — 
Information as to preparations in Spain for invasion of England. 

A Paris, le 8 de Maes 1719. 
Monsieur, — J'ai este si agite depuis quelque tems, qu^il m^a 
este impossible d^avoir recours a la principale consolation que 
je puisse trouver dans mes peines, qui est cette de vous ouvrir 
mon coeur et a Mylord Stanhope. 

• • • • • • 

Mylord Stanhope vous communiquera, Monsieur, ce que 
j"'ai rhonneur de lui ecrire touchant les affaires du Nord. Ce 
qu'^on vous avoit dit de nos Negociations avec le Czar, sont des 
fables ; et nostre unique attention avec ce Prince, avec la Suede 
et avec le Roi de Prusse a este de les tourner a prendre des 
sentimens qui pussent convenir au Roi de la Grande Bretagne. 

La mort du Roi de Suede n"'a pas oste au Cardinal Alberoni 
la pensee de prendre des liaisons avec la Suede ; et Don 
Patricio Laules qui est a Hambourg, a ordre de passer a 
Stockholm pour suivre les projets dont il estoit charge. 
Ce n'*est pas un mechant acteur que ce Laules. Comme il 
estoit le depositaire des entreprises qui se devoient faire contre 
le Roi de la grande Bretagne, il seroit a souhaiter qu'on put 
Tenlever et le mettre dans le premier chasteau appartenant au 
Roi de la grande Bretagne. La nouvelle qu'on nous avoit ecrite 
touchant Tarrest du Pretendant, n'est pas encore asses eclaircie. 
II y a plus d'apparence pourtant, que les gens qui ont este 
arrestes a Voghera et conduits dans le Chasteau de Milan, sont 


les officiers de sa maison a qui il avoit fait pretendre cette route, 
pour donner le change dans le terns que lui personellement ou 
s'embarquoit a Civita Vecchia pour aller en Espagne, ou prenoit 
un chemin oppose pour joindre la Princesse qu'il a epousee par 
procureur. Nous avions plusieurs avis qui faisoient croire que 
mesme depuis le nouvelle de la mort du Roi de Suede on 
Tattendoit en Espagne. 

Nous avons decouvert un homme^ qui estoit dans la confidence 
du premier projet des Jacobites avec TEspagne, et qui pretend 
que malgre la mort du Roi de Suede, ils doivent encore faire 
une tentative dans peu. 

II nous a dit que le premier projet d'*une descente en Angle- 
terre avoit este dirige par le Comte d'Oxfort qui avoit regie 
ou et de quelle maniere on devoit entrer en Angleterre ou 
Ton trouveroit tout dispose. Le Port ou Ton devoit descendre, 
estoit vers Bristol. On ne jugea pas a propos de Communiquer 
ce detail a FEvesque de Rochester, parce qu'il ne favorise pas 
volontiers ce qu'il n'a pas lui mesme imagine. On vouloit 
envoyer le detail du projet au Roi d''Espagne par Prior ; mais 
ou il s''en deffendit sur sa mauvaise sante, ou on jugea qu'il s'en 
defFendroit ; et on confia ce projet au S'^ Eon, Directeur pour les 
Espagnols de la Compagnie de TAssiento, qui estoit pour lors a 
Londres, qui Ta porte et sur le rapport duquel on agissoit. 

Nostre homme nous assure qu'ils veulent encore suivre une 
partie de leur projet, et qu''on doit faire une descente en Angle- 
terre dans moins de six semaines ; Que FEspagne doit fournir 
cinq ou six bataillons Irlandois et des armes ; Que la descente 
se fera toujours a un Port du coste de Bristol, ou les soldats, 
qui ont este licenties, et beaucoup de la petite Noblesse d'Angle- 
terre munis de tout ce qui est necessaire, se joindront a eux, et 
peuvent faire ensemble jusqu'a 26/w hommes ; et que leur dessein 
est de marcher droit a Londres. Le Pretendant ne doit pas y 
passer dabord, mais le Due d''Ormond ; et cet homme assure 
qu'il y a environ trois semaines qu'il vint un homme qui devoit 
passer en Espagne, qui portoit des souscriptions de gens con- 
jures, dont quatre feiiilles de papier estoient remplies. 

Cet avis nous a fait faire attention a ce qui nous revient de 

^ Possibly Walef. See p. 25, note. 


plusieurs costes, qu'on achete ou loue pour les Espagnols tous les 
bastimens de charge que Ton peut trouver ; et qu'on prepare en 
diligence a Cadix des Vaisseaux de guerre et des bastimens de 
charge avec des troupes prestes a embarquer, et qu'on y arres- 
toit tous les Bastimens rran9ois qui vouloient prendre parti 
pour une expedition. On nous a mande de Hollande en mesme 
terns, qu''il estoit arrive depuis peu un homme de la part de 
TEspagne a Amsterdam, pour presser Tenvoi des munitions qui 
avoient este embarquees, et pour faire emporter des armes. Ayes 
la bonte. Monsieur, de faire sur cela toutes les considerations 
que vous jugeres a propos. Je suis persuade qu'il y a beaucoup 
de vrai dans ce qu''on nous a dit, et j'en ai cru la substance 
asses serieuse pour n''epargner rien pour engager cet homme a 
s^en aller aupres du Due d'Ormond qui a de la confiance en 
lui, pour tacher de nous donner des nouvelles plus positives de 
ce qu'on auroit en vie de faire. Comme je ne connois pas asses 
cet homme pour estre assure de sa fidelite, j'ai voulu tacher de 
Tassurer par interest, et j'*ai fait consigner deux mille pistoles a 
son Banquier, pour lui estre delivrees si il nous donne de bons 
avis ; et je lui ai assure que si il rendoit quelque service im- 
portant, il auroit une pension considerable de la France et du 
Roi de la grande Bretagne. II est parti aujourdhui pour aller 
chercher le Due d'Ormond. 

S. A. R. a laisse a M. le Marquis de Senectere le choix dialler 
incessament a Londres pour suivre ensuite le Roi de la grande 
Bretagne a Hannover, si sa Majeste Britannique a agreable 
qu'il Ty suive ; ou d'aller d'ici droit a Hannover. Elle a nomme 
M. Destouches secretaire de Tambassade qui suivra M. de Senec- 
tere a Hannover ; et je compte de laisser a Londres pendant le 
voyage du Roi, M. de Chammorel, pour cultiver la correspon- 
dance que vous me permettres d'avoir avec vous. Si vous aimes 
mieuxque je choisisse quelque autre personne, je vous prie de 
me le marquer naturellement, et j'en choisirai quelque autre 
avec toutes les convenances que je pourrai trouver. Je suis tres 
parfaitement Monsieur de Vostre Ex''® 

Tres humble et tres obeissant serviteur. 


P.S. — Nous avons. Monsieur, des avis qui me paroissent 
certains que le Pretendant est parti de Civita Vecchia pour 


aller en Espagne sur un bastiment que le Cardinal Aquaviva 
et Patigno lui avoient prepare ; et je crois que nous devons 
compter sur cela. 

• • • • 

Gozzani qui est a Amsterdam pour FEspagne, fait embarquer 
actuellement des agrets et des munitions de guerre. 

• • • 

Un parent du Due d''Ormond a joint Patricio Laules a Ham- 

bourg. lis doivent s'embarquer a Lubeck ou a Rostock pour 
aller en Suede. Comme il y a sur les chemins de Hambourg a 
ces deux Ports, des troupes du Roi de la Grande Bretagne, si 
Ton pouvoit prendre ces deux hommes, ce seroit une bonne 
capture. D. 

No. %%, 

(Craggs Papers, Stowe MSS. 247, ff. Q^-Q^ h. Received in 

London, March 7, O.S.) 

Further information as to Cadiz fleet — Ofi^er of help from France. 

A Paris, le 11^ Mars n.s. 1719. 
Monsieur, — On continue a nous donner des avis de tous 
costes que Tembarquement qu''on fait a Cadix en toute dili- 
gence est considerable. Presque touttes les lettres portent qu'on 
embarque treize bataillons, ce qu"'il est difficile de croire, quel- 
ques lettres mesme font mention de mille hommes de cavallerie 
scauoir 500 avec leurs chevaux et 500 a pied. J''ay Thonneur de 
vous enuoyer des coppies des lettres que nostre Conseil de 
marine a receiies. Par tout ce qui nous est revenu on compte 
plus sur ce qui doit se revolter en Angleterre que sur les secours 
etrangers. S. A. R. veillera a tout ce qui poura emaner de ce 
pays cy ou il faut se defier non seulement des jrlandois mais de 
beaucoup d'autres, et elle offre au Roy de la Grande Bretagne 
tout ce qui pent dependre d'elle, non seulement pour remplir 
ses engagemens, mais generallement pour tout ce qu"'elle pent 
faire pour donner au Roy de la Grande Bretagne et a son 
ministere les preuues les plus fortes qu'elle ne fait point de 
difference entre ce qui les regarde et ce que la touche person- 


nellement, ie ne puis qu'aplaudir a ces sentimens, et ie vous 
prie destre persuade que ie suis avec un attachement particulier. 


De V^ Ex«^ 

tres humble et tres obeissant seruiteur, 

No. 23. 



{Craggs Papers, Stowe MSS. 247,/ QQ. Enclosed in No. 22) 

Information as to preparations at Cadiz. 
Lettre ecrite a M. le Marechal d'Estrees^ de St. Malo 

LE 3 Mars 1719. 
M., — Nous aprenons par nos lettres de Cadix par un 
vaisseau qui a passe a Brest en onze jours que les Espagnols 
arment tous leurs vaisseaux de guerre au nombre de sept ou 
huit, et ont arretes quarante a cinquante batimens pour le 
transport des troupes, sans qu'*on ait pu penetrer leur dessein, 
on dit cependant que c'est pour la coste de Catalogue, ou pour 
Messine. II y a plusieurs Batimens Francois entr'autres le 
Vaisseau Le Grand Comte de Toulouse de 54 a 60 canons 
appartenant a M. Danican, il ne faut pas douter que les 
Espagnols n'arretent tous les Vaisseaux Francois qui iront a 
Cadix retirer leurs efFets sous pretexte de s^en seruir pour le 
transport de leurs troupes. J'aurai Thonneur de vous informer 
de tout ce qui viendra a ma connoissance. 

No. 24. 



{Craggs Papers, Stowe MSS. 247, f. 68. Enclosed in No. 22) 

Further information as to preparations at Cadiz — Ships being impressed 

as transports. 

Autre Lettre ecrite de Marseille a M. le Marechal 


le 26 Feb« 1719. 
M., — II arriva hier au soir un Navire de Marseille, qui est 

* The Marechal d'Estrees was President of the Conseil de Marine. 


entre ce matin dans le Port ; il est parti depuis onze Jours de 
Cadiz d'ou il rapporte beaucoup d'Argent. Le Capitaine 
nomme Gasqui dit avoir eu de la peine a se sauver par ce qu'on 
arreta tous les vaisseaux pour le Transport de treize mille 
hommes, avec de TArtillerie; on ne s^ait point pour quel Pais 
ces Troupes sont destinees. II y a 50 Batimens de Transport 
escortes par 8 navires de Guerre qui etoient deja sortis du 

No. 25. 


{State Papers, Foreign, France, 353) 

Information received from Regent as to preparations at Cadiz — Offer of 
French sailors — Small squadron cruising between Scilly Isles and 
Ireland will probably suffice to prevent Spaniards landing — Force of 
Expedition probably much exaggerated — Stair thinks the whole 
project absurd, but due precautions should be taken — Dillon has been 
dismissed from his command in Dauphine — Ormonde's departure from 
Madrid — James's journey from Rome. 

A Paris, le 11 Mars 1719. 
Monsieur, — Depuis que Je Vous ay escrit ce Matin, J^ay eu 
rhonneur de voir Monsieur Le Due d'Orleans, qui m'a dit Qu^il 
avoit des Avis certains que rembarquement a Cadiz estoit 
destine contre TAngleterre ; II y a un Vaisseau fran^ois arrive 
a Marseilles, et un autre arrive a St. Malo, partys de Cadiz le 
16^ Fevrier, qui disent. Que les Espagnols avoient huit Vais- 
seaux de Guerre dans le dit Port, et cinquante Vaisseaux de 
Transport ; Et qu^il y avoit treize Bataillons et un Regiment de 
Dragons prets a s"'embarquer. L'Epine d'Alicant, fameux Nego- 
ciant de S* Malo, s'est plaint a Monsieur Le Due d^Orleans, que 
les Espagnols avoient force, dans le Port de Cadiz, un Vaisseau 
a Luy de soixante pieces de Canon de s"*engager avec eux, pour 
servir dans la dite Expedition ; Je croy que la force n''a pas 
ete grande car ledit FEpine d'Alicant a ete mele dans toutes les 
enterprises du Pretendant, et meme le Pretendant a este loge 
dans sa maison quand II estoit a St. Malo.^ Monsieur Le Due 
d'^Orleans m'a fait Fhonneur de me dire, que si Le Roy ne trou- 
voit pas d^abord le nombre des Matelots suffisant pour mettre 
une Escadre en Mer, il ofFroit a Sa Majeste tel nombre de 

^ See Bolingbroke's Letter to Sir William Windham. Works ^ vol. i. p. 47. 


Matelots fran^ois que Sa Majeste pourroit souhaitter ; Je dis a 
S. A. R. que Je ne manquerois pas de faire s^avoir au Roy 
rOffre obligeant que S. A. R. faisoit, mais que J''etois persuade, 
qu'on trouveroit dans la Tamise assez de Matelots pour 
equipper TEscadre dont on pourroit avoir besoin. 

Mons*^ le Marechal d'Estrees est venu me voir le soir. II 
m'a confirme les Nouvelles de Cadiz que S. A. R. m'avoit dites. 
Le Marechal m''a dit, Qu^il avoit de la peine a croire que les 
Espagnols voulussent s'hazarder dans cette saison de faire le 
tour de Tlrlande pour venir debarquer du cote de Bristol, et 
qu'il Luy paroissoit, qu'il leur seroit difficile d'executer leur 
dessein tel qu^il puisse etre, pourvu que nous eussions une 
Escadre de huit ou dix Vaisseaux qui croisat entre les Isles de 
Scilly et Flrlande, parce que, si les Espagnols faisoient le tour 
de rirlande, TEscadre seroit toujours a temps de les empecher 
de debarquer, pourvu qu'on prit soin d^etre averty du Mouve- 
ment des Espagnols. 

Pour moy J^ay la peine a croire que TEmbarquement des 
Espagnols puisse etre aussy fort que les avis qu'on a icy le por- 
tent. Vous verrez par la Lett re de Mons"^ Davenant, qu'un 
Vaisseau party de Cadiz le 17® Fevrier, arrive a Genes le 28®, le 
fait beaucoup moins considerable ; Et Nous n'avons ouy parler 
icy que des Troupes Irlandaises qui devoient etre employees a 
cette Expedition, dont il n'y a que cinq Battailous et un Regi- 
ment de Dragons en Espagne. Le Projetqui devoit s'executer 
de concert avec la Suede ne portoit que six mille hommes de la 
part de TEspagne, Et Mons"" Le Due d'Orleans m'asseure, que 
par Tavis qu'Il a de cette affaire. My Lord et ses Amis qui 
avoient forme le Projet ne demandoient pas davantage, Disant 
qu'avec une telle teste de Troupes reglees, lis levroient en peu 
de temps vingt six mille hommes, et quells avoient pris des 
mesures pour engager les Soldats licenciez en dernier lieu. My 
Lord Oxford avoit fait assurer le Pretendant, qu'il auroit une 
Reconnoissance eternelle du Service que le Pretendant Luy 
avoit rendu dans FAflaire de son Procez. 

Tout ce beau Projet me paroit bien Chimerique, Les Espa- 
gnols viennent de tres loin, tres incertains d'arriver, et ne sont 
surs de rien quand ils arrivent ; mais ce seroit bien pis pour 
Eux s''il est vray, comme il y a beaucoup d'apparence, que 


le Pretendant est dans le Chateau de Milan, Pourtant Je crois 
que vous serez de mon Avis, qu'il ne faut pas negliger de faire 
les Dispositions necessaires. Cela coute peu de chose, et dans 
une Affaire aussy importante, il faut laisser au hazard le moins 
qu'on peut. 

J'auray soin de vous envoyer des Courriers toutes les fois 
quelque chose d"'Importance parvient a ma Connaissance. 

Monsieur Le Due d'Orleans vient d'oter a Mons"^ Dillon, le 
Commandement qu'Il Luy avoit donne en Dauphine. J'ay dit 
a S. A. R. que cela auroit un mauvais effet, si on laissoit Mons*" 
Dillon a Paris pour y faire les Affaires du Pretendant ; S. A. R. 
m'a dit, qu*'elle y mettroit bon Ordre. «ray raison de croire, 
que si les Espagnols debarquent en Angleterre, Dillon a dessein 
d'y passer. Tons les Anglois et Ecossois qui estoient repandus 
par les Provinces de France se sont eclipsez, On croit qu'Ils 
sont passez en Espagne. 

Le 12^ Mars 1719. 
J''ay voulu s^avoir les Nouvelles que la Poste d'Espagne avoit 
portees avant que de vous depecher mon Courrier, J'ay veu des 
Lettres de TEspagne qui confirment les memes choses qui vous 
trouvez dans ma Relation, touchant TArmement a Cadiz ; Tout 
le monde est persuade a Madrid, qu'il est destine ou contre 
L^Irlande ou contre FAngleterre, Le bruit s'etoit meme re- 
pandu a Madrid, qu'il avoit fait voile, mais cela ne peut pas 
etre vray. Car TAbbe du Bois m'a dit aujourd'huy, que le 
Due d'Ormond n^a pris conge de la cour que le 24% et n'a party 
de Madrid que le 25®, luy et toute sa suite pour Cadiz, et il luy 
faut plusieurs jours pour y arriver; De sorte que quand tout 
seroit pret, la Flotte ne pourroit etre partie que le 5 on 6® de 
ce mois au plustot. 

• • • • 

Les Jacobites icy paroissent fort en peine du Pretendant ; II 
est seur qu'ils n''ont aucune nouvelle de ce qu'il est devenu. Le 
Pretendant en sortant de Rome a laisse une espece de Manifeste 
contenant les raisons de son depart, II dit, qu^il ne S'estoit pas 
cru en seurete a Urbino et ensuitte a Bologne, a cause du Voi- 
sinage des Troupes Imperiales ; Que pour cela il S'etoit retire 
a Rome, et que voyant que la Liberte de ITtalie etoit entire- 


ment opprimee, par le grand nombre de Troupes que TEmpereur 
y avoit fait passer, et que voyant qu"*!! avoit tout a apprehender 
pour sa personne, par la Violence injuste que TEmpereur avoit 
exercee contre la Princesse Royale Sobiesky. il avoit ete oblige 
de prendre la Resolution de quitter Rome meme, pour Se mettre 
en Seurete ; Cet escrit montre assez que le dessein du Preten- 
dant etoit de passer en Espagne, et qu'il croyoit qu'il ne seroit 
plus oblige de garder aucunes Mesures avec FEmpereur. On 
m'a promis ce Manifeste pour demain Matin, Si Ton me tient 
parole, je Vous Tenverray. ... 
Je suis avec une estime parfaicte, 

Votre tres humble et tres obeissant Serviteur, 


No. 26. 


{Extract from Private Letter, Craggs Papers, Stowe MSS. 

247, /. 76) 

Paris, March 15, 1719. 

My d^ Craggs, — Press ye fitting out of y"^ Ships, raise as 
many troops as you (can) and send to ye Dutch to have their 
troops ready. The Spaniards could not sail before ye 7 or ye 
8 of this month. I hope our squadron will be ready in time. 

I think ye D. of Orleans is heartily in earnest to help us, 
but it is good not to want french assistance.^ 

No. 27. 

{State Papers, Foreign, Fravxe, 353) 

James's departure from Nettuno confirmed — Arrest of Mar and Perth — 
Friendliness of the Regent to England, preparations to send over 
French troops — Jacobites in France believe expedition to sail from 
Corunna — Departure of Seaforth and others from Paris— Rumours 
as to James's arrival in Spain and sailing of the fleet. 

Paris, le 18^ Mars 1719. 
Monsieur, — Les Lettres d'ltalie nous portent la confirma- 
tion de toutes parts que le Pretendant est parti de Neptune, 

^ See Introduction, p. xxxviii, note 5. 


Mons"^ FAbbe du Bois m"'a fait voir la Lettre d'un homme de 
Rome du 28® qui avoit eu audience du Pape le 27% dans 
laquelle Audience le Pape Luy avoit dit, Qu'il estoit vray 
que le Pretendant etoit party de Neptune, pourtant Mons"^ 
Davenant continue toujours a croire qu^il est dans le Chateau 
de Milan, et je vous avoue, que ses raisons paroissent si fortes 
qu''on le croiroit tout comme Luy. Je vous enverray sa Lettre 
par mon Courrier que je depescheray ce soir ou demain, quand 
j'auray vu les Nouvelles d^Espagne, par TOrdinaire qui arrive 
ce soir. II est presque seur que les Lords Mar et Perth sont 
dans le Chateau de Milan ; lis ont ete le 14^ a Boulogne. 
Gordon le Banquier icy a une Lettre de Milord Mar de 
Boulogne, laquelle est veritablement escrite de la ; On les 
a veus le 16® a Piaccenza, de sorte que c^est presque seur que 
c''est Eux; qu'on a arrete le 17® a Vogera. Le Marechal Colmanero 
continue a faire le mysterieux sur le Chapitre de ces Prisonniers. 

J'ay veu Mons*" le Due d*'Orleans hier, qui m'a parle avec 
toute Faffection possible pour les Interets du Roy ; II prend 
FInvasion projettee contre FAngleterre extremement a coeur, et 
il m'a dit qu'il avoit nomme Mons'^ le Comte de Sennecterre 
pour commander les Secours, si Le Roy en a besoin en Angle- 
terre — Je Vous envoye incluse la Repartition des Regiments, 
dont le dernier arrivera au Port de Mer destine, le 25® de ce 
mois ; de sorte que si Faifaire pressoit, vous les pourriez avoir en 
Angleterre en deux fois 24 heures de temps. Je vous enverray 
par mon Courrier les noms de Regiments. Mons"^ de Sennec- 
terre a pour Marechaux de Camp avec Luy, le Marquis de 
Belleisle et le Comte de La Val. 

Nos Jacobites icy sont persuadez que c^est a la Corogne que 
les Troupes embarqueront. Les Espagnols n"*ont que trois 
Batallions Irlandois en Espagne et un Regiment de Dragons, 
dont le Regiment de Liria est a Gironne. — Tout le monde 
est d*'accord que leur Infanterie est quelque chose de tres 

On a donne des Ordres icy, que personne ne passera aux 
Ports du Mer, sans un Passeport de FAbbe du Bois. On 
prend soin de Mons^ Dillon, et, de tous les Irlandois. 

My Lord Seaforth et les Montagnards Ecossois qui etoient 
icy a Paris, sont partis, il y a quatre jours, pour s'embarquer 


a Dieppe. Les Jacobites pretendent que les Espagnols en 
passant doivent jetter quinze cents hommes en Ecosse pour 
mettre le feu partout. lis pretendant avoir Nouvelles, que le 
Pretendant est arrive a Barcelone, et que les Troupes Espa- 
gnolles ont fait voile la nuit de 26® ou 27®, mais ce sont des 
Reves sans aucun fondement. 

Je suis avec une estime parfaicte 
votre tres humble et tres obeissant Serviteur 


Je n^ay aucun lettre d"'Angleterre 
par les dernieres postes. 

No. 28. 

{State Papei'Sy Foi'eign, France j 351 a) 

Whitehall, 9"^" March 1718/19, o.s., 
(March 20, n.s.) 
H. E. THE Earl 
of Stair 
My Lord 

• • • • • • • 

I come now. My Lord, to your last Dispatches wherein you 
give the King an account of the intended Invasion against us. 
I cannot say His Maj^^ is extreamly alarmed about it. How- 
ever, it will be necessary to take the proper Precautions. His 
Maj*^ will go to-morrow to the House and acquaint them with 
it. He has avoided it hitherto, because he was afraid of the 
run such a story might bring upon the Credit and was willing 
to wait till the second Lottery was filled up, which I hope was 
done this morning. If I do not dispatch this messenger till 
tomorrow, Y. E. shall have Copys of the Kings speech and the 
Addresses of both Houses to him upon it. In the meantime 
four Battallions and eighteen Squadrons are marched and 
marching towards the west, where My Lord Cadogan will go 
and command them if it be necessary. S"" John Norris went 


last Saturday to Portsmouth where there is a Squadron ready 
of seven good ships, which will sail & cruize oiF the Landsend, 
and I do not doubt be able to give a very good account of a 
dozen Spanish ships, should they meet with them. He has 
orders and is resolved notwithstanding any inequality of 
numbers to attack them, and my Ld. Berkeley will in eight 
or ten days more be able to sail with eight good ships either 
to join S"^ John Norris, or make a separate Squadron as shall 
be j udged proper ; and the Seamen do all agree that both these 
Squadrons will be ready before it is possible for the Spaniards 
to make the Coast of England. Notwithstanding these pre- 
parations I am persuaded the Parliament will enable His 
Maj*y to increase his Land and Sea forces as he shall think 
fit. My Lord Stanhope has already sent to Holland to ask 
four Batallions of the Dutch and Mons"^ Penterridter has 
dispatched an Express to the Marquis de Prie to hold six 
more in a readiness to pass over from Ostend. Upon this 
occasion Y. E. must in the most obliging and friendly terms 
express the King's thanks to the Regent for his kind Offer of 
fifteen hundred Seamen, and the Disposition he is making to 
keep twenty Batallions along the Sea Coast. His Maj*y does 
not refuse his Offer, but will not immediately make use of it, 
unless he finds a greater necessity than he apprehends at pre- 
sent. Y. E. will therefore only entreat H. R. H. to keep up 
the same disposition till you hear further from me, 

I am etc. 

J. Craggs. 

P.^S'.— 10 Mar. 1718/19. 

His Maj*^ would have Y. E. let the Regent know that the 
most effectual succour H. R. H. can give him at present is to 
order as soon as possible the French forces to begin their 
Operations against Spain itself. 1 leave it to Y. E. to enlarge 
upon the necessity of such a service in this Juncture. The 
King has also this day in Council resolved to accept 5 or 600 
of the French Seamen only as a proof that he can trust them, 
but still paying them himself at the English rates which far 
exceed the French ones, and will no doubt reconcile them to 
His MsL^y^ Service. Of this Y. E. will be pleased to acquaint 
H. R. H., and that when he lets the King know at what Port 


they are ready he will send for them. I enclose to you His 
Maj*y'^ Speech and the Addresses of both Houses with Extracts 
of Mr. Worsleys Letters of the 7*^ Inst, from Lisbon, which 
arrived this morning, J. C. 

No. 29. 


British Envoy at Lisbon, of which a copy was enclosed 
in No. 28. 

{State Papers, Foreign, Spain, 163) 
Translat** of Intell^^ from Madrid, 20 feb'*^ 1719, n.s., 


The Frigate of War named Hermione is gon from the Port 
of Cadiz after having embarked Provisions for the Ships Com- 
pany for three months. There was a Packet on board which 
the Captain was to open 40 miles at sea, and it is not known 
what course they steered. 

There were also ready at Cadiz 4000 men and good Horse, 
w^hich are thought to be bound for Barcelona, tho their orders 
are not made publick, by reason of the great Secrecy they 
observe in all their dispositions. 

At this very time it is said extrajudicially that this Squadron 
of 7 Ships of War, which was ready at Cadiz, is departed, 
and has on board the 4000 men and 900 Horse ; and that 
they are going to England ; it being added that the D. of 
Ormond went before in the frigate which sailed first, in order 
to prepare the minds of the people against the time when the 
Troops will arrive. 

No. SO. 

{State Papers, Foreign, France, 353) 

News arrived that Ormonde has sailed from Passage on March 12 (ob- 
viously a mistaken account of the Earl Marischal's expedition) — Stair 
had heard of Ormonde's going- to Corunna, but did not believe it. 

1 Paris, le 22= Mars 1719. 
Monsieur, — Aujourd'huy a deux heures, J'ay veu Monsieur 
Le Due d'Orleans, qui M'a fait Fhonneur de Me dire, qull 


venoit de re^evoir une Lettre du Marechal de Berwick, dattee 
le 17^ ce Mois, par laquelle le Marechal Luy mande, Que le 
Due d'Ormond S'etoit embarque le 12® au Port de Passage, 
avec quatre Compagnies de Grenadiers, sur deux Fregattes 
que les Espagnols prisent aux Francois FAnnee passee, aux 
Indes Occidentales. II y a apparence que la Due d'Ormond 
S'est embarque la, pour joindre la Flotte d'Espagne, ou a la 
pointe d'Oushant, ou au Cape Finisterre, car il n'y a nuUe 
apparence qu'il veuille envahir T Angle terre avec ses quatre 
Compagnies de Grenadiers. ' 

J'avois en avis, que le Due d'Ormond alloit a la Corogne, 
et non pas a Cadiz, et que la Flotte Le viendroit prendre la, 
et y embarquer d'autres Troupes, et Je ne le croyois pas, a 
cause qu'il ne me paroissoit pas vraysemblable, que la Flotte 
partiroit sans avoir a son bord le General qui devoit com- 
mander les Troupes ; et de plus Je croyois, qu'Ils auroient 
evite toute chose qui pouvoit retarder leur voyage, dont le 
succes dependoit de la Surprise. . . . Stair. 

No. 31 . 


{State Papers, Foreign, France, 351a) 

Whitehall, March 16, 1719. 
(27th n.s.) 

My Lord, — Since my Letter of the last Post I have received 
yr Ex«y« Dispatch of the 20*^ Inst, by your Servant, as like- 
wise that of the 22*^** by Mr. de Genes, with two more of the 
same date by the Common Post. 

The Wind is so fair for us at present, that in all probability 
our Ships will be able to get to the Station they are ordered 
to, and as it is to be presumed their number will be sufficient 
for the Service they go upon, Yr Ex*^^ need not press any further 
the sending those two French Frigats, which you proposed 
should join them. As for our Preparations by Land, I have 
already acquainted Yr. Ex^^^ what measures we have taken 
therein ; and you will have heard that both the Dutch and 
Imperialists are very well disposed to assist us with their forces 
if there should be any occasion for them. 


Yr. Ex*^y will omit no opportunity of thanking the Regent 
in the King*'s Name, and assuring him in the civilest Terms of 
the Sense His Maj*^ preserves of the readiness H. R. H. has 
shewn on his part by the disposition of his Troops for our 
Assistance ; but I cannot help repeating to Yr. Ex^y with what 
surprise we observe, that while the Regent is giving us these 
marks of his good intention to do us Service, the way of 
serving us most effectually is defeated by withdrawing the 
Troops, as we hear they do, from the Frontier of Spain, where 
a vigorous Push would certainly make the most important 
Diversion, and quickly defeat all distant Projects. Even the 
so long projected Enterprize upon Port Passage is neglected 
for reasons which the King does not apprehend to be strong 
enough against the execution of it ; and the late Duke of 
Ormond'*s embarking there with four Companys of Grenadiers 
is a Circumstance that makes us the more regret its having 
been retarded. Another Point which His Maj*^ thinks necessary 
to be taken notice of to H. R. H. is, that such numbers of 
Jacobites are permitted openly to embark in the Ports of 
France in order to disperse themselves over our Provinces, 
and to resort at their ease and w*^ convenience to their Places 
of Rendezvous, when at such a Juncture nothing should excuse 
France from publickly seizing and confining them ; and I can 
see no reason why Dillon himself should not be arrested or 
sent to his Post. 

• •••••• 

J. Craggs. 
No. 32. 


{State Papers, Foreign, France, 353.) 

News as to sailing of Cadiz fleet, contradictory as to details — News that 
Earl Marischal and Tullibardine have sailed from Passage, and that 
Mar and Perth are going to Scotland through France — Orders given 
for their arrest. 

A Paris, le 2^ d'Avril 1719. 
Monsieur, — J'ay attendu tout aujourd'huy, pour estre en 
etat de vous mander quelque chose de certain touchant TArme- 
ment de Cadiz, mais Je ne trouve que de Tlncertitude ; Les 


Avis venus a TAmbassadeur de Portugal disent, que TArme- 
ment fit voile le 6® de Mars, de Cadiz, compose de 2 Vaisseaux 
de Guerre, et de vingt Vaisseaux de Transport, et qu'il prenoit 
la route de la Gallice, ou, a ce qu'*on croyoit on faisoit un autre 
Armement, a cause qu"*on avoit arreste tous les Vaisseaux qui 
se trouverent aux Ports de la dite Province, entre lesquels il y 
avoit 6 Vaisseaux Portugais. 

Les Avis de TAmbassadeur d''Ho]lande portent, que T Arme- 
ment avoit fait voile le 7® au matin avec un bon vent, faisant 
route vers la Cote de Barbaric, compose de vingt six Vaisseaux 
tant gros que petits ; On comptoit qu'il y avoit quatre mille 
hommes de Troupes. 

Mons'^ TAbbe du Bois m'escrit un Billet pour me dire, qu''il 
avoit veu une Lettre escrite de Cadiz du 13% laquelle dit, que 
r Armement estoit party ce jour la, faisant route vers la Cote 
de Barbaric, compose de 26 Vaisseaux tant gros que petits; 
On compte qu'il y a quatre mille hommes de Troupes d'em- 
barquez. II n'y a aucune Nouvelle des Cotes de Gallice. Tous 
les Avis de Madrid confirment, qu'on y attendoit le Pretendant 
en deux ou trois jours. II a debarque a Roses le 8®. II a passe 
au bord d'un Vaisseau Francois avec Pavilion Genois. 

Tout ce qu''il y a a conclure de Tlncertitude de ces Avis 
touchant TArmement d'Espagne est, qu'il est peu considerable, 
et que selon les Apparences, il ne Nous fera pas grand Mai. 

Mons"^ le Marechal d'Estrees m'est venu voir cet apresdiner, 
et m'a dit, que le Conseil de Marine n'a aucune Nouvelle de 
Cadiz, touchant la Flotte ; lis ont bien de Lettres de Cadiz 
du 6® et du 7% mais elles ne parlent point de la Flotte. II 
m'a dit qu"'il est arrive a Marseille le 28®, un Vaisseau venant 
de la Martinique, qui avoit passe devant Cadiz le 4® ou le 5% 
ou il avoit veu devant le Port, vingt cinq ou vingt six Vaisseaux ; 
que dans la Mediterranee il avoit trouve TAmiral Byng le 15% 
qui croisoit avec onze Vaisseaux de Guerre, a la hauteur de 
Cap de Gatte, et Qu'il avoit ensuitte passe a Port Mahon, ou 
il n''y avoit qu''un seul Vaisseau de Guerre. 

II est certain que c"'est le Lord Tullibardine et le Lord 
Marishall qui se sont embarquez au Passage, Ceux-la peuvent 
fort bien etre arrivez en Ecosse. J'ay eu Avis hier, que les 
Lords Marr et Perth devoient passer par la France pour se 


rendre en Ecosse ; J'ay communique cet Avis a Monsieur Le 
Due d"'Orleans et a Mons"" TAbbe du Bois ; On a envoye des 
Ordres sur toutes les Routes, et aux Ports de Mer, de les faire 
arrester, s'ils entreprennent de passer par la France ; On a 
envoye au meme temps la Description de leurs Personnes. 

Je suis tres parfaictment, 
votre tres humble et tres obeissant Serviteur, 


No. 33. 

{Stuart Papers) 

No news of fleet— News from Paris — Alarm of English ministry — Requests 
for French aid — Jacobite sympathies of French troops — Movements 
in Scotland — Favourableness of the opportunity — Anxiety for James's 

Sire, — Ce mattin a dix heures j'ay re^eu un Courrier de la 
Corogne sans la moindre nouvelle de L'escadre. Les Lettres 
sont dattees du 31 du passe. On a receu aussy des autres 
nouvelles de Paris par lesquelles on aprend que Le ministerre 
de Londres etait dans une grande confusion et dans un grand 
allarme, qu'il demandoit a cor et a cris des trouppes au Reggent, 
et que les Francois qui devaient aller en Angleterre disoient 
hautement et publiquement, qu'ils iroient pour servir le Roy 
Jacques. Les memes nouvelles disent qu'*il y avoit beaucoup de 
mouvement en Escosse, et selon Les apparences a L'arrivee du 
Comte Marechal il mouvement se fera general ; que de tons 
cotes Les bons Escossois partoient pour se rendre dans Leur 
Pays. Par toutes les dites nouvelles on voit bien que la prnte 
sittuacion est assez favorable pour faire quelque tentatif ; aussi 
S. M*® Cat : a juge de son honneur et du service de V. M. 
d'hazarder ses trouppes, plus tot qu'on dse qu'il a sacrifie tant 
des braves gens, et qu'enfin on Leurs a donne ce secours qui a 
ete possible. S. M*® espere que V.M. apreuvera une telle resolu- 
tion, et qu'elle ne produira qu'on bon effet pour L'auenir, et 


qui ne s^auroit qu'etre estimee de toutes les gens de bien. Le 
terns icy est tres mauvais et si a Valladolid il est de meme, V.M. 
aura bien a soufrir. Leurs Mtes. me chargent de dire a V.M. de 
leurs part d'aller a petites journees, et de ne pas parler de si 
grandes matieres. Je diray franchement que le jour que V.M. 
est party de Madrid elle n'avoit pas bon visage. La vie de V.M. 
est tres precieuse, et sans elle tout ce qu'on fait ne serviroit a 
rien. II faut done penser a se conserver, et croire que les 
ennemis de V.M. seroient ravis si elle meme vouloit finir le 
proces. tTay L"*honneur d'etre avec un tres respectueux attache- 
ment de V. M*^ 

Le tres humble et tres obeisant serviteur, 
Le Card^ Alberoni. 
Madrid^ ce 4^ Avril 1719. 

No. 34. 
The king of SPAIN to JAMES 

{Stuart Papers) 
No news of fleet — Anxiety regarding it. 

Au BuEN Retiro ce 9^ Avril 1719. 

J''ay re9u avec beaucoup de plaisir la lettre de Vostre Majeste 
du 6® de ce mois et suis aussi sensible que je le dois aux nouvelles 
asseurances qu'elle veut bien m^ donner de son ami tie que j'ose 
dire que je merite par les sentiments que j'ay pour elle. Je 
suis tres aise que vous continuassiez vostre voyage heureuse- 
ment et je souhaitte de tout mon coeur que vous Tacheviez avec 
un bonheur parfait de toutes manieres. Cela paroistroit presque 
seur si les bruits qui continuent a courir de la descente en 
Angleterre et qui y adjoutent meme des circonstances tres 
fauorable se trouuoient vrays, mais on ne pent pas y adj outer 
une foy entiere, puis qu'il faudroit supposer que Tauis qu'on 
avoit enuoye de la flotte au due d'Ormond pour Tauertir de 
la venir joindre eust peri, ou eust este pris par quelque basti- 
ment ennemy. L'ignorance ou nous sommes de la destinee de 
cette flotte dont on n'a point du tout entendu parler non plus 


sur les costes de Portugal peut cependant faire penser toutes 
sortes de choses et donner quelque rayon d'esperance touchant 
les bruits qui se sont repandus, puisque si il estoit arrive quelque 
malheur, ou que les vents contraires fissent seuls du retardement 
il n'est gueres naturel qu'on ne sceust depiiis tant de jours 
quelque chose de la flotte sur les costes d'Espagne ou de 
Portugal. Vostre Majeste me rendera, jespere, la justice de 
croire que j'en attends des nouuelles auec bien de Timpatience, 
ses interests m'estant fort chers. Comme elle m'a marque estre 
bien aise de s^auoir les nouuelles qui pouroient venir je luy 
enuoye des gazettes a la main du dernier courier de France et je 
la prie encore une fois de bien compter sur la sincerite de mon 
amitie pour elle. Philippe. 

No. 35. 
The queen of SPAIN to JAMES 
{Stuart Papers) 

The Queen's hopes for the success of the enterprise — Assurances of 
friendship — Compliments to James on his Italian. 

BuEN Retiro, LI 9 Aprile 1719. 

Con infinita mia soddisfazione ricevei ieri il foglio di V.M. 
del 6 del presente nel quale si compiace significarmi il suo felice 
arrivo a Beneuento, e di continuarmi li contrassegni della sua 
memoria verso di me. Ho sentito pure con sommo mio giubilo 
che V.M. sia contenta della risoluzione che ha preso il Re 
puo essere certa che il Re non pensa ad altro che alii di lei 
maggiori vantaggi, dal canto mio spero ch'ella sara persuasa 
quanto desidero che Tintrapresa rieschi bene, e quanto m'inte- 
resso, e interessero sempre in tutto quello che la riguarda : 
Spero che V.M. sara persuasa della sincerita dei miei sentimenti, 
e frattanto pregandola di volermi continuare la sua amicizia 
mentre Tassicuro della mia. Elisabetta. 

V.M. mi permetta che Le faccia li miei complimenti sopra 
la sua Lettera cosi ben scritta in italiano, pare che sia stata 
cent' anni in Italia. La prego perdonarmi la liberta che mi 
prendo, e di raifermarle la mia speranza. 


No. 36. 


(Stuart Papers) 

Report by Captain of frigate La Galera de Espana — Course of fleet on 
leaving Cadiz — Dispersion by storm off Cape Finisterre — On April 
3, in lat. 41% had met ship belonging to fleet, which reported 
that of 24 horses on board only 8 were alive — Both ships short of 
water and provisions ; were separated by storm on night of April 6 ; 
La Galera de Espana reached Corunna 9th — Had met Bristol ship ; 
news from England — Guevarra believed to be about lat. 41° or 42° 
trying to collect fleet— ^Strength of fleet. 

Relation donne le 9'"^ d'Avril. 

Le Capitaine de la Fregatte la Galera de Espana qui est un 
Vaisseau de la Flotte, Dit que la Flotte a ete au Ouest accom- 
pagnant le Vaisseau S' Francois de Bayonne qui va aux Indes 
avec une Balandre du Roy qui porte des Lettres pour Carta- 
gene, et apres cinq jours de Navigation ayant laisse les dits 
Vaisseaux a la hauteur de L'Isle Taburon appartenante aux 
Canaries, le Commandant de la Flotte Mons' Guevarra ordonna 
qu'on fit voile au Nord Nord-Est afin de prendre la hauteur 
du Cap Finisterre ce que toute la Flotte a fait degrez, les gros 
vents de Nord-Est ont Separe les Vaisseaux, chacun prennant la 
Route qu'il a pu, et apres trois jours que la Tempete a dure 
sans qu'on put se mettre une demi jour a la Cape il n'a pu 
voir aucun Vaisseau jusqu''au 3"^® du Courrant etant a la 
hauteur de 41 degrez il recontra une Prise Anglois qui etoit de 
la Flotte, et ayant parle au Capitaine il luy dit qu'il navoit 
plus que huit Chevaux de 24 qu'il avoit a son bord, et qu'il ne 
luy restoit que pour Six jours d'eau, et qu'il n'en dorinoit que 
la demie ration, la meme chose qui arrivoit a la Galera. Ces 
deux Vaisseaux ont restes ensemble trois jours voulant prendre 
la hauteur de 45 degrez, et furent separes la Nuit du 6™® par 
un gros Vent et depuis il n'a rien Veu jusqu"'a son arrivee 
dans ce port le 9"^® Avril ou il se trouve avec quelques Petites 


Voiles et quelques Cordages de moins, et sans provisions pour 
les deux Compagnies d'lnfanterie qu'il a a son bord, ayant ete 
oblige de partager les propres vivres avec les Soldats les 
derniers jours de sa Navigation. 

Ce Capitaine ajoute que le 2® Courrant il a rencontre un 
Vaiseau de Fabrique Angloise mais avec un Capitaine et 
Passeports Francois come aussi la plus part de TEquipage et 
Tayant oblige de venir a Son Bord pour voir s'il netoit point 
Anglois il a veu ses factures et toutes ses papiers et qu'il alloit 
a la Martinique, et comme le Cap"® de la Galera feignoit de 
venir d'une longue Voyage il luy demanda d''ou il venoit et 
quelles nouvelles il avoit, il luy repondit qu'il sapelloit Jordan 
et quil y avoit huit jours qu''il etoit Sortie de Bristoll ou tout 
etoit dans une grande Confusion par Tattente du Prince de 
Galles, et que dans toute L'Angleterre on se pressoit extreme- 
ment a oter quelques Gouverneurs des Places et de changer 
d'autres, mais qu''il ne scavoit pas qu'il etoit sorti aucun 
Vaisseau de Guerre si ce n'est quelques uns qui suivoient la 
route vers le Portugal, mais il nest pas certain si c''etoient des 
Vaisseaux de Guerre ou Marchandes. 

Le dit Capitaine ajoute qu'il croit que Monsieur Guevarra 
se sera detenu a la hauteur de 41 ou 42 degrez, pour y ramasser 
les Vaisseaux de Transports et pour continuer sa Navigation, 
et que si celuy cy ne Ta point rencontre, cest que dans Tincer- 
titude ou il etoit il est monte a la hauteur de 46 degres pour 
venir de la a ce port sans tombre entre les mains des Ennemis, 
depuis qu''il s'est separe de la Flotte il n''a pas eu un seul jour 
de beau tems. Sa Flotte et composee de deux Vaisseaux de 
Guerre, une petite Fregatte de 24 pieces de Canon, 23 Vais- 
seaux de Transport grands et petits, une Tartane un Bregan- 
tin et un Bregantin Anglois qu'on a pris deux jours avant la 
Separation, et il ajoute que cette Flotte netoit pourveue de 
vivres et d'eau pour les Soldats de Transport que pour trent 


No. 37. 


FLEET, dated April 10, 1719 

(Stuart Papers) 

Reports by Captains of four ships which reached Corunna April 10 — The 
storm — Flagship dismasted, and lost most of her guns — SuiFerings 
of the troops — Out of 15 companies on board the Comte de Toulouse, 
8 men dead and 40 sick. 


La Flotte est partie de Cadix le 7® Mars et a continue sa 
Navigation Sans accident jusqu'au 27. quelle a ete dispersee 
par un gros vent de Nor d est, et chacun a flotte n'a eu que 
pour 30 jours de vivres et d'eau, tous les Capitaines auront pris 
le parti qui leur aura paru le plus convenable pour prendre port 
et ne point mourir de Faim et de Soif, ils n'*ont donne que la 
demie ration aux Soldats et aux Chevaux se voyant desja 
presque au bout de leurs Vivres, les Chevaux sont fort defaits, 
et des 57 qu"'on avoit Embarques dans ces Vaisseaux il n'en est 
morts que trois. 

Deux de ces Vaisseaux n''ont rencontres aucun Batiments de 
la Flotte les deux autres Le Comte de Toulouse et la petite 
Fregatte la Rebecca ont veu L'Amiral, le Capitaine du premier 
dit qu''il avoit perdu tous ses Mats hors le Grand Mat et 
Fautre assure Favoir veu quand il etoit entierement demate, 
et qu'il avoit jette la plus part de son Artillerie dans la Mer 
cependant qu'il avoit trouve le moyen de mettre une petite 
voile avec la quelle il faisoit route au Nord il etoit accom- 
pagne d'une Tartanne chargee de vivres et d'*eau. 

Un de ces Vaisseaux est en mauvais etat faisant beaucoup 
dVau, et il faudra le decharger entierment pour le raccom- 

Les Soldats ont SouiFert extremement et sont dans un Etat 
pit oy able, des quinze Compagnies qu''il y a abord le Comte de 
Toulouse il y en a huit de morts et 40 malades. 

Voicy en Substance tout ce qu''on Scait de la Flotte il a fait 
un gros Vent hier au Soir du Nord qui aura eloigne les Vais- 
seaux qui auront pu etre a portee d'entrer dans ce port. Mais 
aujourdhui le Vent est tourne favorable. 


No. 38. 


FLEET, dated April 13, 1719 

{Stuart Papers) 

Reports from ships which reached Vigo April 9^ 10_, and 11 — Sufferings 
of the troops ; want of food and water ; loss of horses — British 
squadron has left Lisbon to look for the fleet. 


Le 9^® est entre dans le port de Vigo le vaisseau nomine le 
Mercure, avec 200 Soldats de transport qui ont soufFert infini- 
ment, n''aiant eu ni vivres ni eau les 4 derniers jours de leur 
navigation, de quoi plusieurs Soldats sont tombes malades. 

Le 10^® Sont entres dans le m^me porte les deux vaiss* 
nommes le Guadaloupe, et la Fregate el Rosino, les quels ont 
abord Sept compagnies d''Infanterie, et trois de Grenadiers, 
dont il y a quelques Malades : le Guadaloupe est le vice 
Admiral, qui a a Son Bord Tlntendant, le Tresorier et 14000 
pistoles, le tout est debarque. 

Le W^ Sont arrives dans le port de Muros deux Vaisseaux 
nommes la Susanne Marie, et le Vedon, qui portent quelque 
Infanterie, et 13. Chevaux en tres mauvais estat, ils en ont 
jette neuf a la mer, qui ont creve faute d'eau. La Susanne 
Marie est en mauvais estat et fait beaucoup d^eau. On na 
encore aucune nouvelle du reste de notre Flotte. Mais ont 
ecrit de Portugal qu'ne Escadre Angloise est sortie de Lisbone 
pour la chercher. 

No. 39. 


{^Stuart Papers) 

News of the Fleet — Four ships have arrived at Cadiz and four at Lisbon, 
much damaged — Orders have been given to furnish supplies for 
refitting as soon as possible — James had better remain at Corunna — 
A ship should be sent to let the Earl Marischal know of the disaster 
and that the fleet cannot now be ready for several months — General 
Gordon and 40 officers have left Bordeaux in two Swedish ships. 

Sacra Real Maesta. 

Doppo havermi consegnato queste Mta le due ingionte 


mi commandarono sospendere la missione del Corriere lusin- 
gandosi che d'un giorno a Taltro si sarebbe ricevuta qualche 
nuova della Squadra. Alia fine hieri arrivarono Corrieri di 
Cadice e di Lisbona con avviso che nel pmo Porto erano 
arrivati quro Legni molto mal trattati e nel Secondo altri 
quatro comprendendo gli uni e gli altri da tre mila Soldati 
con alcune reliquie di Cavalli che sono amazzati dal furore della 
grand™* burrasca. Oggi pure arriva il Corriero della Corogna 
con Tavviso di quanto era cola arrivato come ha veduto. 
V. Mta, questi sono di que colpi della mano di Dio, a quali 
conviene rassegnarsi con sincera sommissione. Ho spedito a 
Cadice e a Lisbona perche con tutta la celerita possibile si 
inviano alia Corogna tutto il bisognevole per andare al riparo 
dei danni sofferti, pero come si crede che La Capitana sia del 
tutto diarborata, il minimo degli alberi solo portera seco da 
quaranta giorni, aggiungasi il tempo che sara necessario per 
comprarli in Lisbona e inviarli alia Corogna. Doppo essersi 
date queste provvidenze quali mirano al raccomodare la squadra 
si anderano osservando quali sarano le providenze che daranno 
i nemici e secondo quelle si regoleremo le nostre. Intanto pare 
piu che necessaria la dimora di V. M** in cotesto luogo la 
quale non puo che produrre nella pnte sittuat"® delle Cose, 
che un buon efFetto. 

II Duca d'Ormonde prima che havesse inteso la succeduta 
borasca, mi propone va di scrivere in Olanda a D. Patricio 
Laules, perche facesse passare armi in Scozia, come stava gia 
da me progettato ; pero oggi le cose mutano di faccia e parmi 
che non ci sia altro che fare se non Spedire il Legno di S. 
Sebastiano che propone il Duca d'Ormonde, a fine d'avvisare 
Marescial del contratempo successo alia nostra squadra accio 
possi prendere le sue misure, avvertendolo che quando non 
trovassimo impedim**' alcuno per parte degli Inglesi, che La 
nra Squadra non puo porsi alia vela se doppo molti mesi ; 
questa parmi Tunica e necessaria diligenza che puo praticarsi 
con Maresciale, e tutta la sua Comp% sapendo di piu che il 
Gnale Gordon con quaranta uffiziali si era imbarcato a Bor- 
deaux sopra dua fregate Svedesi, una da lui Comprata, L'altra 
presa a nolo, sopra le quali haveva imbarcato alcuna porzione 
di polvere e viveri. 


Air Intend*® si invia ordine perche assista cotesti uffiziali a 
conto di quello che donera, di alcun soccorso. II med° Intend*® 
ha bastante danaro in mano per supplire a tutto il bisognevole 
senza che abbia da porre mano in quello che sia sopra La 
Hermione. Questo e quanto per bora posso dire a V. M. riseren- 
domi di ragguagliarla da quanto and era succedendo e arrivera 
a mia notizia. Faccio alia M. V. umilissima riverenza. 

di V. M. 
Umiliss™^ devot"^^ Servit'® 

G. Card. Alberoni. 
Madrid^ li\Q Aprile 1719. 

Quando non bastassero per le spese da farsi delle 24/'m scudi, 
il S. Intend*® ha preso delle rendite reali alP bora potra pre- 
valersi delle sette mila doppie che stanno sopra La Hermiona. 
Con Corriere che arriva in questo punto si sa essere arrivato 
in Cadice D. Baltasar Guevara con la Capitana disalberata seco 
non poco tempo (fa) pero si sono datti li ordini piu pressanti per 
La maggiore sollecitudine. Per quello che riguarda la persona 
di V. M. non ho che riportarmi ai giusti e savi sentimenti di 
S. M** Cat. pero non mi pare per bora che siamo nel caso di fare 
alcuna dichiarazione, ma bensi riservarla a migliore congiuntura 
e quando si presentera il caso. Si e fatta riflessione che si 
potrebbe dare il Caso che M'" Mareschal havesse bisogno d'armi e 
munizioni scrivo al Duca d'Ormonde che dandoli L' avviso del 
suo contratempo li dica che quando havesse bisogno di d*® 
armi e munizioni Pambasiat® Cat^^ che sta in Hollanda ha 
ordine di fornirli. Oltre Le due pine lettere di queste Maesta 
ne sono ingiunte altre due con la data d'oggi. 

No. 40. 
The king of SPAIN to JAMES 

{Stuart Papers) 

All diligence will be used to refit the expedition — Difficulty of getting 
arms over from Holland — The King's desire to help James ; his 
anxiety for James's person. 

Au BuEN Retiro, ce 25^ Auril 1719. 
Nous venons de receuoir la Reyne et moy la lettre que 
Vostre Majeste nous a escrite par Connok et je reponds dans 


le moment pour ne point perdre de temps comme elle le 
souhaitte a ce dont elle Fa charge. Vous pouuez estre asseure 
qu''on travaille et travaillera a^ remettre tout en estat pour 
Texpedition auec toute la diligence et tout le soin possibles et 
je donnerai auec grand plaisir tout ce que vous me demandez 
pour cela. II n'y a que la quantite d'armes qu^il sera difficile 
d'avoir, c'est a dire pour les faire sortir de Hollande car pour 
Fargent qui est necessaire il ne manquera point. Ce m'est une 
si grand e satisfaction de pouuoir contribiier au bonheur de 
Vostre Majeste et a la remettre sur un throsne qui liiy est si 
injustement usurpe que je nepargnerai certainement rien pour 
cela et il faut esperer que Dieu voudra bien benir une cause 
aussi j uste que celle la. 

Mon amitie pour vous m''a vous representee ce que je 
pensois sur les risques que vous coureriez en vous embarquant, 
mais apres tout c''est a vous a prendre sur cela apres y auoir 
bien fait reflexion la resolution que vous croirez la plus conue- 
nable pour vous. Comptez cependant encore que vous ne 
s^auriez me donner une plus grande marque de vostre amitie 
qu'en prenant soin de vostre personne, la conservation de Vostre 
Majeste m'*estant plus pretieuse que je ne pUis le liiy exprimer 
par celle que j'ay pour elle qui est asseurement telle qu'elle 
pent la desirer. Philippe. 

No. 41 

The queen of SPAIN to JAMES 

{Stuart Papers. On same sheet as No. 40) 

Assurances of interest and friendship. 

Pour ne pas multiplier L'incomodite a Vostre Majeste 
puisqu'elle a bien voulu m"'escrire ensemble auec Le Roy je 
prens la Liberte de Luy escrire aussi au mesme temps. Je 
suis fort sensible aux Marques que vous me donnez de vostre 
souvenir, et vous pouvez compter que je minteresse tres veri- 
tablement a tout ce qui vous regarde. Je ne m''etends point 
sur Le reste de La Lettre de Vostre Majeste parcequ' Elle le 
pourra voir dans celle du Roy. II ne me reste plus qu'a La 
prier de me vouloir continuer son amitie pendant que je 
L''asseure de la sincerite de la mienne. 



No. 42. 

{Stuart Papers) 

Enterprise to be renewed_, but Expedition cannot be ready till August — 
Necessary preparations — Cammock thinks things can be ready in 
eight days — The Cardinal's opinion of him — Attempt will be made to 
send help to Scotland — Difficulty of getting arms over from Holland 
— Progress of French war — Nothing to be expected from Sweden — 
Lawless at Amsterdam — If Mar and Perth arrive, Alberoni will 
send them to Corunna. 

Sire, — Hier a huict heures de soir arriva M'^ Conok avec le 
paquet de V. M. II me parla aussy sur le memoire qui traitte 
d** Taffaire en question. V. M. verra par la lettre que le Roy 
Cat. lay escrit la resolution qu''il a prise de tenter une seconde 
fois Tentreprise ; cependant il est bon que V. M. sache que 
Fexecution ne le pourra faire qu''au comencement du moy 
d''aoust prochain. La dessus V. M. Doit prendre ses mesures. II 
nY a pas un bien de biscuit, il faut du terns a le faire et Se laisser 
reposer. M. le M^^ de Risbourg, mande que pour en faire mil 
cinq cens quintaux il faut deux mois de tems. II faut racco- 
moder les arbres des Vaissaux ; II faut ramasser des Vaissaux de 
transport, II faut rassembler le tout pour marcher ensemble ; 
enfin apres des longues discussions qu"'on a fait icy et L'avvis 
de M"^ Patino qui luy seul a fait les deux expeditions de 
Sardegne, et Sicile, sans compter celle de Mallorque, dit qu''on 
ne scauroit etre pret pour se mettre a la voile qu''au comence- 
ment du moy d''aoust prochain. Camok gran Visionaire dit 
qu'on pent composer le tout en huict jours. J'ay bien connu 
apres le peu de probite qu''il a que c'est un drol tres dangereux 
II a tenu et tient continuellement des discours aussy insolents, 
que je ne s^ais pas come je ne Fay fait mettre dans un cachot. 
II n''espargne persone ; c'est tout dire. Ses discours sont 

Quant a FEscosse on tachera, d'y envoyer ce que V. M. dit, et 
elle peut etre sur qu'on tachera de faire de son mieux. Pour 


les cens mil pistoUes on tachera aussy de les fournir, aussy bien 
que les Canons, La poudre et les vivres. La difficulte consiste 
de livrer les fusils d'Hollande. L'argent est en Amsterdam dans 
les mains du Banquier Cesar Sardi, nonseulment pour vingt 
mil fusils, mais pour cinquant mil s'ils etaient necessaires. 
Par le recit que j'ay L'honneur de faire a V. M. c'est a elle de 
prendre les meseures qu'elle jugera a propos avec les bons amis 
qui sont en Angleterre. Les mouvements des francois sono 
forts et grands et je ne s^ais pas Si on pent se flatter de la 
prouver come bons amis lis ont done six assauts formidables au 
Chasteau de Beonia en Navarre, et il L'ont emporte. Quant a 
la Suede on voit bien qu'on ne s9auroit faire aucun fondement 
sur elle. La nouvelle Reyne a beaucoup a faire pour regler le 
dedans de son Royaume. II est naturel qu'elle veuille prendre 
du tems et voir come les affaires d'Europe Se mettent ; Cepen- 
dant V. M. ne fera que bien d'envoyer son plein pouvoir a son 
home pour tout ce qui peut arriver. 

Laules sera a cette heure a Amsterdam, ou il auroit ete tres 
util, en cas qu'on eusse fait la descente en Angleterre. C'est 
pour ca qu'on lui ordona de partir de Lubec on il etoit, pour 
passer en Hollande. En cas que les dues de Mar et de Perth 
arrivent a la cour ie les envoyeray a la Corogne, et on aura 
toute L'attention possible pour ce qui regarde V® Maj*®. Par 
la premiere occasion j 'envoyeray a M"^ Le Cara^ Aquaviva le 
paquet de V. M. 

J'ay L'honeur d*'etre avec un respectueux attachement, 

DeV. M*« 

Le tres humble et tres obeisant serviteur, 

Le Card^ Alberoni, 

Madrid, ce 26 Avril 1719. 

Je part dans cet Instant, de sorte que je ne s^aurais escrire 
plus au long a V. M. Leurs M*^^ sont deja partis il y a deux 
heures. Je repete a. V. M. qu'on a donne les ordres pour tra- 
vailler, et qu'on ne perdra pas un moment de tems. 

M** Conok est arrive, et come presentem* il y est pas neces- 
saire aupres de V. M. aussy et qu''il sera retably je pense 
de le faire venir en Cattalogne. 


No. 43. 

{Stuart Papers) 

Madrid, y^ 28^^ of April 1719. 

Sr., — When I arrived here I found the Court in a great 
bustle preparing for their march ye next morning for Valencia, 
and from thence to Catalonia. In this conjuncture I coud not 
acquit myself to my satisfaction of the Commission your 
Majesty honored me with. However, I did all, the little time 
I could have with the Cardinal, and the favor I had upon me 
coud permit. 

The dutch Ambassador came out of his Eminency's as I went 
in. Upon what footting this Minister's negotiation is, passes 
my penetration, but I fear the violent situation of this King- 
dome may oblige his Ca. Majesty to take measures for his 
Security, contrary to his inclination for y"^ Maj esty''s Service. 

I was an half an hower with his Em. who, after reading, s*", 
your letter fell a reasoning upon it, he said, Patinio told him 
that in less than three months, the fleet, etc., coud not be 
repaired, and that then it woud be too late to expect to succeed 
in that enterprise. I replyed that that depended on the situa- 
tion Spain is in, that if the C.K. coud weather out the time neces- 
sary to dispose all things according to the memoire inclosed, your 
Majesty and the Duke of Ormonde did not doubt but all woud 
go well, and that for my part seeing the disposition in England, 
wh his Em. woud allso se by Stamfort's memoire, and the 
measures of y'^ Majesty and the Duke woud take, I woud not 
question the happy event, and I begged his Emi. to be per- 
suaded, that haveing the honour to be of the expedition, I am 
too near my self, to strive to induce the King of Spain to an 
undertaking where I must succeed or loose my life, if we had 
not a fair prospect. Then we fell upon the measures to be 
taken. I told him I believed the Ferol a fit port for ships to 
be sent there with all necessarys, and the imbarkment to be 
made there, but that Patinio being here, I did not question, 
but his Eminencys projects and commands woud be executed 
at an other rate, and that he might examin him and Camock 
upon the fitting out the fleet, as particularly the latter upon 


the probability of avoiding the English fleet, lett them take 
whatever measures they will. The Card, fleu into a fury against 
Camock, and said he had no principels as to God, or man, that 
he was mad, and coud not be trusted, and a great Iyer, etc. I 
replyed that with all these ill qualitys, great use might be 
drawn out of him, and that his knowledge of his trade, and 
especially of all the coasts of England, woud be of vast service. 

The King sending for the Cardinal, interrupted the conversa- 
tion. His Eminency took all the papers, caryed them to his 
M., and bid me see his Em. next morning ere we parted, which 
I did, as he was a dispatching a Courier to y"^ Majesty, and bid 
me write there in his room and tell y*^ Majesty that all measures 
possible shall be taken to push on this great dissign, but that 
all was to be feared from the sinking condition Spain is in, and 
that the Ennemies woud not leave us time to finish the dispo- 
sitions necessary for the interprise. 

The Cardinal being in haste, I writ in a hurry to my Lord 
Duke what the Cardinal had ordered me, and now I find myself 
in the same circumstance, for the Courier is staying for my 
letter, and I dear not detain him too long. 

His Em. ordered me to stay here to recover my health, and 
that he woud send me orders to join the Court in Catalonia, 
where I shoud stay while the dispositions were a making, and 
that then I shoud return to the Groine. 

I begg y'^ Majesty's pardon for this scrole. 

I have the honour to be, with a most passionate Zeal and a 
most profound respect, 

Your Majesty's 
most humble, most obedient, and most devoted Servant and 


No. 44. 


(Stuart Papers) 

News of Princess Clementina's escape. 

Sire, — Toutes les lettres veulent que La Princesse Clementine 
se soit sauvee d'lnspruk. On mande qu'elle a logee a Boulogne 


et que de la elle soit allee a Rome pour se mettre dans un 
Couvent. Je me flatte que tout cela puisse etre vray et j'en 
felicite V. M.^. Leurs M*^^ Cat. continuent a se bien porter 
graces a Dieu. Elles partiront demain pour Pampelune et y 
attendent La confirmation de la nouvelle pour en faire leurs 
compliments a V. M*®. J'ay Thonneur d'etre avec un attache- 
ment tres respectueux. 

De V. M^ 
Le tres humble et tres obeissant Serviteur 

Le Card. Alberoni,^ 
Tudela ce 1' Juin 1719. 

No. 45, 

The king of SPAIN to JAMES 

{Stuart Papers.) 

Congratulations on Princess Clementina's escape. 

A Tudela ce 8^ Juin 1719. 

J'envoye ce courier a Vostre Majeste pour luy apprendre 
que la Princesse Clementine Sobieski s'est sauuee dTnspruck. 
Outre les avis que je vous envoye qui rapportent cette agreable 
nouuelle elle est confirmee de tous costez avec ces circumstances, 
quelle estoit allee a Bologne ou on la disoit arrivee et que de 
la elle devoit passer a Rome. Je m*'en rejoUis de tout mon 
coeur avec Vostre Majeste la priant de croire que je m'interesse 
tres vivement a tout ce qui la regarde et en particulier a la 
satisfaction qu'elle ressentira dans cette occasion. Nous par- 
tirons demain d'icy, s'il plaist a Dieu, la Reyne et moy pour 
nous rendre en 3 jours a Pampelune ou Tarmee s'assemble 
actuellement et ensuite de la nous approcher des Fran^ais et 
tascher de secourir Fontarabie qui se defFend avec beaucoup 
de vigueur. Je prie Vostre Majeste d'estre toujours bien per- 
suadee de mon amitie et de vouloir bien me continiier la sienne 
qui m'est tres pretieuse. Philippe. 

1 Alberoni wrote again on the 8th confirming the news of the Princess's 


No. 46. 
The queen of SPAIN to JAMES 

{Stuart Papers) 
Congratulations on Princess Clementina's escape. 


Benche v. M. intendeva della Lettera del Re la nuova di 
essersi salvata la mia cugina d'lnspruch non ho voluto tralas- 
ciare di rallegrarmene ben vivamente con lei sapendo con 
quanta ansieta V. M. lo desiderava e quanto io m"* interessi in 
tutto quello che la riguarda, e pero gliene porto i miei piu 
sinceri complimenti. Domani partiamo per Pamplona, e in 
qualunque luogo io saro, saro sempre pronta servire V. M. 
che prego darmi soventi nove della sua salute, che gli bramo 
sempre perfetta e di credermi, che sono e saro sempre, a 
suoi cenni. Elisabetta, 

No. 47. 

{Stuart Papers) 

Instructions to Ambassador in Holland — Negotiations with Northern 
Sovereigns fruitless — Expedition to Scotland only useful if landing 
effected in England — Ships cannot be sent (to Scotland) from Corunna 
as James wishes, but measures will be taken in Holland — Progress 
of French war — King of Spain cannot count on anything but good 
intentions from his French supporters. 

Sacra Reale Maesta, — Tre sono li umanissimi fogli di V. M. 
ricevuti nelHstesso tempo, cioe de 14. 15. e 16 del corrente, 
con le due lettere per queste Maesta da me poste nelle loro 
Reali mani. Savia e la risposta di V. M. data, e per questa 
parte non si e lasciato di dare alPAmb*® d'Olanda li ordini 
necessarii; anzi dal med™° s'intende havere fatto pagare una 
soma di danaro. 

Creda V. M. che non si e tralasciata diligenza alcuna per 
guadagnare i Prpi del Nort, e si e gettato a quest hora qualche 


soma considerabile di danaro ; pero fin hora ogni nra practica 
e riuscita infructuosa; que^ min^ ricevono danaro da ogni 
parte e tradis cono gli Interessi de loro Principi giache essi 
sono irresoluti nelle loro risolusioni osservera che sono tre 
anni che si parla dei Prpi del Nord senza che si sia veduto ad 
efFettuarsi la minima cosa. 

S. M. ha ordinato a questo Seg^*' dela Guerra perche si 
prendi una regola e pro^isione p i legni e gente che costi si 

In quanto alle truppe di Scozia sempre si penso che queste 
potessero essere utili in caso si facesse lo sbarco in Inghilterra 
e cosi parmi si siano dichiarati i med°" Scozesi i quali dissero 
che ogni loro fondata esperanza consisteva nello sbarco che 
farebbe il Duca d'Ormonde. Nel resto compatisco la Maesta V.; 
ben conoscendo quanto sia la pena che prova nel fare vivere 
assieme gente di differenti massime interessi ed inclinazioni. 

Rispetti alle due navi che V. M. dice di fare allestire alia 
Corogna, oltre il tempo longo che e necessario, il pericolo 
d'essere predate e evidente; Si prenderano altre misure in 
Olanda, ove la trascita e piu facile, e meno pericolosa. 

lo non so quali ordini aspetta Mr. Mattallan ; se mi havesse 
scritto le sue intenzioni, se li sarebbe a quest^ hora risposto 
categoricamente sapendo essere homo habile e honorato. 

Resta dato corso alle lett^ di V.M. e qui ingionte ricevera 
altre che si sono havute da pmp^'. 

I francesi faiio la guerra da davero. Si accingono alP ascedio 
di S. Sebastiano, che verra principiato dentro di questa setti- 
mana. Ben si conosce che il Re mio Principe non puo far 
conto alcuno sopra la nazione francese, nella quale non si trova 
che quella buona volonta, della quale anche. L'Infemo n"* e 
ripieno. Queste Maesta si sono presentate all esercito francese 
in distanza di solo tre leghe, e senza che abbia dato il minimo 
segno di \'ita. Faccio alia M* V. umillis* riverenza. 

Umiliss"° devot"'^ Servif^, 

G. Cardl. Alberoxi. 

Campo di Cirasso, li 28 Giu^ 1719. 


No. 48. 


{Stuart Papers) 

Arrangements for James's return to Italy. 

Sacra Reale Maesta, — Si spedisce il pnte corriero, afine 
che se mai mancassero viveri o altro alle due Galere, cot*^ In- 
tend*® del Regno di Valencia ne facci subito la provisione. Ha 
ordine il commandante delle med™® di servire V. Majesta per 
lo sbarco in quel porto d' Italia che piu piacera alia M. V. 
Iddio sia quello conceda a V. M. un felice viaggio, sopra il quale 
Passicuro che ne staro sommamente inquieto fino al sentirla 
gionto in Porto. Faccio alia Maesta Vr'a umiliss'"* riverenza 
Di Vr'a Maesta 

Umiliss'"'' deuotiss'"^ Seruif^ 

G. Card. Alberoni. 
Coreglia, li 12 {Aug. 1719). 

No. 49. 


(Stuart Papers) 
Farewell on his leaving Spain. — Hopes for a safe voyage. 

A CORELLA, ce 15 AOUST 1719. 
Je suis fort sensible aux nouvelles asseurances que Vostre 
Majeste m'a donnees de son amitie dans sa lettre du l®*" de ce 
mois aussi bien qu''a son eloignement et je serai fort inquiet jus- 
ques a ce que s^ache son voyage heureusement termine, souhait- 
tant de tout mon coeur que puisqu'elle Ta juge necessaire pour 
elle, dans un conjoncture que le rend sujet a tant de risques, 
il liiy soyt aussi heureux que mon amitie sincere, sur laquelle 
elle pent toujours compter, me le fait desirer. 


Mon fils est tres reconnoissant des bontez de Vostre Majeste 
et il Tasseure qu'il a pour elle toute Tamitie qu'il doit. 


No. 50. 

{^Stuart Papers) 
Farewell — Compliments to Princess Clementina. 

CoRELLA, Li 16 Agosto 1719. 
Li novi contrassegni della solita bonta di V. M. verso di 
me ancora nella presente congiuntura della sua partenza di qua, 
mi danno motivo di renderlene vivissime grazie. Dio sia 
quello, che la conduca felicemente ov''ella ha voluto and are 
con tanto suo rischio. Prego V. M. di fare li miei piu sinceri 
complimenti alia Regina sua sposa e gia che non ho potuto 
hauere la sorte di vederla, spero, che mi vorra dare almeno 
qualche occasione di poterla servire in queste parti, assicu- 
randola che sono sempre pronta come V. M. ancora a farle 
conoscere che sono, e saro sempre a loro cenni. 


No. 51. 

(^Stuart Papers) 

Has received news of James's sailing from Vinaros on Aug. 14 — Regrets 
that as James's voyage had to be kept secret, better arrangements 
could not be made for his comfort — Journey of King and Queen of 
Spain to Madrid. 

Sacra Reale Maesta, — Con corriero spedito dal Duca di 
S. Pietro Si e oggi inteso il felice arrivo di V. Maesta in 
Vinaros e nel med™^ tempo Fimbarco con vento favorevole con 
la particolarita che alle due doppo mezzogiorno de 14. si 
havevano perdute di vista le due Galere. Iddio sia quello 
facci giungere La m** V. in Livorno e fin a tanto che non se 
ne abbia la notizia assicuro V. M. che qui si stara con pena. 
Ha havuto rag"®, La M.V. di credere che era arrivato contra 
tempo al Corriero da me Spedito perche apunto fu trattenuto do 
foruscito : II dolore mio e che non hauendo uoluto far confidenza 
deir affare al Comand^ delle Galere se inviava ordine p. alcune 
provisioni ed altro p. il comodo del viaggio, che sa come lo farei 


V.M. — II med^ Segreto Si e guardato con il Duca di S. Pietro 
e r Intend*® ai quali si dava F avviso con d*^ Corriero, e se ordi- 
nava al med"* altre cose conducenti al viaggio di V. M. 

Queste Maesta proseguirono il viaggio a Madrid con felicita, 
ove non arriverano che a piccole giornate T ultimo del corrente. 
La M** della Regina porta bene la sua grauidanza. Faccio 
alia Maesta Vra umilissimo reverenza. 

Di Vra Maesta 

Umilisso"^^ deuotiss™^ Servif® 

G. Card. Albe«oni. 
Inososa, Li 20 Agosto 1719. 

No. 52. 

{Stuart Papers) 
James back in Italy — His Marriage to Princess Clementina. 


L'lNTEREST que Votre Ma*® a bien voulu prendre a Taccom- 
plissement de mon mariage m''oblige encore plus a lui apprendre 
que vendredi dernier la Reine arriva ici, ou aussitot la cere- 
monie en fut faite par TEveque de cette ville. Je me trouve 
dans le derniere impatience de scavoir des nouvelles de FEspagne 
et de la bonne sante de Vos Mates, et je me flatte que vous 
etes bien persuade que mon attachement, ma reconnoissance et 
mon amitie n^auront d'autres bornes que celles de ma vie. 

Jacques R.^ 

No. 53. 

{Stuart Papers) 


I WRiTT to you from Legorn a letter which was to return 
with the Spanish gallys, and at the same time I made John ^ 

1 An Italian letter, in similar terms, from James to the Queen of Spain, 
written along with No. 52, mentions his intention of immediately returning 
to Rome. 

2 Probably John Hay. See p. 152 note. 


write to you by the french post, easily believing you would be 
impatient to know of my safe landing, and I have now the 
pleasure of letting you know that the Queen arrived here on 
fryday night, and we were immediately marry'd by the Bp. of 
this place, without any regard to the ceremony performed at 
Bolonia, for my orders and intentions in that respect had been 
so nicely observed, that upon examination it was found to be 
no mariage at all, but only a solemn confirmation of the Con- 
tract and a necessary step in me by which the Queens escape 
was authentically approvd by^me, and she intitled in the eye of 
the world to take my name upon her. 

It is no more my business now to publish the Queen'*s praises, 
but to a friend with whom I have no reserve, I cannot but say 
once for all, that she has surpassd my expectation, and that 
I am happy with her. 

Having not heard since I came in to this Country either 
from Spain or England, I have nothing of business to entertain 
you with at present, but I am very impatient to have some 
comfortable news from your Card^ as to mony matters. The 
heats are here in a manner over, but I shall not go to Rome 
till the middle of next month at soonest. 

The Queen will write to you, if she can, with this post. I 
thank God my health is very good, as I hope this will find 
yours. May happiness be as inseparable from you as my kind- 
ness, and you '1 have no reason to complain, w^^ is all I have at 
present to say, and that I am Intirely yours. 

Pray remember me kindly to Dick Butler, and make my 
compliments to your good Vicepresident, with whom I suppose 
you now are. 

No. 54. 

{Stuart Papers) 

Thanking him for his letters and assuring him of her regard — Feeling 
towards Britain ; Hopes for a restoration — Compliments to Duchess 
of Ormonde. 

De Montefiascoxe, 11 Sett**^ 1719. 
MoN Cousin, — tTay re^u avec plaisir depuis je suis icy vos 


lettres de 4^ et 22 Juillet ; votre merite distingue aupres du 
Roy, et votre attachment singulier pour sa personne, ne me 
rendent point douteux vos sentiments a mon egard, et vous 
doivent etre des gages assures de ceux que j'ay et conserveray 
tojours pour vous. II est vray j''ay eu quelques travers et 
fatigues a essuyer depuis quelque terns mais je m''en trouve 
suffisement recompense par le bonheur present dont je jouis, et 
je serois trop contente s'il ne falloit que les renouveler pour 
rendre heureuse une nation, pour laquelle j'ay toujours eu un 
si haute estime, et que je regarde a present comme ma propre 
patrie. Mais j''espere que apres tant de malheurs, zele inde- 
fatigable pour un si juste fin, et qu'ayant eu la gloire de le 
perfectioner vous en partagiez les avantages et le douceurs avec 
nous. J''appris avec satisfaction, la distinction que le Roy 
vouloit faire La D^^® d'Ormonde, en la mettant senile aupres de 
moy avec lettre de charge, et le mauvaise estat de sa sante me 
fait d'autant plus de peine que je croye quelle ne me plaie pour 
un temps de la Compagnie la quelle en pouvoit que m'^est aussi 
avantageux. Je vous prie de luy faire un millier de compli- 
ments de ma part, et d'etre persuades Tun et Tautre qu'on ne 
pouroit rien adj outer a Testime parfait et a Tamitie sincere dont 
je suis penetree a vos egards estant 

Votre affectionee Co u sine, 
Clementine R. 

No. 55. 


{Stuart Papers. There is a copy of this letter in the Carte 
Papers^ Bodleian Library, vol. 308, f. 322. 

James thanks Alberoni for the trouble taken about his voyage — Urgent 
need of money — No assistance to be hoped for from the Pope — The 
4000 pistoles received from the King of Spain by James all that he 
has for the maintenance of his household — Debts — Friendliness of 
Cardinal Acquaviva. 

A MONTEFIASCONE, CE 14 SeP^'*^ 1719. 

J"'ay receu ce matin vos lettres du 12, du 17, et du 20 Aoust, 

* Letter cxxxviii. The letter of July 22d does not appear to have been 


et vous suis sensiblement oblige des attentions que vous avez 
bien voulu avoir a Tegard de mon voyage. Vous en aures deja 
sceu rheureuse fin et que Taccident arrive a votre Courier n'a 
rien retarde ni derange, car pour tout le reste nous avons ete a 
merveil abord des galeres. Comme dans uos trois lettres vous 
ne me dites pas un mot ni de Mons"^ le Franc, ni des paquets 
dont je Favois charge pour vous, je crains positivement que 
quelque accident ne lui soit arrive, et c'est pourquoy je vous 
envoye ici une Duplicate des dits paquets, auxquels je n''ay 
pour le present rien a adj outer, si non de vous conjurer de faire 
quelque attention au Memoire, car nous n"'avons rien a esperer 
du cote du Pape, et sans un prompt secours je ne scais ce que 
deviendra meme le peu de monde que j'ay a Rome, puisque les 
quatre mil pistoles que le Roy m'a donne en partant est tout 
ce qui me reste au monde pour les subsister. Je dois meme 
quelque peu d''argent dans ce pais cy, et sans les 3000 Ecus 
que le Cardinal Acquauiua prit sur luy de faire toucher a 
Mons'^ Murray, c'auroit ete encore pire. 

II me coute bien de toute sorte de manieres de vous dire ces 
verites, mais la necessite n^a point de loy, et je ne ferois pas 
meme mon devoir si je ne m''addressois ou je puis seul trouver 
du secours en faveur de ceux qui ont tant soufFert et tant 
perdu pour moy, et je ne scaurois m'empecher d"'adj outer que 
le mal presse et demande un prompt remede. J'ose m'y 
attendre de la bonte et de la generosite du Roy, et je m'asseure 
qu^apres avoir ete si essentiellement de mes amis, vous le seres 
encore efficacement dans cette occasion. 

La bonne sante de leurs Ma*^^ me rejouit infiniment, il seroit 
a souhaitter que tout le reste y repondit, et vous ne doutes je 
crois de mes voeux ardents a cet efFet. 

J'ay eu le plaisir de voir hier a Viterbe le Cardinal Acqua- 
uiua rempli de zele pour ses maitres et d'amitie pour moy, et 
je me flatte que vous luy scaures bon gre de toute celle qu''il 
nous a temoigne a la Reine et a moy. Continuez moi je vous 
prie la votre, et soyez persuade que la mienne pour vous aug- 
mente s'il est possible tous les jours. 


No. 56. 

{Stuart Papers.) 

Refers to preceding Letter to Alberoni — Philip now James's only resource 

— Assurances of deA'^otion. 

Je recois ce matin la lettre dont V. M. m''a honnoree du 15 
du passe et me trouve penetre de la bonte dont Elle me comble, 
j'en ay receu tant et de si grandes preuves que je ne pourrai 
jamais douter ni de sa sincerite ni de Sa Constance, et aussi y 
ay je une confiance entiere dans un tems ou je me trouve neces- 
site de Fimportuner, et sans resource que dans Elle. Je ne 
repeterai pas ce que je mande au Card^ sur ce sujet, et je ne 
doute nullement que V. M. n'y donne quelque attention, et ne 
laisse agir en cette occasion sa sagesse et sa generosite ordi- 
naires. De mon cote Elle me trouuera toujours prest de la servir 
avec plaisir en tout ce que je luy pourrai etre bon a quelque 
chose, et j^ose Tassurer avec verite que ma reconnoissance et 
mon attachement sinceres pour elle n'auront d''autres bornes 
que celles de ma vie. La bonne sante de Vos Mat®^ et 
rheureuse grossesse de la Reine me font un sensible plaisir, fasse 
le Ciel que mes voeux soient exauces, et vous aures Tun et 
Pautre tons les bonheurs que uous merites. 

Jacques R. 

No. 57. 

{^Stuart Papers) 

Gratitude for all her kindness. 

De Montefiascone, ce 14^^ Settle 1719. 
Je suis trop sensible aux expressions obligeantes dont V. M*® 
eu bien voulu se servir a mon endroit, dans sa lettre au Roy 
pour ne luy en pas temoigner moy meme ma sincere et parfaite 
reconnoissance. Le Roy n''ose pas importuner V. M^ si souvente 
luy meme par ses lettres, mais il me charge de Tassurer que ses 
sentiments pour V. M*® repondent entierement aux bontes dont 


elle nous comble Tune et I'autre, et nous avons une confiance 
entiere qu'elle voudra bien nous en accorder la continuation 
dans un tems ou nous n'avons d'autres ennemis que ceux de 
V°^ Majesties, n^ d'appuy et de consolation veritable que dans 
elles, envers qui notre attachment et notre amitie dureront a 

tTay cru que V. M*® trouveroit bon que je luy escrire desor- 
mais sans cerimonie Je la supplie d'en user de meme envers 
moy et de me regarder comme une parente qui luy est sincere- 
ment devouee. 

No. 58. 

{Stuart Papers) 

MONTEFIASCONE, Sep'^^r 14th^ 1719. 

Tho'' it was scarce possible I could yet hear from you, you'll 
easiely believe how impatient I am to do so. I have not att 
present any thing material to say to you, but I would not how- 
ever miss this occasion of letting you know we are all well, as 
I hope this will find you. I 'm in pain for poor le Franc for 
I dont find your Cardinal has received the letters I writ by 
him and so I send him now duplicates of them, and I wish I 
may have a speedy and favourable answer, for the truth is we 
are in a terrible way as to money matters and the more that 
the Pope dos, I may say, behave ridiculously towards us, in 
which he certainly dos himself more dishonour than real hurt 
to us, for that I 'm sure he will not do, and for the rest we 
slight it very much. 

I have had yet no fresh accounts here of the D. of Mar, but 
I cannot but hope he will gett his liberty when it is once known 
I am in this Country. Our people at Rome easie again now, 
and I believe I shall find them so when I go back there. I 
believe Wogan gives an account to his friend Talbot of him- 
self and his three companions,^ I 'm sure I have reason to be 
pleased with them, and they are modest enough to be it with 

^ See Introduction, p. Ivi. 


me. I say nothing to the Cardinal of some of them refusing 
the Spanish Commissions, because it is always good to have 
that in store in all events, and if they are useless att last, I 

can easiely return them. I had a letter from D n returned 

me now from Spain, he refers me to you for particlurs for 
want of a cypher with my self, but I hope by this time he has 
gott that which I sent him, and when he knows where I am I 
shall to be sure hear fully from him. Pray remember me very 
kindly to poor Maigny who dos not I 'm sure want my recom- 
mendation to make you do all what lyes in your power where 
you are for him. Tho' I have had three letters this day from 
your Cardinal I am n''ere the wiser for them, which makes me 
fear there was nothing good to be writ. I thought I had 
nothing to say when I begun my letter and yet I have made a 
shift to make it a long one. To which I have nothing now to 
add but that I am sincerely yours. 

No. 59. 

{Stuart Papers) 


I THINK it an age since I had the satisfaction of hearing 
from you, but I hope I shall not be now long deprived of it for 
I reckon tho' you should have even nothing to say you will 
however give me often the pleasure of hearing from you. I 
shall make Murray or Nairne write a line to you at least once 
a fortnight by Paris that you may know we are alive, but as 
for business it is not to be venturd any other way but by sea. 
A felouca parts every fortnight and by that occasion you shall 
never miss hearing from me. 

Your servant parted some time ago, and will I hope be safe 

with you before this. I sent you by him a little snuff w*^^ I 

hope will come safe. Will. Gordon the marchands son is gone 

into Spain. Pray do what can to get him into the Spanish 

service for he is a pretty young man, and the father deserves 

well of me. 

I am curious to know what reception your Card^ made to 





the stranger I sent to him from Lugo, if what we hear be true, 
I fear there is little good to be expected at present from that 
branch of our hopes. In the meantime I am endeavouring 
to discover the sentimens of your northern Landlord, of 
w*^^ you shall be informed when I am it myself. I dare say 
the good will is not wanting, but which way it can be applyd 
in our favour is the question. D. of Mar is still at Geneva and 
has not as yet so much as leave to go to the waters, which his 
health very much requires. I cannot think it possible but that 
he will be at least allowd to return to me, and till I see more 
clearly in to the contrary I shall not torment myself about it. 
In the meantime I shall be my own Secretary for which I am 
not like to stand in need of much help, not at this time that 
our affairs are in a manner all at a stand. Tho' I had nothing 
now to mention to your Card^ I have writt to him to keep up 
that correspondence from this Country. I have nothing now 
to tell you, but that the Queen and I are, thank God, very 
well, and still resolvd to go to Rome the beginning of next 
month, and when we come there II send you her picture which 
you will not I believe be sorry to have. I expect Card. 
Gualterio here in a few days, who is a worthy honest man, as 
you know, and a true friend to us. I am very impatient to 
have a return from Spain on the Memoire about mony, for we 
are almost quite aground at present. As occasion offers you 

will do well to press the Card^ on that head. D n informs 

you I suppose about Brig. Campbel, if he has not sent him to 
you. It is pitty so many zealous people should be at present 
useless, but I see no remedy nor any other party they have to 
take but to return and wait in Spain for a more favorable 

opportunity. I write to this effect to D n, who has not 

yet received the new Cypher, so that till I know 'tis safe in 
Engl^ and with him it is in vain to make use of it. I have 
nothing at present to add but that my kindness and best wishes 
neither don or ever will fail you. 

Postscript. — I keep your letter to D. Mar till we meet to give 
it him myself, but have taken care he should not be ignorant 
of your kind sentiments towards him. 


No. 60. 

{Stuart Papers) 


Had I any thing material to inform you of att present, I 
should be a good dale perplexed, for there is no more writing 
to you by sea, as I am informed by my friend at Rome, tho he 
dos not tell me the reason of it, and not being as yet able to 
make use of the cypher we have, I have no other way to send 
my letters but through France. I received some days ago yours 
of the 19*^ 29*^ and 30*^ of August all together.^ I am glad 
you are gott saffe to Valladolid, which tho' but a melancoly 
place, is, I beleive, att best better than Lugo. M"*^ Ogilthrops 
and Abrahams letters contained nothing att all, but a great 
deal of self justification or old storys. I made Kennedy acknow- 
ledge the receipt of them, not being very fond of corresponding 
en droiture with all sort of honest people. Pray tell Da. 
Kennedy that I am very well pleased with his brother. I have 
employed him a little already for writing, and am likely to 
continue to do so. 

I perceive that the D. of Mar has little or no hopes of his 
liberty for this winter ; he has sent for My Lady to him, whom 
I expect here in a few days; but I cannot but hope by 
Spring he will one way or another be able to return to me. 
You will have heard to be sure of Brigadeer Campbells being 
come from Scotland. I heartily wish his companions were it, 
and in the mean time have writ to him, that both he and they 
cannot do better than go to Spain, where they cannot but be 
well received, and where you will, I doubt not, do all in your 
power for their assistance. You may remember I wrote about 
them to the Cardinal before I left Spain in a letter of which I 
left a copy with you. You do well to send Jolly to Valencia, 
for it was not worth asking an escorte for him, especially since 
the troops in Cattolagina [sic] have, I fear, but too much work on 

^ Letters clxxi, clxxviii (?) and clxxxi ; * 29th ' should perhaps be 


their hands. You mention a friend of yours being desirous to 
quit the bad company he is in,^ but I think there is pro and 
con to be said in the matter, the decision of which I have left 
entirely to himself, for he may no doubt be useful to his friends 
in both places. Our news from Sicily is very irregular and very 
uncertain, so I shall say nothing of it here. We have had a 
prodigious quantity of rain of late, which makes this a very 
melancoly place ; however, we must have patience for three 
weekes longer. The Queen is, thank God, very well, and returns 
you her kind compliments. I have att present no more to add, 
but that my best wishes and constant kindness ever attend 

I heard some time ago the D. of Perth was gone to Spain. 
If he should be there when this comes to you, pray facilitate 
his return to Rome, whether I would have him return immedi- 
atly, and lett him know as much with my kind compliments. 

1 This probably refers to Dillon. 





No. 61. 

The marquis of TULLIBARDINE to the EARL 


(Stuart Papers) 

ISLANDONAN, ApRIL 29''", 1719. 

My Lord, — Tho"* we have gone through a good dale of un- 
easiness since my last at imbarquing neare Hanfleur, yet can 
add little heare, only refer to whats inclosM at present, tho I 
must say that my Lord Marischall has been very teasing, par- 
ticularly by keeping a fifth part of the little money was sent 
for his Majesty s services, which its possible may incommod us, 
but I hope things will mend or a way be found to prevent rash 
measures for the future. I 'm sorry that Brig"^ Campble seems 
to run headlong into the most violent proceedings, which I am 
afraid will appeare to much at this occasion, a litle time will 
make all plaine, we are in great paine how to behave with- 
out instructions in case there be not quickly a landing in 
England. Your Grace will soon perseve our precarious con- 
dition, so shall insist no farther, being with the utmost respect, 

My Lord, your Graces Most Humble and Most Obedient 
Servant, Tullibardine. 

No. 62 



{Stuart Papers) 

My Lokd, — Since what I write by M*^ Douglas, there has 
been no means untryed to get people together so as to keep 


life in the affair till we should have some certain accounts of 
the expedition from Spain, or else the Kings commands, which 
would enliven every body and make things go right, in expec- 
tation of that with a great deal adoe a few of the Clans were 
prevailed on to send some small assistance, w^hich was gather- 
ing, that we might be able to keep together when their came 
accounts of the Enemys march from Inverness with above 
twelve hundred horse and foot. On the fifth Lochiel came first 
up with near one hundred and fifty men, and finding others 
could not soon enough join us, so as that we might be in a 
condition to fight the Ennemy, we went about three miles from 
Glenshell to view the narrow passes in the little Glen, hoping 
to maintain the Rough Ground till people that were expected 
should come up on the seventh. My Lord Seaforth met us and 
told me he had brought to the Crow of Kintaile about five 
hundred of his men who, it was thought, would heartily defend 
their own Country. On the eight Rob Roy's son brought a 
Company of men who, with some volunteers, made up near 
Eighty. That night we got accounts the enemy were removed 
from Gilly whining^ to the Braes of Glenmoriston, which made 
us march early next morning, till that part of the pass at Glen- 
shellbegg, which every body thought the properest place for 
defence, in which we posted our selves the best way we could. 
In the evening one hundred of M"" Lidcoats^ people came to 
us, and the same night my brother George who was on the 
outguard sent word that he saw the Enemy in Camp at the 
end of Loch Clownie, within four or five miles of us. Next 
morning he sent again to inform us they were decampM 
and moving slowly forward. About ten a Clock fifty men joined 
us, and at twelve McKinnin came with fifty more which were 
the last, for tho' several men that were to been with us [were] on 
the top of the mountains on each side, yet they did not descend 
to incorporat with the rest. I suppose because they thought the 
Enemy too near us, who as they advanced Lord George retyrd, 
keeping all the way about half a mile from them till they came 
in our sight, which was at two a clock in the afternoon. They 

1 Cilla-chuimein, ' the church of Cumin,' the old Gaelic name of Fort 
Augustus. It is spelt in a great variety of ways. 
- See Introduction, p. 1. note 2. 


halted at near half a miles distance to make there disposition 
for the attack, which was between five and Six a clock at night. 
We had drawn up to the right of our main body on the other 
side of the water upon a little Hill about one hundred and fifty 
men, including the Companys of my Lord Seaforths, besides 
above four-score more were allotted for that place who was to 
come from the top of the Hill, but altho' they sent twice to tell 
they were coming, yet they only beheld the action at a Distance. 
This party was commanded by liord Geo. Murray, the Laird of 
McDougal, Major Mcintosh, and John of Auch, ane old officer of 
my Lord Seaforths people ; at the pass on the other side of the 
water were first on the right the Spanish Regiment which con- 
sisted of about two hundred men, about fifty more of them were 
left behind with the Magazine, several of them being Sick. 
The next in the Line was Locheill with about one hundred and 
fifty. Then M*" Lidcoat's and others, being one hundred and 
fifty, twenty volunteers, next fourtie of Rob Roy's, fiftie of 
McKinnins, and then two hundred of my Lord Seaforth's men 
Commanded by S"^ John McKenzie of Coul ; on the left of all 
at a considerable distance on a steep hill was my Lord Sea- 
forth posted with above two hundred of his best men, 
where my Lord Marshall and Brigadeer Campble of Ormon- 
dell Commanded with him. Brigadier M'Intosh commanded 
with the Spanish Colonel, Brigadeer Campble of Glenderwell 
and myself commanded in the center, where we imagined the 
main attack would be, it being by far the easiest Ground, be- 
sides the only way thro' the Glen. However, it happened 
other ways, the Enemy placed there horse on the low Ground, 
and a battalion of them on there left, with there Highlanders 
on the fare side of the water, all the rest of there foot was on 
a rising ground to there Right. The first attack they made 
was on our men with Lord George on the Right, by a small 
detachment of Reed coats and there Highlanders, who fired 
several times at other without doeing great damage, upon 
which they sent a second and third detachment that made 
most of those with Lord Geo. run to the other side of a steep 
Burn where he himself and the rest were afterwards obliged to 
follow, where they continued till all was over, it being uneasy 
for the enemy to pass the hollow Banks of that Burn. When 


they found that party on our Right give way there Right 
began to move up the Hill from thence, to fall down on our 
left, but when they saw my Lord Seaforths people, who were 
behind the steep Rock, they were obliged to attack them least 
they should been flankM in coming to us, upon which the 
Laird of Coul (most of whose men began to goe off on the 
seing the enemy) mov'^d up with his Battalion to sustain the 
rest of the M^Kenzies, which obliged the Enemy to push the 
harder that way, on which on my Lord Seaforth sent down for 
a Reinforcement, and immedately after Brigadier Campble of 
Ormondell came likewise, telling it was not certain if there 
main body would not just then fall upon our Centre, which 
made Rob Roy with the M^grigors and M^Kinnin the longer 
of drawing off to there assistance, but seeing them give way he 
made all the dispatch he could to join them. But before he 
could get up, so as to be fairly in hands with the Enemy, 
Lord Seaforths people were mostly gone off, and himself left 
wounded in the Arm, so that with difficulty he could get out 
of the place. Rob Roy's detachment, finding them going off, 
began to retyre. Likewise, that made us still send off fresh 
suplys from our left, so that Mr. Lidcoats men and others, 
seeing every body retire before them, did also the same, and 
the enemy, finding all give way on that hand, they turn''d 
there whole force there, which obliged us to march up the 
Camerons, who likewise drew off as others had done ; at last 
the Spaniards were Called and none standing to Sustain them, 
they likewise were obliged to draw up the hill on our left, where 
at last all began to run, tho' half had never once an opportunity 
to fire on the Enemy, who were heartned on seeing some of 
ours once give way, and our oun people as much discouraged, 
so that they could never be again brought to any thing. But 
all went off over the mountains, and next morning we had 
hardly any body togeither except some of the Spaniards. I 
then proposed to my Lord Marshall, Locheill, Brigadier Camp- 
ble and all present, that we should keep in a body with the 
Spaniards and march thro' the Highlands for some time till 
we could gather again in case of a Landing, or else should the 
King send instructions, the Highlanders would then rise and 
soon make up all that was past. But every body declared 


against doing any thing further, for as things stood they 
thought it impracticable, and my Lord Mairshall with Briga- 
dier Campble of Ormondell went off without any more adoe or 
so much as taking leave. The Spaniards themselves declared 
they could neither live without bread nor make any hard marches 
thro' the Country, therefore I was obliged to give them leave 
to Capitulate the best way they could, and every body else 
went off to shift for themselves ; so that all we could make of 
My Lord Marishalls ill concerted expedition is to be now 
shamefully dispers'^d at last. However if a Landing happens 
soon in England the Highlanders will still act their part. But 
if the Expedition be retarded our being brought away so very 
unreasonably will I'm affraid ruin the Kings Interest and 
faithful subjects in these parts; seeing we came with hardly 
any thing that was realy necessary for such an undertaking or 
the Kings immediat Instructions how to behave on all events 
that might happen, which was absolutely necessary ; seeing 
otherwise nothing could be done to purpose among the people 
at Home without a Landing in England, I and some others 
with the Clans concerned will endeavour to keep private till we 
know how affairs are like to go. 

Your Grace has here a full account of what has happened 
since my last, by which you'l see to what a miserable condition 
we are now reduced, and his Majesty s affairs in these parts are 
infallibly at the brink of ruin unless there be some speedy 
succour at Hand. It is not to be imagined how much people 
are dispirited at the manner of our Coming and there has not 
been as yet so much as one word sent us from any that have 
the manadgment of affairs. But hopeing there will be ere long 
good accounts I 'le say no more, being. 

My Lord, 
Your Graces most Humble and most Obedient Servant, 


Gleii G{arr7j\ W^ June 1719. 

No. 63. 
The earl of SEAFORTH to JAMES 

(^Stuart Papers. Received at Rome Dec. 22, 1719) 
Sir, — Your Maj*^®^ I received by Captain Barkley, and am 


most sencible of the regard, and kindness, you are pleased to 
honour me with. I read the two letters of May y® 1st and 
June the 9*^ you ordered to be communicated to me, and 
regrates from the bottom of my hart the unlucky situation of 
circumstances, not upon mine, but your Maj^^^^ account. 

I will not pretend. Sir, to give you a detaile of things here, 
since you have not honoured me with the trust of any, only to 
assure your Maj*^® that as there was no men engaged in the late 
action of Glenshell but mine, and those but few (tho a great 
many standing by) so there are non more reddy on all occa- 
sions to shew there zeale for your service, when opportunity 

I am sorry I am forc''d to acquaint your Maj*^® that your 
affairs here are brought to so low an ebb (by whose fault I 
wont say) that there nothing remains but every one to shift 
for him self, and y* by y® advise of him you honour with your 
commands, I still made it my studdy (upon which account I 
suffer most of any) to serve your Maj*'® to ye utmost of my 
power, and tho I be once more obliged to leave my native 
country, as in all probabilty I must, to wander abroad, in 
what ever place fortune alots my abode, I shall always beg 
leave to subscrive my self, with the proundest regret. 

Your Maj*^^^ most dutiful! subject 

and most Obedient humble servant, 

Aug. If 10^^ O.S., 1719. 

No. 64. 

GENERAL LORD CARPENTER, commanding in Scot- 
land, TO CHARLES DEL AF A YE, Secretary to the 
Lords Justices. 

{Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 58) 

Edinburgh, 27^" June 1719. 

Sir, — Last night at 9 I received yours of the 23*^, with 

their Excellency's orders to send the Spanish prisoners under a 

sufficient guard to Plymouth, and I write by this opportunity 

to Mr. Treby, for appointing guards to receive them on the 


Borders, my routs being good no farther, whose answer will be 
here before those prisoners can come to this place. 

Lord Justice Clerk and I are endeavouring to discover what 
persons of note, being his Majesty's subjects, were engaged in 
this Rebellion. I suppose you have writt the same to Mr. 
Wightman in your letter, that I have this morning early for- 
warded to him ; however, I have writt to him to the same 

Hearing he had taken one Arnott, a Rebell Doctor or 
Surgeon, I writt to Mr. Wightman on the 22d, to send him 
hither by the Dragoons, or first Troops that march this way, 
giving the Commanding officer a strict charge to take care he 
do''s not make his escape. No doubt but he can tell us of all 
persons of any consideration who were with the Rebells, or 
had engaged to join them. — I am, 

Your most humble Servant, 


Charles Delafaye, Esq^ 

No. 65. 


(Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 57) 

Edinbr., 27-^" June 1719. 
Sir, — As has been done hitherto, so shall it be continued 
to give the Clergy all encouragement to come in and take the 
oaths, tho' they had not the opportunity before the first of 
June ; ShirrefFs have been written to, that they should admit 
the Clergy to qualifie whenever they applye, and severalls have 
appeared before the Court of Session and taken the oaths. As 

1 Adam Cockburn of Ormiston, appointed Lord Justice-Clerk in 1692, dis- 
missed from all his offices on the accession of Queen Anne, reappointed 1705. 
He was superseded as Lord Justice-Clerk in 17 10 by James Erskine of Grange, 
but retained his seat on the bench as an ordinary Lord of Session till his death 
in 1735. In the papers of 17 19 he is frequently referred to as * Lord Justice- 
Clerk,' though not actually holding the office at the time. 


to liie Bfnwmts, vbo is to put the Laws in execution r I ^m 
afimyed witiioiit a special directkn for that effect^ there shall 
be BO m i ia i irti wi eidier of these of the established Clergy or 
tlMse lor tke E^Msoopan weeliii^ iMioses. \Miat their Excelli;^ 
OQHHad «5 to Ike pnxHria^ aae exact List of all his Ma^js. 
Au i yiXs of aaj wite who are uiga d| gid in the presoit Rebellion, 
wt tiie pn^pef c ^i d eac c to oonvict Ikem, My Lord Gupoiter 
mmd I liad both of us wiitten North to the same pmpose, but 
inBcgaid there are so lev pnsoBeR, v<e appRbend ane exact 
List will be Toy dKficolt, and will require some time. But 
■flttoig ^all be u sai Ue J to give yr Esjodlrs satisfaction is 
K tiK power of him wbo is im great tnitb. 

Vour most ob nB e ai aad ■ o ct humUe Servaai, 

Ad. Coi 




(Hbav qgkt F^fiwz, Soxr lie 14, No. 60) 

JUXE TBK 30", 1719. 


sorry to saj) that most of the Gentlemen of this Country who 
profess to be in His Majesties Interest, think their Tyes of 
Affinity and Consanguinity such obligations that th^ wHi not 
be the eridence their Excellencies expecL 

The Spanish Prisoners march'*! horn this Town on the 27th 
towards Edenborgh in Order to proceed to I^imouth. 

Capt. Abeicrombie (who lies ill wounded at tins place) 
acknowledges with gratitude the Honr. their excellencies the 
Lords Justices haTe conferred upon him, in ReconnmendTng 
him for the Company in Mountagues Regim^ now vacant by 
the Death of Capt. Downs, 

Please to reconunend my Duty most humbly to the Lends 

Justices^ and give me leave to assure you I am with great tmtfa 

and esteem. 


Tour most Obedient humble Servant, 


Honble. Oiades Ddafitye, Esq. 

No. 67. 


(Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 61) 

So, — ^I have rec'*d this evening your letter of the SOtfa, with 
the Lords Justices orders relating to the Spanish Prisonen, 
and di^M»ition of his Majesty's Troc^ in tins Coantry for 
guarding the building of Barracks, and for preventing Robery's 
and depredations, which sliall be obey'd in the best manner I 
can. Hie 2 B^;iments of foot tiiat tlieir Excys. have 
order'd hither will make aU easy. "Twcxild have been impos- 
sible to have attended those Services wdl without them. 

I am. Sir, 
Yr. most humble and obedient Servant, 


EdtRburgh, July 4, 1719. 
. Charles Ddafiiy e, Esqr. 


No. 68. 

{Home Office Papers^ Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 63) 

Edexbuegh, July 7, 1719. 

Sir, — On Sunday night late I rec'd your favour of the 2, 
with the Lords Justices orders to keep the Spanish Prisoners 
here, and to let them have money on the chief Officers bill if 
he shall desire itt nott exceeding their Pay. 

Their Excys. do me great hon. in lea\'ing to my discretion 
the making dispositions for preventing Robbery^s, Seizing 
Rebells, and disarming the Highlanders; I wiU certainly do 
my best for all three, butt the 2 latter will require much 
better Judsrement than mine to make them effectuall. Att 
the first confirmation of the Rebells being beaten and dispers't 
I desir'd a meeting of the lord Justice Clerk, Mr. Dundass,^ the 
Kings Sollicitor, Brigadier Preston, and my self, to consult 
what measures could be taken to forward his Majesty ""s Service 
and the Security of his Government, perticularly in the above 
points ; and if anything could be done immediately att that 
Juncture ; accordingly they all came to my house, but we could 
nott forme any scheme that would answere those ends. It is 
impossible to catch any Rebell Highlanders with Party's of 
Regular Troops, and any sort of orders from the Civill or 
Mihtary here to bring in their Armes would signify nothing. 
Such orders by proclamation or othen^ise must come from 
those who have Power to promise that all Common People 
who will bring in their armes by a day prefixt and retume 
home to live peaceably shall nott be molested ; and for the 
others who pay nott obedience to that order, their houses shall 
be bum't and their stocks taken away; which last may be 
putt in execution in the Winter, butt in this season they are 
on the mountains with their Cattle, and will be able easily to 
avoid any Parties of the Troops that might be sent to take 
them or their Cattle. 

Whatever orders the Lords Justices are pleas'*d to send me 

^ Robert Dundas of Amiston, who was raised to the Bench as Lord Amiston 
in 1737, and in 1748 succeeded Duncan Forbes of Culloden as Lord President. 


I will putt them in execution, and use my best endeavours to 
make them answere the purposes they are designed for. 
I am. Sir, Yr. most humble and obedient Servant, 

Charles Delafaye, Esq. 

No. 69. 

{Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 65) 

Sir, — Being indisposed, and the London post coming in late 
on Saturday, I could not that night answer your favour of the 
14th. 1 never thought of proposeing a Generall Indemnity, 
but only a promise to such persons as would bring in their 
arms, take the oaths, and promise to live peaceably at their habi- 
tations, that they should not be molested ; and for others who 
do not submitt to that order, and lay hold on such ane advantage, 
that their houses and corn should be burnt, and their stocks 
taken. None of these common people have power to cause 
bring in more than their own arms. The heads of the Clans 
and chieftans only can oblige others to it. In a letter I had 
the honour to write to the Duke of Roxburgh^ of the ^^ instant, 
I took the liberty to mention my opinion that 'twould be 
impossible to get the arms from the Rebells and Highlanders 
without ane act of parliament to make it Fellony for any person 
to have in his house or possession any fire arms, or even swords, 
except such as shall be licenced to have them, and that the 
parishes in which any arms are found shall be fin'd in a good 
sum to be levied on them. All which is most humbly submitted. 
Collonel Monro, at my desire, came yesterday to me, and I 
offered him such partys as he would require for the security of 
his and other good subjects tennents in those parts. He told me 
he had not lately heard of any Cattle taken from his tennents, 
but will come to me with the first letters he receives, and what- 
ever he desires shall be comply'd with; as also every other 
order that the Lords justices have been pleased to send me, 

^ John Ker, fifth Earl and first Duke of Roxburghe, Secretary for Scotland 
from 1 716 to 1725. 


tho"* full partys cannot be sent everywhere, till the two Regi- 
ments from New Castle, that are passed here, can arrive at 
Inverness and Elgin. 

I am, Sir, 
Yr. most humble and obedient Servant, 

Edinburgh, July 21^ 1719. 
Charles Delafaye, Esqr. 

No. 70. 

(Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 69) 

Edinburgh, July SS-^", 1719. 
Sir, — By yours of the 23^, I have the Lords Justices order 
to write to Glengarry, which I will do to-morrow morning, 
and their Excellencys shall know his answer, if he sends any. 
I am inform''d he do's not keep at home, which is an ill sign. 
However, I will send my letter to his house, concluding they 
will forward it to him wherever he may be. 

I am, Sir, 
Your most humble and obedient Servant, 

Charles Delafaye, Esqr. 

No. 71. 



(Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 72. Extract) 

Edenburgh, August the 4th, 1719. 
Just now a Leiv* Col. of my acquaintance that arrived last 
night from Glasgow Informs me, that a very honest man, a 


Master of a Ship that came from the Norward to that place, 
saw two or three boats with armed men near the Island of 
Orkneys, and spoke to them, who told him plainly they wanted 
to impress a Ship, But the Master stood on his Defence, so 
that the Boats durst not attempt him, however spieing two 
other ships they made towards them to seize them, in order as 
he Reports to carry off Lord Seaforth and Marshall with 
others for Spain, or where they can make a safe Retreat — 
who had been gone long ago had Seaforth been well of his 

No. 72. 

{Home Office Papers^ Scotland^ Bundle 14, No. 76) 

Sir, — I am concerned at the difficultys to Secure Inverness, 
which in my opinion would be very usefull work, especially 
when **t would cost so little : had I a Commission for the 
constant command here, would lay out that small sum 
myself, and can do no more than represent matters and sub- 
mitt them. 

I send you a Coppy of my letter to Glengary, who not having 
answered it, I must conclude him guilty of the accusation against 
him, and that he absconds. I gave mine to a lawyer in this 
town, who brought Lord Justice Clerk and me our letters from 
Glengary ; he engaged to send it to him. 

I go on Thursday next for Bath, where hope to be soon well, 
and ready for any commands the Lords Justices please to send 
me. — I am. 

Sir, Yo. most humble and Obedient Servant, 


Edenhurgh^ August \Sth^ 1719. 
Charles Delafaye, Esq. 


No. 73. 

{Enclosed in No. 71) 
coppy of a letter from lord carpenter to glengary. 

Edenburgh, July 29th, 1719. 

Sir, — The very good opinion My Lord Justice Clerk and I 
had of you made us backward to beleive any information 
against you, and even after the party had been at your house, 
we concluded you would come hither to justify your conduct, 
but your delaying of it so long looks not well, and the longer 
will be the worse. 

As to your having enemys, you know we are bless'^t with 
laws that do not suffer them to prevaill ; but are very favour- 
able to persons accusM, and every man must be tryed by his 
peers, which is an absolute Security against the malice of our 
enemys : whoever is innocent of what is laid to his charge is 
sure to be clearM. Our laws are so very mild that the guilty 
sometimes escape, but the innocent never suffer. Since the 
first party none has been sent in Search of you, for I expected 
to see you here. But if, in fourteen days from this, you neither 
come here, or write assurances of your coming in few days, all 
dilligence shall be us''d to seize your person, and, as far as the 
law admitts, your estate also, and this is the last notice you are 
to have of it ; therefor hope you will not delay coming to 
clear your reputation, that your friends may without reproach 
or Censure own the good opinion they had of you, and shew 
you freindly civilitys, and that you may enjoy undisturbed 
liberty, which I heartily wish, and am, etc. 

No. 74. 



{Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 78) 

Edenburgh, Sept. 1st, 1719. 
Sir, — I have the favour of yours of the 25th, and am 
extreamly obliged to you for your friendly SoUicitations 


towards obtaining me leave for London, that which might 
proved an Obstacle to my Coming for London is now Removed, 
for the Dutch Brigadier has left this Country near a month, 
and is at New Castle with the Swiss Troops, and as I am 
informed designs soon for London. Therefore I earnestly 
intreat you to move their Excellencies the Lds. Justices to send 
an Order for Brigd*^ Preston to Command here in my Absence. 
I shall wait with impatience your answer, and in the meantime 
shall be Regulating everything for the Kings Service. 

The Spaniards begin to grow very sulky under their Con- 
finem*, and the money advanc't by Ld. Carpenter for subsist- 
ing of them is almost expended (w^^ I have already acquainted 
His Grace of Roxburghe with), and shou'd be glad to know 
what their Excellencies the Lords Justices designe to do with 
them. All things in these parts Remain perfectly quiet. 
I am with great Truth, 
Y^ most humble Serv*, 


P.S. — Inclosed I send you a Gen^ Return of all the Regi- 
ments in North Brittain for the month of July 1719. 





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No. 76. 



{Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 80) 

Edenburgh, Sept. 17"^", 1719. 
Sir, — I have the favour of yours of the 10*^ Instant, and 
wrote to His Grace of Roxburghe last post what will prevent 
my setting out untill the 28^^, or thereabouts. Since which I 
have had the Commanding Officers of the Spaniards with me, 
and told them the substance of your letter directed to Brigadr. 
Preston, by order of their Excellencies the Lds. Justices, withall 
that they ought to be sensible the Governmt. had treated 
them with great humanity, which they all acknowledged with 
many thanks. I also told the Commanding Officers that they 
were to give their Bond for the expences the King has been 
at as well on Acco* of those taken at Castle Donan for their 
Subsistance and Transportation. As for what subsistance those 
taken at Castle Donan have had they were willing to give 
their Bond, but for the charge of Transportation, they said 
they durst not by no means to do it, for that their master 
wou'd certainly Punish them very severely to pretend to Signe 
any expence of that kind, being not accustonaed to any such 
thing, and it wou'd look as if they were impatient of their 
sufferings, and brought an unnecessary charge on their King. 
I also acquainted His Grace of Roxburghe that Brigad"" Preston 
was by no means capable to gett credit for the money you 
wrote to him by their Excellencies orders to advance for the 
Spaniards, without ordering him to draw Bills for it, he being 
now out of Pockett a considerable sume for the Governments 
Service which he is threatened to be sued for, — therefore I 
hope you will communicate this to their Excellencies the Lds. 
Justices, that Directions be given as to this, and likewise to 
the Spaniards giving their Bond for Transportation, either to 
me or Brigad"^ Preston in my absence. I have advanc't the 
Spaniards fifty Pounds to Subsist them, and keep their men 
from starving, and have drawn my Bill on Ld. Lincoln ^ (the 

^ Henry Clinton, seventh Earl of Lincoln, was Paymaster-General of the 
Forces from 1715 to 1720. 


money which Ld. Carpenter advanc't them being all ex- 

I am with great Truth, and Sincerity, 

Yo. most obliged humble Serv*, 


Honble. Chas. Delafaye, Esqre. 

No. 77. 

{Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 79) 

Bath, Sept. 12, 1719. 

Sir, — By the last post I rec"'d here the enclosed from Glen- 
gary, in answere to that I writt to him of the 29 of July, by 
order of the Lords Justices, of which I sent you a Coppy. 

I had also a letter by last post from the Earl of Ffindlater,^ 
with the enclosed paper of Intelligence, and another from Glen- 
bucket, which I send you. I had desired he would write to me 
hither, and tho' I find he has a ffriendship for Glengary, yett 
have a very good opinion of his gratitude and duty to His 
Majesty. He is cheif Chamberlain to the Duke of Gordon, 
and has very great power with all the Dukes ffollowers and 
Tenants ; he came to me soon after I gott to Edenburgh, and 
offered his Service, assuring me he had taken such care that 
nott one of the Dukes People would joyn or in any manner 
assist the Rebells, which wee found to be true ; he will con- 
stantly lett me know every thing materiall from the Highlands, 
and being a Protestant, I have great confidence in him ; I 
write to him to encourage his Correspondance, and if he sends 
me any intelligence of consequence, will enclose it to you to 

lay before their Ex*'^^. 

I am. 

Yr. most humble Servant, 

Charles Delafaye, Esq. 

^ James Ogilvy, fourth Earl of Findlater, who was Chancellor of vScotland at 
the Union, and who, when the Scots Parliament rose for the last time, made 
the famous remark : 'There 's the end of an auld sang ! ' 


No. 78. 

{Enclosed in No. 77) 

Invergarry, Aug. 24, 1719. 

My Lord, — As I had the honour to informe your Ldp for- 
merly of my being upon the road to waite upon your Lop, and 
my Lord Justice Gierke, being advertised of a partie searching 
for me, I did returne instantly, having abundantly suffered 
imprisonments, though most innocent several tyms. 

And it is most certaine, as your Lp. very well observes, that 
our laws are good and our King most clement and just, yet ye 
subjects does suffer both in person and means frequently, not- 
withstanding of which, be the being keept in gaole in Nth. 
Britain by the ruling power of a partie or a great man, and 
this, my Lord, and not any feare of guilte, and ye dying 
circumstances of my wife these many bypast months does 
impede me ; alsoe your Lp. will be pleased to consider what 
ane hard task it is to any persone to vindicate their conduct or 
reputation, whereas they do not know what they are accused 
of, and I humbly begged of your Ldp. to be pleased to acquaint 
me whereby I might candidly and sincerely impart to your 
Lp. the trew matter of fact, there being some reasons I can- 
not well appear in that place without danger of imprisonment 
and inconvenience, for it seems their informing your Lp. 
designs the danger of my libertie in that manner, for your 
Lp. may easily perceive by what they suggest my innocence, 
being neither in armes or assisting to them with men by my 
self or others, though some of them might be with them, and 
yet I contributed to keep the peace in adjacent places, and 
hindred others from joyning of them, and assisted by my 
tenants to further and advance the Barrack of Kilichumen,^ 
and anie intelligence one other thing demanded of me (except- 
ing going to prison) was cheerfully obeyed ; and I presume to 
assure your Lp. that none honours your Lps. merite and person 

^ The barrack at Fort Augustus was built in 1716. 


or would be more obsequious to your commands than I should 

be, but what I have humbly represented to your Lp. will, I 

hope, excuse me and putt a stope to all trouble of yr forces 

to make search for me; being on the west coast your Lp/s 

letter did not come to my hand but last night, otherwise an 

answer would be returned to your Lp. sooner be, 

My Lord, 

Your Lo. most obliged, most obedient, and most humble 


Alex. McDonnell. 

No. 79. 



{Enclosed in No. 77) 

The earl of ffindlaters letter in which this was enclosed 

bears date the 24 of aug. 

My Lord, — The week before last the attainted Lords and the 
Chiefs of the Clans hade a meeting in Knoidart in Glengary's 
country, where he went himself in disguise to concert measures 
for a new Rebellion. They hade no men with them but a 
hundred which Seaforth brought with him and a hundred of 
Clan Ronalds men which Tilliebardine hade with him, which 
they called their Guards. They give out for the reason 
of their meeting that some great man has come lately from 
the Southward to them with fresh assurances of a landing in 
England very soon. Whatever is in it, it is certain that they 
are very uppish just now, and that they have sent messages to 
severall people to be ready to join them, or to expect very 
bad usage. 

No. 80. 


{Enclosed in No. 77) 

Letter from Glenbuckett to Lord Carpenter, who lives near 


My Lord, — I had the honour of your Lops, last post, qrby 


I am sorie to understand your healt obliges to goe to y® Bath, 
but I hope and heartily wish speedie recoverie. 

As to ane meeting of the Rebells in Glengarie his intrest (?) 
your Losp. was justly informed, but not to y® numbers. I cane 
assure ther were not above six or seaven Gentlemen (and that 
of attented), with no doubt a few servants, Seaforth and Tilli- 
bardine being two of the number. The place of meeting was 
not within twentie milles of Glengarie's house, but it appears 
he still laboures under y® misfortune to be misrepresented, tho 
I cannot omit to informe your Losp that about later end of 
Jully or beginning augst Glengarie had certain accounts that 
some gentlemen had gone North and were askeing after Tilli- 
bardin, Seaforth, and others of the Rebells with letters and 
intelligence to them, and being certainly informed they had 
gone into Knodard he gave his bro""^ orders to apprehend them 
and send y™ to Inverlochie to Sir Robert polloch, wh. order 
his bro"*^ put to executione and sent two gentlemen prisoners, 
but unluckilie were retaken by on M^Griger of Downan wdthin 
six mills of the Garissone; this I had yesterday frome ane 
good auther, and that Sir Robert pollock had sent his thanks, 
tho y® thing miscarried inclination was good. As I took leave 
by my last to acquant your Losp that these misfortunat people 
wants not incouragement, I continoue to assure your Losp so, 
tho I must own that its slyghtly grounded, and I take it to 
be aither from a set of people that wants to have y^ Gover- 
ment at expenss to keep a great many troops on foot, or y® 
distructione of so many people that will be deluded and so 
blynded that they cannot or at least will not see. I know 
notwithstanding they are endeavouring to get abroad, wch 
against next post I believe I shall give your Losp. more 
particullar accounts of, and shall always beg y^ honor of 
your Losp commands, and sincerlie continoue. 

My Lord, 
Your Losp. most humble, obedient, 
and obliged servant, 

J. Gordon. 
Gordon hall, 29 augst. 1719. 


No. 81. 

{Home Office Papers^ Scotland, Bundle 1 4, No. 87) 

Bath, Sept. 19, 1719. 

Sir, — I have recM your ffavour of the 15^^ and wish I had 
sent you the Earl of Findlaters letter to me, which I shew'd 
here to the Duke of Kingstone,^ and having answered itt I 
burn't itt. There was no assurances that the Intelligence was 
true, only that he had it from a good hand, and had sent me 
an exact Coppy of that part of the letter to him, for my 
acquainting the Lords Justices of itt if I thought proper. 

His LoP living so farr north may probably have always 
good intelligence, and wee corresponded while I was in North 

If you please to write to him, may direct to his seat, Cullen 
house, in the Shire of Bamf. 

Having no pain, only a great stiffness in the lower part of 

my back, of which I can yett onely think I am better, however 

if any disturbance should offer in Scotland, whether I recover 

or nott, will go strait thither from hence if the Lords Justices 

think I can be usefull there for his Majesty's Service. 

I am. 


Yr most humble and obedient Servant, 

Charles Delafaye, Esqre. 

No. 82. 



{Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14,iVo. 82) 

Edenburgh, Sept. 29'^". 
Sir, — I have the honour of yours of the 22*^ instant signifying 
their Excellencies the Lds. Justices Directions that so much 

^ Evelyn Pierrepoint, first Duke of Kingston, Lord President of the Council, 


money shou'd be advanc'd the Spanish prisoners as shou'd not 
exceed the amount of their Pay, and that you have since 
Received their Excellencies Pleasure to write to the Lds. of the 
Treasury, that the Paymaster-General of His Majesties forces 
may enable me or the Commanding Officers of the Forces in 
this Country to Comply with these directions by answering our 
bills. Accordingly I have enclosed an Acco* of what is due to 
the Spanish Prisoners to the 1^* of next month which will be 
drawn for, and what I hope will be sufficient for them to pay 
all their debts, and imbarke them on board the ship when it 

I am also favoured with two more of yours, both dated the 
24*^, the one signifying that the Lds. Justices thought it strange 
the Commanding Officer should make a Scruple of being bound 
for the Repaym^t of their Transportation, and that their Ex- 
cellencies did not think of altering their Order of sending the 
Spaniards away, directing me at the same time to detain the 
Commander of the Spaniards as an Hostage for the Repaymn* 
of the expences. Brigad'^ Preston being just come to Town I 
sent for him as also the Commander of the Spaniards and in- 
formed him of the Lds. Justices Commands, and he returned 
his answer as before, that he cou'd not Submitt, and be content 
rather to remain a Prisoner as a Hostage, for he cou^d by no 
means answer Complying in giving a bond for any charge of 
Transportation, But only for that money he had or shouM 
Receive on Acco* of Subsisting the Spaniards. Brigad"^ Preston 
hearing all that past intends to follow their Excellencies orders 
in every Point, only Desires their farther Orders as to the 
Colonel who is now a Prisoner on Parole, and in Case he per- 
sists in not Complying to Signe a Bond for the Charge of 
Embarkation, whither he must Confine the Colonel closer 
Prisoner or Continue him as he is. Your other letter of the 
^¥^ tells me their Excellencies y^ Lds. Justices being informed 
of the Order I sent to Huffiells Regiment to march from their 
Quarters at Coldstream and Kelso, to Dalkeith and Preston 
Panns, they are pleased to direct that the said Regim* of 
Huffels shou'd not be removed so near Edenburgh ; as to this 
I beg leave to inform their Excellencies it cannot be well 
avoided removing their Quarters, because Col. Campbells Regim* 


has laid up all their winter Stores of Forrage in the Quarters 
Huffells Regim* now lyes in, and it draws near the time they 
take up their horses from Grass, and they were only quartered 
where they now are for that time, beleiving they might march 
more to the South before the Dragoons wou'd have occassion 
to Return, and there is no place near the Borders capable of 
Quartering them But Dalkeith and Preston Panns which is 
much the best Quarters in Scotland, except they were ordered 
to England — this I desire you will please to Communicate to 
the Lds. Justices, and Direct your next to Brigad^ Preston, who 
gives his humble Service to you, I intending to Sett out in two 
or three days for London. — I am with great truth, 

Sir, Your most humble Servant, 


No. 83. 



{Enclosed in No. 82) 

To the Collonel p. diem . . £0 10 9i 
To five Captains at £0. 3. lOf each 

p. diem . . . . ig'O 19 5J 

To five Lieuts. at £0. 2. 9J each 

p.D« .^0 13 lOi 

To Six Ensigns at c^O. 2. 2 each 

p. D« i?0 13 

To Eleven Sergeants at 5Jd each 

p. D« ^0 5 OJ 

To Eighteen Corporalls at 4d each 

p. D« £0 Q 

To Six Drums at 3fd each p. D° . ^0 1 10 
To 221 Soldiers at 3d each p. D° . ^2 15 3 
To 273, being the number of the 

above persons for bread at IJd 

to each p. diem is . , . £\ 14 IJ 

<=^7 19 4i 


To Ditto officers, Sergeants, Corporalls, Drums, 
and private soldiers 110 days mere Subsistence 
as above from the 12th June to the 30th Sep- 
tember 1719 at ^7 19 4J p. Diem . .^^876 8 2J 


July 28 By Don Nicolas de Bolano y Castro, his 
bill on the Marquis de Berreti Landi 
payable to Lord Carpenter of this date. 200 

Augst 19 By D° Don Nicolas's bill on D° Mar- 
quis payable to Do Lord Carpenter of 
this date 200 









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No. 85. 

{Home Office Papers, Scotland, Bundle 14, No. 84) 

Sir, — I was in the Country when I receiv'd your favour of 
the 13th instant, in which you signify'd to me their Ex^^^ the 
Lords Justices pleasure, that I should accept of the Spanish 
CoUonePs bill on the Marquis de Beretti Landi, specifying not 
only the Sum for which he draws, but the use for which the 
sum was advanced, which if he refuses to do, or to give some 
other note or acknowledgement by which it may appear that 
such sums have been advanced to him for the Subsistance of 
himself and the other Spanish Prisoners, I shall according to 
directions allow no more money to be laid out upon them, and 
shall order them to be confined in closs prison on bread and 
water. But I hope the Collonel shall comply with their Excys. 
indulgent temper. 

S"", my letter from the transport office of the same date 
informs me, that the Ship to carry the said Prisoners saiPd 
from the River of Thames the 9th instant, but she is not yet 
come to Leith. I am with great truth, 


Your most obedient humble Servant, 

J. Preston. 

Edenburgh, October 2M, 1719. 
Charles Delafaye, Esqr. 


No. 86. 

{Episcopal Chest, Edinburgh) 

HoNBLE. Sir, — I have a letter from ye Bp. of E.^ of ye 27*^ 
Octor., in wch he gives his humble Service to you, acknouledges 
ye receit of yours with yt from M*^ C[ollie]r, expresses a due 
concern for your ill health, with his best wishes for your re- 
covery, and yt we may live to see better days. 

• • • • 

His Lop. had ye good nature in stead of news to write me of 
ye Spanish Prisoners as follows, they were embarqued yt day 
for Sp. They were surprised with ye temperateness and kindly- 
ness of our air at this season, and much more at ye gt heat of 
ye long sumer. Their Comander in chief told him, yt our 
weather would have been reckon''d hot even in Spain, and yt on 
June 4*^ as they march'd through a Glen, one of ye strongest 
and healthiest of their men, suffocated with ye heat, dropt down 
dead, and never recover'd. They left this place highly satisfy'd 
wt the dispositions of our people, wheresoever they came, and 
the civilities they met with, and I cannot say but they deserved 
y™, for they were exceeding mannerly, inoffensive and pleasant. 

^ James Gadderar, Bishop of Aberdeen from 1724 to 1733, was originally 
minister of Kilmaurs, Ayrshire. His friend and correspondent, Bishop Camp- 
bell, was a son of Lord Neil Campbell, second son of Archibald, eighth Earl 
and first Marquis of Argyll. He was Gadderar's predecessor in the See of 
Aberdeen from 1721 to 1724. See Russel's edition of Keith's Catalogue of 
Scottish Bishops y Appendix, pp. 530-532. 

I am indebted for this letter to the courtesy of Dr. Dowden, the present Bishop 
of Edinburgh. Bishop Dowden writes : ' It is curious that Bishop Campbell, 
afterwards so pronounced a Jacobite, had been involved in Argyll's rebellion of 
1685. Dr. Samuel Johnson said, "He afterwards kept better company and became 
a Tory " {Q,xqVq.x\ Bo swell, vol. v. pp. icx), loi, where other particulars will be 
found). He died June 16, 1744. His book, in folio, on the Middle State 
(1721), shows much learning, and is still sought after and fetches a high price.' 

^ Alexander Rose, son of Alexander Rose, Bishop of Moray, one of the Roses 
of Kilravock, was Bishop of Edinburgh from 1687 to 1720. — Keith's Catalogue, 
p. 64. 


without stiffness or affectation, very unlike ye character corn- 
only given of Sp — . One very coinendable quality must not be 
forgot, gt temperance both in eating and drinking. ... I 
ever am, 

Honble. Sir, 

Your most humble, 

obliged & affec^nate Serv*, 
Lond., Novr. 1th, 1719. Ja. Gadderar. 

Pray excuse the courseness 
of the paper which I had in 
the Coffee house. Vale. 


Abercrombie, captain, wounded at 
Glenshiel, 277. 

Aderhanon, liii n. 

Alberoni, cardinal, xxii, xxiv, xxvi, 
xxxiv, xxxv, xxxviii, Iv and n, Iviii 
and n ; sketch of his career, xxiv ; 
supports a scheme for a Swedish 
invasion of Scotland in 17 16- 17, 
xxii ; refuses to recall Spanish forces 
from imperial territory, xxv ; re- 
solves to assist a Jacobite invasion 
of England, xxvi ; welcomes Or- 
monde to Spain, xxviii, 7, 8 ; agrees 
to provide men and war material for 
the landing in England, xxix, 15 ; 
invites James Stuart to Madrid, xxix, 
xxxi, 17; conspires against the Re- 
gent Orleans, XXX ; promises men and 
arms for the expedition of the earl 
Marischal, xxxv ; his opinion of ad- 
miral Cammock, 250, 253 ; his inten- 
tions known in England, xxxviii and 
n, 224 ; refuses to support the earl 
Marischal's forces in Scotland, Iv, 
125 ; his fall from power, and 
death, Ivii, Iviii and n ; letters from, 
to Ormonde, 219, 222 ; letters from, 
to James, 240, 246, 250, 253, 255, 
257, 258 ; letter to, from James, 
261 ; letters to, from Ormonde, 4, 
5, 10, 12, 14, 18, 22-24, 26, 29, 
31, 34, 38, 41, 44, 47, 49, 52, 58, 
60, 61, 68, 80, 85, 92, 97, 100, 103, 
106, III, 113-115, 117, 126, 129, 
132, 137, 140, 143, 149, 157, 158, 
163, 165, 167, 169, 172, 174, 175. 
179, 181, 182, 184, 188. 

Alcala, xxviii. 

Amerongen's regiment at the battle of 
Glenshiel, 1, lii n. 

Amsterdam, 6 «, 86, 107-109, 117, 
226, 227, 251. 

^Andalusia'' reaches Vigo, 1 13 and n. 

Aquaviva, cardinal, xxvi «, 17 and «, 
20, 201, 227, 251, 262. 

Arnott, Dr., taken prisoner at Glen- 
shiel, 275. 

Arran, Charles Butler, earl of, 51 ^.nd 
n, 123, 195. 

Arthur, lady, 135, 159, 161, 162, 166, 
176; letters to, from Ormonde, 144, 
163, 167. 

Astorga, xxxv. 

Atterbury, Francis, bishop of Roches- 
ter, 193, 225 ; letter to, from 
Ormonde, 171 and n. 

Auch, John of, 271. 

Avignon, xxi, 206. 

Bagenal, George, xxvii, xxx, 12, 

Barcelona, xxv, 69. 

Barkley, captain, 273. 

Bar-le-Duc, xxi and n. 

Bayonne, xxvii. 

Bealach-na-Spainnteach, lii and n. 

Belleisle, marquis de, 233. 

Beretti Landi, marquis de, Spanish 
ambassador in Holland, xxviii, liv, 
114, 117 and n, 293, 295. 

Berkeley, lord, xxxix, xli w, 235. 

Berwick, duke of, Iv, Ivi «, 3 «, 4, 
142, 145, 150, 161, 237. 

Betanzos, 113. 

Bilbao, 27, 33. 

Bolano y Castro, don Nicolas de, com- 
mander of Spanish troops at the 
battle of Glenshiel, 1 ; surrender of, 
liii ; a prisoner in Edinburgh, liv, 

Bolingbroke, viscount, xx and ». 
Bologna, xxxii w, Ivi, 207, 208. 
Borlum. See M'Intosh. 
Bourke, sir Toby, 4 n. 
Boyle, captain, xlvi ; attacks Eilean 

Donan castle, xlvii and n. 
Brandy recommended for Scotland, 

Bremen bishopric, ceded to George i., 




Bristol, 225. 

Brittany, preparations for a Spanish 

expedition to, Iv, 169, 174, 179, 181, 

182, 184. 
Brolas. See MacLean. 
Broun, general, 213. 
Bryerly, Mr., 198. 
Burgos, 45, 128. 

Butler, Ormonde's cousin, 135, 260. 
Byng, admiral sir George, xxv, 19 and 

n, 20, 239 ; defeats the Spanish 

fleet at Cape Passaro, xxvi and n. 

Cadiz, 25 «, 29, 54 and «, 83, 228, 
230, 231 ; preparations at, for 
Ormonde's expedition, xxx, xxxvi 
and n, 22, 23, 92, 226, 227, 229, 
232 ; departure of the fleet, xxxvi 
and tj, 219, 239; its destination, 
xxxviii and «, 83, 229 ; dispersion 
of the vessels, xl, 119, 243, 245, 246. 

Cadogan, earl of, 195, 234. 

Cameron of Lochiel, xlii n, 38 n ; his 
arrival in Scotland, xlvi; joins Tulli- 
bardine, xlviii, 270 ; at the battle of 
Glenshiel, 1, 271. 

Cammock, admiral George, xxxiii, 19 
and n, 20, 30 w, 122 ; Alberoni's 
opinion of, 250, 253 ; letters to, 
from Ormonde, 157, 166. 

Campbell, bishop, letter to, from bishop 
Gadderar, on the conduct of the 
Spanish prisoners in Edinburgh, 
296 and n. 

brigadier, of Ormidale, xlii, xlvi, 

i^n, 16, 38 n, 266, 267, 269; at 
the battle of Glenshiel, 1, 271, 

of Glendaruel, 38 n, xlii-xlv, 38 «, 

54, 58, 62, 86, 94, 271 ; at the 

battle of Glenshiel, 1. 

colonel, 284, 291, 294. 

James, sheriff-depute of Argyll, 

70 n. 
Campo Florido, the prince of, xlii, 

32 ?z, 38, 45, 117, 164; letters to, 

from Ormonde, 33, 35, 36, 40, 43, 

48, 50. 54, 56, iiSj ISO- 
Cape Finisterre, 74, 84, 85, 87, 90, 

Cape Ortegal, 176. 
Cape Passaro, battle of, xxvi and «, 

19 w, 74 n. 
Carpenter, general, lord, 284, 294 ; 

letters from, to Delafaye, 274, 277, 

278, 279, 280, 281, 286, 290; 

letter to, from Glengarry, 287 ; 

letter to, from the earl of Findlater, 

288 ; letter to, from Gordon of 

Glenbucket, 288. 

Castaneta, Antonio de, defeated by 
Byng off Cape Passaro, xxvi and n. 

Castelblanco, count of, xxxv n, 145 
n, 206 ; letter to, from Ormonde, 

Castro, Pedro de, xli. 

Catalonia, 252, 253. 

Cellamare, prince of, Spanish am- 
bassador at Paris, xxvii, xxviii, 
xxx, 4, 5 and «, 16, 23 //, 29, 31, 

34, 35, 47- 
Chacon, M. de, 120 «, 121, 124, 185, 


Chammorel, M. de, 226. 

Charier, a surgeon, loi. 

Charles vi., emperor, xxv, 2, 3, 4, 16, 
17, 193; causes the arrest of the 
princess Clementina, xxvi, 232. 

Charles xii. of Sweden, 6 and n, 7, 
16, 195, 196, 224 ; reasons for his 
animosity tov^^ards George i., xxi ; is 
ready to support an invasion of 
Great Britain, xxix ; death of, xxxi, 
xxxiv, 41, 47. 

Chigi, Mme., 199. 

Chomley's regiment, 284, 294. 

Clancostrum, M. de, agent of Charles 
XII., 54 and «, 55 ; letter to, from 
Ormonde, 154. 

Clanranald. See MacDonald. 

Clayton, colonel, 1, li, 284, 294. 

Clement xi., pope, xxxiii, 233 ; letter 
to, from James, 216. 

Clementina Sobieski, princess, xxiii 
and «, 7, 16 «, 95 and n, 137, 216, 
225, 258 ; arrested at Innspruck by 
order of the emperor, xxvii and n, 2 
and «, 17, 193-195, 197, 198, 232 ; 
her escape, Ivi and «, 253-255 ; 
her marriage to James, Ivi-lvii and 
«, 259 ; letters to, from Ormonde, 
137-138 and «, 152 and w, 186; 
letter from, to Ormonde, 260 ; letter 
from, to the queen of Spain, 263. 

Clotau, M. de, 107, 108. 

Cobham, lord, at Vigo, 165 n. 

Cobler, 195. 

Cockburn, Adam, of Ormiston, lord 
justice-clerk, 278, 281, 282 ; letter 
from, to Delafaye, concerning those 
engaged in the battle of Glenshiel, 
275 and n. 

Cohorn mortars, xlviii and n. 

Colmenero, marshal, governor of Milan 
castle, 212, 213, 214, 233. 

Connock, sir Timon, 57 and n, 58 and 
n, 64, 68, 83, 84, ^6y 113, 114, 139, 
170, 173, 179, 248, 251 ; letter 
from, to James, 252 ; letters to, from 
Ormonde, 62, 82, ^'i^ 116, 129, 133, 



138, 140, 141, 144, 146, 147, 150, 
153, 160, 161, 174, 186. 

Corunna, xxxiv, 29, 54 and n, 55j 5^* 
74, 75, 84, 85, 109, 119. 

Cottier, Mr., 296. 

Crafton, general, xxvii, 4 and n, 5, 35, 
39, 58, 62, 174, 187; letter to, from 
Ormonde, 62. 

Craggs, James, secretary of state, 
letters from, to the earl of Stair, 
234j 237 ; letters to, from the abbe 
Dubois, 223, 224, 227 ; letters to, 
from Stair, 229, 232, 233, 236, 

Crean & Company, bankers in Madrid, 

letter to, from Ormonde, 98. 

Dalkeith, 291, 292. 

Danican, M., 228. 

Davenant, British envoy at Genoa, 
xxxiii, 214, 230, 233. 

Delafaye, Charles, secretary to the 
lords justices, letter to, from Cock- 
burn of Ormiston, 275 and n ; 
letter to, from brigadier Preston, 
295 ; letters to, from general Car- 
penter, 274, 277-279, 280, 281, 286, 
290 ; letters to, from major-general 
Wightman, 276, 280, 282, 285, 290. 

Destouches, M., 226. 

Dicconson, William, 155 and n; 
letters to, from James, 198, 217, 

Dillon, general Arthur, xxxi, xliii, 1 n, 
2, 3, 8, 13, 21, 31, 35, 38, 59, 68, 
86, 162, 163, 166, 167, 170, 176, 
179, 180, 183, 196, 197, 199, 202, 
217, 231, 233, 238, 268 11', letters 
to, from Ormonde, 8, 11, 13 ; letters 
to, from James, 12 it, 48. 

Douglas, Mr., 269. 

Downes, captain, killed at the battle 
of Glenshiel, lii n, liii, 277. 

Drummond, James, lord. See Perth. 

lady Mary, 145 n. 

lord William, 206. 

Dubois, abbe, xxvii, xxx, xxxviii, 231, 
233} 239, 240 ; letters from, to 
secretary Craggs, 223, 224, 227. 

Duffus, lord, 155 n. 

Dundas, Robert, of Arniston, 278 
and n. 

Eas-nan-arm, lii V. 

Echlin, general, letter to, from Or- 
monde, 155 and n. 

Eilean Donan castle, xlvi ; garrisoned 
by Spanish troops, xlvi ; taken by 
captain Boyle, xlvii, 145 and n. 

Elizabeth Farnese, queen of Spain, 

letters from, to James, 218, 242, 

2495 255 ; letter to, from princess 

Clementina, 263. 
Eon, M., director of the Compagnie 

de I'Assiento, 225. 
Erskine (Areskine), Mr., 173. 

James, of Grange, 275 n. 

John. See Mar, earl of. 

Esmonde, captain, 35, 38, 60, 129, 134, 

140-143, 173. 
Estrees, marshal d', 239 ; reports to, 

on the preparations at Cadiz, 228 

and n ; is convinced of the futility 

of the attempt, 230. 
Everard, sir Redmond, 3 n, 4, 35 and 

n, 38, 42, 47, 51, 153 n, 195 ; letter 

to, from Ormonde, 123. 

Ferrol, 71. 

Findlater, earl of, 286 and n, 290 ; 

enclosure from, to general Carpenter, 

on a meeting of Jacobites in Knoy- 

dart, 288. 
Fitzgerald, colonel, 134, 157. 
Fraga, 54, 58. 

Franca Villa, battle of, 149 n. 
Francisco, chevalier, 139, 140, 142. 
Franclieu, marquis de, 2)6; letter to, 

from Ormonde, 144. 
Frederick iv. of Denmark, xxi. 
Frederickshall, siege of, xxxi and n. 
Frioch Corrie, li. 
Fuentarabia, Iv, 139 and n, 254. 

Gadderar, James, bishop of Aber- 
deen, letter from, to bishop Camp- 
bell, on the Spanish prisoners, 296 
and n. 

Gairloch, xlv. 

Gallas, count de, 137 and ;/, 208, 220. 

Galliand, pere, 198. 

Galliegos, 151. 

Gardi, Cesar, banker in Amsterdam, 

Gasqui, captain, 229. 

Gaydon, major, Ivi. 

Geddes, captain, xxxiii n. 

Genes, M. de, 237. 

Genoa, 207, 208. 

George i., 2, 15, 86 n. 

Gillywhining, 270 and n. 

Glenbucket. See Gordon. 

Glendaruel. See Campbell. 

Glengarry. See MacDonell. 

Glenmoriston, 270. 

Glenshellbeg, 270. 

Glenshiel, sources of information re- 
lating to the battle of, xli n ; descrip- 
tion of the battlefield, xlviii ; disposi- 



tion of the forces, 1 ; account of the 
battle of, li-lii and w, 270-273 ; 
list of casualties, lii n ; difficulty of 
obtaining information as to those 
engaged at, 276. 

Gordon, banker in Paris, 233. 

duke of, 286 ; letter to, from 

Ormonde, xxxv, 63. 

general, xlii and n, xliii, 38 w, 54, 

58, 62, 247. 

of Glenbucket, loyalty of, 286 ; 

letter from, to general Carpenter, 
on a meeting of Jacobites in Glen- 
garry, 288. 

William, 265. 

Gortz, baron, minister to Charles xii., 
xxii, 6 and n, 47, 53, 221 ; his trial 
and execution, xxxi and n. 

Gozzani, M., 107, 227. 

Gualterio, cardinal, 266. 

Guevarra, don Balthasar de, admiral of 
the Cadiz fleet, xxxvi, 74 and n, 75, 
76, 77, 90, 243, 244, 248 ; letter to, 
from Ormonde, 75 ; dispersion of 
his fleet, xl, in, 119, 243, 245, 

Gyllenborg, count, Swedish minister 
at London, xxii, xxiii n, 6 and «. 

Hamburg, 227. 

Hamilton, rev. Ezekiel, 17 w, 18, 33, 
38, 40, 45, 47, 48, 5i» 54, 88, 97, 
loi, 113, 123, 134, 151, 152; letters 
to, from Ormonde, 50, 54. 

Hardy's squadron, no. 

Harrison's regiment, 1, li, 284, 294. 

Hay, John, of Cromlix, i n, 259 n ; 
letters to, from Ormonde, 152 and 
n, 160, 186. 

Healy, sir John, 58 and «, 72-74, 77, 
80-81 and n, 127, 153, 159, 162, 
174, 175 ; letters to, from Ormonde, 
118, 121, 124, 125, 128, 177. 

Heighington, captain, lii «. 

Hesse, the prince of, 53, 77 and n. 

Hochkirchen, battle of, lix, 9 n. 

Holland, 58, 62, 77, 251. 

Holstein, xxi. 

duke of, 221. 

Hossack, provost, of Inverness, lii n. 

Huesca, 186. 

Huffel's Dutch regiment, 291 ; at the 
battle of Glenshiel, 1, lii n. 

Hungary water, 131. 

Innspruck, detention of princess 
Clementina at, xxviiand n, Ivi, 199, 
201, 205. 

Inverness, xliv, xlvi, xlviii, 281. 

Jerningham, Mr., xxiii, 194, 195, 

Jolly, Mr., 160, 166, 267. 
Jones, Mr., 118, 121, 125. 
Jordan, captain, 244. 
Joyce, Mr., 127, 129, 134, 138, 144; 

letters to, from Ormonde, 135, 141. 

Kaiserslautern, siege of, i n. 

Kays, commander of ship, 120. 

Keith, George. See Marischal, earl. 

James, xlviii and n, 9 and «, 13 

n, ig n ; his journey to Spain, xxxiv 
and n ; warns the Jacobites abroad 
of the intended expedition to Scot- 
land, xlii ; joins the earl Marischal 
in the island of Lewis, xliv ; his 
subsequent career, lix. 

Kelly, 130, 133, 142, 145, 150. 

Kennedy, David, secretary to the duke 
of Ormonde, 35, 36, 38, 1 17, 153, 
159, 160, 267. 

Kilichumen (Fort Augustus), building 
of barrack at, 287 and n. 

Kingston, duke of, 290 and n. 

Knoydart, meeting of Jacobites in, 

Lambert, Robert, 45, 184. 

La Val, comte de, 233. 

Lawless, sir Patrick, sent on a mission 
to Sweden to negotiate for an alliance 
with Spain, xxviii, 15, 17, 23, 27, 
31, 38, 42, 47, 60, 86, 87, 108, 126, 
165, 221, 224, 227, 247 ; at Am- 
sterdam, 251. 

Lawrence, lieutenant-colonel, 1. 

Lede, marquis de, xxvi, 149 n. 

Le Franc, M., 149, 150, 262, 264. 

Leghorn, arrival of James at, 185-188. 

Lesley, Mr., 31, 40, 48, 54, 97, 162. 

' Letter from a gentleman at R{ome) to 
afrietid at L{ondon),^ 21 n. 

* Lidcoat, Mr.,'l and n, li, 270-272. 

Lincoln, earl of, 285 and n. 

Liria, duke of, xxxv, 39 and «, 48 « ; 
letters to, from Ormonde, 53, 130. 

Loch Alsh, xlv, xlvi. 

Loch Clunie, xlix and n, 270. 

Loch Duich, xlvii, xlviii, xlix. 

Loch Kishorn, xlvi. 

Loch nan Corr, xlvii n. 

Lockhart of Carnwath, xlv n. 

Louis XIV., death of, xxi. 

Loya, don Bias de, 183 ; letter to, 
from Ormonde, 185 and n. 

Lubeck, 251. 

Macartney's regiment, 284, 294. 
MacDonald of Keppoch, 38 n. 



MacDonald, Donald, of Benbecula, letter 
tOjfrom Ormonde, invitinghissupport 
to Jacobite attempt, xxxv, 70 and n. 

Ranald, of Clanranald, xlii w, 

xlvi, ']in. 

MacDonell, Alastair Dubh, of Glen- 
garry, xxxv, 1 n^ 280 ; general Car- 
penter suspects the loyalty of, 280, 
281 ; letter of warning to, from Car- 
penter, 282; letterfrom,to Carpenter, 
in vindication of his conduct, 287 ; 
attends a Jacobite meeting in Knoy- 
dart, 288 ; his good intentions, 289 ; 
letter to, from Ormonde, 69 and n. 

Mr., 41, 58, 69, 80, 85, 119, 


M'Dougall, the laird of, at the battle 
of Glenshiel, 271. 

of Lorn, 38 n. 

MacGregor, Robert, * Rob Roy,' at 
the battle of Glenshiel, xlviii, 1, li, 

M'Griger, of Downan, rescues two 
Jacobite prisoners, 289. 

M'Intosh, brigadier, of Borlum, at 
Glenshiel, 1, 271. 

major, at the battle of Glenshiel, 


Mackay, ensign, 1. 

M'Kenzie of Avoch, 38 n. 

sir John, of Coul, at the battle 

of Glenshiel, 1, li, 271, 272. 

M'Kinnon, the laird of, at the battle 
of Glenshiel, 1, 270-272. 

Maclaine, colonel, xx. 

MacLean, Donald, of Brolas, letter to, 
from Ormonde, xxxv, 70 and n. 

M'Mahon, Forman, letter from, to 
James, \\ n. 

M'Pherson, Mr., 121, 129. 

Magny, marquis de, 129 and «, 
172, 174, 176, 179, 194. 

Maine, due du, xxx. 

duchesse du, xxx. 

Mantua, 208. 

■[yjar, countess of, 2 7z, 3, 21, 195, 196, 
203, 206. 

John Erskine, earl of, xx, xxiii, 

xxxi «, xxxii «, I «, 21 w, 102, 180, 
197, 199, 239, 251, 264, 266, 267 ; 
arrested at Voghera, xxxiii and «, 
206-216, 220, 233 ; letter from, to 
Ormonde, 202 ; letter from, to the 
earl Marischal on the imprisonment 
of the princess Clementina, 204 ; 
letter from, to lord Panmure giving 
an account of his arrest at Voghera, 
and imprisonment at Milan, 206- 
216 ; letter to, from Tullibardine, 
269 ; letters to, from Ormonde, 2 

and «, 21 and «, 87 and w, 194, 

Mari, rear-admiral, xxvi. 

Marischal, George Keith, loth earl, 
13 n, 38, 54, 58, 60, 63, 68, 70 
and n, 86, 87, 94, 97, loi, 107, 
108, 114, 116, 153, 159, 220,247, 
267 ; selected as leader of the ex- 
pedition to Scotland, xxix, 47 ; 
leaves Paris for Madrid, 35 ; his 
journey to Spain, xxxiv and « ; 
sails with the expedition for Scot- 
land, xxxv and n, xli, 239, 240; 
in the island of Lewis, xliv ; at the 
battle of Glenshiel, 1, 271, 273 ; 
escapes to the Continent, liv and w, 
280 ; his subsequent career, Iviii ; 
letter to, from Mar, 204 ; letters to, 
from Ormonde, 9 and «, 69, 119, 120. 

Marseilles, report from, on the pre- 
parations at Cadiz, 228. 

Mary of Modena, death of, xxiv. 

Mathews, Toby, 50, 51, 54, 55, 117; 
letter to, from Ormonde, 51. 

Matillion, M. de, 68, 256. 

Meagher, John, 107, 108, 114, 116, 
127, 130, 131, 133, 138, 150. 

Mecklenburg, affairs of, 103 and n. 

Melfort, duchess of, 206. 

Menzies, Mr., 159. 

Mercy, count, 149 n. 

Messina, 228 ; taken by Spaniards, 
xxvi, 187 and n^ 196. 

Milan, detention of Mar and Perth 
at, xxxiii, 208, 210, 21 1, 224, 231, 

Milburn, major, 1. 
Misset, captain, Ivi. 
Modena, 208. 
Monro, colonel, 279. 
Montagu's regiment, li, Hi «, 284, 

Montefiascone, marriage of James at, 

Ivii and n. 
Monteleone, Spanish ambassador at 

London, recall of, xxvi. 
Moor, captain, lii n. 
Morgan, captain, 54 «, 55, 141, 142, 

146, 162 ; letter to, from Ormonde, 

Munro, captain George, of Culcairn, 

li and «, lii «. 
Muras, 1 10, ill. 
Murray, lord George, xlviii-li, liii, 38, 

270, 271. 
the hon. James, Ivi, 15 «, 17, 21, 

I9S> 196, 199, 262, 265 ; letter to, 

from Ormonde, 151. 
Marjory, daughter of lord Stor- 

mont, 152 n. 



Navarre, i6. 

Nettuno, xxxiii. 

Norris, sir John, xxxix, 235. 

Norway, 6. 

Nugent, Mr., 89, 194. 

O'Brien, Daniel, xxiii, 131, 221. 

Oglethorpe, Fanny, 11 n. 

Mr., 159, 267. 

Ormonde, duchess of, 6 n, 7, 194, 199. 

James Butler, 2nd duke of, his 

early career and character, xix, xx 
and n; mission tc Sweden andRussia, 
xxiii ; threatened with arrest in 
France, xxiv ; invited to Spain, 
xxvii ; interviews with Alberoni at 
Madrid, xxviii, xxix, 5-8, 15-17 5 
intrusted with command of expedi- 
tion against England, xxix ; goes to 
Valladolid, xxx ; invites the earl 
Marischal to Spain, xxxiv, 9, 13, 35, 
47 ; meets him at Astorga, xxxv, 
61 ; goes to Corunna and awaits fleet 
there, xxxv, 54, 55, 78, et seq. ; 
reward offered in England for his 
arrest, xxxix ; receives James at 
Corunna, 113; leaves Corunna, 
118; employed in expedition against 
Brittany, Iv, 168, 173, 174, 177, et 
seq. ; his later years, Iviii and n. 

O'Toole, captain, Ivi. 

Owen, colonel, xxvii, 96 and «, 97, 
174; memorial from, 142; letter to, 
from Ormonde, 125. 
Oxford, lord, 225, 230. 

Palamos, xxxiv. 

Palermo taken by Spaniards, xxvi. 
Pampeluna, 23, 150, 162, 254. 
Panmure, lord, letter to, from Mar, 

giving an account of his arrest and 

imprisonment at Voghera, 206. 
Parker, lord chancellor, 86 n. 
Parliamentary debate on Spanish 

affairs, 10 and n, 
Parma, 208. 
Paterson, sir Hugh, letter to, from 

James, Ivii. 
Patino, don Jose de, 133, 142, 157, 

187, 227, 250, 252. 
Pavia, 211. 
Payton, 195. 
Penterridter, M., 235. 
Perth, duke of, 102, 172-174, 239, 251, 

268 ; arrested at Voghera, xxxiii 

and w, 206-216, 233 ; letter to, from 

Ormonde, 167 and n. 
Petite, captain, 170. 
Philip V. of Spain, xxi, xxxvi, 86, 107, 

109, 183, 199, 200 ; letters from, to 
James, 218, 248, 254, 257 ; letters 
to, from James, 257, 263. 

Philip, duke of Orleans, 2, 3 «, 4, 6, 62, 
129 n, 143, 170, 205, 220, 231, 
236, 240 ; his reasons for desir- 
ing the friendship of England, xxi ; 
offers military aid in the event of a 
Spanish invasion, xxxviii and «, 
xxxix, 229, 232, 233, 235, 238 ; dis- 
covery of a conspiracy against his 
person, xxx, 23 and n. 

Piacenza, 208, 215. 

Pierrepoint, lady Frances. See Mar, 
countess of. 

Pio, prince, of Savoy, xxxiv n. 

Polignac, cardinal, xxx. 

Pollock, sir Robert, 289. 

Pontevedra, 89, 95, 97, 165 n. 

Portocarrero, don Vincente, xxx. 

Port Mahon, xxvi, 82, 83. 

Port Passage, xxxv, xli, 237, 238 ; the 
arsenal destroyed by the French, Iv, 
124 w, 127. 

Power, Mr., 131. 

Prado, marquis de, loi. 

Preston, brigadier, 278, 283, 285, 291, 
292 ; letter from, to Delafaye, on 
the repayment of expenses incurred 
by the Spanish prisoners, 295. 

Preston Pans, 291, 292. 

Price, M., Swedish resident in 
Holland, 6. 

Prie, marquis de, 235. 

Prior, Matthew, 225. 

Raventlau, count of, 221. 

Reading, lieut. -colonel, 1. 

Redmond, sir Peter, 7, 8, and n, 20,25, 
28, 30; letters to, from Ormonde, 
122, 136. 

Redondela, 119, 165 n. 

Regiments in Scotland in July 17 19, 
284 ; in September, 294. 

Reports on the dispersion of the 
Spanish fleet, 243, 245, 246. 

Risbourg, marquis de, viceroy of 
Galicia, xxxv, 63 n, 66, 68, 69, 76, 
85, 87, 93, 94, 102, 107-111, 113, 
121, 124, 125, 128, 222, 223, 246, 
250 ; letters to, from Ormonde, 64, 
65. 71-74, 77, 79, 81-83, 88, 121, 
124, 127, 130, 131, 133, 134, 138, 
148, 156. 

Rocca, count, xxxvii n. 

Rosas, James lands at, xxxvi, 86, 1 19, 
219, 239. 

Rose, Alexander, bishop of Edinburgh, 
296 n. 

Roussillon, xxvii, 16. 



Roxburghe, John, duke of, 276, 279 
and w, 283, 285. 


St. Aignan, due de, French ambas- 
sador at Madrid, xxx. 
St. Malo, report from, on the prepara- 
tions at Cadiz, 228. 
St. Mary, M. de, 102. 
St. Paul de Leon, 62. 
Salvador, Mr., 135. 
Sampson and Sandilanes of Bordeaux, 

San Sebastian, xlii, Iv, 27, 29, 45, 51, 
66, 69, 93, 94, 107, 139, 142, 144, 
148, 156, 162 and n, 256. 
Santander, 141, 147, 183. 
Santona, Iv. 
Sardinia, xxv, 250. 
Sardy, M. de, 107. 
Saunders, captain, xxvi. 
Scottish exiles in France in 17 19, 38 

and n. 
Scour Ouran, xlix, 1, Hi. 
Seaforth, William Mackenzie, earl of, 
xlii, xliv n, 38 n, 120 and n, 288, 
289 ; leaves France for Scotland, 
233 ; joins Tullibardine with 500 
followers, xlviii ; at the battle of 
Glenshiel, 1, 270, 271 ; wounded, 
liii ; letter from, to James, on the 
defeat at Glenshiel, 273 ; escapes to 
the Continent, liv and w, 280 re- 
turns to Scotland, Iviii. 
Seminati, M., 32 ; letter to, from 

Ormonde, 134. 
Senectere, marquis de, 226, 233. 
Sheldon, Mr., 198, 221. 
Sherlock, sir Peter, 45 and «, 1 10. 
Sicily, xxv, xxvi, 148 and w, 187, 195, 

196, 250. 
Silly, marquis de, Iv, 145 and n. 
Sisarga islands, 176 and n. 
Sleswick, xxi. 
Smith, Mr., 138, 150, 156. 
Somerset, lady Mary. See Ormonde, 

duchess of. 
Southcoat, 194, 199. 
Spaar, baron, Swedish minister at 

Paris, xxii. 
Spanish soldiers with earl Marischal's 
expedition, xli and n ; surrender of, 
at Glenshiel, 1 and n, lii and w, liii, 
273 ; ordered to Plymouth, 274 ; 
marched to Edinburgh, liv and n, 
277, 278 ; grow sulky in confine- 
ment, 282 ; the question of ex- 
penses incurred by them, 285, 291 ; 
account of expenditure on, 292 ; they 
embark for Spain, 296. 

Spartman, Richard, xxxvi n. 
Stafford, sir Peter, 121, 124, 125, 131, 

133, I35» 160. 
Stair's regiment, 284, 294. 

John Dalrymple, 2nd earl of, 

British ambassador at Paris, xxiv 
and n, liv n, 220 ; letters from, to 
secretary Craggs, 229, 232, 233, 
236, 238 ; letters to, from Craggs, 
234, 237. 

Stanhope, colonel William, xxv, Ivi w. 

earl, xxvii, 10 w, 47 and n, 224, 

Stirling, sir Henry, xxiii, 

Stormont, lord, xlv n. 
Stornoway, xliv. 
Strachell, pass of, xlix n. 
Strachlony, xlix «, 
Stralsund, xxii. 
Strathnaver, lord, 1. 
Strickland, abbe, 21 n. 
Stuart, James Francis Edward, quar- 
rels with Bolingbroke, xx and n ; his 
want of prudence, 1 1 and n ; goes 
to Italy, xxi, 14, 205 ; invited to 
Spain, xxix-xxxi and «, 17; arrange- 
ments for the journey, xxxii, 18, 20, 
22 ; rumoured arrest of, at Voghera, 
xxiii, 224, 231 ; journey to Spain, 
xxxiii, xxxvi, 207, 220 ; lands at 
Rosas, xxxvi, 86, 119, 219, 239; 
reception in Spain, xxxvii and n, 
85, 218 ; is opposed to the idea of an 
invasion of Scotland, xxxviii, 104 ; 
reaches Corunna, xl, 113; question 
of his accompanying the expedition, 
107, 109 ; marriage by proxy to 
princess Clementina, Ivi ; reasons 
for his leaving Spain, Iv-lvi and n ; 
arrangements for his return to Italy, 
257 ; reaches Leghorn, 185, 188 ; 
meeting with princess Clementina, 
Ivii ; letter from, to Alberoni, 
261 ; letter from, to Clement xi., 
216 ; letters from, to Dicconson, 
198, 217, 221 ; letters from, to 
Philip v., 259, 263 ; letters from, 
to Ormonde, 199, 200, 259, 264, 
265, 267 ; letter to, from Seaforth, 
273 ; letters to, from Alberoni, 
240, 246, 250, 253, 255, 257, 
258 ; letters to, from Ormonde, i 
and Ji, 6 and n, 15, 19, 86, 93, 95, 
loi, 104, 108-110, 112, 151, 153, 
159, 164, 165, 170, 176, 180, 185, 
I93j 196, 197 ; letters to, from 
Philip V. of Spain, 218, 241, 248, 
254, 257 ; letters to, from the queen 
of Spain, 218, 242, 249, 255 




Sutherland, Mr., brother of lord 
Duffus, xlii, xliv n. 

Sweden favourable to Jacobite schemes, 
xxi ; arrest of the Swedish minister 
in London, xxii ; negotiations for 
an alliance with Spain, ii, 15, 16, 
49, S3, 87, 103, 224, 251. 

Talbot, lieut.-coL, 147, 162, 174, 

Trant, Olive, il «, 12 «. 

Treby, Mr., 274. 

Threipland of Fingask, 155 n. 

Trent, 208. 

Tullibardine, marquis of, xlii, xliii, 
38, 288, 289 ; sails for Scotland, 
239 ; joins earl Marischal in the 
island of Lewis, xliv and n ; assumes 
command of the expedition, xlv ; in 
favour of a return to Spain, xlvi ; 
endeavours to raise the clans, xlviii ; 
defeated at the battle of Glenshiel, 
1-lii, 269-273 ; escapes to the con- 
tinent, liv and n ; death of, Iviii ; 
letters from, to the earl of Mar, 

Tullo, Alexander, 45, 68, 69, 80, 120, 
121, 166. 

UlST, 108. 

Ulrica, queen of Sweden, xxxi, 77 ;/, 

Urbino, xxi. 

Valencia, 107, 166, 252. 
Valladolid, xxx, xxxv, 12-60 passim^ 

149, 150, 153, 156-188 et seq. 
Vanbeque, M., 98. 
Vandernat, comte de, 221. 
Verden, bishopric of, ceded to 

George L, xxi. 
Vienna, 208. 

Vigo, no. III, 113, 119, 165 n, 246. 
Vinaros, 165, 171, 258. 
Visconti, marshal, 215. 
Voghera, Mar and Perth arrested at, 

xxxiii and n, 2>^ n, 208, 224, 233. 

Wade, general, xxii. 

Walef, baron, 25 and «, 38, 41, 58, 
85, 93, 124, 179, 188, 225 n ; letters 
to, from Ormonde, 27, 66,76,78, 80, 
82, 161, 173. 

Walton, captain, xxvi n, 19 n. 

Wightman, major-general, xlix n, 1 w, 
275, 284, 294 ; marches from Inver- 
ness, xlviii ; disposition of his forces, 
1 ; defeats the Jacobites at Glenshiel, 
li-lii and n, liii ; letters from, to 
Charles Delafaye, 276, 280, 282, 
285, 290. 

Willoughby, Mr., 137, 147, 151, 162. 

Wogan, Charles, xxiii, Ivi, 264. 

Worsley, Henry, British envoy at 
Lisbon, report by, on the prepara- 
tions at Cadiz, 236. 

Wright, Mr., 55, 123, 142. 

^^ OF THE 



Printed by T. and A. Constable, Printers to Her Majesty 
at the Edinburgh University Press 




The Ninth Annual Meeting of the Society was held on 
Tuesday, October 29, 1895, in DowelPs Rooms, George Street, 
Edinburgh — The Earl of Roseberj, President of the Society, 
in the chair. 

The Hon. Secretary read the Report of the Council, as 
follows : — 

During the past year the Society has lost fifteen members, 
seven by death, and eight by resignation. The vacancies have 
been filled up, and there remain forty-nine candidates waiting 
for admission. 

Three volumes have just been delivered to members. Scot- 
land and the Commonwealth^ edited chiefly from the Clarke mss. 
in Worcester College, Oxford, by Mr. C. H. Firth, belongs to 
the issue of last year, 1893-94. The other two volumes, 
i.^., vols. 1 and 2 of The Lyon in Mourning, edited by Mr. 
Henry Paton, belong to the issue of the present year. The 
long-expected Ormonde Letters, which was also promised as one 
of the publications of this year, and which forms No. 19 of 
our series, numerically preceding The Lyon in Mourning, is 
already in tjrpe, and will be ready for distribution in a few 
weeks. It will bear the title: The Jacobite Attempt o/*1719 : 
Letters of James Butler, second Duke of Ormonde, relating 


to Cardinal Alheroni's project for the Invasion of Great Britain 
on behalf of the Stuarts, arid to the Landing of the Earl 
Marischal in Scotland. The interest and originality of the 
contents will, it is hoped, fully compensate for the delay in 
publication, the editor, Mr. W. K. Dickson, Advocate, having 
recently been enabled, by the gracious permission of Her 
Majesty the Queen, to supplement the volume with some 
valuable documents preserved among the Stuart Papers at 

Early in next year members may expect the third volume 
of The Lyon in Mourning, which will contain an index to the 
whole work. It will be accompanied by a second volume of 
the Minutes of the Commissions of the General Assembly for 
the years 1648-1650 ; and by a volume of Extracts Jrom the 
"Presbytery Records of Inverness and Dingwall, prepared by 
Mr. William Mackay of Inverness. The complete text of 
these two last-mentioned works is already in type. 

A list of other books in progress or in contemplation will 
be found printed at the end of the volumes now issued. 

Further transcripts of Dutch papers at the Hague relating 
to the Scots Brigade have been obtained from Dr. Mendels, 
and arrangements are being made for their translation into 

Mr. Firth has in preparation a volume, to be entitled 
Scotland under the Protectorate, which will form a sequel to 
his Scotland under the Commonwealth. 

Mr. J. G. Fotheringham of Paris has offered to the Society 
for publication a translation which he has made of the secret 
correspondence of Jean de Montreuil with Cardinal Mazarin 
and others on Scottish affairs in the years 1645-1648. Mon- 
treuil was sent into England by the French Government on 
the proposal of the Scots that both nations should combine 
to secure the safety of the king. He thereupon entered into 
the negotiations, on the faith of which Charles left Oxford 
and put himself under the protection of the Scots army, then 

besieging Newark. Montreuil was with the king for some time 
at Newcastle, and subsequently, February 1647, went to Edin- 
burgh, where he was accredited by the King of France, as resi- 
dent French Minister, to the Scots Government. He returned 
to Paris in the autumn of 1648. The weekly news-letters, 
partly in cypher, which he despatched to France have remained 
hitherto unpublished in the French Foreign Office. In view 
of the importance of these Letters to Scottish historians, the 
Council, in accepting Mr. Fotheringham's translations and 
notes, determined to print with them the French originals. 
The greater part of the transcripts has already been made. 

The Lord Provost and Magistrates of the City of Perth 
have kindly invited the Council to examine their municipal' 
archives, and to select for publication any documents which 
may appear suitable for our Society. Mr. David Marshall, 
F.S.A., who had been engaged in arranging and cataloguing 
the archives on behalf of the city, has furnished the Council 
with a full report of their contents. They comprise, in addi- 
tion to many documents of local interest, a collection of letters 
and papers relating to the rebellions of 1715 and 1745, the 
examination of prisoners, and depositions of witnesses, etc. 
There are papers of John Glas, 1650-89, sometime Lord Provost 
of Perth, and of John Mercer, 1670-1743, sheriff-clerk of Perth-" 
shire, with family pedigrees. There are also two account-books 
of prominent merchants, the Compt-book of Bailie Alexande:|^j 
Jamieson, merchant and shipowner, sometime treasurer,, pf 
Perth, 1660-1673, and the Book of Accounts of Nathaniel 
Fyfe, 1705-1715. Mr. Fyfe was one of the magistrates 
appointed by Colonel Hay, governor of Perth under the Earl 
of Mar, in 1715. These mercantile account-books may perhaps^ 
in due time, form a companion volume to the Diary of Bailie 
Wedderburne of Dundee, now being prepared for publication 
by Mr. A. H. Millar. 

According to rule, Mr. Gregory Smith, Mr. Hume Brown, and 
Mr. J. R. Findlay retire from the Council. It is proposed that 

Mr. Hume Brown and Mr. Findlay be re-appointed, and Mr. 
G. W. Prothero, Professor of History in the University of Edin- 
burgh, be nominated in the place of Mr. Gregory Smith. 

The accompanying abstract of the Hon. Treasurer's accounts 
shows that the income for 1894-95 has been ^£^477, 10s. lid., and 
the expenditure =^569, Is., an excess of expenditure over 
income of ^£'91, 10s. Id. There was a balance due by the bank 
in October 1894 of £11(5, 6s. 8d., leaving a balance in favour 
of the society at this date of c^89. Is. 7d., which includes 5 
subscriptions for 1895-96 paid in advance. 

There has been paid out of the Reserve Fund to Dr. 
Mendels, for transcripts from the Hague, the sum of £4id, 10s., 
leaving the amount of that fund now at i?178, 7s. 6d. 

The Hon. Treasurer (Mr. Jas. T. Clark) explained that three 
volumes had been issued last year, being one volume more than 
the usual number, and that the sum of .£227 had been spent 
upon volumes not yet issued. Although the Council intended to 
issue three volumes next year, he fully expected that so much 
money having been already advanced, the income would cover 
the expenditure. 

Lord Rosebery said — It affords me great pleasure to move the 
adoption of this Report, because the only flaw in it, which is the 
excess of expenditure over the income during the present year, 
has been removed by the explanation of Mr. Clark. May I, in the 
first place, express my great personal pleasure at being among you 
again ? I regard it as a great privilege to be a Member of this 
Society — a privilege which I hope will not be extended by opening 
the gates to those who are panting to enter. Four hundred is a 
very suitable number for a society of this kind, and if we once 
begin to open the floodgates, who knows where our Society may 
stop, and we may have to degenerate as regards our publications 
to some extent in quality in order to meet the demand for 
quantity. Let us proceed on the safe and sure lines that have 
led us to such abundant prosperity, and do not let us seek to 
enlarge our Society by any concession to the candidates who are 


so properly anxious to come amongst us. If, then, I regard it as 
a privilege to be at member, I regard it as the greatest of distinc- 
tions to be the President of this Society ; and though I do not 
know that I have any undue attachment to this distinction, I 
shall part with that distinction only with a struggle, which will 
be equivalent to the surrender of life itself. Now, gentlemen, I 
do not think there is any point of moment or act in the history 
of this Society which we can look back to with anything but 
satisfaction, and I doubt if there is any other society in the world 
of which that can be said. We have produced nothing but good 
practical work. It has not been a mere record of the reproduction 
of several antiquities, but each of our books has borne on it the 
marks of conscientious work, and will bear the test of utility, 
I think, in regard to every one of them. We have given special 
attention to the Jacobite risings of the last century, but I do not 
think any one can blame us, or consider that that attention has 
been superfluous or excessive. After all, we are still in the 
position of being a generation that has some hope, by sedulous 
care, of keeping in existence all that is in existence with regard 
to these most interesting events and epochs. Now, I declare to 
you, gentlemen, that if this Society in the nine or ten years of 
its existence had done nothing more than reprint The Lyon in 
Mourning, which we are producing now, it would have fully 
justified its existence. But we have already a list of those who 
took part in these risings, which is tolerably complete in itself. 
We have in contemplation, as the Secretary has told us, papers of 
great value relating to the abortive rising of 1719; we have 
papers from Perth coming to us with regard to the risings both 
of 1715 and 1745 ; and we have, above all, the prospect, which, I 
think, would justify a much greater excess of expenditure over 
income than has been declared to be the case, of the publication 
of the journal of Murray of Broughton, which I confess I look 
forward to with an avidity which I can hardly repress at this 
moment; and I may say, Mr. Law, I would have gladly seen 
some intimation in the Report of the approximate appearance of 
that publication. In one of the prefaces — I think it is the 
preface to The Lyon in Mourning — we are promised, as, I 

suppose, the result of that publication, an exact map of the 
young Prince's wanderings in the year 1746. My belief is, 
though I have not had an opportunity of seeing in detail the 
whole of The Lyon in Mournings that it will be almost possible 
to produce from that, what Chambers, though he had The Lyon 
in Mourning in hand, has never given us — it will be almost 
possible to give an exact journal from day to day of where the 
Prince spent the day and the night. There are epochs which 
are left with the greatest blanks in Chambers's book, which is 
after all the most complete account of the wanderings of the 
Prince, and who drew largely on The Lyon in Mourning for his 
information ; and these, I cannot help thinking — though I cannot 
speak with the authority of the editor of the book — might be 
cleared up by careful investigation of the evidence it affords. 
Well, gentlemen, after all, interesting as all this is, we have 
another encouragement in the work that we are prosecuting, and 
it is this, that not merely have we a library produced by the 
Society of the most abundant interest — and I confess that one of 
the pleasures of being out of office is in looking forward to being 
able to read up back volumes — not only have we a handsome 
library of volumes provided by the Society, but the work of the 
Society is bringing in offers constantly of valuable manuscripts 
and sources of information, which I believe, but for the Society, 
might have remained entirely lost and forgotten. Well, if only 
for that, I think Scotland has some reason to be grateful to us. 
But in effect, I think nobody who looks over the publications that 
are brought out in Scotland at the present time can fail to see 
that our work is prosperous, not merely because of the intelligence 
of the working officials like Mr. Law, and the editors of the papers, 
and Professor Masson, but also because it is part of the spirit of 
the times. I am immensely struck, wishing as I do to see all 
publications coming out in Scotland, with the enormous number 
of small family histories — I do not mean, of course, the great 
monumental works of Sir William Fraser, the appearance of which 
forms a sort of epoch itself, but I mean the smaller histories, of fifty 
or sixty pages — each of which come out apparently in response to 
some demand, which I cannot trace, but which come out in such 

abundance as to make it quite clear that the people of Scotland 
are determined not to lose any trace of their former local history. 
Let me give another instance. Every parish almost is now 
publishing its history — parishes, some of them, extremely obscure ; 
but it is apparently a labour of love on the part of some one to 
publish such a history in the case of almost all parishes which 
have the faintest interest — no parish can be without any interest 
— and it is evidently also a labour of love to a certain number of 
people to acquire and read those histories. Therefore I say from 
the great abundance of the parochial and family histories, small in 
size but careful in workmanship, which are being turned out every 
day, we can appreciate the anxiety of the nation at large to pre- 
serve every record that can be possibly of the slightest interest 
with regard to its past history. Well, gentlemen, I hope, as we 
have provided wisely, we shall continue on the same track. There 
is one small departure I wanted to make, and I have consulted 
Mr. Law about it. As I have not seen him lately I do not know 
with what success; but I wanted to approach one of the most 
eminent of our antiquaries, who has made a special collection of 
travels in Scotland, ever since travelling in Scotland was known 
— to approach that eminent antiquary to ask him to furnish the 
Society with a catalogue raisonne of all such books. It is not in 
the ordinary scheme of our publications, which is usually limited 
to republication of ancient manuscripts ; but this little book will 
be of such enormous and inestimable advantage to students of 
Scotch history, that I think it would be, although a departure 
from the letter, not a departure from the spirit of our constitution, 
and it is one which the Society at large would welcome. That 
is all I have to say, except to congratulate you most sincerely on 
your success, and myself on being once more in so congenial a 

The Rev. Dr. Hutchison, Leith, seconded the adoption of the 
Report, which was unanimously agreed to. 

Mr. W. K. Dickson, Advocate, moved that the thanks of the 
Society be tendered to the Council for their services during the 

The motion was adopted with acclamation. 


Professor Masson, in replying for the Council, thought the 
result of their deliberations had been the production of a series 
of volumes creditable to the Society, and, perhaps, teaching the 
Scottish people new notions of what Scottish history might be. 

Sir John Cowan, in moving a vote of thanks to Lord Rosebery 
for presiding, spoke of the great interest of the list of the Jacobites 
who were out in the '45, which Lord Rosebery had given them. In 
his youth he was always trained to be a lover of the Stuarts. 
The word Pretender was never permitted in his home. His grand- 
mother was one of those who were introduced to Prince Charlie 
at Holyrood ; and he (Sir John) was very much aggrieved that in 
the list of the 'rebels' which Lord Rosebery presented to the 
Society, the name did not appear of his great-grandfather, who 
fled with his wife and daughter to France, and spent the remainder 
of his days there, a pensioner at St. Germains. 

Lord Rosebery, in his reply, said he was particularly pleased to 
see his friend Sir John Cowan appearing in a novel character — 
that of a Jacobite of the strongest and most absolute leanings. 
If Sir John had any mss. relating to these Jacobite ancestors, 
the Society would gladly add it to the volumes already published. 
The proceedings then terminated. 







For Year to ^6th October 1895. 

I. Charge. 

Balance from last year, . . . . . . £175 6 S 

400 Subscriptions for 1894-95, at £l, Is., £420 
Less 3 for 1894-95, paid in advance {£3, 3s.), 

and 9 arrears for 1894-95 (£9, 9s.), 12 12 

407 8 

46 Libraries at £l, Is., 48 6 

Copies of previous issues sold to New Members, . l6 5 6 

Interest on Deposit Receipts, . . . . . 5 115 

Sum of Charge, . . . £652 17 7 

IL Discharge. 
L Incidental Expenses — 

Printing Cards and Circulars, . £110 

„ Annual Report, . . 1 15 6 
Stationery (£l, 13s. 8d.), Receipt 

Book (18s.), . . . . 2 11 8 

Making-up and delivering copies, . 22 7 

Postages of Secretary and Treasurer, 3 12 6 

Clerical Work, . . . . 4 15 
Charges on Cheques, . . .030 

£36 14 8 

n. Scotland and the Commonwealth — 

Composition, Printing, and Paper, £90 8 6 

Proofs and Corrections, . . 25 8 

Binding and Back-lettering, . .18 16 6 

Transcribing, . • • . 27 12 10 

Indexing, 4 

166 5 10 

Carry forward, . . . £203 6 


Brought forward, . . . £203 6 
III. The Lyon in Mourning, Vol. I. — 

Composition, Printing, and Paper, £81 3 

Proofs and Corrections, , . 17 14 

Binding and Back-lettering, . . 18 15 

Facsimile of Title-page, . .16 6 

118 18 6 

IV, The Lyon in Mourning, Vol. II. — 

Composition, Printing, and 

Paper, .£80 18 

Proofs and Corrections, . . 1112 
Binding and Back-lettering, , 18 3 

110 13 

V. Records of the General Assemblies, Vol. II. — 
Composition, Printing, and 

Paper, £86 18 

Proofs and Corrections, . , 21 12 

£108 10 
Less paid to account, October 

1893, 37 18 

70 12 

VI. The Jacobite Rising of 1719 — 

Composition, Printing, and 

Paper, . ... . £S6 

Proofs and Corrections, . . 118 

Transcribing, . . . , 1 18 

£49 6 
Less paid to account, October 

1893, 16 14 

32 12 

VII. Murray of Broughtons Journal — 

Typewriting ms., 20 1 

VIII. Presbytery Records of Inverness — 

Typewriting ms., 9 

Carry forward, . . . £564 17 


Brought forward, . . £564> 17 

IX. Lauder's {Lord Fountainhall) Journal — 

Transcripts, ...... 440 

£5Q9 1 

X. Balance to next account — 

Sum due by Bank of Scotland on 

26th October 1895, . . £89 1 7 
Less 5 Subscriptions, 1895-96, 

paid in advance, . . . 5 5 

83 16 7 

Sum of Discharge, , £652 17 7 

Reserve Fund. 

As at 24th October 1894, £221 17 6 

Paid in terms of the Resolutions of Council — Dr. 
Mendels' further Researches and Transcripts at 
the Hague relating to the Scottish Brigade, . 43 1 

£178 7 6 
On Deposit Receipt, 25th October 1895, . . £178 7 6 

Edinburgh, i6th November 1895. — The Auditors, having examined the 
Accounts of the Treasurer of the Scottish History Society for the year to 26th 
October 1895, and having compared them with the vouchers, find the said 
Accounts to be correct, closing with a balance in bank on General Account of 
;^89, IS. 7d«» and in bank on deposit receipt, in respect of Reserve Fund, of 
£l^^i 7s. 6d. The subscriptions paid in advance, amounting to five guineas, 
will be included in next year's Account. 

Ralph Richardson, Auditor. 

Wm. Traquair Dickson, Auditor. 

^tottigl) ^istoxv S)OCietp. 


The Earl of Rosebery^ K.G., K.T., LL.D. 

Chairman of Cou?icil. 
David Masson, LL.D., Historiographer Royal for Scotland. 

G. W. Prothero, Professor of History in the University of 

J. R. Findlay. 
P. Hume Brown, M.A. 
J. Ferguson, Advocate. 

Right Rev. John Dowden, D.D., Bishop of Edinburgh. 
Professor Sir Thomas Grainger Stewart, M.D. 
J. N. Macphail, Advocate. 
Rev. A. W. Cornelius Hallen. 
Sir Arthur Mitchell, K.C.B., M.D., LL.D. 
Rev. Geo. W. Sprott, D.D. 
J. Balfour Paul, Lyon King of Arms. 
A. H. Millar. 

Corresponding Members of the Council. 

C. H. Firth, Oxford ; Samuel Rawson Gardiner, LL.D. ; Rev. 
W. D. Macray, Oxford ; Rev. Professor A. F. Mitchell, D.D., 
St. Andrews. 

Hon. Treasurer. 
J. T. Clark, Keeper of the Advocates' Library. 

Hon. Secretary. 
T. G. Law, Librarian, Signet Library. 


1. The object of the Society is the discovery and printing, 
under selected editorship, of unpublished documents illus- 
trative of the civil, religious, and social history of Scotland. 
The Society will also undertake, in exceptional cases, to issue 
translations of printed works of a similar nature, which have 
not hitherto been accessible in English. 

2. The number of Members of the Society shall be limited 
to 400. 

3. The affairs of the Society shall be managed by a Council, 
consisting of a Chairman, Treasurer, Secretary, and twelve 
elected Members, five to make a quorum. Three of the twelve 
elected Members shall retire annually by ballot, but they shall 
be eligible for re-election. 

4. The Annual Subscription to the Society shall be One 
Guinea. The publications of the Society shall not be delivered 
to any Member whose iSubscription is in arrear, and no 
Member shall be permitted to receive more than one copy of 
the Society^s publications. 

5. The Society will undertake the issue of its own publica- 
tions, i.e. without the intervention of a publisher or any other 
paid agent. 

6. The Society will issue yearly two octavo volumes of about 
320 pages each. 

7. An Annual General Meeting of the Society shall be held 
on the last Tuesday in October. 

8. Two stated Meetings of the Council shall be held each 
year, one on the last Tuesday of May, the other on the Tues- 
day preceding the day upon which the Annual General 
Meeting shall be held. The Secretary, on the request of 
three Members of the Council, shall call a special meeting of 
the Council. 

9. Editors shall receive 20 copies of each volume they edit 
for the Society. 

10. The owners of Manuscripts published by the Society will 
also be presented with a certain number of copies. 

11. The Annual Balance-Sheet, Rules, and List of Members 
shall be printed. 

12. No alteration shall be made in these Rules except at a 
General Meeting of the Society. A fortnight's notice of any 
alteration to be proposed shall be given to the Members of the 




For the year 1886-1887. 

1. Bishop Pococke's Tours in Scotland, 1747-1760. Edited by 

D. W. Kemp. (Oct. 1887.) 

2. Diary of and General Expenditure Book of William 

Cunningham of Craigends, 1673-1680. Edited by the Rev. 
James Dodds, D.D. (Oct. 1887.) 

For the year 1887-1888. 

3. Panurgi Philo-caballi Scoti Grameidos libri sex. — The 

Grameid : an heroic poem descriptive of the Campaign of 
Viscount Dundee in l689j by James Philip of Almerieclose. 
Translated and Edited by the Rev. A. D. Murdoch. 

(Oct. 1888.) 

4. The Register of the Kirk-Session of St. Andrews. Part i. 

1559-1582. Edited by D. Hay Fleming. (Feb. 1889.) 

For the year 1888-1889. 

5. Diary of the Rev. John Mill, Minister of Dunrossness, Sand- 

wick, and Cunningsburgh, in Shetland, 1740-1803. Edited 
by Gilbert Goudie, F.S.A. Scot. (June 1889.) 

6. Narrative of Mr. James Nimmo, a Covenanter, 1654-1709. 

Edited by W. G. Scott-Moncrieff, Advocate. (June 1889.) 

7. The Register of the Kirk-Session of St. Andrews. Part ii. 

1583-1600. Edited by D. Hay Fleming. (Aug. 1890.) 


For the year 1889-1890. 

8. A List of Persons concerned in the Rebellion (1745). With 
a Preface by the Earl of Rosebery and Annotations by the 
Rev. Walter Macleod. (Sept. 1890.) 

Presented to the Society by the Earl of Rosebery. 

9. Glamis Papers: The ^ Book of Record/ a Diary written by 

Patrick, first Earl of Strathmore, and other documents 
relating to Glamis Castle (1684-89). Edited by A. H. 
Millar, F.S.A. Scot. (Sept. 1890.) 

10. John Major's History of Greater Britain (1521). Trans- 
lated and Edited by Archibald Constable, with a Life of the 
author by iENEAS J. G. Mackay, Advocate. (Feb. 1892.) 

For the year IS90-1891. 

11. The Records of the Commissions of the General Assemblies, 

1646-47. Edited by the Rev. Professor Mitchell, D.D., and 
the Rev. James Christie, D.D., with an Introduction by the 
former. (May 1892.) 

12. Court-Book of the Barony of Urie, 1604-1747. Edited 
by the Rev. D. G. Barron, from a ms. in possession of Mr. R. 
Barclay of Dorking. (Oct. 1892.) 

For the year 1891-1892. 

13. Memoirs of the Life of Sir John Clerk of Penicuik, 
Baronet, Baron of the Exchequer, Commissioner of the Union, 
etc. Extracted by himself from his own Journals, 1676-1755. 
Edited from the original ms. in Penicuik House by John M. 
Gray, F.S.A. Scot. (Dec. 1892.) 

14. Diary of Col. the Hon. John Erskine of Carnock, 1683- 

1687. From a ms. in possession of Henry David Erskine, 
Esq., of Cardross. Edited by the Rev. Walter Macleod. 

(Dec. 1893.) 


For the year 1892-1893. 

15. Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, First Volume — 

The Library of James vl, 1573-83. 

Documents illustrating Catholic Policy, 1596-98. 

Letters of Sir Thomas Hope, 1627-46. 

Civil War Papers, 1645-50. 

Lauderdale Correspondence, 1 660-77. 

Turnbull's Diary, 1657-1704. 

Masterton Papers, 1 660-1 7 19. 

AccoMPT OF Expenses in Edinburgh, 1715. 

Rebellion Papers, 1715 and 1745. (Dec. 1893.) 

16. Account Book of Sir John Foulis of Ravelston (1671-1707). 

Edited by the Rev. A. W. Cornelius Hallen. 

(June 1894.) 

For the year 1893-1894. 

17. Letters and Papers illustrating the Relations between 

Charles il and Scotland in 1650. Edited, with Notes and 
Introduction, by Samuel Rawson Gardiner, LL.D., etc. 

(July 1894.) 

18. Scotland and the Commonwealth. Letters and Papers 

relating to the Military Government of Scotland, Aug. 
1651 — Dec. 1653. Edited, with Introduction and Notes, by 
C. H. Firth, M.A. (Oct. 1895.) 

For the year 1894-1895. 

19. The Jacobite Attempt of 1719. Letters of James, second 

Duke of Ormonde, relating to Cardinal Alberoni's project 
FOR the Invasion of Great Britain on behalf of the 
Stuarts, and to the Landing of the Earl Marischal in 
Scotland. Edited by W. K. Dickson, Advocate. 

20. 21. The Lyon in Mourning, or a Collection of Speeches, 

Letters, Journals, etc., relative to the Affairs of Prince 
Charles Edward Stuart, by the Rev. Robert Forbes, A.M., 
Bishop of Ross and Caithness. 1746-1775. Edited from his 
Manuscript by Henry Paton, M.A. Vols. i. and 11. 

(Oct. 1895.) 


For the year 1895-1896. 

The Lyon in Mourning. Vol. iii. 

Extracts from the Presbytery Records of Inverness and Ding- 
wall FROM l638 TO 1688. Edited by William Mack ay. 

Records of the Commissions of the General Assemblies {continued) 
for the years 1648-49, 1649-50, Edited by the Rev. Pro- 
fessor Mitchell, D.D., and Rev. James Christie, D.D. 

In preparation. 

Journal of a Foreign Tour in 1665 and I666 by John Lauder, 
Lord Fountainhall. Edited by Donald Crawford, Sheriff 
of Aberdeenshire. 

Journals and Papers of John Murray of Broughton, Prince 
Charles* Secretary. Edited by R. Fitzroy Bell, Advocate. 

Note-book or Diary of Bailie David Wedderburne, Merchant 
OF Dundee, 1587-1630. Edited by A. H. Millar. 

Sir Thomas Craig's De Unione Regnorum Britannia. Edited, 
with an English Translation, from the unpublished ms. in the 
Advocates' Library, by David Masson, Historiographer Royal. 

A. Translation OF the Statuta Ecclesi^e Scotican^e, 1225-1556, 
by David Patrick, LL.D. 

Documents in the Archives of the Hague and Rotterdam 
CONCERNING THE ScoTs Brigade IN HoLLAND. Edited by J. 
Ferguson, Advocate. 

The Political Correspondence of Jean de Montreuil with 
Cardinal Mazarin and others concerning Scottish Affairs, 
1645-1648. Edited from the originals in the French Foreign 
Office, with Translation and Notes by J. G. Fotheringham. 

Scotland during the Protectorate, 1653-1659; in continuation 
of Scotland and the Commonwealth. Edited by C. H. Firth. 

Records of the Commissions of the General Assemblies (con- 
tinued), for the years 1650-53. 

Register of the Consultations of the Ministers of Edinburgh, 



PUBLIC CONCERNMENT, 1 653-1 6'60. 

Papers relating to the Rebellions of 1715 and 1745, with other 
documents from the Municipal Archives of the City of Perth. 

The Diary of Andrew Hay of Stone, near Biggar, afterwards 
OF Craignethan Castle, 1659-60. Edited by A. G. Reid 
from a manuscript in his possession. 

A Selection of the Forfeited Estates Papers preserved inH.M. 
General Register House and elsewhere. Edited by A. H. 

A Translation of the Historia Abbatum de Kynlos of 
Ferrerius. By Archibald Constable. 

Documents relating to the Affairs of the Roman Catholic 
Party in Scotland, from the year of the Armada to the 
Union of the Crowns. Edited by Thomas Graves Law. 




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